Quaker New Jersey Meetings

1650-1750


1777 map of New Jersey - click on picture for a larger view

Burlington MM abstract example - Atkinson entries (from William Wade Hinshaw's "Quaker Encyclopedia") (see abbreviations key in footnotes)
Genealogist William Wade Hinshaw (1867-1947) estimated that 50% of Americans whose families immigrated in the early days were of Quaker descent. I (DLH) initially thought this sounded grossly optimistic; however, as I have researched deeper into my grandfather's tree, I think at least 43% of his immigrant ancestors of the 17th and 18th centuries had Quaker backgrounds.

This webpage summarizes the early Quaker meetings in New Jersey, detailing what records still exist and where to find them. The meetings are grouped according to the two original provinces: East Jersey and West Jersey, as many of the old land, court, and tax records were maintained at the province level, and there was a difference in migration patterns -- West Jersey residents traveled to-and-from Pennsylvania and East Jersey to-and-from New York, associations still relevant today.

New Jersey actually had the earliest Quaker settlements which dated to the 1670s, predating William Penn's founding of Pennsylvania in 1682. These early Quakers settled in Burlington, right across the river from Philadelphia, and the PA/NJ combined area became the hub of the Quaker religion. In fact, George Fox, the English founder of the Quaker religion, visited Burlington in 1672. And what came to be known as the Philadelphia YM (Yearly Meeting) was first held in 1681 at Burlington,NJ, and then met alternately on either side of the Delaware River for several years.

Renowned Quaker genealogist Gilbert Cope (1840-1928) (the "father of genealogical research in Pennsylvania") researched over 1000 families in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, with his voluminous notes microfilmed onto 76 rolls, with an index of the family names. His notes contain research and correspondence that are supplemental to the actual monthly meeting minutes documented below.

West Jersey

West Jersey is the part along the Delaware River, which defines the boundary between Pennsylvania and New Jersey, plus all of southern New Jersey. Since this is the part closest to Pennsylvania, it is also where the majority of the New Jersey Quakers resided. The west district had two original counties: Burlington and Salem. Burlington later subdivided into eight more counties: Gloucester (1686) Cape May (1692) Hunterdon (1714) Morris (1739) Sussex (1753) Warren (1824) Atlantic (1837) Mercer (also from parts of East Jersey) (1838) Camden (1844). Salem later subdivided into two when Cumberland was carved out in 1748. Little Egg was part of Burlington County until 1891 when it joined with Ocean County which was East Jersey.

With West Jersey's proximity to Pennsylvania, genealogists should also research records there for their ancestors.

  While all seven of the early MMs in West Jersey have had the genealogical information extracted from their records and published as abstracts, there is not one resource that includes the abstracts for all early NJ meetings, or even all early West Jersey meetings.

• Hinshaws "Quaker Encyclopedia", vol 2, includes abstracts for Burlington (including Rancocas?) and Salem (and is available on Ancestry.com as well as in book form, microfiche, and microfilm)
"Early Church Records of Burlington County,NJ", vol.1, by Charlotte Meldrum includes Burlington MM (and Rancocas?) while the "Early Church Records of Salem County,NJ", also by Charlotte Meldrum, includes Salem MM

"New Jersey Quaker Meeting Records 1" (not the "Quaker Encyclopedia") by William Wade Hinshaw has abstracts for Haddonfield (originally called Newton -- which is not the new Newton in the table below).
"Early Church Records of Gloucester County, NJ", by Charlotte Meldrum includes Haddonfield/Newton MM.

"Early Church Records of Burlington county,NJ", vol 2, by Charlotte Meldrum includes Chesterfield/Crosswicks MM and Little Egg Harbor MM

"Early Church Records of Atlantic & Cape May counties,NJ" by Barbara Epler Wright includes Great Egg Harbor MM

Questions: Do both Hinshaw and Meldrum include Rancocas records integrated into Burlington? Are all early records for Crosswicks included in Chesterfield? Are all (early) Newton records included in Haddonfield? How complete are the early records -- are there known years/decades missing?

