|Quaker genealogist William Wade Hinshaw (1867-1947) estimated that 50% of Americans whose families immigrated in the early days were of Quaker descent.|
What came to be known as the Philadelphia YM (Yearly Meeting) was first held in 1681 at Burlington,NJ, and then met alternately on either side of the river for several years. It is now known at the Philadelphia YM as it has been held in that city for over 250 years. This meeting was for PA, NJ, DE and the eastern parts of MD.
Two hundred and thirty English Quakers sailed from London in the summer of 1677 on the ship Kent and landed on an island on the east bank of the Delaware River about fifty miles north of Salem. They called their landing place Burlington. Five or six other ships followed in the next four years, bringing fourteen hundred more people to the new towns in West Jersey. Many were Friends as a census of 1699 showed that more than a third of the landholders were Quakers. A meeting for worship was immediately held in a tent made from the sails of the Kent. A business meeting was set up the next year on 5th month 1678. A meeting house was completed in 1682.
Thank you to Joe Laufer for his wonderful write-up of the Burlington,NJ area Quaker Meetings, much of which I quote verbatim in the following sections -- source. His pages include some marvelous pictures of the modern, and not-so-modern, meetinghouses. Unfortunately the ravages of time caused the rebuilding of all the early original buildings, with no pictures extant for the structures of the 17th century.
"The Quaker influence on the origins, colonization and development of Burlington County go back to the arrival from England of the Kent at Burlington City in 1677 and the Shield in 1678 and the involvement of William Penn in the establishing of West Jersey in 1680. The philosophy upon which Burlington County was formed was derived from the Concessions and Agreements of 1677. The Concessions, written by William Penn (1644-1718) and other Quakers, guaranteed representative government, fair treatment of Native Americans and civil rights and protection for all inhabitants."
"Even before the arrival of the Kent and Shield, the Quakers had a stake in Burlington County. George Fox himself (the founder of the Society of Friends) had crossed and recrossed New Jersey during his religious vist to America in 1672. In fact, there is a record of Fox being in the Burlington City area on July 12, 1672. Later, William Penn was chosen by Fox to arbitrate a dispute between John Fenwick and Edward Byllynge over land in West Jersey in 1674 (Penn was 30 years old). "The purchase of 1674 is an event of the greatest historical significance for it marks the beginning of the first great Quaker experiment in American Colonization" says Edwin P. Tanner. As a result of his involvement, Penn helped establish the Province of West Jersey in 1680. Subsequently, in 1681, East Jersey was purchased."
""The Quaker colonists went right to work to establish schools, meeting houses and cemeteries throughout Burlington County, starting first in Burlington City. By 1681 there were 1,400 Quakers in Burlington County. Records show that in 1699 the "Friends" were more numerous in Burlington County than all other counties in the Delaware Valley."
|map of 18 Burlington,NJ Quaker MMs -- across the river from Philadelphia|
1. Burlington MM - 1678 (#16 on map at right) -
This is the only Burlington area monthly meeting records included in Hinshaw's encyclopedia, volume II. The first meetinghouse on this site was a hexagonal frame structure built in the 1600s.
2. Rancocas MM - 1678 (#18)
3. Chesterfield MM - 1684 (#11) (subsequently named Crosswicks) - Still has a cannonball imbeded in one wall, a result of a Revolutionary War battle!
4. Moorestown MM - 1700 (#3)
5. Mount Holly MM - 1716 (#17)
6. Mount Laurel MM - 1717 (#4) - Associated with Moorestown Friends Meeting.
7. Upper Springfield MM - 1727 (#10)
8. Mansfield MM - 1731 (#14)
9. Bordentown MM - 1740 (#13)
10. Amey's Mount MM - 1743 (#9)
Note: Dates vary between the establishment of a "meeting" or congregation (which may have met in private homes) or the building of the first Meeting House (which may have primarily been the school) or the building of the first actual place of worship. I have used above the date of the earliest record available (see more details below in footnotes.
|1827 map of selected MMs affiliated with the Philadelphia YM -- click on picture for a larger view|
1. Manasquan MM (Monmouth) - 1672
2. Shrewsbury MM (Monmouth) - 1672
3. Salem MM (Salem) - 1676 - this is the other NJ MM included in Hinshaw's encyclopedia -- The first Friends who settled along the Delaware River were John Fenwick, Edward Wade, John Wade, and Richard Noble. They formed a settlement at Salem, New Jersey in 1675.
