Henry Gregory was the father of a family that, in the 1630's, emigrated from Nottingham, England, to New England. Henry's grandfather had gone to Nottinghamshire from Lancashire, in which for about 200 years Henry's forebears had owned an estate named Highhurst.
A long search failed to disclose the exact location of Highhurst. It was in the township of Tyldesley-with-Shakerly, Lancs. [about ten miles westerly from Manchester]. Hurst means wood, so the estate presumably was on a wooded hill, or rise of land. Robert Gregory married the daughter of Thurston de Tyldesley who was the owner of a Tyldesley estate called Tyldesleyhurst, but later merely The Hurst. Thurston gave Robert as a marriage portion thirty-five acres in the town, so it may be the gift was Highhurst -- the high part of The Hurst. Both have disappeared from the memory of living men. In the easterly part of the town, half a mile n. of Boothstown, is the Hurst farm. As late as 1918 the address of two of the farm cottages was The Hurst or The Hursts.
Henry Gregory, Emigrant
Henry Gregory probably was born between 1590 and 1595. I found no authority for 1570 as his birth year, which often has appeared in print in America. ... The earliest record I found of any of Henry's children was this one in "Christenings" in the registers of St. Peter's Parish, Nottingham: "1625. Anne ye daughter of Henry Gregory the 29 of January." This means 1625-6, and I believe gives us the birth year of our Henry's daughter Anne who was married to William Crooker and lived in Stratford, Ct., and on Long Island. Others of Henry's children christened in St. Peter's were Triphosa, William and Abigail, all of whom died young. Note the Puritan names of the girls. William, "son of Henry Gregory," was buried Aug. 6, 1635. I found no later date connected with Henry in England, so it seems likely that he sailed for Boston late in that year or in 1636 -- not in 1633 as often written. William and Anne were probably named for Henry's rich brother and sister-in-law, William and Anne. St. Peter's, the church in which our forebear's offspring were baptised, still stands. ...
|William Gregory's 1650 will|
"I give to my brother, Henry Gregory, twenty marks, if he live six months after my decease, and to every child of his body lawfully begotten (except my cousin Perry, his daughter) that shall be living at the end of six months after my decease, five pounds, to be paid within twelve months after my decease. I also give and bequeath the sum of four pounds to be paid toward the charges of fetching of the said legacie, given as aforesaid unto my said brother Henry and his children, they being now, as I am informed, in the parts beyond the seas called New England. I give and bequeath to my said cousin Perrie, my said brother Henry's daughter, the sum of ten pounds, to be paid within six months after my decease."
Our Ancient Name
Gregory is the English form of the Greek name Gregorios. Gregorios, says The History of Christian Names (1863), is derived from a late and corrupted form of the Greeek verb meaning to watch, or wake. It is easy to understand why so many early bishops were called Gregorios, or Gregorius -- the Latin form, since they must watch over their flocks. As the pagans were converted they adopted new names, often those of church fathers, or indicating Christian virtues. This accounts for the distribution thgoughout Christendom of the name Gregory in its various national forms -- Gregoire, Frenchp; Gregorio, Italian and Spanish; Gregos, Danishp; Gregoor, Dutch Rehor, Bohemian; and Greis, said to be the Swedis form. It may astonish the many members of our tribe who have confused Gregory and MacGregor to learn that there is no etymological connection between the two names. The Scotch Gregor is from grig, celtic for fierce, say some authorities, or greigh, a herd, assert others.
In Catholic England many infants were christened Gregory, usually for Gregory the Great (St. Gregory, Pope Gregory I), who was specially popular because he had been instrumental in converting the people of the Kingdom of Kent to Chritianity. In the Thirteenth and Fourteenth centuries the common people adopted family names. Many converted their fathers' single appellations into surnames. All over England Gregory families came into existence. The Rotuli Curioe Regis for 1199 gives William Fitz-Gregory, Fitz meaning son. This Gregory, father of William, may have been the sire of one of the earliest English Gregory families. In this way, probably, our family had its beginning in Lancs., perhaps with an Adam filius Gregorii (son of Gregory.)
A Change in the Calendar
The English Parliament in 1751 made Jan. 1 instead of March 25 the first day of the year. This act took effect Jan. 1, 1752. Before that, March had been called the first month and April the second. If, for instance, in this book you see 1672-3 it usually will refer to the period between Jan. 1 and March 25, which under the old style was in 1672, (in this case), but under the new style was in 1673. Eleven days were dropped, making, for instance, Washington's birthday Feb 22, instead of 11th, as it appears in his family's bible.