The abstracts are considered "secondary sources"; genealogists will want to examine the actual minute books (the primary sources) for more information. However, the abstracts will yield the date and place so that the original records can be easily located in the primary source.

Meeting nameStart DateNJ CountyLocationRecords Available (only listed for those meetings with records prior to 1750)Records Location
ATLANTIC CITY AREA June 1956 ATLANTIC GALLOWAY 08205
BURLINGTON (ORTHODOX) July 1678 BURLINGTON BURLINGTON 08016 HAVERFORD: MIN 1678-1967, WOMEN MIN 1681-1914, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1677-1805, DEATHS 1800-1885, MARRIAGES 1678-1828, MEMB TRANSFERS 1675-1881, BIRTHS 1749-1883, BURIALS 1870, 1873, MEMB 1776, 1805-1939, REMOVALS 1717-1882, TRAVEL CERTS HAVERFORD COLLEGE mf SWARTHMORE LDS 20424, -55-56. (Hinshaw Encyclopedia)
CHESTER (HICKSITE) Dec 1803 BURLINGTON MOORESTOWN 08057
CHESTERFIELD (HICKSITE) 1684 BURLINGTON CROSSWICKS 08515 SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1684-1956, WOMEN MIN 1688-1878, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1659-1827, MARRIAGES 1682-1949, REMOVALS 1721-1729, 1781-1885, MEMB TRANSFERS 1677-1917, BIRTHS & DEATHS-ABSTRACT 1635-1874, MEMB 1812-1827. SWARTHMORE: MARRIAGES 1849-1949, BIRTHS 1666-1747, MEMB 1831-1867, 1893-1944, DISOWN'TS & ACKNOWLEDGE'TS 1701-1865, TRUSTEES 1859-1923, CHESTERFIELD PM MIN 1793-1799, PARTICULAR M. MIN 1783-1805, BORDENTOWN PM MIN 1860-1878, MEMB 1848, EAST BRANCH PM MIN 1828-1858 SWARTHMORE. HAVERFORD mf LDS 16513, 20382-83, -85, 20457, -86, 441458
CROPWELL 1982 BURLINGTON MARLTON 08053
CROSSWICKS (Was Chesterfield until 1974) 1684 BURLINGTON CROSSWICKS 08015 SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1684-1980, WOMEN MIN 1688-1903, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1659-1837, MEMB 1812-1966, MARRIAGES 1682-1932, REMOVALS 1698-1932, MEMB TRANSFERS 1677-1917, BIRTHS & DEATHS-ABSTRACT 1635-1827, M&E 1875-1953. SWARTHMORE: TREAS 1701-1708, PROP PAPERS 1777-1899 HAVERFORD. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 16513, 20382-85, 20486, 441458
DOVER-RANDOLPH 1956 MORRIS RANDOLPH 07869
EVESHAM (HICKSITE) Mar 1760 BURLINGTON MOUNT LAUREL 08054
EVESHAM (ORTHODOX) Mar 1760 BURLINGTON MOUNT LAUREL 08054
GREAT EGG HARBOR Sep 1726 ATLANTIC LEEDS POINT 08220 HAVERFORD: MIN 1726-1843, WOMEN MIN 1788-1843, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1682-1841, MARRIAGES 1809-1837, M&E 1817-1830 HAVERFORD mf SWARTHMORE. LDS 20458, 441451-52
GREENWICH (HICKSITE) Nov 1783 CUMBERLAND GREENWICH 08323
GREENWICH (ORTHODOX) Nov 1783 CUMBERLAND GREENWICH 08323
HADDONFIELD (was Newton until 1722) 1682 CAMDEN HADDONFIELD 08033 HAVERFORD: MIN 1710-1984, WOMEN MIN 1693-1919, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1658-1894, MARRIAGES 1684-1968, REMOVALS 1811-1909, MEMB TRANSFERS 1678-1691, 1707-1710, 1811-1825, 1873-1876, MEMB 1864-1954, M&E 1757-1956, 1970-1979 HAVERFORD. mf SWARTHMORE. LDS 20463, -66, 441461
HADDONFIELD (HICKSITE) 1682 CAMDEN HADDONFIELD 08033 SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1710-1942, 1947-1952, WOMEN MIN 1693-1903, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1658-1944, MARRIAGES 1684-1827, REMOVALS 1811-1909, MEMB TRANSFERS 1678-1691, 1707-1710, 1811-1825, 1828-1895, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1664-1894, 1718-1886,MEMB 1864-1954, MARRIAGES 1887-1968, M&E 1757-1854, 1883-1938. SWARTHMORE. HAVERFORD. mf LDS 20463, -66, 441461