4. Haddonfield MM (Camden) - 1682
5. Pine Point & Shackamaxon MM (Gloucester) -- 1682
6. Rahway & Plainfield MM (Union) - 1686 (meetinghouse by 1731)
7. Northampton MM - by 1703
8. Little Egg Harbor MM (Ocean) - 1709 (most records as of 1715, some deaths to 1696)
9. Woodbury MM (Gloucester) - by 1715, but no records until 1784
10. Great Egg Harbor MM (Atlantic) -- 1726
11. Quakertown MM (Hunterdon) (also called Kingwood MM) - by 1733, but first records in 1744
The fact that half of the early meetings were in Burlington confirm the importance of proximity to Philadelphia.
Frost Quaker research
Hinshaw's Quaker Encyclopedia -- Painstakingly developed from these monthly meeting records, Hinshaw's Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy is the magnum opus of Quaker genealogy. In its production, thousands of records were located and abstracted into a uniform and intelligible system of notation. The data gathered in these volumes of the Encyclopedia are arranged by meeting, then alphabetically by family name, and chronologically thereunder. Volume 1: NORTH CAROLINA Volume II: NEW JERSEY AND PENNSYLVANIA Volume III: NEW YORK Volume IV: OHIO Volume V: OHIO Volume VI: VIRGINIA"
Volume II for PA and NJ covers only FOUR monthly meetings:
1. Salem (NJ) organized in 1676
2. Burlington (NJ) organized in 1678
3. Philadelphia (PA) organized in 1682
4. Falls (PA in Bucks county) organized in 1683
For our Frost ancestors, the only records listed in volume II are for 1833-1894, a century after the time period of interest. It is clear that Frost Quaker research requires examination of the other Quaker monthly meeting record books in Pennsylvania and New Jersey -- other than these four earliest meetings.
Unfortunately, research ease varies greatly by area. All the early Bucks,PA MM records (for seven meetinghouses) are summarized in a single 2-volume set (our VA John Frost is not there), but to my (DLH) knowledge, there is no comprehensive index and no online capabilities for the other Philadelphia umbrella meetings -- Philadelphia county and Chester County in PA, or NJ (or MD or DE). The Friends Historical Library at Swarthmore College has what is considered a complete collection of all monthly, quarterly and yearly meetings on microfilm, but as of 2013, most have not had extracts prepared, and most have not been indexed. Unless you know the meeting, you need to search them all to find the ancestor of interest -- a mammoth task. And I (DLH) am only guessing that John Frost may have lived in NJ prior to the move to Frederick,MD and Frederick,VA in 1734.
Note that research is greatly aided by the small populations of these earliest communities. With only 4400 people living in Philadelphia in 1700, it is safer to attribute a record to an ancestor, especially when so many of the Quaker records detail several family members (witnesses to a marriage, the family's membership transfer). Note that from the 1827 map (above right) there are also MMs in DE and MD in addition to those of NJ that were associated with the Philadelphia YM. If the Frost family is not found in NJ, PA and then MD should be checked. The table in the footnotes at the bottom of this page details exactly what records are available for each of the earlier NJ meetings mentioned above.