ADAM GREGORY (13th century)
|Gregory Tree from "The Antiquities of Nottinghamshire"|
|"Ancestors and Descendants of Henry Gregory" by Grant Gregory, 1938 - "Official Pedigree and Arms of the Highhurst Gregorys in the College of Heralds, London"|
"Adam Gregorye of Highehurste in com Lanc gent maryed a Daughter and one of the heires of Adam Ormston of Ormeston in com Lanc gent and by her had yssue Gregorye sonne and heire
"Wyllyam Gregorye of Highehurste in com Lanc gent lyneallye descended from Adam Gregorye aforesayde maried Dorothe Daughter to Mr. Parre of Kempenhoarghe in com Lanc gent and by her hathe yssue John Gregorye sonne and heire -- Heughe seconde sonne and John third sonne."
In an examination of thousands of English records and books I found no other reference that with certainty related to this Adam Gregory, except in other pedigrees drawn or copied from this one. Nearly 200 years elapsed between Adam and his descendant William. Proud must our Sixteenth Century Gregorys have been of this ancient alliance with the manorial Ormestons or Omeston (Urmston -- modern spelling) since this marriage was remembered even after five or six intermediate generations of Gregorys had been forgotten. Flower was impressed by the proofs prsented else he would not have allowed the quartering of the Gregory lions with the spear heads of the Ormestons. This quartering was proof that the bride was an heiress.
---Note: This Adam Gregory is no known relation to the Adam Gregory of Freasley in the northern tip of Warwickshire. Their families bore different arms. Grant Gregory searched English records for many years and found no English record that even hinted that they were one man. Thus there is also no relation to the latter Adam's heritage -- his forefather John Gregory who married Maud, daughter of Sir Roger Moton of Peckleton. As Grant Gregory phrases it "it is not pleasant to destroy faith in descent from a man who lived as early as 1160, but this connection lacks not only proof, but probabilility." This erroneous connection can be found frequently in America in print and on the internet.---
Six+ intermediate Generations
Hugh Gregory. (13th/14th century) With Hugh Gregory we enter a more satisfactory part of our family history, because his name and doings are preseved in half a dozen of the durable parchments of the Middle Ages. ... It was in 1341 that Adam de Tyldesley, son of Hugh, slew his brother Henry. Before fleeing from the wrath of King Edwrd III Adam granted Tyldesley manor to Roger and Robert de Hulton, with an understanding that they would reenfeof him after the King pardoned him. The Hultons failed to return the manor to the Tyldesleys, who sued for it in 1413. ... The Fourteenth was a rough century, especially in Lancashire. In 34 Ed. III, (1360/1361), Hugh was in the Assize court charged with wounding Adam, son of Richard the Nayler at Cheydock. Perhaps there had been a feud, or Hugh had collected a bill with cudgel or sword, after the fashion of the day. Hugh with his long bow may have fought in 1346 at the battle of Crecy, under the Hultons, or the Constable of Chester, overlord of Astley. In 1349 the Great Plague or Black Death invaded Lancashire, sweeping away half the population.
Robert Gregory. (14th century) Robert was the son of Hugh Gregory. He married Katherine, daughter of Thurston de Tyldesley (son of Richard) of the younger branch of that family, but founder of the more distinguished line. In England in the Middle Ages because of the difficulty, expense and insecurity of ordinary conveyancing of land, there arose fictitious methods of passing titles; as for instance the "fine and recovery" in which the purchaser brought suit, pretending already to own the land, and the seller allowed the case to go by default. As these Gregory-Tyldesley incidents were interpreted by an expert for this book Kathrine de Tyldesley, a minor, was married to Robert Gregory in or before 27 Edward III (1354-5). Her father gave her 20 marks (a large sum for that day) as a marriage portion; also 35 acres in Tyldesley, with three messuages (houses). Lancashire acres were larger than our acres. Thurston retained for his life the use of the realty, but by the fiction of a 12-year lease provided that his son-in-law was to perform the feudal services. Perhaps the land conveyed was Highhurst itself. Thurston married Margaret, daughter of Jorden de Worseley, and thus became master of Wardley Hall in Worsley, the township east of Tyldesley. Robert Gregory in Easter week, 1376, came to court with Thomas de Tyldesley, his attorney, who doubtless was his brother-in-law of that name and who became sergeant-at-law, or attorney, for King Henry IV. Through a fictitious suit Robert acquired 10 Astley acres and a house.