HARDWICK & RANDOLPH (HICKSITE) Apr 1797 WARREN BLAIRSTOWN 07825
LITTLE EGG HARBOR 1986 OCEAN (formerly part of Burlington) TUCKERTON 08087
LITTLE EGG HARBOR May 1715 OCEAN (formerly part of Burlington) TUCKERTON 08087 HAVERFORD: MIN 1715-1762, 1784-1901, WOMEN MIN 1715-1762, 1765-1787, 1817-1876, MARRIAGES 1716-1783, 1786-1872, REMOVALS 1786-1790, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1696-1887, MEMB 1889-1894 HAVERFORD mf SWARTHMORE. LDS 20464, 854097
MAURICE RIVER Aug 1804 CUMBERLAND PORT ELIZABETH 08348
MEDFORD Nov 1793 BURLINGTON MEDFORD 08055
MICKLETON Mar 1954 GLOUCESTER MICKLETON 08056
MOORESTOWN Dec 1803 BURLINGTON MOORESTOWN 08057
MOUNT HOLLY (HICKSITE) Aug 1776 BURLINGTON MOUNT HOLLY 08060
MOUNT HOLLY (ORTHODOX) Aug 1776 BURLINGTON MOUNT HOLLY 08060
MULLICA HILL Sep 1928 GLOUCESTER MULLICA HILL 08062
NEWTON 1947 CAMDEN CAMDEN 08102
PILESGROVE (ORTHODOX) Mar 1794 SALEM WOODSTOWN 08098
PINE POINT & SHACKAMAXON May 1682 GLOUCESTER DEPFORD (no records - Shackamaxon was part of Philadelphia; Pine Point was part of Haddonfield/Newton)
PRINCETON Jan 1942 MERCER PRINCETON 08540
QUAKERTOWN Nov 1961 HUNTERDON QUAKERTOWN 08868
QUAKERTOWN Aug 1744 HUNTERDON QUAKERTOWN 08868
RANCOCAS July 1678 BURLINGTON RANCOCAS 08073 SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1678-1965, WOMEN MIN 1681-1885, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1677-1805, MARRIAGES 1678-1925, MEMB TRANSFERS 1675-1827, MEMB 1776, 1805-1952, 1960, BIRTHS 1749-1827, DEATHS 1800-1885, REMOVALS 1717-1827, TRAVEL CERTS 1724-1827, M&E 1756-1827, 1871-1879, 1903-1907. SWARTHMORE COLLEGE mf LDS 20424, -55-56. SW (Hinshaw Encyclopedia??)
SALEM (HICKSITE) July 1676 SALEM SALEM 08079 SWARTHMORE: MIN 1676-1981, WOMEN MIN 1682-1901, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1686-1827, DEATHS 1697-1702, MARRIAGES 1682-1699, 1724-1958, MEMB TRANSFERS 1675-1685, 1703-1827, MEMB 1895-1947, REMOVALS 1828-1926, M&E 1718-1760, 1782-1796 SWARTHMORE mf HAVERFORD. LDS 20430, -82, 441472-79. (Hinshaw Encyclopedia)
SALEM (ORTHODOX) July 1676 SALEM WOODSTOWN 08098 SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1676-1977, WOMEN MIN 1682-1903, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1686-1885, DEATHS 1697-1702, MARRIAGES 1682-1699, 1724-1899, MEMB TRANSFERS 1675-1685, 1703-1836, MEMB 1829, 1885-1956, M&E 1718-1760, 1782-1796, 1828-1859, 1873-1925 HAVERFORD. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 20430, -82, 441472-79. (Hinshaw Encyclopedia)
SEAVILLE Mar 1957 CAPE MAY SEAVILLE 08230
SOMERSET HILLS Nov 1955 MORRIS BROOKSIDE 07926
SUMMIT July 1944 MORRIS CHATHAM 07928
TRENTON Feb 1975 MERCER TRENTON 08608
UPPER EVESHAM (ORTHODOX) Nov 1793 BURLINGTON MEDFORD 08055
UPPER SPRINGFIELD (HICKSITE) Aug 1781 BURLINGTON COLUMBUS 08022
UPPER SPRINGFIELD (ORTHODOX) Aug 1781 BURLINGTON MANSFIELD 08022
WESTFIELD 1920 BURLINGTON CINNAMINSON 08077
WOODBURY Mar 1784 GLOUCESTER WOODBURY 08096
WOODBURY (ORTHODOX) Mar 1784 GLOUCESTER WOODBURY 08096
WOODSTOWN Mar 1794 SALEM WOODSTOWN 08098

