1. Sir William Cranstoun, conferred title upon on 17 November 1609. Died June 1627. Married Sarah Cranstoun.
1. John, 2nd Lord Cranstoun d. 1633 (1648?) -- married (1) Elizabeth Scott (daughter of Walter Scott, 1st Lord of Buccleuch in 1616) and (2) Helen Lindsay (daughter of James Lindsay, 7th Lord of the Byres in 1623) -- no children
2. James d. 1633 -- Married (1) before 1612 Elizabeth Macgill (daughter of David Macgill of Cranstoun-Riddell) -- daughter Elizabeth (who married Thomas Craig of Riccartoun in 1623); and (2) in 1623 Lady Elizabeth Stewart (daughter of Francis Earl of Bothwell) -- son William, 3rd Lord Cranston, and 3 daughters Margaret (married Cockburn of Clerkington), Sara (married Sir Robert Doby of Stanyhill) and Isobel (married Sir Gilbert Elliott, 1st Bart of Stobs)
3. Henry, who married Margaret Wauchope
5. Elizabeth, who married John Edgar, younger of Wedderlie
6. Barbara/Janet, who married John Seton of Touch, died 1615/11/2
2. John Cranstoun, 2nd Lord Cranstoun. Died 1633. Married (1) on 11/22/1616 Elizabeth Scott (daughter of Walter first Lord Scott of Buccleuch) -- no children; (2) in 1623 Helen Lindsay (daughter of James 7th Lord Lindsay of Byres) -- no children
3. William Cranstoun (of Crailing), 3rd Lord Cranstoun, (~1613 Crailing-~7/1664) married on 7/10/1643 Lady Mary Leslie (daughter of Alexander, first Earl of Leven) (the list of children are from Sir William's will).
1. James (of Crailing) , 4th Lord Cranston
2. Alexander (b. ~1646 Crailing)
6. Christian (female)
4. James Cranstoun (of Crailing), 4th Lord of Cranstoun. (b.~1644 Crailing - Died before 1688. Married (Mary) Anne Don (daughter of Sir Alexander Don, Baronet of Newton).
1. William (of Crailing), 5th Lord Cranstoun.
2. Hon. Alexander Cranstoun, b. ~1675 Crailing, died at Darien -- no children
5. William Cranstoun (of Crailing), 5th Lord of Cranstoun. (Born c.1673 Roxburgh, Died 17 Jan 1737.) Married Lady Jean Kerr (daughter of William Kerr, the 2nd Marquis of Lothian and Jean Campbell of Argyll) who died March 1768.
1. James (of Crailing), 6th Lord Cranstoun
2. William -- died young
3. Archibald -- died young
4. Alexander -- baptised 5/5/1713 at Crailing, died young
5. Hon. William Henry Cranstoun, baptised 8/12/1714 at Crailing, d.1751, captain in the army, m. Anne Murray in 1844 -- dau Jean b.2/19/1745
6. Charles -- baptised 1716/2/26, died unmarried
7. Hon. George Cranstoun of Longwarton, d.1788, m. Maria Brisbane -- 2 sons and 3 daughters
8. Anne Cranstoun -- married Gabriel Selby of Paston, died 1769/8/19
9. Mary Cranstoun -- married Archibald Megget, died 1768/4/10
10. Jane, died young
11. Jean -- baptised 1717/5/16, died unmarried 1796/12/9
12. Elizabeth, died unmarried
6. James, 6th Lord Cranstoun (of Crailing), d. 7/8/1773 (in London). Married before 1749 Sophia (daughter of Jeremiah Brown of Abscourt. She remarried Michael Lade, Esq 4 months after James' death).
