1900 Census -- Twelfth Census of the United States


Schedule 1 -- Population
State: Washington, D.C. -- Name of City: Washington City -- Township: District of Columbia
Supervisors District #1, Enumeration Disctict #17, sheet #19A
Sheet # 19A (#147) Enumerated: 11th day of June, 1900, Harry H. Campbell, Enumerator


Oliver Perry Hay cannot be located on the 1900 census. No census has been found for his daughter Mamie Hay either, who will marry John Minnick in New York (was it NY?) on June 20, 1900. Mary Emily and the other three children are in Washington, DC (see below). Washington City directories show the family in Washington for 1899 and 1900 only.

letter from Oliver Perry Hay to son William Perry Hay - Feb 5, 1900 - from Amer Museum Nat Hist, 77th St & 8th Ave, NY
An examination of the census form for Mary Emily shows the enumerator originally listed Oliver Perry in the home, then apparently tried to erase his name and wrote Mary Emily over top. The enumeration rules at the time are supposed to be to list everyone living in the home at the time; temporary residence elsewhere (like a business trip), would not preclude inclusion in the home, while a more permanent move would. We happen to have two letters from Oliver Perry Hay to his son William Perry Hay preserved for posterity at the University of Florida. The letters are dated February 5, 1900 (at right) and April 3, 1901. It is noteworthy that the 1900 census was enumerated in Washington, DC as of June 11, 1900; Oliver Perry Hay is already in New York. The enumeration should have been effective as of January 1, 1900, so this should mean that Oliver Perry Hay moved to New York prior to January 1, 1900, but enumerators did not always follow that guideline. Since he cannot be found on the New York census, I assume he is in a temporary locale, probably with his daughter Mamie.

It is not clear from the April 3, 1901 letter if Mary Emily Hay has joined Oliver Perry Hay in New York yet. I would assume that she had, or he might have sent the letter to Mary Emily instead. However, son Robert Howsmon Hay was apparently in Washington, DC at Central High School still, as he is on the Fall 1902 football team. However, since he is 18 as of 1901, it could be that he stayed in Washington, DC with his brother William Perry and sister Frances in order to finish high school; he is known (from his obituary) to have gone to New York to take business courses after high school, probably in 1903.

I looked at the soundex card index in NY for Hay, May, and Kay (in case the handwriting was sloppy), and after 1900 was fully computer-indexed, searched the entire country for Oliver Perry Hay (looking for Oliver, Perry and O. P.) and Mary/Mamie. They are not to be found.

In the past twenty years:
1879-1892 -- Professor of Biology and Geology at Butler College, Irvington (Indianapolis), IN, where he also taught chemistry, physics, zoology, botany, histology and embryology. Traveled to Mississippi, Arkansas and Kansas in the summers to collect fossils.
1884 -- M.D. degree awarded by Indiana Medical College
1884-1888 -- Advisor to Geological Survey of Arkansas
1891-1894 -- Advisor to Geological Survey of Indiana
1892 -- resigned post at Butler College when they forbid the teaching of evolution
1892-1893 -- taught in public high school in Chicago
1893-1894 -- Fellowship at the University of Chicago
1895-1897 -- Assistant Curator of Zoology at the Field Museum, Chicago
1898-1900 -- Independent investigation in paleontology in Washington, DC
1900-1907 -- Assistant Curator of Vertebrate Paleontology (then Associate) at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY -- in 2003, the AMNH said that they had a plaque including Oliver Perry Hay's name displayed at the museum until a recent renovation. They said he was "considered one of the founders of American Paleontology, and his reference books are still used today," 100 years later.