William Gregory the Elder. (14th/15th century) Robert de Moston of Chester and Cecily, his wife, in 1402 gave William, son of Robert Gregory, all their lands in Urmston. Robert de Moston was probably from the family seated at the manor of Moston in the Parish of Manchester. There seems little doubt that William Gregory was his son-in-law. William Gregory was a bailiff of the Hundred, or "wapentake," of West Derby. He held the Hundred Court, aided the sheriff and collected taxes. The ministers' accounts of the Duchy of Lancaster show that in 3 Henry VI (1425-6) he was in prison for arrears of fines of £82-14-2. As "William Gregory of Leghe, county Lanc., yeoman" he had been indicted in 2 Hy VI. The next year he was called "of Tyldesley" when remanded to the custody of the sheriff, Sir Robert Lawrence, for not paying the fine. So, year after year, either "of Leigh" or "of Tylesley", he could not or would not pay the heavy fine. "On the Monday after the assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 11 Hy VI" (1434) a coroner reported in court: "The aforesaid William Gregory died in prison in the castle of Lancaster." As his side of the story was not found we shall never know why he rotted in a dungeon for ten years. He may have been as venal as the average office holder of his day, or may have offended by not squeezing enough taxes from his neighbors, or may have had the enmity of some powerful nobleman. Parliament in 1419 tried to protect persons in Lancashire from false charges. The Chancery Court, in April 1434, ordered a post mortem inquiry as to the lands and heirs of William Gregory. That this William owned Highhurst I have not a doubt. I found no hint that there was more than one Gregory family that had extensive lands in Tyldesley, Astley and Urmston and could furnish bridegrooms acceptable to the powerful gentry of that part of Lancs. The inquisition post mortem of Sir Richard de Radcliffe of Wymersley in 1432 showed that William Gregory paid annually 13s, 4d, for lands in Astley. In 1415 Sir Richard de Radcliffe took fifty archers to France for the brilliant campaign of King Henry I. Our William as one of these may have fought at Agincourt.
William Gregory the Younger. (14th/15th century) Copies of many of the Hyde family papers are in Harleian Ms., No. 2112, written by Randle Holme and now in the British Museum. The following on pp. 124, 160, interests us: "Thomas Hide, of Ormeston, Esq, acknowledges being bound to William Gregory ye Elder of Leigh in 41 pounds; dated Wednesday after St. Chad, 5 Henry V (1418). This indenture of award beares witness yt (that ) Thomas de Booth, of Barton, Esq., maketh a match between William Gregory the younger of Legh and Mawd, the daughter of Thomas Hide. The portion of the marriage is XXI pounds and her joynture XL shillings. Given at the Hope the Friday before Whitsunday, anno 7 Hy V, (May, 1420)." "The condition is that if Thomas Hide doe hold the award of Robert of Urmeston, Moyne of Birched, James of Hulme of Baqrton and John of Worsley touching the marriage of the aforesaid William Gregory and Mawde, ye daughter of Thomas Hide, and then --" The dinner bell may have called the writer away at the word "then," so we are short a few interesting particulars. The marriage portion would amount to between $2,500 and $5,000 in present values. The wedding was in 1422 or 1423. This was the second time one of our Gregorys picked a bride from Urmston manor. There are sound reasons for believing that Leigh above was not the village of Leigh two miles From Tyldesley, but the Parish of Leigh in which was Tyldesley.
William Gregory III. (15th century) In the Chancery Court of the Palatine of Lancaster from 1464 to 1468 was aired a suit arising from a debt William Spakeman, deceased, of Worsley, had owed. William Gregory of Tyldesley, yeoman, was the first of six defendants (including Joan Spakeman, the widow) mentioned as owing 40s. each. This looks as if William had married the eldest daughter of Spakeman. William may have een a William III of Highhurst, or perhaps he was William the Younger, no longer young. Ralph Regory between 1445-6 and 1481 often appears in the records. In 1460-1 he was "of Astley", but usually he was "of Tyldesley", and once "of 'Shakerley", a hamlet in the northwestern part of the township of Tyldesley-wtith-Shakerley, to give its full name. Ralph was a merer, that is a dealer in silks and other textiles, His name suggests he was a son of William Gregory the Younger and Maude Hyde, granddaughter of Ralph Hyde, probably a younger son. On Marth 24, 1468-9 (8 Edward IV) Ralph regory, mercer,of Tyldesley, and seventeen others were charged with an armed attqack at Westle (West Leigh) on Sir William Haqrrington, lord of the manor of Westle, and others, I believe that this and a fatal affray at Eccles in which Ralph also took part were irruptions in the War of the Roses, Ralph suporting the red rose of Lancaster. in the Eccles affair was also Richard Gregory mercer, of Tyldesley, who again was mentioned in 1497-8. Another Tyldesley Gregory contemporary with Ralph was Roger, yeoman, who, in 1461, was sued by Thurston Tyldesley for breaking, with arms, into is close in Tyldesley, tramping grain, etc. All these Gregorys doubtless were near relatives in the Highhurst family.
