Andrew and Mary Passwater Maiden

Mary "Polly" Passwater

Andrew Maiden

Parents: Unknown and Samuel Passwater

Parents: Unknown and John Maiden

Born: ~1781 NC

Born: ~1782 Iredell, NC

Married: ~1799 Andrew Maiden, in Iredell/Surrey, NC

Married: ~1799 Mary Passwater in Iredell/Surrey, NC

Died: 1831-1840 Scott, IN?

Died: >1855 Scott, IN

Interred: Scott, IN?

Interred: Scott, IN?

Occupation: Farmer

As a child, Mary was present at the Battle of Cowpens (1781 in SC—when she was an infant/toddler)—a story she had told her daughter Sarah. This was a famously victorious Revolutionary battle. Andrew Maiden’s father fought in the Revolution in NC “under General Washington,” and General William Washington (George’s cousin) was a leader at Cowpens, so it’s possible she watched her future father-in-law battle! I wonder if Mary’s father may have also fought in the Revolution (otherwise, why travel with a baby to watch?), but I have not been able to locate any such documentation. W. P. thought the Passwaters came from Rhode Island (and were related to the “Queens of that state” -- perhaps the Queeney family?), but an examination of census data, land records and court records shows the only Passwaters in America in the 1600’s and the early 1700’s were in MD/DE and SC -- perhaps DE was confused with RI. In 1790 in Surry County, NC it looks like Mary may have had more siblings -- as many as 3 brothers and 2 sisters, although these could be non-relatives too. Nothing is known about any siblings except for her brother Zael, born 1778 in NC, to whom she was very close. In 1800 Zael lived in KY, but he moved to IN about the same time Mary and Andrew moved there in 1806. The Paswater heritage is thought to be English.

William Perry had said the Maiden family moved to southern Indiana from Raleigh, NC in 1806, but there was no Andrew Maiden or John Maiden in Raleigh at that time (there were Andrew, James, John and Lawrence in Iredell and Samuel, Stephen and George in Orange on the 1800 census), but Andrew's uncle was born in the Raleigh area in 1752. Andrew Maiden’s father, John is said to have been of Welsh descent and a Revolutionary soldier. Aunt Margaret Patterson told W. P. Hay that the Maidens were in some way related to the Polk family of NC, "from which sprang President Polk. Mark Hay (WP’s 2nd cousin) said that Sarah Maiden claimed relationship to General Marion of Revolutionary fame. Neither of these familial relationships has been definitively confirmed. It is my belief that Andrew was one of six or more boys, and most of them moved to Indiana too -- several fought together in the War of 1812. Andrew was close to his wife's brother too, serving as security for Zael’s probate in 1831. In 1811 Andrew had received a patent for land in what became Scott County, IN. See War of 1812 information, including 3/28/1855 affadavit by Andrew, age ~73.

Census data: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830

Census data: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850?



Date of Birth, Place

Date of Death, Place

Married - date and to whom

# children

1. Sarah

6/2/1800, Iredell, NC

7/6/1885, Annawan, IL

11/23/1820 Thomas Hay


2, John

~1805 Iredell, NC

~1839 Washington, Clark, IN

11/5/1829 Malinda Gobin


3. *Boy?

1806-1809 Saluda, IN

1820-1830 Saluda, IN



4. Abner J.

1811 Saluda, IN

1860s Lexington, Scott, IN

12/19/1832 Margaret Gobin


5. *Girl?

1810s Saluda, IN

1820-1830 Saluda, IN



6. Mary J.

~1815 Saluda, IN

1860s? MO/IL?

1-7/31/1834 Lawrence “Abner” Brooks
2-~1849 Madden Beck



1812 story about Andrew Maiden protecting his family against the Indians, after the infamous attack at nearby "Pigeon Roost" (from the 2011 Jefferson County Genealogical Society newsletter - pdf, p.5). In 1812, Andrew Maiden sent his family into a fort at Concord for protection, but he stayed behind to protect his cabin and cattle. His four children ranged in age from 12-year-old Sarah to baby Abner.

Note: *see 1820 census and the blank spots in genealogist William Perry Hay's booklet. John and Abner married Gobin cousins. After John’s death, Melissa married Levi Johnson. Mary is apparently shunned from the family stories, as after her first husband Abner Brooks died she married second-cousin Madden Beck, who left a large family for her. There were conflicting stories handed down -- she was supposed to have lived and died in the same community, and another story (Henry County IL "The Biographical Record, 1901") was that after Lawrence died, she moved west. It seems certain that genealogist William Perry Hay would have known the actual circumstances, as Madden Beck's first family was living next door to his grandfather in 1850! I assume he did not publish the story due to discretion.