Sources for NJ Quaker information/records
• More information on Quakers
• Hinshaw's Enclyclopedia, volume II
• Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
• Quaker Collection at the Haverford College Library
• "The New Jersey Quaker meeting house: a typology and inventory", thesis by Damon Tvaryanas, 1993 (online)
• Joe Laufer's Burlington, NJ meetinghouses
• other compilations of meetings houses with start dates (from Rootsweb on Ancestry.com)
• Cyndi's List page for Quakers
• Quaker research guide (77-page pdf document) by the Utah Valley Regional Family History Center
The Utah Valley Regional FHC Research Guide research guide to the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) provides details on the records in America and Britain, and examples of the types of records, and a complete copy of the 37-page "My Ancestors were Quakers, How can I find out more about them?" by Milligan & Thomas, with a lot of good information on the records from Great Britain. It is hoped that all of the Quaker records will soon be digitized so that research is (relatively) easy both in America and Great Britain!
Records in Great Britain: 1651+. If one can determine the town from which the ancestor emigrated, Quaker research overseas could be undertaken. For instance, it is known that Cananuiel Britton's wife's death was recorded at the Bristol Meeting. As records become digitized it is possible to perform the research back to late 1650s (when the first registers were kept) even without knowing the town or country! The 1836 Registration Act and 1836 Marriage Act required the Quaker registers to be surrendered to the courts in England; 1445 registers were surrendered, but digests were made before their surrender. Another 121 registers were surrendered in 1857 after digests made. Original registers are at the Public Records Office in London, and the digests at the Friends House Library in London. Scotland registers are also available at the Friends House Library. Ireland was not subject to the Act; their registers include an invaluable multi-generational "family list".
Common Quaker terms:
altm = at liberty to marry; apd = attending places of diversion; apd = appointed, appealed; apt = appointed; att = attached to, attended; b = born; BG = burial grounds; btw = between; bur = buried; bef = before; c = circa, about; cem = cemetery; cert = certificate; cd = contrary to the Discipline; ch = child, children, church; chm = condemned his/her misconduct; chr = charter; co = chosen overseer (s), county; com = complained, complained of; comm = committee; comp = complained, complained of; con = condemned; ct = certificate, certificate to; d = died, day; dau = daughter; dec = deceased; dis = disowned, disowned for; div = divorced; dp = dropped plain dress and/or speech; dr = drinking spiritous liquor to excess; drpd = dropped; dt = daughter, daughters; dtd = dated; e = east; end = endorsed; FBG = Friends burial grounds; fam = family; form = formerly; fr = from; Frds = Friends; gc = granted certificate; gct = granted certificate to; gl = granted letter; glt = granted letter to; gr dau = grand daughter; gr s = grand son; Gr Yd = grave yard; h or hus = husband; j = joined; jas = joined another society; JP = justice of the peace; ltm = liberated to marry, left at liberty to marry; lvd = lived; lvg = living; m = marry, married, marrying, marriage, month; mbr = member; mbrp = membership; mcd = married contrary to Discipline; MG = minister of the Gospel; MH = meeting house, church; mi = miles; MM = monthly meeting; mos = married out of society; mou = married out of unity; mt = married to; mtg = meeting; mvd = moved; n = north; na = not attending meeting; neg att = neglecting attendance; nmn = no middle name; NW Terr = Northwest Territory; O = Orthodox, Ohio; ou = out of unity; PM = preparative meeting; PO = post office address; prc = produced a certificate; prcf = produced a certificate from; prob = probably; Qkr = Quaker; QM = quarterly meeting; rcd = recorded; rec/rcd = receive, received; recrq = received by request; relfc = released from care for; relrq = released by request; rem = remove, removed; ret = returned, retired (rarely used); ret mbrp = retained membership; rev = reversed; rm = reported married; rmt = reported married to; roc = received on certificate; rocf = received on certificate from; rol = received on letter; rolf = received on letter from; rpd = reported; rrq = request, requests, requested; rqc = requested certificate; rqct = requested certificate to; rqcuc = requested to come under care (of mtg.); rst = reinstate, reinstated; s = son, south; sep = separated; sis = sister; temp = temporarily; transfrd = transferred; twp = township; uc = under care (of mtg); unm = unmarried; upl = using profane language; w = wife, west; w/c = with consent of; wid = widow; w/pwr = with power; wrkd = worked; y = year; YM = yearly meeting
Calendar information -- Julian (OS-Old Style) vs. Gregorian (NS-New Style) implementation in 1752 and specifics on the Quaker calendar... why there is a multi-year designation on so many records (e.g., 1720/21) and why there are no records for Sep 3-13 1752 in the British empire (which included the British colonies in America).
