This page was copied from: in 2013 for reference purposes - DLH

  Home                                                                                                                                                                                             December 2004

 Some Early Shenandoah Valley Settlers
(& Who Was Thomas Morgan?)

By Oliver Popenoe


My Ancestors                                                                       

 I.   The Early Settlement of the Shenandoah Valley                            

Thomas Morgan                                                         

Richard Morgan                                                           Morgan Morgan                                                          




          Van Meter                                                          










 II.   Sleepy Creek, Berkeley County, VA                                       

                             Morgan’s Land                                                            

                             Sleepy Creek Neighbors                                                     

 III.  The Great Cacapon River, Hampshire County, VA                       

                             John Constant                                                            

                             The Morgans                                                              


        Maddox (Lindsay)





 In 1741, or possibly earlier, a Thomas Morgan purchased 450 acres of land on Arnolds Branch in Frederick County, Virginia, selling it in 1749. 

The earliest certain record of my ancestor, Thomas Morgan, is from his purchase of land on Sleepy Creek in Berkeley County from Lord Fairfax in 1766.  I have attempted to find evidence for the hypothesis that both Thomas Morgans were the same man.  Another researcher, Dennis Nicklaus, descends from a Thomas Morgan who lived in Bedford County, Virginia at about the same time and believes this Thomas is the man who bought the land in 1741.   Each of us has strong evidence but I don’t think proof.  This paper is an attempt to present some of that evidence in the hope that it might lead us or others to find a definitive answer.   I will refer to these three men as Arnolds Branch Thomas, Sleepy Creek Thomas, and Bedford Thomas.  As you will see if you read on, there were other Thomas Morgans and it is conceivable that Dennis and I are both wrong.

Dennis Nicklaus believes that Thomas Morgan was a Quaker who had come from Chester County, PA in 1735, purchased land in old Frederick County in 1741, sold it in 1749, purchased 640 acres of land in 1755 in newly-formed Bedford County in Southside Virginia, later purchased three more large tracts of land nearby, and died in 1774.  He was a farmer and miller and his first mill and house in Bedford County were burned down by Indians.  Nicklaus has done very thorough research and can be reached at Dennis J. Nicklaus

Nicklaus makes a strong case that the Bedford County Thomas Morgan is the man who owned the land in Frederick County in 1741-49 but I don’t think he has proven it.  The Frederick County Morgan was described a blacksmith although he also constructed a gristmill; the Bedford County Morgan was a miller with no mention of blacksmithing that I have seen.  The latter seemed much wealthier than the former since he was able to buy so much more land.  Nicklaus says that Thomas from Chester County was the son of Lewis and Elizabeth Morgan and that Thomas of Bedford named his first son Lewis after his father and his second daughter Elizabeth after his mother.[1]  Thomas Morgan of Sleepy Creek didn’t use those names.

Since people moving together from one place to another and settling together were usually relatives and/or former neighbors, I look at the people around Arnolds Branch Thomas and Sleepy Creek Thomas and around John Constant whose daughter married Thomas Morgan’s son, and try to follow them to see what connections there are.  I have been helped immeasurably in this project by a carefully researched book:  Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia, by Cecil O’Dell.[2]  O’Dell started studying his ancestors among the first settlers in the lower Shenandoah Valley and ended, after many years, with a massive study of all the people who arrived there around the 1730s-1740s, including maps showing where their lands were located.

My Ancestors

Thomas Morgan of Sleepy Creek, Berkeley County, was the father of John Morgan (who said he was born in 1748), and grandfather of Sarah and Evan Morgan.  John Morgan married Martha Constant, the daughter of John Constant who lived on the Great Cacapon River in Hampshire County.  Peter Popeno went from Salem County, NJ to Monongalia County WV around 1772.  Around 1781, he went on to KY and was followed by his stepson, Harry Martin who married John Morgan’s daughter Sarah Morgan in 1789, and later by the rest of his family.  Peter Popeno’s daughter, Nancy Popeno, married Sarah’s brother, Evan Morgan, in 1792. 

Was there any prior connection between the Morgans and the Popenos or the Martins?   Some of the early Shenandoah settlers (e.g., the Morgan Morgan family) had gone to the Monongahela River area, so there were connections between these communities prior to the Popeno arrival in KY.  And, as will be reported later, some of the Martins and Thomas Morgan served together during the French and Indian War.

John Morgan’s brother-in-law, John Constant, went to KY in 1779 in a group from Shepherdstown in Frederick County whose families were among the earliest settlers of the Shenandoah Valley. The group consisted of Col. William Morgan and his son, Ralph; Maj. Thomas Swearingen IV and his Brother, Benoni; John Taylor, John Strode, James Duncan, John Constant, Samuel Dusee, George Michael Bedinger and two Negroes belonging to the Swearingens.[3]   John and Evan Morgan went out the next year and were associated with many of these people at Strode’s Station.  I’ll be talking below about these people and others from Frederick County who moved on to the Sleepy Creek and Great Cacapon areas to the west.

This paper is divided into three major sections: I. The Early Settlement of the lower Shenandoah Valley, II. The People Around Thomas Morgan of Sleepy Creek, Berkeley County, and III. The People around John Constant of Hampshire County.


I.  The Early Settlement of the lower Shenandoah Valley

Forty-five years after the first settlement of the Delaware Valley by Quakers, demand for land outpaced supply because of the great numbers of new immigrants—many of them Scotch-Irish—flooding into the area.  Looking for land, they moved west on the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road to Lancaster, and then south to Gettysburg, and into Maryland around Hagerstown and Frederick, then later across the Potomac to Winchester and down the Shenandoah Valley.  In the mid 1720s the first settlers located in the Monocacy River area north and east of Frederick, and had begun to cross the Potomac River into Virginia. Beginning in 1730, Virginia offered land grants to encourage settlers from the northern colonies to settle on both sides of the Blue Ridge Mountains. 

In 1730, the Governor and Council of Virginia made two grants of 40,000 acres each to Isaac and John Van Meter, provided they would within two years induce a certain number of their families and friends to settle there.  The land was on both sides of the Shenandoah River in the lower (i.e. northern) part of the Valley, excluding a few settlements that were already there.  The Van Meters were of Dutch background, born in Ulster County, NY, but moved to New Jersey in the early 18th Century.  Isaac Van Meter settled in Pilesgrove Township, Salem County, NJ, where he and relatives became prominent citizens.[4]  (Peter Popeno, after moving from Orange County, NY to Salem County—probably in the 1730s –lived nearby.)  John Van Meter had also moved elsewhere in New Jersey and then in 1726 on to the Monocacy River area in Frederick County, MD.   Apparently, the Van Meters concluded that the job of creating the new settlements was too big for them, and in 1731 they transferred their grant to a relative of theirs from NY, Jost Hite. They did reserve some land for themselves and became part of the new settlements.

Jost Hite got the grant increased to 100,000 acres and undertook initially to settle 20 families in the area, soon many more.  About 85% were from the Delaware Valley.  Lord Fairfax, who inherited a Royal grant of lands in the Northern Neck, first arrived in Virginia in 1736 and stayed for three years in the tidewater area.  He returned again in 1748 and settled at Greenway Court, his estate about 12 miles southeast of Winchester.  He employed young George Washington to survey some of his properties, and John Constant served as a marker on some of these surveys.  Although the Fairfax grant was supposed to exclude existing grants, Fairfax believed that he had a right to the entire area and attempted to collect land rents from people who had bought land from Jost Hite and others.  This led to a lawsuit by Hite against Lord Fairfax.  It dragged on for many years and provided much of the information now available to us about this early period.[5]  Details of some of the families follow.

Morgan Bryan (c1671-1763) led another early settlement to the Valley.  He was Welsh, probably a Quaker, and he met his future wife, Martha Strode (c1697-1762) on the boat crossing the Atlantic.  They were in Chester County, PA as early as 1719.  They raised a family of at least seven children before moving to VA.  In 1730, with Alexander Ross, he obtained a grant of 100,000 acres near Opequon Creek, provided he would bring in 100 families within two years.  By and large the settlement was successfully made by Quakers, although Bryan appears to have become a lapsed Quaker.  In 1748, now nearly 80, he moved his family to the forks of the Yadkin in what is now Anson Co, NC.

In NC Bryan owned more land than anyone else—some 5,000 acres. The Bryans became close friends of the Boones,  In 1753, Squire Boone’s 16-year old daughter, Mary married Bryan’s son William, and shortly thereafter, Squire’s nephew John Boone married Morgan’s daughter Rebecca.   At one of these weddings, Daniel Boone met Bryan’s granddaughter Rebecca and they were married in 1756—he 21, she 17.  These unions began a family alliance between the Boones and Bryans that would continue for generations.[6]


Thomas Morgan of Arnolds Branch

In 1735, Jost Hite had surveyed 450 acres on Arnold’s Branch (later called Wheat Springs) that he sold to Abel Pearson.  Pearson was a Quaker from Chester County, PA.  This land, tract 93 on the attached Map 6[7], is located off present route 7 a few miles east of Berryville. The 450 acres was sold to Thomas Morgan in 1741.