It is certain that both Mary Passwater and Andrew Maiden were born in NC, as confirmed on their daughter Sarah Maiden Hay's 1880 census, where she so specifies. It is believed but not confirmed through records that Mary Passwater was born in Surry, NC and Andrew Maiden in Iredell, NC. I have run across information from other genealogists that specify that Mary Passwater was born in St. Asaph's District in Orange (now Alamance) County, near Raleigh, however, there have been no Passwater records found in Orange; it is thought this was confused with Zael Passwater's wife's family -- Henry Kime resided in St. Asaph's district in 1790 while the Passwaters resided in Surry County in 1790. Although Henry Kime is listed on the 1790 census as residing in Orange County, he was born and christened in Guilford, NC and bought several plots of land in Stinking Quarter Guilford County in 1788-1799.

I believe that Andrew died in 1855-1859; it is certain that the March 21, 1855 affidavit (with accompanying affidavit by son Abner) states he is aged 73 and a resident of Scott County. This affidavit was in reference to a land warrant for his service in the War of 1812 as a private soldier in Captain Stuckers company under Colonel McFarland; he volunteered in Scott County. Andrew cannot be found on the 1850 census. In 1830 Andrew and Mary are living in Scott County with two children, having moved there sometime in the 1820s from Jefferson County. In 1840 it is thought that Mary was deceased and Andrew is living with newly-married son Abner; son John died in 1839. He is not found on the 1850 census -- not at son Abner's home, or at the home of daughter Sarah Hay; however, widowed daughter Mary Brooks just married Madden Beck ~1849 (her first cousin) and her family cannot be found on the 1850 census either (not Mary nor Madden, nor her three Brooks children or her newborn daughter Martha Beck) -- perhaps Andrew is with them, perhaps in IN or KY. In 1856 daughter Sarah Hay moves to IL -- perhaps this was after Andrew died.

In 2009 I visited the North Carolina Archives in Raleigh, North Carolina to search out Maiden and Passwater records.

Zael (also spelled Zail, thought to be an abbreviation of Asahel), moved to KY in 1800, then back to Iredell, then onto Indiana with the Maidens. He had a deed for 100 acres in Iredell, NC in 1801 (while he was on the Lincoln County, KY tax rolls in 1800!); by 1806 he bought land in Clark County, IN from his father-in-law Henry Kime. It is unknown if the land in KY was from a land grant for military service of Samuel Passwater. However, since Samuel's wife took at least young daughter Mary to the Battle of Cowpens in SC, it is thought likely that some Passwaters were fighting in that Battle.

Documentation for Mary Passwater watching the Battle of Cowpens is not only from William Perry Hay's genealogy, but also from Sarah Maiden Hay's obituary. Both were likely based on stories from Sarah Maiden Hay to her daughter Margaret Hay. It is thought that Samuel Passwater was likely to have fought in the Revolution as both Virginia and North Carolina had a law that all men who were between the ages of 16 and 50 and were not disabled, were automatically enrolled in its state militia in 1776-1783 (from the book "North Carolina").

Zael Passwater served as a private in Col. McFarland's regiment of Indiana militia during the War of 1812, along with Andrew Maiden and his (assumed) brother James Maiden. In 1811 Andrew Maiden had been the third person to receive a patent for land that later (1820) became Scott County. There is a second record of both Andrew and James Maiden serving as privates in the 6th Reg ITM Jan 27-Feb 26, 1813 in Jefferson County in Cap't Stucker's Company.

It is widely surmised that Samuel's father may have been William Passwater who married Hannah Pezaza in St. Philips Parish Church in Charlestown, SC on January 15, 1739/40. No definite information on the Pezaza line has been forthcoming -- however, there are more modern (early 20th century) records in Mexico for Pezaza -- 1922 border crossing for Eduardo Perez Pezaza; 1930 Mexico census for Juana Pezaza born 1902 in Sinaloa and living in Mazatlan, Sinaloa -- so Hannah was likely to be of Spanish descent. There is also a Jose Pezaze/Pezazi in Colleton,SC on the 1840 census, he and his wife were 40-49 (born 1790s), maybe a relative. But it should be noted that Pezozzi is Italian, and Pezoze is Russian, so country of ancestry is uncertain; since especially in the South in the early 1600s there were a lot of Spanish settlers, I still believe it is most likely that Pezaza is of Spanish ancesry. On February 4 1740/41 a daughter Hanah was baptised, and on June 6, 1742 she was buried. No further SC records for Passwater or Pezaza have been found, even though the St. Philips records book lists continual births and deaths for 10 more years. Samuel and William are the only Passwaters found in the Carolinas; it is thought Samuel, born circa 1740-55) was the son of William (born circa 1700-20). There is also a record for William Passwater in VA in 1755 which could be the same William -- see Passwater references. It is believed that the RI references above by our Passwater ancestors (probably from Sarah Maiden Hay) refer to MD/DE, and that our Samuel descends from the single immigrant Thomas Passwater of the 1690s.

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