Oliver Perry Hay's family:

311 T Street, NW -- Dwelling #321, Family #357
Hay, Mary, Head, White, Female, born Apr 1849, age 51, Married for 30 years, mother of 4 children and 4 still living, born in Illinois, parents born in Ohio, Yes - can read, write and speak English, Own Home, Mortgaged, Home (not Farm)
---, Perry, Son, White, Male, born Dec 1871, age 28, Single, born in Illinois, father born in Indiana, mother born in Illinois, occupation: School teacher, months not employed: 3, Yes - can read, write and speak English
---, Fanny, Daughter, White, Female, born Jan 1876, age 24, Single, born in Iowa, father born in Indiana, mother born in Illinois, occupation: School teacher, months not employed: 3, Yes - can read, write and speak English
---, Robert, Son, Male, White, born Nov 1882, age 17, Single, born in Indiana, father born in Indiana, mother born in Illinois, occupation: at school, months attend school: 9, Yes - can read, write and speak English

portion of actual census form - click on image for full view or here for full page
Notes: William is using his middle name of Perry, which he often did; note that the 1900 letter from his father uses Perry as well (the 1901 letter is addressed "Dear Son"). It surprised me to find the family in Washington at this time, since I had not realized they moved here for three years between Chicago and New York. After 13 years in Irvington, the family moved in 1893 -- William Perry to Washington, DC and the rest of the family to Chicago. Then in 1897, all are joined together in DC once again, until the time of this census. Perry and Fanny, both teachers in DC, remain in the DC area, but move to a different residence; they continue to live together until William Perry marries Annie McKnew in 1902. John Minnick was on the 1900 census in Washington DC, so it is most curious that Mamie is not on this census in Washington, especially since they get married just days from now. John and Mamie probably met while he was a graduate student at Butler, and then John and William Perry may have moved to DC about the same time, as John also taught at Central and McKinley High Schools before moving to NY. Oliver Perry, Mary Emily and Robert move back from New York to DC in 1907, while John and Mamie Hay Minnick remain in New York. However, Mamie and John visit often in DC -- the train connections between Washington and New York made visiting easy, as well as personal automobiles in later years.

Directory listings:
Click on picture for directory listings and information about Butler University
--- Indianapolis ---
1880-1890 Hay, Oliver P., professor, Butler University, h Irvington
1891 Hay, Oliver P., teacher, Butler University, h Irvington
1892 Hay, Oliver P., teacher, Butler University, h Irvington
1893 Hay, Oliver P., teacher, Butler University, h Downey av (I)
.......... --- Chicago, IL ---
.......... 1893 Hay, Oliver P., teacher, h 6214 S May St
.......... 1894 Hay, Oliver P., teacher, 5626 Jefferson Ave
.......... 1895 Hay, Oliver P., asst curator, Field Museum, h 5711 Rosalie Ct
.......... 1896 Hay, Oliver P., curator, Field Museum, h 5711 Rosalie Ct
.................... --- Washington, DC ---
.................... 1898 Hay, Oliver P., clk, 212 T nw
.................... 1899 Hay, Oliver Perry, nat mus, 311 T st nw
.................... 1900 Hay, Oliver Perry, nat mus, 311 T st nw
.............................. --- New York City ---
.............................. 1901/1902 Hay, Oliver P., curator, Cent'l Park W c W 77th, h. 207 W 84th
.............................. 1904/1905 Hay, Oliver P., curator, Central Park W c W 77th, h. 137 W 84th
.............................. 1907/1908 Hay, Oliver P., curator, Cent'l Pk W c W 77th, h. 186 W 80th
.................... --- Washington, DC ---
.................... 1908 Hay, Oliver P., clerk, 1307 Riggs nw
.................... 1909 Hay, Oliver P., Paleontologist, 1307 Riggs nw
.................... 1910-1930 lived in DC (see directories)

Curious that they moved their residence so often -- not far, but four residences (and maybe more) in just 8 years seems like a lot in NY -- on their 1904 passenger list, they stated they lived at 170 W 89th!

Note: There is no 1890 census; it was lost in a fire in DC.

For documentation on the census data (collection procedures, errors, availability, etc) refer to documentation.