Here is some of the relevant text from the Hite/Fairfax trial:[8]

          The complainants then produced to your Commissioners the Copy of a survey made by James Wood for Joist Hite November the 14th 1735 for four hundred and fifty acres lying on Arnolds Branch as a part of the aforesaid Grant and demanded that the same might be run out that they might thereby discover who are at present in Possession of the said Land.  The Surveyor in Compliance with the said Request proceeded to survey the said Land….The Plott contains 430 acres and includes part of the Land held by Mr Warner Washington Cornelius Anderson Joseph Hampton Joseph Anderson Edward Snickers and John Anderson surveyed September 6th 1770 by Thomas Marshall, Gabriel Moffett and James Forsythe, Chainmen.  It was admitted by the Complainants that the same had been sold by the said Jost Hite to Thomas Morgan and produced a bond from the said Morgan for payment of the Purchase Money by which it does not appear that any part of the said purchase money had been paid to which we refer.  

Orange County KNOW ALL MEN by these presents that I Thomas Morgan of County aforesaid and Colony of Virginia am held and firmly bound and doth stand justly indebted unto Jost Hite of the same place in the full and just Sum of twenty four pounds sixteen Shillings current lawful money of Virginia to the which paiment …I bind me my heirs Executors Administrators jointly and severally for the whole and in the whole firmly by these presents.  Sealed with my Seal dated this ninth day of October 1741.  The condition of the above obligation is such that if the above Thomas Morgan… should pay or well and trully cause to be paid to the above mentioned Jost Hite… the full and just Sum of four pounds current money of Virginia to be paided at such time as the Land Office in this Colony be opened for to receive the Rights of Land for the lower parts of Shenahdore and Opeckon as also the full and just Sum of eight pounds eight Shillings Current money as aforesaid at such times as the above named Jost Hite …shall make the above bound Thomas Morgan his heirs and assigns a good and lawful right and title to a certain tract of Land lying on a branch of Shenahdore containing four hundred and fifty acres which tract the said Morgan bought from Abel Pearson and that to be paid without fraud or further delay…then the above Obligation to be void or also to stand abide and remain in full force power and virtue in the Law.  Tho. Morgan.  Signed Sealed and delivered in presence of John Smith, Lewis Thomas.

Morgan, a blacksmith, constructed a grist mill on the property and on 2 November 1749, sold the 450 acres (with grist mill, houses, outhouses, two breeding sows and all fruit trees) to Bartholomew Anderson for 144.  The deed of sale was signed by Thomas (his T mark) Morgan, in presence of Samuel Taylor, Lewis (his T mark) Thomas, and Lewis Morgan.[9] In 1770, for purposes of the Hite/Fairfax suit, it was stated that “Thomas Morgan is now an inhabitant of this Colony” and there was a deposition of James Lindsey, aged 38 or thereabouts, who “saith that he was in company with Thomas Morgan and Bartholomew Anderson at about the time the said Morgan sold Anderson his land at the house of Isaac Pennington and heard the said Morgan tell Pennington he had sold his Land for one hundred and twenty pounds for which he took a negro named Jack for sixty some odd pounds and was to take a Waggon at twenty pounds and the rest Anderson told Morgan he would pay the cash for…”[10]

So the people who are definitely associated with Thomas Morgan when he sold the Arnolds Branch property are: Samuel Taylor, John Smith, Lewis Thomas, Lewis Morgan, James Lindsey, Bartholomew Anderson, and Isaac Pennington.  I will be discussing Taylor, Smith and Lindsey below, along with Isaac Larue who had neighboring property.

Thomas Morgan could have moved to Sleepy Creek after selling his Berryville land in 1749, even though the deed is dated 1766.  There is a record of his being at Sleepy Creek in 1763.  The first Thomas Morgan was still in the colony in 1770.  In short, where was Arnolds Branch Thomas after 1749 and where was Sleepy Creek Thomas before 1763/1766?

During the French and Indian War, Indian raids into the Shenandoah led many of the settlers to move back to Tidewater Virginia for safety and Thomas Morgan may have been one of them.  The record of an Alexandria-Fairfax militia company, paid off in 1759 shows among the members: Charles Martin and Jesse Martin, Ensigns; plus Joseph Martin, William Jackson and Thomas Morgan.[11] These are all common names but their juxtaposition leads me to believe that the Martins later of Western Virginia[12], Morgan and Jackson all knew each other in Fairfax County during the French and Indian War if not before.  Charles Martin was a prominent leader in Morgantown.  In 1780, Jesse Martin, then of Ohio County, VA received a land bounty certificate for his service in 1758.

Cecil O’Dell suggested to me in a phone conversation that he believes Arnolds Branch Thomas Morgan may be the Thomas Morgan who was married December 17, 1731 at Concord Monthly Meeting, Chester Co, PA, to Elizabeth Key, daughter of Moses Key of Chester Co.  Witnesses were Evan Morgan, John Morgan, John Palmer, and Edward Carter.[13]  While Evan and John are common names, it is interesting that they fit so well “our” Morgan line.  O’Dell’s rationale is that many people from the Concord Monthly Meeting moved to the Shenandoah Valley where they joined the Hopewell Meeting (such as Abel Pearson, above) and that the Key (or Keys) family was among them.  My ancestor Thomas was married to Joanna [Jackson?], the mother of his son John.  If these are the same person, then Elizabeth would have died before 1748 when John was born.  Without further evidence, there is no reason to believe that the Thomas married to Joanna had previously been married to Elizabeth Keys.[14]

The Thomas Morgan who was married to Joanna is believed to have had the following sons:         

William Morgan, m Elizabeth --, was in Hampshire County during at least the period 1779-1793, and died in Fleming Co, KY, July 1800.[15]

1779: lease and release from Henry Hamilton, 250 A 4 miles above North R of Cacapon River, rec. 1779.

1780: lease and release from John Bills, 132 A on Great Cacapon, rec. 1786.

1782/84 Hampshire Co Census:  7 whites, no dwellings, 1 other building.

1784: lease and release to George Martin, 180 A on North R of Cacapon.

1793: lease and release to Thomas Hughs, 132 A in Hampshire Co, rec. 1793.

Thomas Morgan, m Nancy --, was also in Hampshire County through 1790, was in Greene County, OH by 1815, and died there ca 1824.[16]

1778: witness to will of Jacob Larue

1779: witness to land transfer—John Larue of Frederick Co to William Jackson of Hampshire Co, 137 A on Cacapon

1782/84 Hampshire Co Census:  8 whites in ’82; 6 in ’84 + 1 dwelling, 2 other bldgs.

1791:  50 A on White Oak Bottom taken up by State for non-payment of taxes.  This may mean that Thomas Morgan had left the County by then.

John Morgan, (1748-1834) m. c1768 Martha Constant, lived in Hampshire County, visited KY in 1780, moved his family about 1785 to Bourbon (later Clark) Co, KY, then about 1799 to Greene Co, OH, and in the 1830s to Sangamon Co, IL where he is believed to have died.

1770:  witness to sale of land on Great Cacapon by Thomas Matlock to John Constant and William Jackson

1782 Census: 9 whites; 1784 Census: 10 whites, 1 house, 1 other bldg.

1785: sale of 308 A on Bennett’s Run to John Aikman; sale of 100 A on Big Cacapon to brother, Jonathan; sale of 132 A on Great Cacapon to John Bills.[17]

Jonathan Morgan (1750?- ) m Mary --, was in Hampshire County in 1782 and last mentioned in 1797.  He may have then gone to KY or OH.

1782 Census: 5 whites; 1784: 4 whites, 1 house, 2 other bldgs.

1785: Bought 100 A on Big Cacapon from brother John

1797: Sold 100 A on Cacapon River to John Cann.[18]  


Richard Morgan

The other Morgan among the early Jost Hite settlers was Richard Morgan (ca 1700-1763).  He was said to belong to an ancient family of Welsh gentlemen who came to this country in the 17th century.  Richard had two tracts of land surveyed in 1734: 210 and 290 acres north and northwest of Shepherdstown.  By 1768 he and his sons William and Jacob had accumulated 4,046 acres of Fairfax grant land. 

Richard (ca 1700 – 1763) and Jane Morgan’s children were: 

William Morgan (ca 1723-1788) who married Drusilla Swearingen, daughter of Thomas Swearingen (c1700- ) Children: Abraham, Zacheus, Rawley, Ralph, George and Sarah (m Williams).  Ralph and George were married to daughters of Thomas Swearingen IV.  It was Col. William Morgan who led the 1779 expedition from Shepherdstown to KY, bringing his son Ralph.  Col. Abraham Morgan, married Anna Maria Bedinger, another sister of George Michael.[19]  Ralph founded Morgan’s Station in KY and Harry Martin was there when the station was attacked in 1792.

Jacob Morgan, dau Jean Morgan

Mary Morgan m Thomas Swearingen (c1723- ) Drusilla’s brother

Olive Morgan, m John Stockdon, son Samuel Stockdon

Sarah Morgan

Abel Morgan ( -1784) m Elizabeth Bedinger, sister of George Michael Bedinger (1756-1843). Children: Daniel, Joseph, Jacob, Olive, Polly and Elizabeth.