Listing of all West Jersey Quaker Meetings (old and new) from quakermeetings.com by Tom Hill and the Plone Foundation, "Copyright © 1992-2013 Earlham College. All rights reserved."

The Haverford Quaker Collection and the Swarthmore Friends Historical Library have records of the Yearly Meetings and most quarterly and monthly meetings, as detailed above. Swarthmore has obtained microfilm copies of nearly all records deposited at Haverford and the Maryland Hall of Records and many volumes deposited elsewhere. The Free Quakers deposited their records at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, and Swarthmore has obtained microfilm copies of these as well. The Family History Library of LDS (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) (Mormon) also has copies of these microfilms.

Hinshaw's summary of Burlington
Hinshaw's summary of Salem

Additional resources:
"Burlington Court Book: Quaker Jurisprudence in West NJ", by H. Clay Reed and George J. Miller -- 1680-1709 (available on Ancestry.com)
"Colonial New Jersey Source Records 1600s-1800s" -- 1680-1800 (CD#518)


East Jersey

That Quakers congregated in the western province is clearly visible from the number of meetings in each province, even though today Bergen is by far the most populous county in NJ. This is probably because the first Quaker community was Burlington, even before Philadelphia, so new NJ Quaker settlers deliberately chose West Jersey over East. East Jersey had four original counties: Bergen, Essex, Middlesex, and Monmouth, but only two had Quaker meetings -- Essex and Monmouth in the southern part.. Bergen was further subdivided into Passaic (1837) and Hudson (1840); Essex into (also) Passaic (1837) and Union (1857); Middlesex into Somerset (1688) and Mercer (1838); and Monmouth into Ocean (1850).

With East Jersey's proximity to New York, genealogists should also research records there as well as Pennsylvania for their ancestors... and obviously check West Jersey as well as East Jersey.

  Not all the early records for East Jersey have had their genealogical information extracted into abstracts:

"Quaker Records: Rahway & Plainfield MM, Essex county,NJ" by John Cox Jr for the 1600s-1800s. (available on ancestry.com)

• no abstracts available for Manasquan or Shrewsbury. (Manasquan MMs started in private homes ~1703)

• Note that Hinshaw's "Quaker Encyclopedia" includes no meetings in East Jersey.

Questions: Do the early records for Shrewsbury include all of what will be Manasquan? It looks like no when looking at the microfilm numbers; but I am not sure of 1703 on. How complete are the early records -- are there known years/decades missing?