John Gregory I. (15th century) King Edward IV, a tyrant, extorted money from his subjects through forced gifts and obsolete statutes -- especially from Lancastrians. When Robert Atherton, the King's bailiff, in 1481-2, levied on the live stock of "John Gregore of Ormeston, gent., for certain issues, forfeitures and amercements" connected with his land in Ormeston, John, his order of arrest continued, "recaptured by force of arms the animals, in contempt of us", -- us being the King. My long and intensive study of Lancs. Gregorys convinces me that no Gregory of Tyldesley, Astley or Ormeston (now Urmston) at that time could have achieved the coveted title gentleman except the owner of Highhurst, or perhaps his son or brother. John may have been called "of Ormeston" merely because his beasts had been seized on his land there, or perhaps he was living there instead of on his Highhurst estate. Similar charges in the same warrant were made against five other gentlemen, including Oliver Standish of Shevyngton, and two yeomen. It seems likely this was the John Gregory who served on juries in southern Lancs. every year between 1475 and 1482 and on Sept. 22, 1483, was reported dead. Perhaps death was his penalty for daring to recapture his animals from the King. Jurors then had to be rather important freeholders. Robert Washington frequently served with John. After John's death another John Gregory was juror three times between March 10, 1483-4, and Aug. 8, 1496. Perhaps he was a son of the former, or even a younger brother. In those Catholic days brothers sometimes were named for St. John the Baptist and St. John the Apostle. The considerable estate of Joan Gregory, widow, was settled before Aug., 1516. As two of her executors were Peter Shakerley who owned Tyldesley land and Thomas Astley of Peel Hall, Astley (both esquires and important), she would seem to be a Highhurst dowager. Joan reminds us of Joan Spakeman whose daughter probably was married to William Gregory III.
William Gregory IV. (15th/16th century) The known Highhurst ancestor, is the most recent ancestor included in the 1567 lineage approved by Flower, a herald. After a reference to Adam Gregory, the pedigree (in present day English and spelling) continues: "William Gregory of Highhurst in county Lanc., gent., lineally descended from Adam Gregory aforesaid, married Dorothy, daughter of Mr. Parre of Kempnough in county Lanc., gent., and by her has issue John Gregory, son and heir; Hugh, second son, and John, third son." It is thought by Grant Gregory that the third son (second John) was in error, and was actually a grandson (John's son John) or William. It is noted that the early heralds made many blunders, as they cared more for fees than records. William Gregory, in 1503, was a juror in the successful recovery suit of James, son and heir of John Pemberton, who charged that Geoffrey Molyneux and friends, after the death of John, had riotously seied John's manor of Halsenet (Halsnead) in the township of Wiston, to the "merveile and displeasor of the King." Wiston lies westerly from Tyldesley, in the same hundred -- West Derby. A jury in a case involving a manor would then have consisted of important landowners of the general neiborhood. This description fits the other jurors that I studied, so I believe William was William IV, master of Highhurst. The addresses of him and several other jurors were not given, indicating they were well known. ... Parr is a manor a few miles westerly from Highhurst. In the Kendal branch of the Parrs of Parr was Katherine Parr, sixth wife of King Henry VIII. Katherine and Dorothy were presumably fourth cousins. Richard Parr in the latter part of the 14th century inherited through his wife Ellen Worsley the ancient estate of Kempnough. .. Kempnough Hall, a fine beamed building in the town of Worsley, still stands, a short walk s.w. from Roe Green. The rear part is old enough to go back to Dorothy's days.
The Sale of Highhurst. On Aug 8, 1587, ten months before his death, John Gregory jr. (William's grandson), with Gilbert, his son and "heir apparent," and Richard, his younger son, by means of a fictitious claim and consent, conveyed to Ralph Sorrocolde (Sorocold) a messuage, three cottages, three tofts, four gardens, three orchards, twenty acres of "arable," sic of meadow, eight of pasture and some "common pasture for all animals," in Tyldesley and Worsley. Who can doubt that in that sale Highhurst, the home of our ancestors for over 250 years, departed from the Gregorys? The price was £85-16-8, a big sum then. The Worsley property I think had come into the family with Dorothy Parre, or Katherine Tyldesley. Gilbert Gregory moved to Shropshire, where he became lord of the manor of Rodington, inherited through his mother. On his death, Oct. 1, 1593, his son John succeeded him, and quartered the Onslow and Corbett arms with the lions and spear heads.
Hugh Gregory II. (16th century) Born circa 1500 -- nothing is known further than the information contained in the Gregory pedigrees, all of which call him a second son; two say son of William. He married Mary and had a son Thomas. He may have lived in Urmston, and may have moved to Nottinghamshire.