Isaac Morgan, m Lethitia, sons Thomas, Rees and John.  Brother Thomas.[20]

Was this family related to our Morgans?  They were associated in the move to KY and there is an interesting overlap in first names in both families:  William, John, Sarah, Isaac, Jacob, Rawley.  These, however, were common names.

A militia list for 1761 shows 20 or more members of Captain John Caton’s Company who were fined for missing a general muster including the following in this order:  James Morgan, John Morgan, Matthias Swin, John Swin, Matthias Swin Junior, Robert Caton, and Wm Jackson.[21]  Our John Morgan, if born in 1748, would only be 13.  Morgan Morgan had two grandsons named James but they would be too young.  Richard Morgan had a grandson named John that might be of age, but no James that I know of.  What is significant is that Matthias Swaim and William Jackson had both moved to the Sleepy Creek area by 1761 and were associated with Thomas Morgan—not, so far as I can tell, with the Richard or Morgan Morgan families.  This suggests either that Thomas Morgan’s family included in some way this John and James Morgan, or that there was a closer relationship than we have realized between Thomas Morgan and Richard Morgan.


Morgan Morgan

Morgan Morgan was born in Wales in 1688, became a prominent merchant in Christiana, Delaware, and about 1730 moved to Mill Creek, near what is now Bunker Hill, about 12 miles north of present day Winchester.  At the time he was the farthest west that any white had settled in Virginia and he is regarded as the first white settler in West Virginia.  Most of his children moved west to what became Monongalia County and his son Zackquill was the founder of Morgantown.  There is no indication that his family was related to our Morgans but this is one of several strong connections between Shenandoah Valley pioneers and the settlements along the Monongahela.[22]



Thomas (III) (1708-1760) and his brother Van Swearingen (1719-1788) were in Prince Georges County, MD in 1725. 

In 1744, Van (who was married to his cousin Sarah Swearingen) purchased 210 acres from Richard Morgan and lived the rest of his life in the Shenandoah area.  His sons were Josiah (who married Phebe Strode), Hezekiah, Thomas, and Van (who was killed at Strode’s Station in 1780).  His daughters were Rebecca, Luranah and Drusilla, who married Thomas Rutherford.

Thomas Swearingen III, known as Thomas of the Ferry, and his wife Sarah (or Peggy) sold land in 1734 in Prince Georges County and are not listed as owning land in Frederick County until 1748.  In 1750 and 1754 they purchased three grants of 400 acres or more west of Richard Morgan’s property.  Their sons were Thomas IV (1735-1786), Van (1742-1793, known as “Indian” Van), Andrew (c 1747-1824) Zachariah ( -1799), Joseph (1754-1821), and Benoni (c 1746-1798).  Their daughters were Drusilla (who married William Morgan), Sarah, and Eleanor.   Benoni was married to Sarah Bedinger, sister of George Michael Bedinger. 

Thomas IV (1723-1786) was married to Mary Morgan, daughter of Richard Morgan. Their sons were: Thomas Swearingen V ( b c 1758, d 1814 Berkeley Co.) Van (b c  1759, killed 1791 at St. Clair’s defeat) and Andrew.  Their daughters were Drusilla who m married George Morgan, her double first cousin; and Lydia, who married Raleigh Morgan, her double first cousin..  In 1758 Thomas IV ran against George Washington for the House of Burgesses and was badly defeated.  Thomas and his brother Benoni Swearingen were on the 1779 trip to Kentucky.  The next year, Thomas went back to Kentucky with his son, Van Swearingen, John Constant, Jr., John and Evan Morgan, and others.  They are all listed as residents of Strode’s Station when it was attacked in 1781.  Young Van served with John and Peter Popeno in a company of Kentucky Rangers that was called up in 1783.  He was killed in 1793 leading a company from Winchester, VA in General St. Clair’s abortive expedition against the Indians in Ohio.

Another Swearingen, John (cousin of Thomas III) and his son, Van, went around 1770 from the Hagerstown, Maryland area to what is now Washington County, PA near the Monongahela River.  One or both of them built the fort that bore than name.  This Van became the first Sheriff of Washington County, 1781-84.  It is a confusing family.  A book is underway which will sort them out properly.[23]

Some of the Swearingens lived near Thomas and Joanna Morgan of Sleepy Creek.  Their property was on the road from Shepherdstown to Warm Springs at Sleepy Creek. The Morgan land adjoined that of John Grier and his adjoined that of Thomas Swearingen.  O’Dell also says that Van Swearingen had property along this road.[24]



Samuel Taylor ( -1762), father of John Taylor who was on the 1779 trip to Kentucky, was in Virginia as early as 1734 when he had 250 acres surveyed on the Potomac River east of Shepherdstown.  He operated a ferry which was used to haul iron ore.  In 1749 he gave his power of attorney to Gershom Keys to recover debts and land rents in Delaware.  This suggests that Taylor did not sell his properties there when he moved to VA, and that Keys must have recently come to Virginia from the same area, i.e., probably not Chester County, PA.  Samuel’s will mentions sons Samuel and John and daughters Rachel Teague, Hester Morgan, Mary Worley and Susannah Taylor.  He named his wife Rachel and William Morgan as executors.  A legatee was Samuel Morgan, son of Thomas and Hester Morgan.  This is the Bedford Thomas Morgan discussed by Dennis Nicklaus. He lists Samuel Morgan as born ca 1761 and died before January 1815 in Bedford Co, VA.  Note, however, that Samuel Taylor’s will was dated September 1760 in Frederick Co, so Samuel Morgan may have been born earlier.  In August 1762 the court appointed William Morgan to settle the estate.  I am assuming that this was the William Morgan discussed above who led the 1779 trip from Shepherdstown to Kentucky and it suggests that there was a family relationship between the Richard Morgan family and the Samuel Taylor family.  It seems clear that Thomas and Hester Morgan went on to Bedford County; she performed services from there in the Revolutionary War.  So some of Samuel Taylor’s legatees went south; others went west.

John Taylor wrote his will in 1792 and it was proved in 1793, mentioning sons William, John, Samuel and Levy.  His four daughters, Susannah Hendricks, Jean Morgan, Mary Brown, and Sary (Sarah) Taylor received land in KY.  John and his son Samuel are said to have stayed at Strode’s Station from 1776 (?) to the early 1790s.[25]  A Robert Taylor was also at Strode’s in 1781 according to Clinkenbeard.  In August-November 1783 Samuel Taylor served in Capt. Charles Gatliffe’s Ranger Company with John and Peter Popeno, John Morgan and Van Swearingen.[26]  I have no idea which Morgan John’s daughter Jean was married to.



Edward Strode (c1700- )—probably the father of John, Jeremiah, Samuel and James—in a 1770 deposition in the Hite/Fairfax suit, said that he purchased, ca 1740, a tract of land of 360 acres on the Lick Branch, which he subsequently gave to John Strode who was then in possession of it.  This was a branch of the Opequon River, west of the Philadelphia Road, about 8-10 miles south of Shepherdstown.  In 1751, Strode received a 400 acre Fairfax grant which included most of the 360 acre tract.  In 1752, Strode purchased another 360 acres about 6 miles northeast of the first tract.  He also owned a 409 acre tract, about four miles northwest of the first tract, on the south side of present-day Martinsburg.  The Strodes were Quakers.  The probable sons of Edward and his wife Eleanor included:  John, Jeremiah, Samuel and James.

Jeremiah’s will, proved in 1785, listed daughters Mary (wife of Isaac Evans) and Ann Strode; and sons George, John, Jeremiah and William.

Samuel Strowd’s will, proved in 1765, listed his wife Ann, daughters Martha Pitts, Mary Potts, Phebe Beeson, Ann and Susan Strowd; the only son listed was George Redmond, alias Strowd, the son of his wife.  There was also a son Samuel Jr., born in 1755, who went out to KY in 1776, made Boonesboro his home, was there when the Boone and Callaway girls were abducted and aided in their pursuit.[27]  In 1778 he was on Clark’s campaign in the taking of Kaskasia and Vincennes.  In 1780 at Bryan’s Station he was in a fight with two attacking Indians:  shot one and after fighting the other for control of the Indian’s knife, killed the Indian with the knife.  About 1780 he returned to VA and back to KY so as to raise a crop of corn at Louisville.  In 1782 he was sick at his cousin John’s Station, thus missing the Battle of Blue Licks.  Samuel Strode settled on the North Fork of the Licking in Mason County near Leasburgh.  In 1786 he was on Logan’s campaign.  He did in Mason County in 1842 in his 87th year.

James Strode (1726/7-1795) was married first to Ann.  At the age of 68 he married again in 1794 to Elizabeth Fryatt, aged 19.  In his will he named daughter Susanna Magowen and her son James Magowen; daughter Rachel Bedinger, wife of Henry who was George Michael’s brother); daughter Anna; daughter Phoebe Swearingen, deceased, and her daughter Eleanor Swearingen, sons James Strode and John Strode.  By 1776 James Strode owned—in addition to his property in Frederick County—1,000 acres of land on Howard’s Creek, a drain of the Kentucky River, near his brother John’s Station south of Winchester, KY.