Misc Burlington,NJ Quaker meetinghouse information (source: Joe Laufer)
Today there are 20 Quaker Meeting Houses in Burlington County -- some active, and some "laid down" (the Quaker term for being abandoned and turned over for other uses). Joe Laufer has visited all the sites and photographed them to put together an illustrated lecture dealing with the history and architecture of these historic buildings. Some communities have two meeting houses, as a result of the "Hicksite Separation" in 1827 -- a reform movement which created a splinter group which separated "Orthodox" from "Hicksite" believers. Fortunately, in 1952, the 300th Anniversary of the founding of Quakerism by George Fox in England, there was a reunification of all Quakers into one body of believers.
Listing of all NJ Quaker Meetings (old and new) from quakermeetings.com by Tom Hill and the Plone Foundation, "Copyright © 1992-2013 Earlham College. All rights reserved."
The Haverford Quaker Collection and the Swarthmore Friends Historical Library have records of the Yearly Meetings and most quarterly and monthly meetings. Swarthmore has obtained microfilm copies of nearly all records deposited at Haverford and the Maryland Hall of Records and many volumes deposited elsewhere. The Free Quakers deposited their records at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, and Swarthmore has obtained microfilm copies of these as well. The Family History Library of LDS (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) (Mormon) also has copies of most of these microfilms.
|Meeting name||Start Date||NJ County||Location||Records Available (only listed for those meetings with records prior to 1750)||Records Location|
|ATLANTIC CITY AREA||June 1956||ATLANTIC||GALLOWAY 08205|
|BARNEGAT||May 1973||OCEAN||BARNEGAT 08005|
|BURLINGTON (ORTHODOX)||July 1678||BURLINGTON||BURLINGTON 08016||HAVERFORD: MIN 1678-1967, WOMEN MIN 1681-1914, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1677-1805, DEATHS 1800-1885, MARRIAGES 1678-1828, MEMB TRANSFERS 1675-1881, BIRTHS 1749-1883, BURIALS 1870, 1873, MEMB 1776, 1805-1939, REMOVALS 1717-1882, TRAVEL CERTS||HAVERFORD COLLEGE mf SWARTHMORE LDS 20424, -55-56. (Hinshaw Encyclopedia)|
|CHESTER (HICKSITE)||Dec 1803||BURLINGTON||MOORESTOWN 08057|
|CHESTERFIELD (HICKSITE)||1684||BURLINGTON||CROSSWICKS 08515||SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1684-1956, WOMEN MIN 1688-1878, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1659-1827, MARRIAGES 1682-1949, REMOVALS 1721-1729, 1781-1885, MEMB TRANSFERS 1677-1917, BIRTHS & DEATHS-ABSTRACT 1635-1874, MEMB 1812-1827. SWARTHMORE: MARRIAGES 1849-1949, BIRTHS 1666-1747, MEMB 1831-1867, 1893-1944, DISOWN'TS & ACKNOWLEDGE'TS 1701-1865, TRUSTEES 1859-1923, CHESTERFIELD PM MIN 1793-1799, PARTICULAR M. MIN 1783-1805, BORDENTOWN PM MIN 1860-1878, MEMB 1848, EAST BRANCH PM MIN 1828-1858||SWARTHMORE. HAVERFORD mf LDS 16513, 20382-83, -85, 20457, -86, 441458|