Thomas Gregory, son of Hugh and Mary, lived in and perhaps had migrated to the town of Over Broughton, earlier called Broughton Sulney, but now Upper Broughton in Nottinghamshire. An overlordship of both Broughton Sulney manor and Lancs. lands by the Honors of Puttney and Tutbury hints at a reason for Thomas moving so far from his ancestral home. His wife was Dorothy Beeston. Beeston families were in both Lancs. and Notts. J. T. Godfrey, historian of Lenton, calls Thomas and John, his son, yeomen (Landowning farmers), but I failed to find them mentioned as freeholders or tax payers in Over Broughton. It seems likely that father and son were tenants of the Broughton Sulney Manor, which still retains that name. Law's Hist. of the Hundred of Broxton, 1871, calls Thomas "a small farmer and grazier of Broughton Sulney." William Partyngton in 1546-7 bought Urmston lands from the John Gregorys, sr. and jr. When John Partyngton in 1559 sold Urmston lands to Edmund Trafford, of Trafford, his tenants included Thomas and John Gregory and another Thomas Gregory of Hillam, Urmston. A Thomas Gregory in 1543 had a small freehold in Urmston. Perhaps one of these Thomases was Hugh's son.
John Gregory, son of Thomas and Dorothy, married Alice, who may have been a Baylye [She has also been conjectured to be Alicia Alton, daughter of John Alton, born in Sulney]. He is called "of Broughton Sulney," more likely in his day to mean the manor than the township. I believe they were the John and Alice Gregory who, Aug 9, 1588 in Trafford, Lancs., signed papers transferring for £40, to Ralph Sorrocolde their interest in the same Tyldesley (Highhurst?) and Worsley lands and houses that John jr., Gilbert and Richard Gregory had conveyed a year and a day earlier. This delay perhaps was due to the distance between our John's Over Broughton home and Trafford. To make Sorrocolde's title good this couple had to sign, as John was a "remainder man," meaning that after the deaths of his three cousins and their direct heirs he would have succeeded to these entailed lands. It was Sir Edmund, or his ancestor, who had bought the Urmston lands on which Thomas and John Gregory were tenants. The registers of St. Luke's church, Upper Broughton, go back only to 1571. The rector examined them (in 1923) for this book. He reported finding no reference to Thomas or Henry, and just one to John, as follows: "Wynefret Gregorie, daughter to John Gregorie, was buried Dec. 20, Anno Dom. 1614."
1. William (alderman of Nottingham -- d.8/23/1650, m. to Anne Jackson, 2 sons) -- see paragraph on him above -- (will mentioning brother Henry in America)
2. Michael (glover of Nottingham -- d.7/29/1637, m.2/4/1603 to Margery Marshall, 8 children)
3. John (1 son)
4. Edward (m.11/8/1621 Elizabeth Newman, no children)
5. Henry (b.~1590, d.6/14/1655, m.Abigail, 9 children)
6. Elizabeth (b.~1591, d.7/12/1612, m.9/16/1611 to Michael Smaley, 2 twin daughters)
7. Winifred (b.~1590s, d.1614)
George Gregory, grandnephew of Henry and grandson of William, prepared an elaborate chart of his ancestry, presumably to submit to the heralds at their Notts. visitation of 1662. In 1675, bringing it up to date, he evidently gave a copy of it to Dr. Robert Thoroton, who, two years later, printed it in his The Antiquities of Nottinghamshire, extracted out of records, leiger books, other manuscripts and authentic authorities. ... In the rear of his book are hundreds of Nott. arms. One is the Highhurst lions, belonging to "Will. Gregory, Alderman of Nott." In the old Town Hall of Nottingham, torn down a few years ago, were the arms of a number of town benefactors. The sixth shield contained the Gregory of Highhurst and Urmston arms, impaled with those of Alton and Kyme. These were the bearings of John Gregory, father of George and son of Alderman William.