John Strode (1730-1805), married Mary (Mollie) Boyle ca 1758, and founded Strode’s Station around 1779.  Children were:  Elizabeth (1759- ) m James Duncan, Mordecai Barbour and John Ecton; Edward (1761- ) Elenor (Nelly)(1763- ) m Thomas Lafferty; James (1765- ) m Margaret Foreman; Mary (1766- ) m John Parish; John Jr (1768-1834) m Ruth Constant (granddaughter of John Constant Sr);  Nancy (1770-1855) m1 Abijah Brooks, m2 Jacob Wilson; Susannah ((1771- ) m James Magowen; Jeremiah (1773- ) m Sarah Magowan; Letitia (1775- ) m William Lander; Stephen (1777- ) m. Mary Starnes; and Wellsey or Waller (1783- ) m –Brassfield.[28] 


Isaac Van Meter[29]


The father of Isaac and John, John Van Meter, Sr., was an Indian trader and pioneer explorer of the Shenandoah Valley, who spied out the land about the time of Gov. Spottswood’s expedition in 1716.  He equipped a band of Delaware Indians at his own expense and travelled far southward over unknown lands.  On his return he advised his sons to take up land there.

Isaac Van Meter, born in Ulster County, NY, with John Van Meter (1683- ) and Sarah Dubois (their mother), purchased in 1714, 3,000 acres at the head of the Cohansy River in Salem County (now Cumberland County) NJ.  In 1720 and 21, Isaac purchased 420 acres in Salem County and in 1726, his mother gave him 205 acres on Salem Creek.  (Peter Popeno’s land was on the other side of Salem Creek in Mannington Township.) 

Isaac apparently moved to Frederick County, MD in the 1730s, then back to New Jersey, then back to Hampshire County (now Hardy County), where he wrote his will in 1754 and died in 1757.  His will listed his wife Annah and seven children:  sons Henry, Jacob and Garrett; and daughters Sarah Richman, Catherine, Rebecca (wife of Abraham Hite) and Hellita.  Sons Garrett and Henry (called Col. Henry Vanmeter) received Fairfax grants from 1761 to 1765 on the South Branch of the Potomac (which runs through Romney, WV.)  There was also a son Isaac Van Meter of Hardy County. whose will in 1837 listed seven children:  David, Garrett, John J (Ohio land), Jacob, Sally Cunningham, Anna Gibson, and Elizabeth Innskeep.  Henry’s will (Hampshire County, 1778) left wife Rebecca, and five children:  Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Soloman and Abraham.[30]


John Van Meter

While living in Somerset County, NJ, John Van Meter (1683-1745) met and married his first wife, Sarah Bodine, from a Staten Island Huguenot family.  They had three children, baptized in Somerville, NJ:  Sara (1706- ), Johannes (1708-<1744), and Maria (1709- ).  His second wife was Margaret Mollenauer, and they had the following children:

Rebecca (c1711-c1770) m Solomon Hedges, the first of the Hedges family to move to VA.  (Was this one of the Salem Co, NJ Hedges?)

Isaac (1713- ) m Elsje (Alice) Scholl.

Elizabeth (1715-1793) m Thomas Shepherd, the pioneer colonist of Mecklenburg, incorporated in 1762 as Shepherdstown and named after him.

Henry (1717- ) m1 Eve Pyle, m2 Hannah Pyle, m3 Elizabeth Pyle, sister-in-law of the first two.

Rachel (1719-) m John Lessige

Abraham (1721- ) m Ruth Hedges, sister of Solomon above.

Jacob (1723 - ) m Letitia Stroud (1725-1799), probably the daughter of Edward Strode and sister of John Strode.  Edward’s daughters were not listed; note that John named one of his daughters Letitia.

Maudlena (1725- ) m Robert Pewsey.

In 1724 John had 300 acres surveyed on the Monocacy River in Maryland.  In 1727 he visited the settlers in Germania in what was then Spotsylvania County, later part of Frederick County.  In 1734, he patented 885 acres on the east side of Opequon Creek, east of present-day Martinsburg, WV.  He owned substantial additional properties.  His house was on 1,786 acres about 2 miles east of the Opequon Creek properties.  In 1738 he enlarged this tract, purchasing 290 acres from Richard Morgan.  In his will, probated in 1745, John disposed of 3,350 acres. 

Now we will follow his son Jacob and his family.  During the French and Indian War, Jacob Van Metre served in Captain Richard Morgan’s Company from Mecklenburg.  About 1768-9, Jacob and “Lettice” decided it was time to move west, as many of the inhabitants of the Valley of Virginia were doing.  After a reconnaissance trip with John Swan and Thomas Hughes, Jacob disposed of his property and took out their families and household effects on packhorses, with the slaves walking and driving the stock.  The whole train, amounting to about 50 persons, followed the route cut by Braddock’s army and then headed south to the mouth of Muddy Creek, a tributary of the Monongahela near what is now Carmichaels, Greene County, PA. All three built forts, known as Fort Swan and Van Meter, and Fort Hughes.[31]  Jacob and Lettice are among the organizational signers of the Regular Baptist Church of Jesus Christ at Uniontown, 1770. 

Family tradition says that in 1779 the family took a boat at Fort Pitt and went down the Ohio, landing at Bear Grass, now Louisville, KY.  In 1780, Capt. John Helm, Col. Andrew Hynes, Samuel Haycraft, and several others from VA settled on Severn’s Valley Creek, near where Elizabethtown (Hardin County—then Nelson) now stands.  They erected three forts, about a mile apart, and were the only settlements in the part of the country at that time.  They were joined by Jacob and Lettice, their three sons and seven daughters with their families.  These were:

Eleanor (1742- ) m Jacob Cline (Kline)

Abraham (1744- 1781) m Elizabeth Cline (Jacob’s sister).  He was killed by a poisoned arrow in a raid on the Boone Fort near Shelbyville, KY, 40 miles from his father’s fort.  He was there with a land grant for Revolutionary War service.

Rebecca (1746- ) ml Edward Rawlings, m2 Enoch McKenzie.

Susannah (1750- ) m1 John Garrard, m2 Maurice Brady.  Garrard, a minister, was installed as first pastor of the first Baptist Church in KY, organized in 1781.  In 1782, Garrard was taken prisoner by Indians and never heard from again.

Rachel (1753- ) m Isaac Pritchard

Elizabeth (1756- ) m1 John Swan Jr., m2 Thomas McNeill, and m3 Judge John Vertrees, a widower with 6 children.  Her first husband was drowned going down the Ohio River, along with David Henton, below.

Mary (1757- ) m1 David Henton, m2 William Chenoweth.  Henton was drowned on the Ohio River while on the way to Kentucky.

Isaac (1759- ) m Mrs. Martha – Hoagland.

Margaret (1759- ) m Samuel Haycraft.  Their son of the same name wrote Haycraft’s History of Elizabethtown Ky. in 1869.

Jacob (1762- ) m Elizabeth Roades (Rhoades).  Jacob Jr, was called “Valley Jake” to distinguish him from his father, “Valley Creek Jake”, and his cousin Jacob “Miller Jake” Van Meter, son of Henry Van Meter, who also accompanied the family from the Muddy Creek settlement.

John (1764- ) m Rebecca Stroud.  Don’t know whose daughter this was—maybe Samuel Strode Jr?

Alcindy (Ailsey) (1766- ) m Jacob Rhoades (Elizabeth’s brother).

William  m Pheobe Hart.



Of all the early Shenandoah settlers, the Larue family seems to have had the closest connection to the Thomas Morgan of Berryville, and the Morgans and Constants of Berkeley and Hampshire Counties. 

The genealogy as recounted by different sources is somewhat confused.  According to one,[32] the family was Huguenot:  Francois Leroux came from France or Holland ca 1680 and settled in NY.  His sons were Isaac, Abraham. Reuben and Jacob.  Abraham Larew was mentioned in a conveyance in Kingston in 1689.  He moved to Staten Island where he was elected constable in 1694, and then to Hunterdon Co, NJ where he died in 1712.  A Peter Larew, perhaps the son of Abraham, was born in 1688 in Kingston and died in 1783 in Frederick Co, VA.  He is said to have lived in Bucks County, PA, then moved to Hampshire County where he bought land on the Cacapon.  He was probably the father of Isaac Larue, Sr. who was a large landowner in the area around Arnolds Branch where Thomas Morgan lived.[33]

Isaac Larue of Hopewell, Hunterdon County, NJ bought 860 acres near Berryville, (tract 66 on map 6), very close to Thomas Morgan.[34]  This land had been surveyed for Jost Hite in 1734 and purchased the next year by Nathaniel Dougherty from Baltimore County, MD.  It appears that there was a conveyance from Dougherty to Larue in 1737.  There were also articles of agreement between them in 1743 for the purchase of 250 acres of the patent. The record also shows Daugherty disposing of pieces of the tract to John Lindsey and others in 1748, after he had moved to NC.  In 1751 Isaac Larue bought 276 acres of this land.  Isaac Larew was also one of the executors in 1754 of Bartholomew Anderson who had purchased Thomas Morgan’s land.[35]

Isaac Larue received a Fairfax grant in 1761 (surveyed 1757) for 396 acres adjacent to the 860 acre survey land.  In 1762 he received another Fairfax grant for 343 acres about five miles east of the other tracts.  In 1766, his daughter, Elizabeth Larue received a Fairfax grant for 319 acres, about 1- miles north of Isaac’s original land.  In 1771, Isaac LeRue registered a grant of 21 acres on the south side of Long Marsh adjacent John Lindsey and land of his own.[36] 

Isaac’s known family is as follows:

Isaac Larue m in NJ, Phebe Carman, dau of Rev. James Carmen, Baptist minister with Quaker connections.  Children:

          Jacob LaRue, 1744-1821

          John LaRue, 1746-1792

          Isaac LaRue,

          Elizabeth LaRue, married Peter LaRue

          Mary LaRue, m Carmen, later Harris

          Sarah LaRue, 1755-1825, m Hodgen

          Rebecca LaRue, m Helm

          Samuel LaRue. His dau Phebe m Thomas Neill in Frederick Co, 20 Aug 1795.