|CROSSWICKS||1684||BURLINGTON||CROSSWICKS 08015||SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1684-1980, WOMEN MIN 1688-1903, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1659-1837, MEMB 1812-1966, MARRIAGES 1682-1932, REMOVALS 1698-1932, MEMB TRANSFERS 1677-1917, BIRTHS & DEATHS-ABSTRACT 1635-1827, M&E 1875-1953. SWARTHMORE: TREAS 1701-1708, PROP PAPERS 1777-1899||HAVERFORD. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 16513, 20382-85, 20486, 441458|
|EVESHAM (HICKSITE)||Mar 1760||BURLINGTON||MOUNT LAUREL 08054|
|EVESHAM (ORTHODOX)||Mar 1760||BURLINGTON||MOUNT LAUREL 08054|
|GREAT EGG HARBOR||Sep 1726||ATLANTIC||LEEDS POINT 08220||HAVERFORD: MIN 1726-1843, WOMEN MIN 1788-1843, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1682-1841, MARRIAGES 1809-1837, M&E 1817-1830||HAVERFORD mf SWARTHMORE. LDS 20458, 441451-52|
|GREENWICH (HICKSITE)||Nov 1783||CUMBERLAND||GREENWICH 08323|
|GREENWICH (ORTHODOX)||Nov 1783||CUMBERLAND||GREENWICH 08323|
|HADDONFIELD||1682||CAMDEN||HADDONFIELD 08033||HAVERFORD: MIN 1710-1984, WOMEN MIN 1693-1919, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1658-1894, MARRIAGES 1684-1968, REMOVALS 1811-1909, MEMB TRANSFERS 1678-1691, 1707-1710, 1811-1825, 1873-1876, MEMB 1864-1954, M&E 1757-1956, 1970-1979||HAVERFORD. mf SWARTHMORE. LDS 20463, -66, 441461|
|HADDONFIELD (HICKSITE)||1682||CAMDEN||HADDONFIELD 08033||SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1710-1942, 1947-1952, WOMEN MIN 1693-1903, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1658-1944, MARRIAGES 1684-1827, REMOVALS 1811-1909, MEMB TRANSFERS 1678-1691, 1707-1710, 1811-1825, 1828-1895, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1664-1894, 1718-1886,MEMB 1864-1954, MARRIAGES 1887-1968, M&E 1757-1854, 1883-1938.||SWARTHMORE. HAVERFORD. mf LDS 20463, -66, 441461|
|HARDWICK & RANDOLPH (HICKSITE)||Apr 1797||WARREN||BLAIRSTOWN 07825|
|LITTLE EGG HARBOR||1986||OCEAN||TUCKERTON 08087|
|LITTLE EGG HARBOR||May 1715||OCEAN||TUCKERTON 08087||HAVERFORD: MIN 1715-1762, 1784-1901, WOMEN MIN 1715-1762, 1765-1787, 1817-1876, MARRIAGES 1716-1783, 1786-1872, REMOVALS 1786-1790, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1696-1887, MEMB 1889-1894||HAVERFORD mf SWARTHMORE. LDS 20464, 854097|
|MANASQUAN||Mar 1672||MONMOUTH||MANASQUAN 08736||SWARTHMORE: MIN 1732-1920, 1939-1972, WOMEN MIN 1680-1731, 1738-1837, 1828-1842, 1870-1871, 1873-1891, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1650-1914, MARRIAGES 1732-1902, TREAS 1771-1862, DISCIPLINES, ACKNOWLED'S, MARRIAGES, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1666-1853, M&E 1873-1929, DISOWNMENTS, ETC 1702-1848, MEMB 1800-1827, 1905-1921.SWARTHMORE: MIN 1732-1920, 1939-1972, WOMEN MIN 1680-1731, 1738-1837, 1828-1842, 1870-1871, 1873-1891, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1650-1914, MARRIAGES 1732-1902, TREAS 1771-1862, DISCIPLINES, ACKNOWLED'S, MARRIAGES, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1666-1853, M&E 1873-1929, DISOWNMENTS, ETC 1702-1848, MEMB 1800-1827, 1905-1921.||SWARTHMORE mf LDS 0017261, 17342, -51, 20483. SWARTHMORE. EARLHAM 145-146|