Gregory Tree from "The Antiquities of Nottinghamshire"
FIRST GENERATION -- (THE IMMIGRANT)
|p.34, Henry -- also see p.35, p.36, p.37, p.38, p.39, p.40, p.41, p.42, p.43.|
Henry Gregory died probably in 1655, because under date of June 19 that year of the Fairfield Probate Records is "The Court orders that the estate of Henery Gregory shall be distributed as followeth: the debts shall be payd, then the remainder shall be distributed to his children, only the eldest sonn liveing shall have a dubble portion and he the said eldest sonn being John Gregory is apoynted to Administer the estate acording to the above distribution. William Hill, Secretary." Preceding this order on the same page is the inventory of Henry's personal estate, followed by the names of the appraisers -- John Wells and Thomas ffairchild. The writing at the top of the page was obliterated by ink. Following is the decipherable part: 5 Pillowes, all the wooden ware, 3 Chayres & 1 wheel, 1 pair Skales, some pewter ware - (blur) 00-04-, 2 Iron pots, 1 skillit - (blur) 1-02-, 2 axes 1 drawing knife 1 meat knife - 00-04-00, 2 spones - 00-00-08, all the books - 00-04-00, 1 howe 1 pot hanger - 00-03-00, 1 sieth 1 Iron ringe - 00-01-06, 3 pound of rosen 1 baskitt - 00-02-06, 1 maat - 00-01-00, 1 coat - 01-00-00, old pacede (not clear) & agg - 00-05-00, Pease & hopps - 00-08-00, Lasts - 00-01-06. Four shillings is not a heavy investment in books, but there were more than the family Bible.
1. John (b.~1612-1615 Nottinghamshire, d.8/15/1689 Norwalk, CT, m.1635 Sarah St. John? (unproven), 7 children)
2. Perry/Perrie (female -- b.~1616-1619 Nottinghamshire, d.>1650 -- perhaps in England)(p.41)
3. Judah (b.~1620 Nottinghamshire, d.9/4/1649 Stratford, CT, m.6/20/1643 Sarah Burt, 2 children)(p.51, p.52)
4. Elizabeth (b. Nottinghamshire, d.1/24/1680-81, Norwalk, CT, m.1635 Richard Webb, 0 children)(p.41, p.42)
5. Elizaphatt (male -- likely died after 1655 since Henry's will suggests a second son living)(p.42)
6. Anne (bap. St. Peter's parish 1/29/1625 Nottinghamshire, d.1/15/1714 Oyster Bay, NY, m.1-1646 William Crooker, 2-1670 John Rogers, 4 children)(p.42, p.52, p.53)
7. Triphosa (bap 9/23/1627 Nottinghamshire, bur. 10/2/1629 Nottinghamshire)(p.42)
8. William (bap 6/271630 Nottinghamshire, bur. 8/6/1635 Nottinghamshire)(p.43)
9. Abigail (bap 3/17/1632 Nottinghamshire, bur. 3/25/1633 Nottinghamshire)(p.43)
|p.43, John I -- also see p.44, p.45, p.46, p.47, p.48, p.49, p.50, p.51.|
In the year of his death, 1689, John gave to his five sons most of his lands by deed. One parcel to Thomas and Jachin was "to equalize them with" John and Joseph. He "sot" his hand to his will Aug 15, 1689, making a big shaky J. Earlier he had signed his name. His books valued at nearly £5 do not indicate illiteracy. He left all his cattle, chaqttels and movable goods in house and shop to his wife Sarah "to be hers to dispose of after my death according to her own will and discretion among the chidlren." He gave her his book of accounts and what bills of debt were owing him, also all lands not disposed of by deeds of gift. The remaining land was to be sold and the proceeds given to the two daughters. James Benedict was to have as much as John Benedict, to whom had been deeded land. They were sons-in-law. This trust imposed in his wife indicates that she was the mother of all the children. The will was acknowledged Aug 21; presented for pobate by the widow Oct 9, 1689. That latter day she signed with a mark her own short will. "I, Sarah Gregory, widow of John of Norwalk, do choose my beloved friends Mr. Thomas Hanford (the minister) and Sergt. John Plat to distribute to my children according to instruction and directions I have left in their hand as to pertickular movables." As to the rest they had full power. John Fitch and James Betts were witnesses. Nov 1 1689, the sons John, "Jakin," Judah, Joseph and Thomas, and John and James "Benedick," signed an agreement and declared themselves satisfied with the "bequeathment" of their mother. The Benedict boys received the seven and a half acres of Gregory's Point. The inventory of Sarah's estate was taken 28 Oct 1689, by John Platt, sr. and Chris. Comstock.
