The progenitor of the family of Hay of Alderstone and Hermiston, Berwickshire, was Sir John Hay of Barra, of the family of Fala, lord clerk register in the reign of Charles I., lineally descended from Sir Edmund Hay of Linplum, younger brother of Sir David Hay of Yester, ancestor of the marquis of Tweeddale. While very young he was employed by the city of Edinburgh to welcome King James the Sixth at the West Port of that city, on his visit to Scotland in 1617, and his Latin Oration on the occasion is preserved in a work called "The Muses' Welcome," published at Edinburgh. He at first held the office of town-clerk, and afterwards that of provost of Edinburgh. On 9th March 1632 he was knighted by King Charles. On 8th January following, he was preferred to be lord clerk register, and appointed a lord of session. In 1637 he was one of the chief advisers of the introduction of the Service Book, and in consequence was forced soon after to retire into England. In 1641 he resigned all his offices into the king's hands, his dismission being dated 17th July that year, when he received a warrant on the Scottish exchequer for £5,000 sterling, and £400 per annum during its nonpayment. Being accused of treason, he returned with the king to Scotland to answer the charges brought against him, and was committed to the castle of Edinburgh. In January and February 1642 he was tried by a committee of the Estates, but nothing could be proved against him. On the marquis of Montrose coming south he joined him, and was taken prisoner at Philiphaugh. It is said he only escaped the scafford by bribing the earl of Lanark with the rents of his estate during his life. On obtaining his liberty, he retired to Duddingstone, in the neighbourhood of Edinburgh, where he died 20th November 1654.
He was twice married, and had a large family by both wives. His 2d son by his 2d wife, Thomas Hay of Hermiston, was the first of the Hays of Alderstone, and his 3d son, by the same lady, George Hay, was father of Richard Hay, commonly called "Father Hay," an antiquary of great research. Born at Edinburgh in 1601, according to his own expression, he was 'thrust' into the Scots College in France in 1673 or 1674. He left France in 1686, to establish a society of canons regular in Scotland, but at the Revolution again went to France, where he died.
Thomas Hay, the 2d son of the 2d marriage, married Anna, daughter of Sir John Gibson, baronet of Pentland; issue, Sir John, his heir, and 4 other sons. Alexander Hay of Huntingdon, his 3d son, sheriff-depute of East Lothian, who died in 1745, left 2 sons; 1. Thomas, a lord of session, under the title of Lord Huntingdon, and 2. John Hay of Restalrig, secretary to Prince Charles, attainted in 1745.
Sir John, the eldest son of Thomas Hay, was created a baronet of Nova Scotia in 1703. He married Catherine, daughter of sir George Suttie, baronet, and died in 1706.
His eldest son, Sir Thomas, 2d baronet, captain of dragoons, died, without issue, Nov. 26, 1769. His brother, Sir George, 3d baronet, married Barbara, only child of Henry MacDougall, Esq. of Makerstoun, Roxburghshire, and had a son and a daughter, wife of John Scott, Esq. of Gala.
The son, Sir Henry Hay McDouglas, 4th baronet, married in 1782, Isabella, daughter of Admiral Sir James Douglas, baronet, and had 3 daughters; 1. Anna Marie, married General Sir Thomas Brisbane, bart.; 2. Henrietta, and 3. Elizabeth.
On Sir Henry's death, April 13, 1825, the title devolved on his kinsman, Sir Thomas Hay, 5th baronet, son of Alexander Hay of Mordington, advocate, eldest son of Lord Huntingdon, above mentioned. Sir Thomas married Anna, widow of Major Bingham and daughter of Sheffield Howard, Esq. of New York; issue, 2 sons and 2 daughters. Sir Thomas died in 1833.
His elder son, Sir James Douglas Hamilton Hay, 6th baronet, married in 1819 the daughter of William Sanderson, Esq.; issue, 5 sons and 5 daughters.
A baronetcy is also possessed by the family of Dalrymple Hay of Park Place, Wigtownshire, a branch on the male side of the same family as that of the earl of Stair.
John Dalrymple, 2d son of James Dalrymple of Stair, became possessed of the estate of Dunragget, which, at one time, belonged to a family of the name of Baillie, a branch of the Baillies of Lamington. The first of the Baillies of Dunragget was Cuthbert, lord high treasurer of Scotland, who died in 1514, and the last was Thomas Baillie, connected by marriage with the M'Kerlies, an ancient Galloway family. His father, Alexander Baillie, was in June 2, 1681, served heir to his father, William Baillie, was in June 2, 1681, served heir to his father, William Baillie, in the lands of Dunragget, &c. His accidental death, having been drowned in the Cree, and his son's childhood, gave the Stair family an opportunity to obtain possession of the estate.
John Dalrymple's son, James Dalyrmple of Dunragget, married Grace, daughter of Patrick MacDowal, Esq. of Freugh, and died May 15, 1776, leaving a son, John Dalrymple of Park Place, Wigtownshire, who, marrying Susannah, only daughter of Sir Thomas Hay, 3d baronet of Park, assumed the additional surname of Hay, as above stated, on her succeeding, in 1794, to the estates of his brother, Sir Thomas Hay, the 4th baronet of that family, and was himself created a baronet of the United Kingdom, April 20, 1798. He died in May 1812.
His only son, Sir James Dalrymple Hay, 2d baronet, born July 8, 1789 (died March 19, 1861), married first, in 1819, Elizabeth, daughter of Lieutenant-General Sir John Heron Maxwell, of Springkell, baronet, issue, one son, John Charles, 3d baronet, born Feb. 11, 1821, capt. R.N., married with issue; and 2dly, in 1823, Anne, daughter of George Hathorn, Esq.; issue 3 sons and 5 daughters.
This is a branch of the Tweeddale Hays. William Perry Hay had thought we were related to the Tweeddale branch of the Hay family; I (Donna Lou Hay) think we are related to this particular subbranch. The entire basis for this hypothesis rests on the fact that William and Jane Ann Taylor Hay were living in Makerstoun concurrent to Sir Henry Hay MacDougall, 4th baronet, as the only other Hay family in town. While this may be coincidence, I think that there is some kinship between William Hay (1763-1849; married 1787) and Henry Hay MacDougall (u-1825; married 1782).
"Father Hay" above wrote the book "The Twweddale HAYS???" that William Perry Hay used in his research, and thought we were related to his branch.