1820 Census -- Fourth Census of the United States

NOTE: No individual enumeration; head only

State: Indiana
County: Jefferson
Township: Saluda
Page: 11, 12

William Hay's household: 1 male 18-26, 1 male over 45, 2 females 10-16, 1 female over 45, 5 aliens, 2 in agriculture.
Andrew Maiden's household: 1 male under 10, 2 males 10-16, 1 male over 45, 2 females under 10, 1 female 16-26, 1 female 26-45, 1 female over 45, 1 in agriculture.
Andrew Davidson's household: 3 males under 10, 1 male 18-26, 1 male 26-34, 2 females under 10, 2 females 26-45, with 1 in agriculture.

actual 1820 IN census form - click on image for full page
Notes: Thomas Hay and Sarah Maiden were married on November 23, 1820. Both are age 20, and are listed on the census as still living with their parents, because even though the census was taken in Feb 1821, it was supposed to reflect household composition as of August 7, 1820, three months before the marriage. This is only curious in that a marriage record has never been found for them, and there is at least one biography (“History of Henry County, IL”) that mentions that Andrew Jackson was the first-born child and Robert Lyle the second. However, Robert Lyle will be born ten months after their marriage (marriage 11/23/20 and birth 9/30/21), and Thomas and Sarah are not living together here, and there is no male infant (the 0-10 year old Maiden child should be 9-year old Abner, and Andrew Jackson lives to age 2—so he would be here if born before Robert). It is assumed that the information in the biography was recalled incorrectly by one of the children/grandchildren (Margaret Patterson?) (not unusual in that quite a few “facts” in these biographies are incorrect—from “faulty” memories!).

This is the first census for the Hay family—they emigrated from Scotland to Indiana nine years ago in 1811. Thomas’ parents, William Hay and Jane Ann Taylor, are 57 and 55; the two girls at home are Thomas’ two younger sisters: Elizabeth “Betsy” 16 (marries Samuel Wells in 1824) and Ann “Annie” 11 (marries Andrew Getty in 1827). His older sister, Isabella “Bella” Davidson (age 28) lives close by with her family. Thomas’ father William applied for American citizenship in 1818, renouncing his allegiance to King George IV, and Thomas applied in November 1820. Thomas’ application said he has black hair and eyes and a fair complexion, but unfortunately, it did not fill in the inches on his height (5’_”).

Sarah’s (Andrew Maiden) family is more difficult: there were only four children: Sarah 20, John 15, Abner 9 and Mary 5. Yet there is an extra boy 10-16 and one extra girl under 10—perhaps children who died young. [There is no census is Indiana in 1810, and the Maidens moved here from NC ~1806.]

For documentation on the census data (collection procedures, errors, availability, etc) refer to documentation.