1. John II (b.~1639, d.4/5/1721 CT, m1.10/18/1663 Elizabeth Moulthrop, m2.10/15/1699 Sarah Messenger, 7 children)
2. Jachin (b. ~1640-1642, d.2/22/1697, m.1669 Mary, 7 children)(p.51, p.55, p.56)
3. Judah (b.~1643-44, d.1733 Danbury, CT, m.10/20/1664 Hannah Hoyt, 7 children)(p.51, p.56, p.57, p.58)
4. Joseph (bap 7/26/1646 in First Church, New Haven, CT, d.5/14/1718 New Haven, CT, thought no wife or children)(p.51)
5. Thomas (bap 3/19/1649 New Haven, CT, d. 11/1693 CT, m.12/25/1679 Elizabeth Pardee, 3 children)(p.51, p.58, p.59, p.60)
6. Phebe (b~1650 Norwalk, CT, d.~1748 Norwalk, CT, m.11/11/1670 John Benedict-twin to James, 9 children)(p.51, p.60, p.61)
7. Sarah (b.12/3/1652 Norwalk, CT, d.1692 Norwalk, CT., m.5/10/1676 James Benedict-twin to John, 7 children)(p.51, p.61, p.62)
|Norwalk Cemetery entrance||Memorial||founders memorial at cemetery|
|p.54-55, John II|
Children (all by Elizabeth Moulthrop):
1. Elizabeth (b.1/1665 Norwalk, m. Thomas Lupton)(p.54, p.55)
2. Sarah (b.12/1667 Norwalk, m.~1685 John Bouton, 8 children)(p.55)
3. Jonathan (b.6/1671 Norwalk, CT, d.<1724 m.Elizabeth Smith, 5 children)(p.55, p.65, p.66)
4. Abigail (b.6/1672 Norwalk, m.Joseph Birchard)(p.55)
5. Mary (b.12/1674 Norwalk, d.1674 Norwalk)(p.55)
6. Joseph I (b.~1676 Norwalk, d,<2/4/1734, m.Hannah Russell, 4 children)(p.55, p.66, p.67)
7. John III (b.~1677 Norwalk, d.1/18/1751 Norwalk, CT, m.1-~1704 Sarah Seeley, 2-~1717 Clement Denton Smith, 5 children)
|p.67-69, John III|
[Sarah Seeley's parents were Sarah Olmsted and Robert Seeley. Sarah Olmsted was the daughter of Sgt. Nehemiah Olmsted and Elizabeth Burr. A descendant of the Olmsteds is 13th president Millard Fillmore (1800-1874) -- president 1850-1853. Sarah was the oldest of six children, the oldest male child also named Nehemiah, undoubtedly named after his maternal grandfather. Sarah Seeley Gregory's son Nehemiah is the first Nehemiah in the Gregory line. Sarah's paternal grandfather was Capt. Nathan Seeley, killed in the Great Swamp Fight in Rhode Island in 1675, the bloodiest day of King Philip's War, in which the Narraganset Indians were virtually annihilated.]
Children (first four by Sarah Seeley; last one by Clement Denton Smith):
1. John IV (b.~1705 Norwalk CT, d.1786 Cranbury CT, m.4/30/1726 Mary Smith-Clement's daughter, 12 children)(p.69, 80, 81)
2. Mary (b.1710 Norwalk CT, probably died young since no subsequent record and not in book)
3. Sarah (b.7/27/1711 Norwalk, CT, m. John Betts, 9 children)(p.69)
4. Nehemiah I (b.~1712 Norwalk, CT, d.11/11/1771 Wilton CT, m.1-Unknown Belden, 2-1749 Elizabeth Trowbridge St. John, 5 children) -- "named doubtless for his uncle Nehemiah Seeley"
5. Denton I (b.1724/1725 Norwalk, d.9/10/1811, m.1/18/1753 Elisabeth Sherwood, 8 children)(p.69, 82, 83)
FIFTH GENERATION -- Lived in Wilton,CT
|p.81-82, Nehemiah I|
Children (by first wife, unknown Belden):
1. Nehemiah II (b.~1731 Norwalk, CT, d.1770 Bedford,NY, m.1-Ann Barnum, 2-10/3/1759 Lois Barnum, 3 children)
2. Olive (b.~1733 Norwalk, CT, d.>1771)(p.82)
3. Daniel (b.1734 Norwalk, CT, d. 1788, m.1759 Hannah Smith)(p.82, 110)
4. Ruth (b.~1736 Norwalk, CT, d.1810 Danbury,CT, m.1759 John Knapp?)(p.82)
5. Stephen (b.4/7/1738 Norwalk, CT, d.2/6/1802, m.12/2/1757 Mary Benedict, 14 children)(p.82, 110, 111)
Grandchildren of Nehemiah Gregory and Unknown Belden.
SIXTH GENERATION -- Lived in Bedford,NY
|p.109-110, Nehemiah II|
[Lois Barnum's parents were Mariah Phinney and Jehiel Barnum. Ann Barnum's ancestry is unknown, but while it has been conjectured that she was Lois' sister, Jehiel and Mariah were married in 1741, and this is not early enough for the birth of an appropriate Ann. However, the naming of her first-born child Jehiel, the first occurance of the name Jehiel in the Gregory line, stongly suggests that Ann is closely related to this Jehiel Barnum family, and therefore some kind of cousin to Lois, or perhaps a half-sister, product of a first marriage of Jehiel Barnum.]