1. William, 7th Lord Cranstoun b. 9/3/1749, d. 7/30/1778
2. son [assuredly died young since passed over as 8th Lord]
3. James, 8th Lord Cranstoun b.1755
4. Hon Charles Cranstoun, d. 11/1790, m. Elizabeth Turner -- 1+ son -- son James Edward, 9th Lord Cranstoun (b. 1784)
5. Hon. George Cranstoun, b. 1761, captain in Africa and West Indies. d. 1806 -- unmarried
7. William 7th Lord Cranstoun, b. Crailing 9/3/1749, d. 7/30/1778 unmarried
8. James, 8th Lord Cranstoun, b. 6/26/1755. Captain in the Royal Navy, Governor of Grenada. d. 9/22/1796. married Elizabeth Montolieu (sister of Lady Elibank, daughter of Lieutenant-colonel Lewis Charles Montolieu -- no children
9. James Edward, 9th Lord Cranstoun. b. 1784, d. 9/5/1818. Married Anne Linnington Macnamara (daugh John Macnamara Esq.) on 8/25/1807 in St. Christophers island.
1. James Edward 10th Lord Cranstoun, b. 8/12/1809, d. 6/18/1869
2. Hon. Charles Frederick 11th Lord Cranstoun, b. 1813, d. 9/28/1869**
**peerage became extinct upon his 1869 death
For Minister John Cranstoun, born 1664, there are two possibilities of how he ties into this line:
1. he could be the grandson of one of the two younger sons of William 1st Lord Cranstoun -- a son of either Henry or Thomas. This is perhaps quite likely, since by Scottish naming patterns, it is almost assured that both Henry and Thomas would have named their first-born sons William, after their father. And, by the same logic, it would seem likely that John's father's name was William, as he named his first son William too.
2. Alternatively, John could be a more distant relative of William, 1st Lord Cranstoun, such as a grandson of a brother or cousin, although this is considered less likely, not only due to names, but also due to the fact that it is unknown if other Cranstons lived in Crailing.
For Ann Cranston, born circa 1740, there are several possibilities for her potential Cranstoun of Crailing link:
1. She could be a granddaughter to Sir William Cranstoun, 5th Lord Cranstoun. This is considered unlikely as Ann named her sons Robert, Cranston, John and Thomas -- and none of these names show up among the seven sons (although Jean Kerr's name is positive), and four of these seven died young/unmarried. It is assumed that Ann is not the Jean born to 5th son William Henry and his wife Ann -- she was born in Feb 1745 so she would be very young upon the birth of son Robert in 1761; plus she lived in Edinburgh; plus her mother was Catholic.
2. She could be a ~4th generation descendant of the 3rd Lord William Cranston, descending from son Alexander. Since there are several generations in between, the male naming pattern is harder to decipher.
3. She could be a ~5th generation descendant of the 1st Lord William Cranston who had four sons, descending from Henry or Thomas. Nothing is known about these descendants.
4. She also could be a descendant of a relative of the 1st Lord. 5. Another possibility is that Ann could be the daughter of a female Cranstoun. For example, John Cranstoun Sr of Ancrum's children (John and Jannet) both named their first daughter Ann. Although John Jr's Ann was not ours, and Jannet's daughter Ann M'Kay was too old (b.1724) to be ours, she could have married after Daniel M'Kay died and had another daughter Ann. Based on naming patterns of the day, it is likely that Ann Cranston's heritage included females named Jane, Ann, Jannet and males named John.
While Ann's supposed link to this peerage is uncertain, John's link seems likely. The Scottish/English tradition of encouraging the younger brothers of the heirs into the military or ministery, the specific spelling of the name "Cranstoun" in Ancrum, John's initial ministery in Crailing, his son's membership in the elite Life Guards, his second marriage and his daughter's marriage to prominent families, and the family stories -- all point to a close relationship to this line. Also, note that in the 1700s/1710s the 5th Lord Cranston William married Lady Jane Ker (daughter of William Ker the 2nd Marquis of Lothian) while in the 1730s Minister John Cranstoun's daughter married William Ker of the same line.