          James LaRue, 1762-1809

          Jabez LaRue, 1768-1823

In his 1794 will, Isaac Larue Sr. left lands to his wife Phebe and his sons James and Jabez, and also lands to the children of his daughter Elizabeth Larue: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Lamberd.  They received land in Morgan and Hampshire Counties and well as 300 acre and 2,000 acre tracts in Ohio County, VA.  To Elizabeth’s daughters he left 21,000 acres in Cabell County, VA, along the state line with KY.  This was part of a 28,627-acre tract granted to John Savage in 1754, which was part of a 200,000-acre tract issued by Virginia for service in the French and Indian War.

When Elizabeth Larew had her 319 acres surveyed (1762-65) the chain carriers were Jacob and John Larew. Perhaps they were sons of Elizabeth Larue, and John subsequently died so he was not mentioned in Isaac’s will. These names are also associated with Peter Larue of Hampshire County.  Peter Larue may have been another possible son of Abraham Larew, who lived in Kingston, NY then moved to Staten Island where he was elected constable in 1694.  Peter moved to Bucks County, PA in 1738 where he lived eleven years.  Around 1749 he moved to Hampshire Co, VA, perhaps following one or more sons.  Peter selected a more than one-mile wide parcel of level land in a semi-circular bend of the Cacapon River, building his house near the point of the horseshoe.  There is some evidence that he moved to this spot with Jacob Larue.  It is described as near the junction of the North and Cacapon Rivers, about 4 miles west of Bloomery, WV.[37]

Peter signed his will in Frederick Co, VA July 1778 as Peter Larew; it was probated 21 May 1783.  In it he mentions five children: Jacob, Isaac, Abraham, Elizabeth (m Piercson) and Anna (m Suber).  Son Jacob settled in Hampshire Co and his descendants “drifted along the Ohio River and over into the state of Ohio.”  Isaac’s children settled in KY.

There is a Larue County, KY and a La Rue, Ohio on the Scioto River about 50 miles NW of Columbus.  There is also a Larew, WV, 25 miles SE of Morgantown, 4 miles S of Kingwood on Route 72, about a half mile S of the C & O crossing of the Cheat River. 

Larue County was named after John Larue who went to KY in 1781.  In Nelson County, KY, 3 January 1792, John Larue made his will, probated 8 May 1792.  It mentioned his wife and five unnamed children and listed Isaac Larue, Jr. as one of the executors.  About 1800, in Hardin County, KY (Will Book A, 62-3) Jacob Larue was appointed attorney by his brothers Peter Larue of Hampshire County and James Larue of Frederick County.  It would appear that all of these people were members of the same family.[38]


Recall that Isaac Larue had purchased part of the 860 acre tract near Thomas Morgan. John Lindsay had a power of attorney to dispose of the remainder.  He got George Washington to make a resurvey of the tract.  In 1751 John Lindsay received a Fairfax grant for 660 acres which was modified to 750 acres two months later.  He sold 345 acres of this to Thomas Lindsay, 112 acres to Edmond Lindsay Sr, 22 (or 100?)  to George Johnston, and 276 to Isaac Larew.  John was probably the son of Edmond Lindsay Sr (b 1697) who came to Virginia around 1733.

John Lindsay received a total of 2,419 acres of Fairfax grants, more than any other Lindsay.  They included land adjacent to Isaac Pennington (lot 119A on Map 6; Pennington had lots 119 and 67) and John Vanmeter, plus 195 acres on the Cacapon River (1760) and 264 acres on the Little Cacapon (1760)[39]  In the section on John Constant’s neighbors, we shall see that Tobias Mattox died and left 192 acres on the Cacapon to his son and widow.  The widow was called Elizabeth Lindsay and she tried to sell the land to Isaac Larue.  All this seems to make another connection between the Larue who was Thomas Morgan’s Arnolds Branch neighbor, and the Larues who were intimately associated with the Constants and Morgans on the Great Cacapon River.

Edmund, John, and Thomas Lindsay all had land along the Little Ca Capehon, which is the next river west of the Great Cacapon.  In 1763 John Lindsey (wife Alice) sold his 195 a. on Great Ca Capehon to Brian Bruin.  I don’t know how far these sites on the Little Cacapon might be from John Constant’s property on the Great Cacapon.  Thomas Lindsay willed this land to his son James Lindsay, born ca 1732.  In 1770, James testified in the Hite/Fairfax trial to having been in company with Thomas Morgan around 1749-50 when Morgan talked about his sale of the Arnolds Branch land.  Since James would have only been about 18 at that time, it might be assumed that the families were close.



John Smith (c1680- <1738) and his wife, Jane, owned large acreage in Cecil County, MD beginning in 1711.  After selling their land in Maryland, they moved to Opequon Creek where they had 420 acres surveyed in 1734.  This land straddled the Great Philadelphia Road (near Middleway, which is about 10 miles below Shepherdstown and the survey showed a small grist mill, suggesting that they had lived there for some time.  Smith was a Quaker, an active member of the Hopewell Meeting, and was also a Justice of the Colony of Virginia for the area west of the Blue Ridge.  His sons included Rees, John, and William Smith.

John Smith, Jr. (c1716-c1796 moved in 1739 from Opequon Creek to The Bullskin (now Summit Point, about 3 miles SE of Middleway) where he had an ordinary by May 1743.  In his will, written in 1788, he named sons, John Smith Jr, William Smith, Rees Smith, Moses Smith and daughter Phebe Fry.  Most of his land activities seem to have been around the Opequon, however, so the land on Sleepy Creek may have belonged to, or been occupied by, his sons.[40]

In 1741 John Smith was witness to the obligation of Thomas Morgan of Berryville to Jost Hite.

In 1768-69, William Smith had surveyed 127 a. on Stony Lick Run of Sleepy Creek. & Wolf Hill, adj. Pierce Butler.

In 1773-75, John Smith had surveyed 212 a. at mouth of Lt. Sleepy Creek where Sir John’s Road crosses, next the Warm Springs; adj. Jerome Williams, Thos Morgan, Christian Houzer, Crisman.  Jerome Williams and John Grier were chain carriers.[41]  I do not understand where Sir John’s Road was.  O’Dell refers to it in several places and mentions that in 1832, Josiah Hedges and his wife Catherine (daughter of Morgan Morgan II) offered lots for sale at the intersection of Sir John’s Road with the Warm Springs Road, Hedgesville.  Hedgesville is perhaps 10 miles east of the place where the Warm Springs Road crossed Sleepy Creek.  Perhaps the town was named only in a general sense, or perhaps Thomas Morgan had additional land farther east.

Smiths continue in the Great Cacapon area of Hampshire County.  We find that Charles Smith (wife Rebecca) sold 57 a. in 1762 to Bryan Bruin, 180 a. in 1770 to William Bills, and 252 a. in 1771 to Robert Rutherford.  Thomas Swearingen was one of the witnesses to the latter.  In 1798, James Smith (wife Rachel) sold 238 a.[42]   A Charles Smith was one of the men listed in the Hite/Fairfax suit, bought a lot in Winchester in 1759, and owned a 482 a. tract athwart the wagon road from Winchester to Fort Cumberland which was surveyed in 1763.[43]

Smith is such a common name that we cannot be sure whom we are talking about.  The Hampshire County 1784 tax list shows three John Smiths, though they are probably all related, e.g. father and son and cousin. 



