1820 Census -- Fourth Census of the United States

NOTE: No individual enumeration; head only

State: Indiana
County: Jefferson
Township: Saluda
Page: 11, 12
Enumerater: February 1821, Copeland R. Arion, Asst. Marshall

William Hay's household: 1 male 18-26, 1 male over 45, 2 females 10-16, 1 female over 45, 5 aliens, 2 in agriculture.
Andrew Maiden's household: 1 male under 10, 2 males 10-16, 1 male over 45, 2 females under 10, 1 female 16-26, 1 female 26-45, 1 female over 45, 1 in agriculture.
Andrew Davidson's household: 3 males under 10, 1 male 18-26, 1 male 26-34, 2 females under 10, 2 females 26-45, with 1 in agriculture.
Robert Taylor's household: 1 male 10-16, 1 male 16-18, 3 males 18-26, 1 male 45+, 1 female 16-26, 1 female 45+, 7 aliens, 3 in agriculture
Thomas Taylor's household: FILL IN
John Swan's househod: 1 male under 10, 6 males 18-26, 1 male over 45; 3 females under 10, 1 female 16-26, 1 female over 45; 6 in agriulture and 1 in what is the last comun occupation?
-----in Shelby County, Kentucky:
Cranson Taylor's household: 1 male 18-26, 1 male 45+, 1 female 45+, 2 in agriculture, 1 female slave age 0-14.

actual 1820 IN census form - click on image for full page
William Hay and Jane Ann Taylor are 57 and 55. This is the family’s first census in America; they emigrated nine years ago in 1811 (at ages 48 and 46 with four children 2-19). Son Thomas is 19, and by the time this census was taken, turned 20 and married Sarah Maiden (November 1820). But the official date of the census was August 7, 1820, so Thomas is listed at home. The two girls are William and Jane’s two younger daughters: Elizabeth 16 (marries Samuel Wells in 1824) and Ann 11 (marries Andrew Getty in 1827). The oldest daughter Bella Davidson (age 28) lives close by with her family. Bella married Andrew Davidson in Scotland; she and Andrew emigrated with the Hays in 1811. Perhaps the young man (18-26) is Andrew’s brother, or a friend. This is Bella’s last census—she dies in 1826 (age 34), leaving six children. William may not have been happy with son-in-law Andrew Davidson; his 1849 will bequeathed Andrew and his heirs only $1 (see 1840 census). William Hay registered in 1818, at “age 57,” to become an American citizen.

Jane's brother Robert and his family of 8 (seven aliens) are listed on the same census page, just five entries below William Hay. Just six entries above William Hay is Jane's brother Thomas.

Although William Perry Hay thought the Hay’s landed in Philadelphia, another account (Francis Marion Hay’s biography - below) said the ship landed in New York, and the Hay’s and the other 100 dissenters made their way to Philadelphia, and then Pittsburgh, from where they took a flat-bottom boat to Saluda. I am certain the New York landing is correct, as there are no Philadelphia 1800-1820 records of this group of 100 Scottish dissidents, including Lyles, Swans, McCaslins, etc. Passenger lists were not recorded in NY prior to 1820, but based on David Dobson’s book of ships of Scottish immigrants, compiled from advertisements in the Edinburgh Advertiser, I believe they likely traveled on the Hindustan (or Hindostan) which landed August 12, 1811. From the History of Henry County, IL by Henry Kimer, p.623 - "Francis Marion Hay. ... He was born in Saluda township, Indiana January 22, 1833, a son of Thomas and Sarah (Maiden) Hay. The former was born on a farm in the vicinity of Edinburgh, Scotland, October 26, 1800, and was a lad of eleven when his parents joined a company of about a hundred who emigrated to America. They landed at New York whence they went to Philadelphia, thence to Pittsburg [sic], where they secured a flat boat and floated down the river to Hanover, Indiana. There they disembarked and William Hay, the grandfather of F. M. Hay, secured a tract of land from the government, which remained his home during the rest of his life. He died at the advanced age of eighty-six years. Thomas Hay, the father of F. M. Hay, grew to manhood upon the homestead in Jefferson county, Indiana, and there was married to Miss Sarah Maiden. In 1854 he came to Annawan on a visit, and despite the fact that it was the year of the great snow storm he was so favorably impressed with the country that in 1855 he returned, bringing his family with him, and bought some land in section 13, Annawan township. There on he lived the rest of his life, save for two years he spent in the village of Annawan, and his active years were busily occupied with agricultural pursuits, where from he derived a gratifying success. ..."

William and Jane were organizers of the Carmel Church in Saluda in 1812 (confirming Jane’s 1811 passage), with the Shannons, Andersons, Legerwoods, Millers, Jannet and John Swan, and Thomas & Nancy Taylor. Thomas Taylor (~1779-1860—Carmel Cemetery; wife Nancy 1780-1864) and Jannet Swan are not recorded by William Perry Hay as siblings to Jane Taylor Hay, although he had assumed from the tombstone dates that Thomas was a brother. I had wondered why Robert, a tailor in Saluda, was not a founder, so I went looking for information on Jane’s older brothers Robert and Cranston: both were in Shelby, KY in 1810! -- they had emigrated before Jane! On the 1810 census, Robert (then 49) and wife Ellen had three boys under 10 and a girl 10-16; Cranston (48) and wife Mary had two boys (0-10 and 10-16). Neither had slaves. By 1820 (see above), Cranston’s younger son has apparently died, and he has one female slave under 14. Cranston probably dies in the next 10 years (no 1830 census), and his only surviving son, John Taylor, born circa 1795 in Scotland, apparently moves to Louisiana, Arkansas and then Texas -- but at least one of hic children (Thomas) did stay in touch with his Indiana Taylor cousins as he shows up with them on later census data.

For documentation on the census data (collection procedures, errors, availability, etc) refer to documentation.