CRANSTOUN, Lord, a title in the peerage of Scotland, possessed by a family of the same name, descended from Thomas de Cranyston who, in the reign of King David the Second, had a charter from the earl of Mar, of the barony of Stobbs, within that of Cavers, in the shire of Roxburgh. His supposed grandson, Thomas de Cranstoun, scutifer regis, was a personage of considerable influence in the reign of James the Second. Along with Sir William Crichton, the chamberlain, and William Fowles, keeper of the privy seal, he was in May 1426, sent ambassador to Eric, king of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, to adjust the debt due to him for the relinquishment of the Hebrides to King Alexander the Third, which they amicably settled. He was afterwards much employed in negociations with England. He had letters of safe conduct, with Lord Crichton, chancellor, and others, commissioners for treating of peace, 3d April 1448; again in 1449, 1450, and 1451. In the latter year he was one of the conservators of the truce with England, and in 1453 he and William de Cranstoun, his son, were conservators of the truce; again in 1457 and 1459; and in the latter year Thomas de Cranstoun was one of the wardens of the marches. He died about 1470. On a pillar on the north side of where the altar stood in the church of St. Giles, Edinburgh, are his armorial bearings. He had two sons, the younger of whom was ancestor of the Cranstouns of Glen.
William de Cranstoun, the elder son, is designed of Crailing in a charter to William Lord Crichton, 7th April 1450, in his father's lifetime. On 2d March, 1451-2, he had a charter to William Cranstoun of Cralyn. He appears among the barons in parliament, 18th March 1481-2. He died in 1515. William de Cranstoun had two sons, John and Thomas. John, the elder son, married Janet Scott, and died in 1552. His eldest son, Sir William Cranstoun, had a charter to himself and Elizabeth Johnstone his wife, and John Cranstoun, their son, of the lands of New Cranstoun, in the county of Edinburgh, 30th May 1553. On the 25th June 1557, dame Janet Bethune, Lady Buccleuch, and several persons of the name of Scott were accused of going to the kirk of St. Mary of the Lowes, to the number of two hundred, "bodin in feire of war," (that is, arrayed in armour) and breaking open the doors of the said kirk, in order to apprehend the laird of Cranstoun, for his destruction, and for the slaughter of Sir Peter Cranstoun. On July 14, 1563, William Cranstoun of that ilk, James his brother, and another, found caution to underlie the law at the next court at Selkirk, for art and part going to the steading of Williamshope, belonging to Alexander Hoppringill of Craigleith, and hamstringing and slaying three of his cattle. By his wife, who was the daughter of Andrew Johnstone of Elphinstone, Sir William Cranstoun had two sons, John and Thomas, and two daughters. The elder son, John, married Margaret, eldest daughter of George Ramsay of Dalhousie, by whom he had a son, also named John, who seems to have died without succeeding to the estate, and seven daughters.
On the 23d August 1600, Mr. Thomas Cranstoun, one of the earl of Gowrie's attendants, was, with two others of his retainers, executed at Perth, for drawing swords in the time of the tumult during the mysterious transactions of the Gowrie conspiracy. He was the brother of Sir John Cranstoun of Cranstoun, a zealous professor of religion, with whom Mr. Robert Bruce the celebrated Edinburgh minister passed some time in retirement at Cranstoun in 1603, when persecuted by the court.
Sarah, the eldest of the seven daughters of the above John Cranstoun, married William Cranstoun, first Lord Cranstoun. He was the son of John Cranstoun of Morriestoun, and captain of the guard to King James the Sixth, by whom he was knighted. He was raised to the peerage by the title of Lord Cranstoun, by patent, dated 17th November 1609, to him and his heirs male bearing the name and arms of Cranstoun. On the 20th August 1617, his lordship, with the lords Sanquhar and Buccleuch, William Douglas of Cavers, sheriff of Teviotdale, and three others, the landlords of the east and west marches, compeared personally before the lords of council, and bound themselves to make their whole men, tenants and servants, answerable and obedient to justice, and that they should satisfy and redress parties wronged, conform to the laws and acts of parliament, and general bond made in 1602, which was the strictest ever made on the borders. The first Lord Cranstoun died in June 1627, having had four sons and one daughter. James, the second son, was in 1610 brought before the council for sending a challenge to the son of Sir Gideon Murray, and committed to Blackness castle, while the latter for concealing the same, with the intention of meeting his opponent, was warded in Edinburgh castle. James Cranstoun, for repeating the offence, was afterwards banished forth of his majesty's dominions. The fathers at the same time were bound for all of their sons come to man's age, under the pain of ten thousand merks, that they should keep the peace with each other. [Note: it specifically says that William had four sons, but onlythe first John and the second James are detailed.]