Meeting nameStart DateNJ CountyLocationRecords Available (only listed for those meetings with records prior to 1750)Records Location
BARNEGAT May 1973 OCEAN BARNEGAT 08005
LEONIA Sep 1940 BERGEN LEONIA
MANASQUAN (was Shrewsbury until 1927) Mar 1672 MONMOUTH MANASQUAN 08736 SWARTHMORE: MIN 1732-1920, 1939-1972, WOMEN MIN 1680-1731, 1738-1837, 1828-1842, 1870-1871, 1873-1891, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1650-1914, MARRIAGES 1732-1902, TREAS 1771-1862, DISCIPLINES, ACKNOWLED'S, MARRIAGES, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1666-1853, M&E 1873-1929, DISOWNMENTS, ETC 1702-1848, MEMB 1800-1827, 1905-1921.SWARTHMORE: MIN 1732-1920, 1939-1972, WOMEN MIN 1680-1731, 1738-1837, 1828-1842, 1870-1871, 1873-1891, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1650-1914, MARRIAGES 1732-1902, TREAS 1771-1862, DISCIPLINES, ACKNOWLED'S, MARRIAGES, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1666-1853, M&E 1873-1929, DISOWNMENTS, ETC 1702-1848, MEMB 1800-1827, 1905-1921. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 0017261, 17342, -51, 20483. SWARTHMORE. EARLHAM 145-146
MONTCLAIR May 1926 ESSEX UPPER MONTCLAIR 07043
NEW BRUNSWICK 1955 MIDDLESEX NEW BRUNSWICK 08901
NEWARK 1917 ESSEX NEWARK
RAHWAY & PLAINFIELD (FGC) Oct 1686 UNION (was Essex) PLAINFIELD 07060 SWARTHMORE: MIN 1685-1976, 1979-1988, WOMEN MIN 1723-1823, 1828-1891, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1705-1892, MARRIAGES 1713-1889, MARRIAGES, TRAVEL MIN, etc 1966-1971, MEMB 1817-1900, REGISTER 1970-1974, REMOVALS 1770-1894, TRANSFERS & REMOVALS 1835-1979, M&E 1841-1974 [MOST], PLAINFIELD PM 1834-1853, 1885-1893, WOMEN PM 1841-1885, SOMERVILLE PM 1955-1958. HAVERFORD: BIRTHS 1806-1827. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 17345-49, -61, 20482, -86, 441466, 946001. EARLHAM 131-135, 166-67
RAHWAY & PLAINFIELD (ORTHODOX) Oct 1686 UNION (was Essex) RAHWAY 07060 SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1686-1910, WOMEN MIN 1724-1903, BIRTHS 1705-1788, 1806-1880, DEATHS 1705-1885, BIRTHS-ABSTRACT 1705-1901, DEATHS-ABSTRACT 1705-1908, MARRIAGES 1687-1889, REMOVALS & MEMB TRANSFERS 1770-1827, MEMB 1817-1910, REMOVALS 1828-1890, M&E 1857-1875, RAHWAY PM MEMB 1808-1809. HAVERFORD. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 0017345-49, 20482, -86, 441466, 946001
RIDGEWOOD Oct 1939 BERGEN RIDGEWOOD 07450
SHREWSBURY 1954 MONMOUTH SHREWSBURY 07702
SHREWSBURY (ORTHODOX) Mar 1672 MONMOUTH SHREWSBURY 07702 SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1732-1854, WOMEN MIN 1680-1731, 1738-1855, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1650-1793, MARRIAGES 1674-1853, MEMB 1800-1853, TREAS 1771-1828, DISCIPLINES, ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, DISOWNMENTS, ETC 1702-1828, MARRIAGES, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1666-1828 HAVERFORD. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 17261, 17351, 20483

Listing of all East Jersey Quaker Meetings (old and new) from quakermeetings.com by Tom Hill and the Plone Foundation, "Copyright © 1992-2013 Earlham College. All rights reserved."