John Hood (said to be from Ulster County, NY) had 1,175 acres of land surveyed in 1734 on the Potomac River at Little Georgetown about four miles NE of Hedgesville.  He died by 1742, leaving a widow Rachel and son Tunis Hood. According to the Hood genealogy[44]  Lucas Hood (1708-1771) was baptized (Luykas Hoed) in NYC, and settled in Readington, Somerset County, NJ where he married Johannah Van Stockholm and had at least his first two children.  He probably moved to the Shenandoah Valley after 1745, following the death in 1742 of his older brother, John.  They seem to have become Quakers.  He is believed to have first settled near his brother’s home place on Back Creek in Berkeley County or near Shepherdstown. Lucas Hood Sr. (assignee of Thomas Swearingen in 1765 who was assignee of Lucas Hood Jr. in 1762) received a Fairfax grant for 133 a. on Sleepy Creek 26 Aug 1765.[45]  He must have settled here much earlier, however. On 20 July 1772, his son, John Hood of Berkeley County purchased from William Smith of Mecklenburg Co, North Carolina, 248 acres at the end of Sleepy Creek Mountain “including his own where he liveth adj. Lucas Hood.”  This land was surveyed in 1755 with Lucas Hood Sr. and Jr. as chain carriers.  John Hood received a Fairfax grant for this tract on Warm Springs Road on 8 Oct 1773 and sold the tract to Stephen Barnes in 1782.  At some point prior to 1772, Lucas Hood sold land here to John Grier.[46]

The children of Lucas and Johannah Hood were:

1.     Aaron Hood, 1742-, moved to Wilkes Co, NC.  His children moved to TN.

2.     John Hood, 1745- , was in Berkeley County till 1803, then probably moved to eastern KY where the name appears in Montgomery and Bath Counties.

3.     Andrew Hood, to be discussed further below.

4.     Lucas Hood, c1750-c1825.  Served in Revolution and believed to have settled in Montgomery Co, KY.

5.     Thomas Hood.  Believed to have moved to PA.

         Daughters:  Catherine, m – Smith; Leora or Lena, m –Francis; Margaret and Hannah, both unmarried in 1771.

According to Harv Morgan, John Constant married Sarah Hood around 1745[47].  According to Clinkenbeard, Major Hood and Constant both married sisters back in “Capon”, (daughters of Rev. Shadrach Willis of Staunton.  That would be Constant’s second marriage).  

Now let’s follow Andrew (Major) Hood.  In 1769 he married Massa Sudduth (b 1748 in  Frederick County).  They lived for a time in Shepherdstown.  They moved in 1774 to Pennsylvania.  He served in the Revolution as a private under George Rogers Clark.  Around 1784 he moved to KY (perhaps to take up bounty land for his war service) and established Hood’s Station, near Strode’s Station, north of Winchester, KY.  He was listed there in 1787 in the tax list of what was then Bourbon County, which became Clark Co. in 1792.  In 1794 he had 150 acres of land in Clark Co and 1000 in Mason County.  In 1795 he paid taxes on 250 acres at Hood’s Creek, and in 1796 he transferred it to Ralph Morgan.  It appears that he had moved his residence to Mason County around 1792, at least before 1796 when there are references to a road passing by “Major Hood’s old place.”  He died about 1805 in Greenup County (formed from Mason in 1803) about half a mile above Little Sandy.  It had been used as a meeting place for the first courts.  Daniel Boone’s brother Jesse lived just above him.  Children:

1.     John Hood, b 1769 in Shepherdstown, m Dec 29, 1794 in Clark Co, KY Margaret Sudduth (1769-1835, dau. Of Ann Sudduth).  He d 1853 in Sangamon County, IL to which they moved from KY in 1829.  Both are buried in Constant Cemetery, Buffalo Hart, Sangamon County.  John Hood was listed as a taxpayer in Clark County from 1793 through 1809.

2.     Lucas Hood III, more commonly known as Luke Hood, b 1770 in Berkeley Co, VA, d 1843 in Clark Co, KY, m Frances Wills.  Both are buried in the old Hood burying ground, 5-6 miles east of Winchester, KY.  Luke Hood appears to have been a restless, adventurous man, more interested in fighting Indians than acquiring large tracts of land and tilling the soil.  He was a member of the KY militia in Gen. Harmer’s ill-fated expedition to Ohio in 1790.  Three years later he was a spy in Gen. Wayne’s Indian campaigns and participated in the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794.  Luke’s land was on Stoner Creek which ended up in Montgomery County when it was cut off from Clark in 1796.

3.     Other children:  Lewis Hood, 1773- ;  Sybbee Hood, 1779- ; Thomas Hood, 1782-c1825; Andrew Hood Jr, 1784->1884;  Rachel Hood, 1786- , m 1810 Joseph Howe;  Henry Hood, 1788- , m 1811 Margaret Cain;  Elizabeth Hood, 1790-c1825, m 1811 Solomon Brown;  Margaret Hood, 1792- , m 1818 Cary Clark;  Martha Hood, 1794- , m. James Howe; Catherine Hood, 1796- , m 1826 Solomon Brown, her sister’s widower.


This is a good place to summarize William Sudduth’s account.[48]  He was born in Fauquier Co, Va 1765, son of John and Anne Sudduth.  (So Margaret Sudduth, who m John Hood was probably a sister.  But who was Massa Sudduth who m Andrew Hood?)  In 1783 he started to KY with Charles Morgan (was this the son of Morgan Morgan and Catherine Garretson?), Thomas Brown and their families.  They went overland to Redstone Creek, then the families descended the Monongahela and the Ohio, while Sudduth and Brown and some others took the horses and went overland.  Charles Morgan settled his family at David McGee's Station (Clark Co); Sudduth stayed with him three weeks then moved in December 1783 to Strodes Station.  In March 1784 he made a  number of surveys with Ralph Morgan (son of William Morgan and grandson of Richard Morgan).  In June 1784, he started for home, overland to Maysville, by large canoe up the river to Wheeling, then overland to home.  In November 1784, he started back to KY with his father and his father’s large family, arriving five months later at Strodes Station, then going on to Hoods Station. 

In August 1786 Sudduth and Maj. Hood were drafted to go on a campaign under Gen. Clarke.  They were the frontier fort and only five men strong, so refused to go.  Later he went as a volunteer under Col. Benjamin Logan with about 350 men to the Shawnee towns along the Miamis (i.e., near Xenia, OH). 

In March 1786 he surveyed Licking bottoms from Slate to Saltlick.  Shortly after returning, the Indians came to Hoods Station and killed his brother, Ezekiel Sudduth.  Hoods Station then broke up; Sudduth’s father moved into the interior.  Maj. Hood removed his family, later collected some other families and moved back to live at the Station.  In September, Sudduth made a number of surveys; John Wade (from the Monongahela area where he had been a neighbor of the Popenos) was with him.  In March 1788, he again went hunting with Wade.


On returning, the Indian situation was so bad that he moved his family to the interior, near McGee's Station, rented ground and raised crops in 1788-89.  In November 1789 he moved back to Hoods Station.  By this time, Ralph Morgan’s Station and John Baker’s Station were settled. 

In 1791 the Indians were very troublesome.  In March, Sudduth went to Mason County to make surveys; while he was gone, John Wade was killed on the Licking.  In June Sudduth was appointed Captain and raised a company to go against the Indians on the Miami.

In March 1792, he built a cabin about two miles east of Hoods Station and moved his family there. In Spring, 1793, the Indians stole many horses and took Ralph Morgan’s station, killing one or two men and taking several prisoners.  John Morgan and Harry Martin (who later moved out to the Miamies) lived in the neighborhood.  The Indians frequently came among them in a friendly manner, and one chief told them about stealing a stud horse nearby.

In 1794 there was a call for volunteers to join the army under General Wayne.  Joshua Baker was appointed Captain and Sudduth lieutenant of a company of spies.  Sudduth then recruited the greater part of the company.  They proceeded on to Cincinnati where they came under the command of Generals Scott and Todd.  In his account, Sudduth gave many details of the Battle of Fallen Timbers.  At one point, Lucas Hood and Harry Martin were on either side of him in battle.  The muster roll also shows John and William Morgan in the company.[49]

Later Sudduth was one of the members of the convention that framed the constitution of Kentucky, was Sheriff and for many years Justice of the Peace and Surveyor in Clarke County and became a colonel commanding a militia regiment.



In 1719 John Sargent purchased land in Cecil County, MD from Abraham Pennington.  He died in Orange County, VA in 1738/9 and the inventory mentioned James, probably a young son, and Mary, probably his wife.  James Sargent was one of the 54 people sued by Rev. Williams (see below) in 1738.  William Sargent was originally listed as having James Wood survey 450 acres on Arnold’s Branch, located about one mile east of Isaac Pennington’s patent (Tract 119, Map 6).  This sounds like the same land bought by Thomas Morgan.  If not the same, it was very close.  So we see here an apparent connection between Sargent and Morgan and Pennington.[50]

In 1771, John Sargent, of full age, said he was present when John Constant purchased of his brother William Constant a 200 acre tract on the S side of the Cacapehon.  The land had been surveyed in 1754/55 for a sale by John Constant, therefore the purchase from William would have had to be before that.  We know that Constant was in the area as early as 1750.  Is there any connection between John Sargent’s friendship with John Constant ca 1750/54 and William Sargent’s connection with Thomas Morgan prior to 1741?

Note also that John Constant’s daughter Sarah married Randall Largent in KY.  The Largents were located on the Great Cacapon; there is a town named for them.  In his will, Constant mentions Sarah Sargent, not Largent.  Is this just an error in reading it for transcription?  In their index, Sage and Jones say “Largent (Sargent)” and “Sargent (see Largent)”  Were these names more or less interchangeable?


John Neill and his brother Lewis Neill were in Virginia as early as 1735 when a tract was surveyed for them along the east side of Opequon Creek at what is now Route 7, a little bit west of the Berryville land later occupied by Thomas Morgan.  The brothers became very big landowners, owning or controlling about 5,800 acres in present-day Clark County.  Neill descendants owned land two miles east of Berryville, very close to Morgan.