John, the eldest son, second Lord Cranstoun, married first, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Walter first Lord Scott of Buccleuch; secondly, Helen, youngest daughter of James, seventh Lord Lindsay of Byres, but had no issue by either. He was succeeded by his nephew, William, son of James, master of Cranstoun, above mentioned, the second son of the first lord. This gentleman was twice married; first, to Margaret, only daughter of David Macgill of Cranstoun-Riddell, by whom he had a daughter Margaret, who became the wife of Thomas Craig of Riccartoun, in the county of Edinburgh; and, secondly, to Lady Elizabeth Stewart, eldest daughter of Francis earl of Bothwell, and had a son, William, third Lord Cranstoun, and three daughters.
William, third Lord Cranstoun, marched into England with King Charles the Second in 1651, and being taken at the battle of Worcester, was committed prisoner to the Tower. He was particularly excepted out of Cromwell's act of grace and pardon, April 1654, by which his estates were sequestrated, but a portion of the lands, of the yearly value of two hundred pounds, were settled on his wife and children. He married Lady Mary Leslie, third daughter of Alexander, first earl of Leven, and had a son, James, fourth Lord Cranstoun, who married Anne, daughter of Sir Alexander Don of Newton, in the county of Roxburgh, baronet, and had two sons, William, fifth Lord Cranstoun, and the Hon. Alexander Cranstoun, who died at Darien, without issue. [Note: It specifically says that William and Mary had children, but only details the single son James.]
William, fifth Lord Cranstoun, the elder son, supported the treaty of union in the last Scots parliament. He died 27th January 1727. By his wife, Lady Jane Ker, eldest daughter of William, second marquis of Lothian, who survived him forty-one years, he had seven sons and five daughters.
About the history of the Hon. William Henry Cranstoun, the fifth son, born in 1714, there is something very uncommon. He was a captain in the army, and married at Edinburgh on the 22d of May 1744, Anne, daughter of Mr. David Murray, merchant in Leith, who was the son of Sir David Murray of Stanhope, bart. The marriage was a private one, on pretence that its being known might prevent his preferment in the army, as she was a Roman Catholic. No witness was present but a single woman. The clergyman was brought by Captain Cranstoun, and was not known to Miss Murray or the other woman. They lived together, in a private manner, till sometime in July thereafter. Then the lady went to an uncle's house in the country, while the captain staid among his own relations till November, and then proceeded to London. A close correspondence was kept up between them as husband and wife. Before he left she acquainted him of her being in the way of becoming a mother, and he, in consequence, in his absence wrote very affectionately both to herself and her uncle, acknowledging her to have been his wife from the middle of the preceding May, but still insisted on the marriage being kept secret. He afterwards informed all his relations of it, and they visited and corresponded with her as his wife. At her confinement she was attended by one of his sisters. A daughter was born at Edinburgh, on February 19th, 1745, and was baptized by a minister of the established church, in presence of several of the relations on both sides. The child was held up to baptism by one of the captain's brothers, and named after his mother, by express orders from himself. Notwithstanding all this, Captain Cranstoun disowned his marriage in 1746, alleging that they were never married; that he had only promised to marry her in case she should turn protestant; that double the time agreed for her changing her religion was now elapsed, without her doing so; that what he had said to his friends was only to amuse them and save her honour; and that now he would never marry her, but was willing to support her to the utmost of his power. The lady raised a declarator of her own marriage, and of her daughter's