|MAURICE RIVER||Aug 1804||CUMBERLAND||PORT ELIZABETH 08348|
|MEDFORD||Nov 1793||BURLINGTON||MEDFORD 08055|
|MICKLETON||Mar 1954||GLOUCESTER||MICKLETON 08056|
|MONTCLAIR||May 1926||ESSEX||UPPER MONTCLAIR 07043|
|MOORESTOWN||Dec 1803||BURLINGTON||MOORESTOWN 08057|
|MOUNT HOLLY (HICKSITE)||Aug 1776||BURLINGTON||MOUNT HOLLY 08060|
|MOUNT HOLLY (ORTHODOX)||Aug 1776||BURLINGTON||MOUNT HOLLY 08060|
|MULLICA HILL||Sep 1928||GLOUCESTER||MULLICA HILL 08062|
|NEW BRUNSWICK||1955||MIDDLESEX||NEW BRUNSWICK 08901|
|PILESGROVE (ORTHODOX)||Mar 1794||SALEM||WOODSTOWN 08098|
|PINE POINT & SHACKAMAXON||May 1682||GLOUCESTER||DEPFORD||(no records - maybe part of Haddonfield at Newton)|
|PRINCETON||Jan 1942||MERCER||PRINCETON 08540|
|QUAKERTOWN||Nov 1961||HUNTERDON||QUAKERTOWN 08868|
|QUAKERTOWN||Aug 1744||HUNTERDON||QUAKERTOWN 08868|
|RAHWAY & PLAINFIELD (FGC)||Oct 1686||UNION||PLAINFIELD 07060||SWARTHMORE: MIN 1685-1976, 1979-1988, WOMEN MIN 1723-1823, 1828-1891, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1705-1892, MARRIAGES 1713-1889, MARRIAGES, TRAVEL MIN, etc 1966-1971, MEMB 1817-1900, REGISTER 1970-1974, REMOVALS 1770-1894, TRANSFERS & REMOVALS 1835-1979, M&E 1841-1974 [MOST], PLAINFIELD PM 1834-1853, 1885-1893, WOMEN PM 1841-1885, SOMERVILLE PM 1955-1958. HAVERFORD: BIRTHS 1806-1827.||SWARTHMORE mf LDS 17345-49, -61, 20482, -86, 441466, 946001. EARLHAM 131-135, 166-67|
|RAHWAY & PLAINFIELD (ORTHODOX)||Oct 1686||UNION||RAHWAY 07060||SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1686-1910, WOMEN MIN 1724-1903, BIRTHS 1705-1788, 1806-1880, DEATHS 1705-1885, BIRTHS-ABSTRACT 1705-1901, DEATHS-ABSTRACT 1705-1908, MARRIAGES 1687-1889, REMOVALS & MEMB TRANSFERS 1770-1827, MEMB 1817-1910, REMOVALS 1828-1890, M&E 1857-1875, RAHWAY PM MEMB 1808-1809.||HAVERFORD. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 0017345-49, 20482, -86, 441466, 946001|
|RANCOCAS||July 1678||BURLINGTON||RANCOCAS 08073||SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1678-1965, WOMEN MIN 1681-1885, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1677-1805, MARRIAGES 1678-1925, MEMB TRANSFERS 1675-1827, MEMB 1776, 1805-1952, 1960, BIRTHS 1749-1827, DEATHS 1800-1885, REMOVALS 1717-1827, TRAVEL CERTS 1724-1827, M&E 1756-1827, 1871-1879, 1903-1907.||SWARTHMORE COLLEGE mf LDS 20424, -55-56. SW|
|RIDGEWOOD||Oct 1939||BERGEN||RIDGEWOOD 07450|
|SALEM (HICKSITE)||July 1676||SALEM||SALEM 08079||SWARTHMORE: MIN 1676-1981, WOMEN MIN 1682-1901, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1686-1827, DEATHS 1697-1702, MARRIAGES 1682-1699, 1724-1958, MEMB TRANSFERS 1675-1685, 1703-1827, MEMB 1895-1947, REMOVALS 1828-1926, M&E 1718-1760, 1782-1796||SWARTHMORE mf HAVERFORD. LDS 20430, -82, 441472-79. (Hinshaw Encyclopedia)|
|SALEM (ORTHODOX)||July 1676||SALEM||WOODSTOWN 08098||SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1676-1977, WOMEN MIN 1682-1903, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1686-1885, DEATHS 1697-1702, MARRIAGES 1682-1699, 1724-1899, MEMB TRANSFERS 1675-1685, 1703-1836, MEMB 1829, 1885-1956, M&E 1718-1760, 1782-1796, 1828-1859, 1873-1925||HAVERFORD. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 20430, -82, 441472-79. (Hinshaw Encyclopedia)|