John Neill died in 1750, willing 400 acres each to his sons Lewis and William.  To his unborn child, named John, John willed 200 acres on the Cacapon River.  William Neill also owned 232 acres on the Great Cacapon in 1766.  William Neill was deceased by December, 1773.[51]

Now to Sleepy Creek.  A 1772-76 survey for Matthias Swaim showed his land to adjoin land of Thomas Morgan and Wm Neil.[52]  And then in 1781, John Morgan sold 71 a. of his father’s land, adj. Neil’s own 135 acre patent.[53]  If the first William had, in fact, died by 1773, this may have been his son.  The Hampshire Co. tax census for 1782 shows Jacob Neal, 8 persons, gone in 1784; Thomas Neale, not in ‘82 but 4 persons in ’84; William Neale, 4 persons, gone in ’84; and John Neil, 7 persons; 8 in ’84.  There are also a couple of O’Neals, perhaps another family.  William Neill appears again in 1791 as witness to a deed on North River.[54]  The North River joins the Cacapon at the Forks of the Cacapon, hence this land could be fairly close to John Constant’s.



There are two sets of Williams among the early settlers.  John and Mary Williams, from the Monocacy in Frederick County, MD had 131 acres surveyed at the mouth of Opequon Creek in 1734.  Two years later a survey of the Potomac River showed Joseph Williams’ house and John Williams’ ferry.  By 1755 this Williams’ Ferry was the crossing of the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road.  There was also a Providence Williams, brother of Joseph.[55]

The other Williams family begins with the Rev. William Williams who, in 1737, petitioned to the Justices of the Court to set up a Presbyterian meeting house.  Among those signing his petition were John and Tunis Hood.  By 1738 he had built a house on the east side of Opequon Creek (about 1 miles east of the Martinsburg airport).  Rev. Williams engaged in a considerable number of legal actions against his neighbors regarding land claims and, in 1738, against a large list of persons who allegedly signed a scandalous paper reflecting on him.  The defendants included:  Paul Williams Sr. and Jr., Jeremy Williams, Rees Smith, William Smith and John Smith Sr. and Jr., and Tunis Hood.  The Reverend had moved to Frederick County, MD by 1759 when he wrote his will, leaving his estate to the heirs of his daughters.  One of these, William Williams Chapline, appointed Jeremiah/Jerome Williams and John Smith of Frederick County, VA his attorneys for a partition of the estate.[56]  Since Jeremy Williams was a defendant in the 1738 suit, one may wonder if he was a close relative.  In any event, a Jeremy Williams, along with John Smith, became close neighbors of Thomas Morgan at Sleepy Creek, as will be detailed in the next section.



Family tradition says that John Vance and his wife of Coagh, Ireland, had four sons and daughters to come to America and to settle first in Chester County, PA.  Accompanying them were the Hogues  (Hoge, Hogg), Colvilles and Glasses.  As has been said of other Scotch/Irish, they settled on land that was unoccupied but not legally theirs.  The Quaker owners returned and had to sue to get their land back, but won the suit, forcing the Vances and others to move on.  They decided to accept Jost Hite’s invitation to the Shenandoah Valley and moved there in 1731/32.

James and David Vance settled near Opequon Creek and helped William Hoge form the Opequon Congregation in 1738, the first one in the Valley.  Andrew and James moved farther south about 9-10 miles and settled near the Zane Iron Works. Andrew married Jane Hoge and they had two sons, Samuel and John.[57]


II.  Sleepy Creek

Morgan’s Land:  

Thomas Morgan, 3 Jan 1763 - 26 Apr 1763; 191 a. on Sleepy Crk. (House drawn on plat.) & the Warm Spring Road; adj. His own land, Robt. Rose.  CC - Wm & Thos Jackson.  Markers: Thos Morgan & son.  Surv. Thomas Rutherford.[58]  (The deed is dated 28 August 1766 - Virginia Land Office, Northern Neck Land Grants, Book N)

John Grier, assignee of Thomas Morgan of Frederick for whom survd; no wart, date from surv. 24 Jan 1769-6 May 1769; 187 a. - a tract to be divided into 2 parts, one in Morgan’s own right for 71 a. & the remainder in name of John Grier; adj. Morgan’s own, Joshiah Hulls, Morgan.  CC Jno Swain & Jno Grier. Pilot - Josiah Hulls. Surv. Richard Rigg.[59]

William Neil, assignee (in 1781) of John (X) Morgan, heir at law of Thomas Morgan of Frederick; 24 Jan. 1769-6 May 1769; 71 a. on Slepy Crk, Warm Springs Road; adj. His own 135 a. plat, John Grier, Thos Morgan.  CC John Swain & Jno Grier.  Pilot - Josiah Hulse.  Surv. Richard Rigg.       9 Feb 1781 - Before David Mitchell, JP – John Constant & William Jackson made oath John Morgan is heir at Law of Thos Morgan, decd.  Also Joanna Morgan, widow of Thomas & mother of John, requests deed in son’s name.  She relinquishes her right of dower.[60]

          Note:  Apparently Morgan already had land at Sleepy Creek before he got the 191 acres.  The second transaction concerned 187 a. and the third one a part of that.  So the 187 a. may be Morgan’s original land and the 191 a. is left unaccounted for in 1781. It may have gone to some of John’s brothers who don’t show up until later along the Cacapon.

          Thomas Morgan was chain carrier for Thomas Cusick, 27 April 1762 -10 Aug 1767, 306 acres on drains of Opeckon.[61]  Also cc: Isaac Evans and Jas. Strode. (O’Dell believes Isaac Evans JR. was married to Jeremiah Strode’s dau. Mary.)  Was this Arnolds Branch Thomas still around in 1762, or Sleepy Creek Thomas helping out back in the Shenandoah Valley, or the same man?


Sleepy Creek Neighbors:

Isaac Larew, assignee of Richard Powell; no warrant or survey; Bond 1762 - 100 acres on Sleepy Crk.  Witnesses: Valintine Dakins (?) and Jacob Larew.[62]

Matthias Swaim, Sr, 17 June 1772 - 29 Oct 1776; 346 a. on drs. Of Sleepy Crk, road from Rawlings to warm springs, br. of Morgan’s Run; adj. Thos Morgan, John Gareer, John Coulther, Wm Neil, Matthias Swaim, Jr.  CC - Capt. Uther Spoar & Edwd Smoot.  Surv. Richard Rigg.

James Edmondson of Essex Co, assignee (in 1776) of Matthias Swaim, Junr; 17 June 1772 - 19 Sept 1776; 449 a. near head of Morgan’s Run br. Of Sleepy Creek, road leading from Rawling’s Ford to warm-springs; adj. His (Swaim’s) own land, John Thornton, Abraham Davenport, George Brent, John Colther, William Withers, John Moody.  CC - Capt. Uther Spoar & Edwd. Smoot.  Surv. Richard Rigg.[63]

Edmund Cullin of Frederick; 19 Feb 1770-28 May 1772; 220 a. on drs. Of Sleepy Crk; adj. Mathias Swim/Swaim, Jnr, Andrew Paul, Theodrus Spoar’s 315 a. surv. Jno Moody, Jerome William’s 412 a. surv. Thomas Fields.  CC - John Swaim & Matthias Swaim, Jrs. Surv. Richard Rigg.[64]

Allan McDonald, 27 Aug. 1772 -21 May 1774; 183 a on road from Mecklenburg to the Warm Springs near the Nine Miles House; adj. Thos Swearingen’s 330 a. surv, Gaspard Bonnet’s 365 a. surv, Wm Smith, Thompson, Thomas Harminson, Jno Grier (bought of Lucus Hood).  CC - Matthias Swaim & Theodorus Span [Spar] .  Surv. Richard Rigg.[65]

John Smith, 25 Nov 1773 - 17 Apr 1775; 212 a. at mouth of Lt. Sleepy Crk where Sir John’s road crosses, next the Warm Springs, adj. Jerome Williams, Thos Morgan, Christian Houzer, Crisman.  CC - Jerome Williams & John Grier.[66]

Jerome Williams, 10 June 1766 - 13 Nov. 1766; 412 a. on Sleepy Crk; adj. his own bought of Rawlings, Thos Fields.  CC - Fredk Lam and Thos Morgan.  Marker - Lazalyear Swaim. Surveyor. Richard Rigg.[67]     

Peter Overley, assignee (in 1780) of Philip Chrisman for whom surveyed; 10 June 1772 - 25 July 1772; 58 a. on Sleepy Creek & road from Rawlings to Warm Springs; adj. his own 208 a. pat., Josiah Hulze, Thos Morgan & wart. Also says Gaspard Boner.  CC - Stephen Lauzer & Jacob Crisman.  Surv. Richard Rigg.  Phillip Gristesman.


Guy Broadwater Surveys.  There is a collection of surveys at the Virginia State Library made by Broadwater in 1749 of areas identified as New Creek, Sleepy Creek and Warm Springs.[68]  Lotts Upon Sleepy Creek:

4.     Survey obtained by Robart Rose; 135 a; adj. Nicholis Cabbin & 16 poles from S Crk.  CC - Thos Jones & Samuel Cornett.  Grant obtained by William Jackson, Grant Book N: 85.