legitimacy, before the commissaries of Edinburgh, the summons of which was executed in October 1746. In the process a great number of letters written by the captain and the lady were produced, and after a tedious litigation the commissaries, on the 1st Marcy 1748, decreed them to be married persons, and the child to be their lawful daughter; on the 7th of April following, they decerned the captain to pay the lady an annuity of forty pounds sterling for herself, and ten pounds for their daughter so long as she should be alimented by her, both to commence from the date of citation, and on the 11th of May, they ordained him to pay her forty pounds of costs, and nearly sixty pounds for extracting the decreet. Captain Cranstoun advocated the case to the court of session, but he was equally unsuccessful there. It seems that during the proceedings he courted a young lady in Leicestershire, but all hopes of a union with her were put a stop to, when the match was nearly concluded, on the lady's friends hearing that he was already married. About the year 1746, having gone to Henley to recruit, Miss Mary Blandy, the daughter of a retired attorney at Reading, possessing, according to report, ten thousand pounds, fell in love with him, and as her father disapproved of the captain's addresses, on account of his having a wife alive in his native country, she poisoned him on the 5th of August 1751, with some powder which Capt. Cranstoun had sent her from Scotland, in a packet containing Scots pebbles, and labelled "to clean pebbles with," having mixed it in his gruel. For this heinous crime she was tried at Oxford in February 1752, and being found guilty she was hanged on the Castle green of that city, on the 6th of April thereafter. In Miss Blandy's statement after her condemnation, she alleged that the powders were sent to her by her lover to be given to her father as love-potions, to make him kind to them both, and induce him to consent to their marriage, and that he had written to her that he had consulted a Mrs. Morgan, "a cunning woman" in Scotland, who had assured him that they would have that effect, which she thoroughly believed. There does not appear to have been any grounds for supposing that the captain was in any way accessary to the murder. He died 2d December 1752, a few months after Miss Blandy's execution.
His younger brother, the Hon. George Cranstoun of Longwarton, the seventh son of the fifth Lord Cranstoun, married Maria, daughter of Thomas Brisbane of Brisbane, in Ayrshire, and had by her, two sons and three daughters. He died at Edinburgh 30th December 1788. The second son, George Cranstoun, was an eminent judge of the court of session, under the judicial title of Lord Corehouse. He was originally designed for the army, but studied the law. He passed advocate, 2d February 1793, was appointed one of the depute advocates in 1805, and sheriff depute of the county of Sutherland in 1806. He was chosen dean of the faculty of advocates, 15th November 1823, and elevated to the bench, on the death of Lord Hermand in 1826, from which he retired in 1839. His title was taken from his seat near the celebrated fall of Corra linn in Clydesdale, one of the most beautiful and romantic places in Lanarkshire, where he was visited by Sir Walter Scott in 1827. His acquaintance with the author of Waverley began in the winter of 1788, when they were both students of civil law in the university of Edinburgh, and their intimacy lasted during life. When practising at the bar, Mr. Cranstoun was the author of the celebrated jeu d'esprit, entitled the "Diamond Beetle Case," (inserted in Kay's Edinburgh Portraits, vol. i. pp. 384-387,) in which the judicial style and peculiar manner of several of the judges, in delivering their opinions, are most happily imitated. He was a superior Greek scholar, which rendered him a great favourite with Lord Monboddo, who used to declare that Cranstoun was the only scholar in all Scotland. Lord Corehouse was an excellent judge and a first-rate lawyer, especially in all feudal questions.