|SEAVILLE||Mar 1957||CAPE MAY||SEAVILLE 08230|
|SHREWSBURY (ORTHODOX)||Mar 1672||MONMOUTH||SHREWSBURY 07702||SWARTHMORE/HAVERFORD: MIN 1732-1854, WOMEN MIN 1680-1731, 1738-1855, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1650-1793, MARRIAGES 1674-1853, MEMB 1800-1853, TREAS 1771-1828, DISCIPLINES, ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, DISOWNMENTS, ETC 1702-1828, MARRIAGES, BIRTHS & DEATHS 1666-1828||HAVERFORD. SWARTHMORE mf LDS 17261, 17351, 20483|
|SOMERSET HILLS||Nov 1955||MORRIS||BROOKSIDE 07926|
|SUMMIT||July 1944||MORRIS||CHATHAM 07928|
|TRENTON||Feb 1975||MERCER||TRENTON 08608|
|UPPER EVESHAM (ORTHODOX)||Nov 1793||BURLINGTON||MEDFORD 08055|
|UPPER SPRINGFIELD (HICKSITE)||Aug 1781||BURLINGTON||COLUMBUS 08022|
|UPPER SPRINGFIELD (ORTHODOX)||Aug 1781||BURLINGTON||MANSFIELD 08022|
|WOODBURY||Mar 1784||GLOUCESTER||WOODBURY 08096|
|WOODBURY (ORTHODOX)||Mar 1784||GLOUCESTER||WOODBURY 08096|
|WOODSTOWN||Mar 1794||SALEM||WOODSTOWN 08098|
Some history of the non-Burlington meetings (source)
The Society of Fricnds - 1684, BY MARC P. DOWDELL
The initial formal religious activities in and about Trenton were undertaken by members of the Society of Friends as early as 1684. Sundry members of the Society who had landed at Burlington in 1678 soon pushed on towards "Ye ffalles of Ye De-la-Warr" to take up land in the neighborhood. Scattered clumps of log houses sprang up quickly in the region which centered loosely around Crosswicks and soon extended to the mouth of the Assunpink Creek where Mahlon Stacy had settled and built a grist mill in 1679. It should be explained at the outset that the Society of Friends in Trenton was from the beginning affiliated with the Monthly Meeting which had its headquarters at Crosswicks and was known as the "Chesterfield Meeting." This was the center from which for many years radiated the Quaker influence and activities operating in this section of New Jersey. The history of the Chesterfield Meeting includes therefore that of the Trenton Meeting which cannot property be isolated from it.
THE ORIGINAL CHESTERFIELD MEETING
By August 1684, temporal affairs were sufficiently advanced for the Friends to meet together for worship at the home of Francis Davenport, their spiritual leader, at Chesterfield, or Crosswicks as it is now known, and to establish the Chesterfield Monthly Meeting of Friends. The original minute book of this meeting, now preserved among the records at the Trenton Meeting House, Hanover and Montgomery Streets, contains a paean of praise to God for His blessings in leading His people to a place where they could worship Him in peace and after a fashion of their own. This declaration was probably written by Francis Davenport and is signed by him and by John Wileford and William Watson.
See my similar pages for Pennsylvania, New York, Virginia, and Maryland.