The Haverford Quaker Collection and the Swarthmore Friends Historical Library have records of the Yearly Meetings and most quarterly and monthly meetings, as detailed above. Swarthmore has obtained microfilm copies of nearly all records deposited at Haverford and the Maryland Hall of Records and many volumes deposited elsewhere. The Free Quakers deposited their records at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, and Swarthmore has obtained microfilm copies of these as well. The Family History Library of LDS (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) (Mormon) also has copies of these microfilms.


Footnotes

Hinshaw's summary of Philadelphia MM.

Hinshaw's summary of Philadelphia YM, and map of the Philadelphia YM.

Rootsweb page of secondary sources of Quaker records.

Hicksite separation

In 1827 the "Great Separation" occured, dividing the Quakers into (evangelical) Orthodox and (liberal) Hicksite Friends. Subsequently, in 1860 there was a further, albeit much smaller, separation of Primitive Friends who withdrew from the Orthodox group. Elias Hicks (1748-1830) was a traveling Quaker preacher from Long Island,NY, who promoted doctrines that led to the controversy that led to the first major schism between Friends. He was an early slavery abolitionist, but primarily the schism was over following a personal "inner light" over the divinity of Christ. Hicks also dismissed the concepts of original sin, atonement, the Devil, and Hell. He went so far as to proclaim at the 1826 Philadelphia YM that the leading of the Inner Light was more authoritative than the text of the Bible, consistent with a freethought tradition already prevailing in the United States, particularly among deists of Quaker heritage, such as Thomas Paine

The disparate Quaker factions have been largely reunited as of the 1950s.

Quaker books recommended by Hinshaw:

"The Quakers in the American Colonies" by Rufus W. Jones (online)
"The Early Quakers in New Jersey" by Amelia Mott Gummere
"The Later Periods of Quakerism" by R. M. Jones (online)
"A Retrospect of Early Quakerism" by Ezra Michener (online)
"A List of the Records of the Meetings Constituting the Yearly Meeting of the Society of Friends Held at Fifteenth and Race Streets, Philadelphia" by Morgan Bunting

Common Quaker terms and abbreviations:

altm = at liberty to marry; apd = attending places of diversion; apd = appointed, appealed; apt = appointed; att = attached to, attended; b = born; BG = burial grounds; btw = between; bur = buried; bef = before; c = circa, about; cem = cemetery; cert = certificate; cd = contrary to the Discipline; ch = child, children, church; chm = condemned his/her misconduct; chr = charter; co = chosen overseer (s), county; com = complained, complained of; comm = committee; comp = complained, complained of; con = condemned; ct = certificate, certificate to; d = died, day; dau = daughter; dec = deceased; dis = disowned, disowned for; div = divorced; dp = dropped plain dress and/or speech; dr = drinking spiritous liquor to excess; drpd = dropped; dt = daughter, daughters; dtd = dated; e = east; end = endorsed; FBG = Friends burial grounds; fam = family; form = formerly; fr = from; Frds = Friends; gc = granted certificate; gct = granted certificate to; gl = granted letter; glt = granted letter to; gr dau = grand daughter; gr s = grand son; Gr Yd = grave yard; h or hus = husband; j = joined; jas = joined another society; JP = justice of the peace; ltm = liberated to marry, left at liberty to marry; lvd = lived; lvg = living; m = marry, married, marrying, marriage, month; mbr = member; mbrp = membership; mcd = married contrary to Discipline; MG = minister of the Gospel; MH = meeting house, church; mi = miles; MM = monthly meeting; mos = married out of society; mou = married out of unity; mt = married to; mtg = meeting; mvd = moved; n = north; na = not attending meeting; neg att = neglecting attendance; nmn = no middle name; NW Terr = Northwest Territory; O = Orthodox, Ohio; ou = out of unity; PM = preparative meeting; PO = post office address; prc = produced a certificate; prcf = produced a certificate from; prob = probably; Qkr = Quaker; QM = quarterly meeting; rcd = recorded; rec/rcd = receive, received; recrq = received by request; relfc = released from care for; relrq = released by request; rem = remove, removed; ret = returned, retired (rarely used); ret mbrp = retained membership; rev = reversed; rm = reported married; rmt = reported married to; roc = received on certificate; rocf = received on certificate from; rol = received on letter; rolf = received on letter from; rpd = reported; rrq = request, requests, requested; rqc = requested certificate; rqct = requested certificate to; rqcuc = requested to come under care (of mtg.); rst = reinstate, reinstated; s = son, south; sep = separated; sis = sister; temp = temporarily; transfrd = transferred; twp = township; uc = under care (of mtg); unm = unmarried; upl = using profane language; w = wife, west; w/c = with consent of; wid = widow; w/pwr = with power; wrkd = worked; y = year; YM = yearly meeting

