1880 Census -- Tenth Census of the United States

Schedule 1 -- Inhabitants in Annawan
State: Illinois, County: Henry, Township: Annawan
Supervisors District #3, Enumeration District: #98, sheet #9
Enumerated: 1st day of June, 1880, Judson B. Baine, Enumerator

Dwelling #10, Family #10
Hay, Thomas, White Male, age 78 (as of 6/1), Married, occupation: retired farmer, born in Scotland; parents born in Scotland
--- Sarah, White, Female, age 79, Wife, Married, occupation: keeping house, born in N. Carolina, parents born in N. Carolina
--- Margret, White, Female, age 34, Daughter, Divorced, occupation: at home, born in Indiana, father born in Scotland, mother born in N. Carolina

portion of actual census form - click on image for full view or here for full page
Notes: This is Thomas and Sarah’s last census, they both will die in just over five years (just four days apart), after moving into the town of Annawan. No will for Thomas has been located. Although it seems that daughter Margaret resumed her maiden name (and divorce was unusual in the 1870’s), on the 1900 and 1910 censuses, she reverts to using Patterson -- perhaps this one was in error. Daniel Patterson will die in Nebraska in 18xx -- perhaps Margaret refused to move to Nebraska. William Perry Hay, 9 years old at the time of this census and living in Indianapolis, received much genealogy information from this Aunt Margaret Patterson later in life—and she had spent her whole life living with her parents. He would have personally remembered his great-grandparents Thomas and Sarah, but would not have been old enough to be interested yet in genealogy to ask questions of them himself. Three more of Thomas and Sarah’s children live close by in Illinois: Robert in Bureau, Minerva Giles next door (the family listed just above Thomas and Sarah), and Francis in Annawan; John is still in Indiana; and four sons moved to Kansas: William (moved from Iowa to Kansas), George, Thomas, and Lawrence. Grandson Silas Hay, 26, who lived with Thomas and Sarah since his mother Elizabeth died 23 years ago, lives nearby in Alba in Henry County, IL.

The William Brainard family (wife Emma and three children) are enumerated as living in the same household, but I think this is in error. While Thomas is a retired farmer, and the Brainard family could live on the farm to work it, they should have had at least a separate family number (William is listed as the head of his family) and I think the enumerator just forgot to put in a new number for the dwelling and family. It is likely daughter Minerva’s family, especially husband Henry 57 and perhaps son Henry Jr age 18 (though he is sick with “ruination”), helped out on Thomas’ farm; they live just next door.

For documentation on the census data (collection procedures, errors, availability, etc) refer to documentation.