1840 Census -- Sixth Census of the United States

NOTE: No individual enumeration; head only

State: Indiana
County: Jefferson
Township: Saluda
Pages: 345, 359
Enumerated: Robert Kyle, Assistant Marshall

William Hay's household: 1 male 70-80, 1 female 70-80, 2 total people, 1 employed in agriculture.
Thomas Hay's household: 2 males under 6, 2 males 6-12, 1 male 12-15, 1 male 15-20, 1 male 40-50, 1 female 6-12, 1 female 40-50; 9 total people, 2 employed in agriculture.
Andrew Getty's household: 1 male under 6,1 male 12-15, 1 male 30-40, 1 female under 6, 2 females 6-12, 1female 12-15, 1 female 30-40, 8 people in total, 1 in agriculture.
Samuel Wells' household: 1 male under 6, 1 male 15-20, 1 male 30-40, 2 females under 6, 2 females 6-12, 1 female 12-15, 1 female 30-40, 9 in total, 2 in agriculture.
-----In Madison township, Jefferson County, IN:
Andrew Davidson's household: 1 male 6-12, 1 male 40-50, 2 females under 6, 2 females 12-15, 1 female 30-40, 7 in total, 1 in agriculture.

actual 1840 IN census - click on image for full page
Notes: This is William and Jane Ann Taylor Hay’s last census; 77 and 75, they die in 1849 and 1845 respectively, and are buried in Carmel Cemetery near Hanover. Their three children live close by: Thomas Hay, Ann Getty and Elizabeth Wells. Their Davidson grandchildren moved back to Jefferson County in the past 10 years. Jane’s brother Robert Taylor lives nearby too, probably with one of his married daughters, since he cannot be found under his own name in the census. Robert dies in 1848, age 88; his wife Ellen died two years ago, in 1838, both buried at Carmel Cemetery.

actual 1849 will - click on image for larger view
William’s will, written July 17, 1849 and probated May 30, 1850, states:
“In the Name of the Benevolent Father of All, I William Hay, of the County of Jefferson, and the State of Indiana, Being of Sound Mind do make and publish, this my last Will and Testament.
Item First, I give and devise to my Daughter Ann Oldfield and her heirs, one half of the farm on which I now reside (after their paying a bequest as Shall be hereafter mentioned) It being the South West quarter of Section five in Town two North of Range Nine East of the land directed to be sold at Jeffersonville, Indiana, to be divided as follows: towit., commencing at a point on the North line of said quarter Section, Equal distant from the North East and North West corners of said quarter section, thence running south parallet with the East and West lines of said quarter section untill [sic] the same shall intersect the South line of said quarter section at a point Equal distant from the south East and South West corners of said quarter section, and the East half to be the portion of Ann Oldfield and her Heirs.
Item Second: I further give and devise to my daughter Elizabeth Wells, during her natural life, the West half of the above named quarter section of land, And at her death to be the property of her son Solomon W. Wells.
Item third, I further give and devise to my Two daughters above mentioned, all of My personal property to be equally divided between them by themselves.
Item fourth, I give and devise to my son Thomas Hay Fifty Dollars to be paid by Ann Oldfield or her Heirs.
Item fifth, I give and devise to Andrew Davidson and his Heirs by my Daughter Isabella, Deceased, one Dollar.
Item Sixth, I give and devise to my Grand Daughter Jane Davidson Twenty Dollars. The several bequests I have made to the Davidson family is [sic] to be paid by Elizabeth Wells, or her son Solomon W. Wells.
Item Seventh, I do hereby revoke all former Wills by me made -- In Testimony whereof I have hereunter let my hand and seal this seventeenth day of July one thousand eight hundred and forty nine.
William Hay (seal)
Signed and acknowledged by said William Hay as his last Will and Testament in our presence and Signed by us in his presence.
Samuel L. Rea
John D. Davis”

Isabella had six children living at the time of this will; it is assumed that William was not happy with Andrew Davidson and perhaps the grandchildren too, other than Jane. Jane was the fifth child, born December 1822, and married Nathan Reid on August 30, 1849. Son Thomas Hay's children were moving from Indiana to Illinois: Minerva Jane Hay Giles in 1849, Robert Lyle Hay in 1850, and Thomas himself in 1856 with almost all the rest of the children; perhaps their thoughts of emigration were the reason Thomas was left money instead of some of the land. According to genealogist William Perry Hay (1871-1947), the Indiana land was virtually worthless anyway.

In Saluda prior to the Civil War there were no slaves, 60 free colored people, and 841 free whites. 74% of the people were farmers.

For documentation on the census data (collection procedures, errors, availability, etc) refer to documentation.