His eldest sister, Margaret Nicolson, married, 25th February 1780, William Cuninghame of Lainshaw, in Ayrshire. The second, Jane Anne, afterwards countess of Purgstall, was an early confident and correspondent of Sir Walter Scott. She was the first person to whom, in April 1796, he read the manuscript of his first published piece, the translation of Burger's Lenore, and she early predicted his poetical excellence; writing to a friend in the country at that period, she said, "Walter Scott is going to turn out a poet – something of a cross, I think, between Burns and Gray." On the 23d June 1797 she married Godfrey Winceslaus, count of Purgstall, a German nobleman who had been some time residing in Edinburgh. He was a count of the Holy Roman empire, of noble and ancient descent, and possessed large estates in the province of Styria. "This lady," says Lockhart in his Life of Scott (under date 1821,) "had undergone domestic afflictions more than sufficient to have crushed almost any spirit but her own. Her husband, the count Purgstall, had died some years before this time, leaving her an only son, a youth of the most amiable disposition, and possessing abilities which, had he lived to develop them, must have secured for him a high station in the annals of genius. This hope of her eyes, the last heir of an illustrious lineage, followed his father to the tomb in the nineteenth year of his age. The desolate countess was urged by her family in Scotland to return, after this bereavement, to her native country, but she had vowed to her son on his deathbed, that one day her dust should be mingled with his, and no argument could induce her to depart from the resolution of remaining in solitary Styria. By her desire, a valued friend of the house of Purgstall, who had been born and bred up on their estates, the celebrated orientalist Joseph Von Hammer, compiled a little memoir of "The two last Counts of Purgstall," which he put forth in January 1821, under the title of 'Denkmahl,' or Monument." The copy of a letter of acknowledgment of the receipt of this work by Sir Walter Scott to the countess, but which by some inadvertence was never sent, will be found in Lockhart's Life of Scott. An account of a Visit to the Countess de Purgstall during the last months of her life by Captain Basil Hall, has been published. See his Schloss Hainfeld. Of Helen d'Arcy, Lord Corehouse's youngest sister, the wife of Professor Dugald Stewart, a notice follows.
James, sixth Lord Cranstoun, succeeded his father in 1727, and died at London 4th July 1773. He married Sophia, daughter of Jeremiah Brown of Abscourt in Surrey, with whom he obtained twelve thousand pounds, and she afterwards succeeded to a larger fortune. She had an estate in the West Indies, and a jointure of seven hundred pounds. Her ladyship remained only four months a widow, as she took for her second husband, on 10th November, 1773, Michael Lade, Esq., councillor at law, and died 26th October 1799. By this lady, Lord Cranstoun had five sons and two daughters. The eldest, William, and the third, James, successively enjoyed the title. The Hon. George Cranstoun, the fifth son, born in 1761, was captain of an independent company of foot in Africa, which was reduced in 1783. In 1795 he became captain in the 131st foot, was appointed major of a West India regiment in 1796, and the same year was promoted to the lieutenant-coloneley of that corps. In 1801 he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 64th regiment of foot, which regiment he commanded at the capture of Surinam in May 1804, when he was wounded. He had the rank of colonel in the army 1st January 1805, and died at Surinam, 8th March 1806, in his 45th year, unmarried.
William, seventh Lord Cranstoun, the eldest son, born at Crailing, 3d September, 1749, succeeded his father in 1773, and died unmarried at London, 1st August 1778, aged 29.
His brother James, the third son, eighth Lord Cranstoun, was a distinguished naval officer. He was born in 1755, and had the rank of lieutenant in the royal navy,, 19th October 1776, and of captain, 31st January 1780. He commanded the Bellequieux, of 64 guns, in the engagements between Sir Samuel Hood and the Count de Grasse, off St. Christophers, 25th and 26th January, 1782. After the victory over De Grasse gained by Admiral Lord Rodney, 12th April 1782, he was sent home with the despatches announcing it, in which his lordship declared that Lord Cranstoun had acted as one of the captains of the Formidable during both actions, and that he was much indebted to his gallant behaviour, on both occasions. He commanded the Bellerophon in Admiral Cornwallis' squadron, 17th June 1795, when, with five ships of the line and two frigates, he sustained an attack of the French fleet, of thirteen ships of the line, seven frigates, seven rasees and two brigs, and obliged them to give over, after a running fight of twelve hours, wherein eight ships of the line were so shattered that they could not engage any longer. In his despatches the admiral stated that he considered the Bellerophon as a treasure in store, having heard of her former achievements, and observing the spirit manifested by all on board, joined to the activity and zeal showed by Lord Cranstoun during the whole cruise. The thanks of parliament were, on 17th November 1795, voted to the admiral, captains, &c., "for the skill, judgment, and determined bravery displayed on this occurrence, which reflected as much credit as the achievement of a victory." In 1706 his lordship was appointed governor of Grenada and vice-admiral of that island, but before he could set out to his government, he died at Bishop's Waltham in Hampshire, 22d September 1796, in the forty-second year of his age. His death was occasioned by drinking cyder impregnated with sugar of lead, from being made in a leaden cistern. He was buried in the garrison chapel at Portsmouth. His character, both as a man and a naval officer, was most honourable. The contemporary journals said that "his death would be felt as a public loss by those who knew his professional merits, and will be long and deeply lamented by all who were acquainted with his exemplary worth in private life." He married at Darnhall, 19th August 1792, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Lieutenant-colonel Lewis Charles Montolieu, sister of Lady Elibank, but had no issue by her. She died at Bath, 27th August, 1797, aged twenty-seven. His lordship was succeeded by his nephew, James Edward, ninth Lord Cranstoun, the son of the Hon. Charles Cranstoun, (who died in November 1790,) fourth son of the sixth lord by his wife, Elizabeth Turner, of the county of Worcester.