Children (first by Ann Barnum; second two by Lois Barnum):
1. Jehiel (b.1755 Gregory Point, CT, d.4/12/1818 Yankeetown OH, m.1775 Elizabeth Andrews, 5 children)(p.109, p.165, p.166)
2. Nehemiah III (b.8/29/1762 Bedford NY, d.3/18/1841 Kortright NY, m.Sarah, 8 children)(p.109, p.166, p.167)
3. Annis or Annas. She and Frederick Carter were m. 20 Feb. 1785; rec. in Christ ch., Salem, N.Y. near Bedford. She signed Annas, 1814, in selling right to land devised to her by her "grandfather, Nehemiah," who had mentioned children of deceased son Nehemiah. In 1796 she had land undivided with Nehemiah "2nd" and Silas, apparently by sons of Stephen [her uncle above]. The Carters lived in Bridport, Vt. (p.109, p.110)
Grandchildren of Nehemiah Gregory and Ann/Lois Barnum.
For subsequent generations, refer to Nehemiah and Ann Barnum Gregory's family page. Especially note William Perry Hay's comments on the locale of Gregory Point in CT and not NY as is stated in this book. There has been no Gregory Point found in NY; perhaps some of this confusion may be the result of the redrawing of state lines -- Bedford NY was for a while in CT! Nehemiah Gregory II and brother Daniel moved to Bedford (Westchester) NY, but brother Stephen stayed in Norwalk, as did many other Gregory cousins. Bedford,NY is about 20 miles from Norwalk,CT.
Note: There is a lot of confusion over the locale "Gregory Point," listed as being in both NY and CT. William Perry Hay researched "Gregory Point"-92,93,94,95,96, and concluded there is only one, and it is in CT not NY -- located at the east side of the mouth of Norwalk River in Fairfield County, CT. A very short distance up this river are the towns of South Norwalk on the west side and East Norwalk on the east side of the river. Two or three miles above is the town of Norwalk. Bedford (Westchester county), NY is 20 miles from Norwalk, CT.
Gregory Point USGS Norwalk South Quad, Connecticut, Topographic Map. Gregory Point is a Cape in the state of Connecticut (county of Fairfield), located at latitude - longitude coordinates (also known as lat-long or GPS coordinates) of N 41.08704 and W -73.40151. Gregory Point is shown in the center of the topographic (topo) map, which is sourced from the United States Geographical Survey map USGS Norwalk South quad. The nearest major town is East Norwalk, CT. See also the entries and map about Gregory Point in the 1865 book "The Ancient Historical Records of Norwalk.
Gregory Point on the US Geographical Survey map, 20th century - click on image for larger view
Also note the entry on the 1847 map for Norwalk which states that the road on the bottom-right goes to Gregory Point.
FOOTNOTES: The "Ancestors and Descendants of Henry Gregory" book details all descendants of all the children -- for nine generations; I have lifted just the portions relevant to our ancestors for this summary. The paragraphs were lifted directly from the book, verbatim, with the spelling and grammar as presented in the book; the birthdates and deathdates were refined and supplemented with current information (sometimes causing a change in the order of the children) -- as noted in orange font. Additional information that is not related to family composition is noted by [orange font in brackets]. Future genealogists should note that there is much erroneous information about the Gregory family that has been published and republished, and must be careful in securing documentation for the assertions made. Note that Grant Gregory was in touch with William Perry Hay, and he supplied Grant with the information on the "Ohio" Gregorys -- Generation 8 is Jehiel Gregory II (1782-1824), his four children, Elizabeth Gregory Howsmon's nine children, and Mary Emily Howsmon Hay's four children -- for which Wm P. Hay is mentioned as an author.
Early Conn. Marriages, by F. W. Bailey
Hist. of Danbury, by J. M. Bailey, 1896
Hist. and Genealogies of Families of Old Fairfield, by D. L. Jacobus
Commemorative Biographical Record of Fairfield Co., Ct., J. H. Beers and Co., 1899
Hist. of Fairfield Co., Ct, by D. Hamilton Hurd, 1881
Hist. of Co. Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster, by Edward Baines
Ancient Historical Records of Norwalk, CT by Rev. Edwin Hall, 1847
Norwalk by Rev. Chas. M. Selleck
Hist. of Old Town of Stratford and City of Bridgeport, Ct., by Rev. Samuel Orcutt, 1886
The Genealogist's Atlas of Lancashire, by John Peter Smith, 1930
Genealogists: Lester Card, W. A. D. Eardeley, Francis G. Spies, David H. VanHoosear, Edwin Webb Wheat.
pdf version of the first 26 pages of the book.