Calendar

Prior to 1753 the new year started on March 25 ("Lady Day") instead of January 1. Today we call the old method the Julian calendar (OS-Old Style) and the new one still in use the Gregorian calendar (NS-New Style). This is why so many records for January 1- March 24 have a double year designation (e.g., 1720/21) specifying the OS and NS date. In the British Empire, which included the colonies in America, the change was implemented in September 1752, when there were also eleven days dropped from the calendar (Septemter 3-13); September 2 was followed by September 14. (more)

English records

Quaker records in Great Britain date to 1651, although not all early records were kept or maintained. Many of the MM minutes were abstracted by Gilbert Cope, so If one can determine the town from which the ancestor emigrated, Quaker research overseas could be undertaken. As records become digitized it will be possible to perform research back to late 1650s (when the first registers were kept) even without knowing the town or country! The 1836 Registration Act and 1836 Marriage Act required the Quaker registers to be surrendered to the courts in England; 1445 registers were surrendered, but digests were made before their surrender. Another 121 registers were surrendered in 1857 after digests made. Original registers are at the Public Records Office in London, and the digests at the Friends House Library in London. Scotland was not subject to the Act; their registers are also available at the Friends House Library. Ireland was not subject to the Act; their registers include an invaluable multi-generational "family list".
--- Gilbert Cope extracted most of the records in:
• England -- Bershire, Bristol, Buckinghamshire, Chesire, Cornwall, Cumberland, Dorset, Durham, Gloucester, Hampshire, Herefordshire, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, London, Middlesex, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, Northumberland, Oxfordshire, Rutlandshire, Somersetshire, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Surrey, Sussex, Wiltshire, Warwickshire, Yorkshire
• Scotland -- 1647-1728 -- Aberdeen, Edinburgh (Midlothian), Glasgow (Lanark), Hamilton (Lanark), and Kelso (Roxburgh) (FHL BRITISH Film 441406 Item 3 -- in LA)
• Wales -- 1635-1725 -- Herefordshire, Worchestershire and Wales (FHL BRITISH Film 441397 Items 4-5 - in LA)
• Other -- Great Strickland, WES; Kendal, WES; Richmond,NRY; Sedbergh,WRY; Swarthmoor,LAN
--- Ancestry.com has:
London, England, non-conformist Registers, 1694-1921 -- baptism, marriage, and burial registers from 1694-1921 for many Non-Conformist churches in the greater London area (for every religion outside the Church of England).
Liverpool, England, Quaker registers, 1635-1958 -- birth, marriage, burial, and membership records, as well as Monthly Meeting minutes, from Society of Friends (Quakers) Meetings in the Liverpool area.

More information on Quakers

NJ Quaker miscellany, New Jersey -- Settlement of meetings in New Jersey; Early history of Rahway and Plainfield meetings; Early settlement of freinds near Camden; Early friends of Plainfield meeting; Historical sketch of meetinghouse at Plainfield; An 1812 list of meetings in New Jersey -- on Ancestry.com

Compiled by Donna Hay
Los Angeles, 2013
email:haygenealogy@gmail.com