James Edward, the ninth lord, married at the Retreat in St. Christophers, 25th August, 1807, Anne Linnington, eldest daughter of John Macnamara, Esq. of that island, by whom he had two sons and two daughters, and died 5th September 1818.
His elder son, also named James Edward, tenth Lord Cranstoun, born 12th August, 1809, is unmarried. His brother, the Hon. Charles Frederick Cranstoun, born in 1813, is the heir presumptive.
Works of Sir Walter Scott (who died as a result of the feuds between the Scotts and the Kerrs): Note 8. Lord Cranstoun. The Cranstouns are an ancient Border family, whose chief seat was at Crailing, in Teviotdale. They were at this time at feud with the clan of Scott; for it appears that the Lady of Buccleuch, in 1557, beset the Laird of Cranstoun, seeking his life. Nevertheless, the same Cranstoun, or perhaps his son, was married to the daughter of the same lady.
The Cranstons take their name from the Barony of Cranston in Midlothian and the family owned lands in the counties of Edinburgh and Roxburgh. The first of the family was Elfric de Cranston who is one of the witnesses to a charter by William the Lion in Holyrood c1170. The direct line ended in an heiress, Sarah Cranston a descendant of William de Cranston of Crailing who married William Cranston, son of John Cranston of Morriestoun. He was created Lord Cranston in 1609. One story goes that the fifth son of the fifth Lord caused disapproval by marrying a Roman Catholic. The marriage was kept a secret and later repudiated by the the husband, but the lady gained a declaration of the marriage. In the event the husband went to England where a heiress fell in love with him. However her father disapproved so Cranston offered the lady a "love potion" to administer to him - the outcome was that the father died of the poison and the heiress was hanged for murder. Despite record of Wiliam de Cr anston being one of the conservators of the truce between Scotland and England in 1451, the Cranstons have been reputed to live up to their family motto "thou shalt want before I want" being a notorious clan not adverse to joining the Border clans for a raid into England. The title of Lord Cranston became dormant following the death of the 11th Lord Cranston. Other Cranston branches include the Cranstons of Corsbie, Berwickshire; Thirlestane Mains, and Dodds.
CRANSTON/CRANSTOUN: The surname of this ancient family is believed derived from the old Barony and present Parish the same name in Midlothian. An Elfric de Cranston appears on a charter in 1170, and a Hugh de Cranston was one of the Scottish Barons who swore fealty to King Edward I of England in 1296. Thomas de Cranston was sent as ambassador to the Court of Eric, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden in 1426 and later played an important role in negotiations with England. He was also appointed a Warden of the Marches in 1459. Sometime in the 16th century the senior family adopted the form 'Cranstoun' and such has remained a favoured spelling. William Cranstoun of Morristoun, a former captain of King James VI's Guards, was raised to the peerage in 1609 and following marriage to Sarah Cranstoun of that ilk the two main families were reunited. In the 17th century a branch of the family became settled in Rhode Island (U.S.A.) and gave two distinguished governors; John Cranstoun and his son Samuel. George Cranstoun, Lord Corehouse, a grandson of the 5th Lord Cranstoun, became an eminent judge and classical scholar, and was a noted friend of Sir Walter Scott.