7.  Survey obtained by Samuel Swanson; 159 a; W. side of SCrk & mouth of Lick Run.  CC - Thomas Jones and Samuel Cornett.  Grant obtained by Matthias Swim N:143.  Assigned to Elias Garrard and by him to Mattias Swame/Swim.

9.  Survey obtained by William Castle; 200 a. near Gold(ing) Spring.  CC - Thomas Jones & Samuel Cornett.  (Grant obtained by Matthias Swame - O:336)  In a second version of this record the survey is in the name of Elias Garriot.  From a marginal note - Elias Gerrard now present desires deed issue to Mathias Swame.



It can be seen that several of Morgan’s neighbors—Larue, Swearingen, Williams, Neill, Hood, Smith—were among, or descendants of, the original Shenandoah pioneers.  It is reasonable to believe that Thomas Morgan was also. The Larews and Swaims, along with William Neil and William Jackson continue on in the Cacapon River area of Hampshire County, suggesting that they may be related to the Morgans and/or the Constants.  I will discuss them in the next section.

The other person of interest is John Grier who obtained 116 acres of Thomas Morgan’s 187 acres when he divided it in 1769.  He also bought land from Lucas Hood.  We only have records of Morgan’s sons; he must have had daughters as well.  Could Thomas Morgan’s daughter have married John Grier?


III. The Great Cacapon River, Hampshire County.

John Constant

1754:  William Constant of Frederick Co. to his brother, John Constant, 200 a. on south side of Cacapehon.  Surveyed for Thomas Edes, 10 Feb. 1754 - 6 June 1755; CC John Constant & Jno Lonem, Pilot - Thomas Edes, Surv. John Mauzy.   16 Oct. 1771 - Deposition of John (x) Sargent, of full age, sd. he was present when John Constant purchd. Of his brother Wm Constant this tract when Wm recd. A mare & colt, part of the price, & Wm sd his brother had fully satisfied him for the land.  Sometime after the purchase John sold to Thomas Edes, who was to pay in Horses & Mares which were described at the time of the agreement “after which the wr breaking out and the inhabitants being Drove Off nothing was Done” as this Deponent Often heard John Constant Complain that he had not recd any part of the Consideration from Eakes & which this deponent has reason to believe - two of the mares John Constant was to have in Part Pay for land were afterwards sold by Peter Baccus who admd the estate of Thomas Edes.  18 Oct 1771 - It appearing to His Lordship that Wm Constant sold to John Constant who sold to Thos Edes who with his family were since taken by the Indians & Edes never pd Constant who declares that Edes & his wife are dead, His Lordship orders Deed issue to John Constant.[69]

1761:  John Constant, no wart. Survd. 31 Mar. 1761; 50 a. on N side of Cacapehon R, opposite & below the widow Mattox.  CC - Isaac Lerue & James Peters.  Surv. John Mauzy.[70]  Note:  I think Mattox is the same as Matlock.  If so, Thomas Matlock, below, would probably be the widow’s son.

1770:  Thomas Matlock (wife Rebecca) to John Constant, 100 a. on Great Cacapeon, Rec. 5-14-71.  Witnesses: J. Watson, Charles Craycraft, Wm. Demsoe, John Morgan.  Note: Matlock transferred 92 a. to William Jackson on same day, same witnesses.  I believe Wm. Demsoe should be Demoss.[71]

1773:  John Constant to Wm Jackson, 60 a. on Great Cacapeon, rec’d 8-10-1773.  No witnesses.[72]

1782:  John Constant to Isaac Dawson, 200 a. Hampshire Co, rec. 8-13-1782.  Witnesses: John Swain, William Jackson, John Morgain.[73]

1789:  John Constant (wife Elizabeth) to Jeremiah Thompson, 100 a. on Great Cacapeon, rec. 2-11-1790.  Witnesses: Daniel Newcomb, William Jackson, James Keele.[74]

1790:  John Constant to William Newcomb [son-in-law], 84 a. on Great Cacapeon, rec. 2-11-1790.  Witnesses:  Daniel Newcomb, William Jackson, George Keele.[75]

1792:  William Newcomb (wife Jean) to John Constant, 84 a. in Hampshire Co, rec. 8-29-1792.  Witnesses:  Wm. Jackson, John Ewain, Jeremiah Thompson.[76]

John Constant was the son of John and Susannah Constant who lived in St. George Parish, Baltimore Co, MD as early as 1722.[77]  John Constant was listed in the Frederick County Fee Book in 1744.  He was a marker for George Washington on some of his early surveys for Lord Fairfax in western Virginia and served under him in the Virginia Militia in 1756.  According to Gerald E. Collins, John Constant Sr. married about 1748 to Sarah --- who died about 1773.  Their children were:

          John Constant Jr (Capt) (c1750-1788) m Abigail Dean

          Martha Constant (c1752->1804) m c1768 John Morgan

          Mary Constant (c1753- ) m Thomas Alexander Kelly

          Isaac Constant (c1755 - ) m Lydia Mooney

          Jane Constant (c1759 - 1829) m 12 Jan 1790 Thomas William Newcomb in  Berkeley Co.

          William Constant (c1761 - 1788) m 1787 Darcus Weaver

          Jacob Constant (c1765 - 1828) m Eleanor Clinkenbeard.

          Ruth Constant (1770-1845) m 1790 John Strode Jr in Bourbon Co, KY.

          Sarah Constant (c177?-1831) m 1796 Randall S Largent in Mason Co, KY

John Constant m2 in Staunton, VA, Elizabeth Willis, dau of Shadrach Willis. Children:

          Hester Constant (c1747-1824).  Died in Fleming Co, KY

          John Constant (c1789-1822) m 1810 Sarah Elizabeth Holland, Fleming Co, KY.

John Constant died in December 1810 in Fleming Co, KY.  None of the above show links to neighbors except Jane’s marriage to Thomas Newcomb.  Larue, Neil, and Jackson in particular seem probable relatives.  Constant’s first wife Sarah might come from one of those families.



The sons of Thomas Morgan were discussed on page 4. All seem to have lived on or around the Cacapon River.  All were married but the family names are unknown, except for John’s wife, Martha Constant.  Also we know nothing about probable daughters of Thomas Morgan.  Thomas Morgan Jr. was witness to will of Jacob Larue and witness to a land transfer of John Larue to William Jackson.  This suggests that Thomas Jr’s wife, Nancy, might have been a daughter of Jacob Larue.



Joseph Craycroft had surveyed 340 a. on Great Cacapehon on Cronoloway Hill, 1762-65.  William Craycroft had surveyed 135 a. on Gt Cacapehon, 1764-65.[78]   Warrant to Joseph Craycraft Sr 1768 for 215 a. on Gt. Cacapehon, but not executed adj. Joseph Craycraft Sr and Abraham Lerue.   Surveyed 3 Oct 1777 - 29 Apr 1779 , forfeited to William Bailey by Joseph Craycraft Sr.  CC - John Morgan and Thomas Conway.  Assigned to David Nidy in 1780.[79]

In 1766, William Bowel gave 91 a. on Great Cape Cepon to his son-in-law William Crecraft and wife Sarah; and land on same to his son-in-law Joseph Crecraft and wife Margaret.[80]  In 1773, William Cracraft of Westmoreland Co, PA sold 38 a. on Gt. Cacapeon to John Keith of Hampshire Co.  Witnesses: Joseph Craycraft, Thomas and Bazel Bowel.[81] 

In 1793, Joseph Crecraft and wife Eunice sold 376 a. on Gt. Cacapeon to Henry Burris, and 340 a. to Thomas Williams.



Lewis Demoss was first mentioned in 1735 with land near Bunker Hill, a little east of Morgan Morgan’s place.  He wrote his will in 1743, leaving 660 acres of land there that he had purchased from Alexander Ross, along with many other parcels of land in the county.  His heirs were his wife Catherine, sons Lewis, John, Peter, Thomas, James, Charles and William; and daughter Catherine, m to James Crabtree. Lewis Jr. was baptized in 1715 in Baltimore County, MD and in 1743 he married Margaret Ramsey in Baltimore County.  William, baptized 1716, received three Fairfax grants for 492 acres located on Cacapon River.[82]

1754:  William Demoss (wife Rachel) for whom surveyed, assignee of William Winn, warrantee; 10 Oct 1754 - 6 June 1755; 99 a on NW side Cacapehon R, being land he bought of Winn.

1761:  William Demoss, no warrant, survd 1 Apr 176l, 73 a. on SE side  Cacapehon, adj his other land, Randall Ramsay.  CC - Israel Larue and James Peters.[83]

William Demoss made a deposition in 1762 regarding Thomas Maddox, and was a witness to Thomas Matlock’s sale of 100 a. to John Constant in 1770. 

All in all, William sold lands, mostly around the Forks of Capon, in 1777, 1782, 1783, 1790, 1794 and 1795.  William’s sister, Christian Demoss also lived on 126 a. on the Gt. Cacapehon.  Jeremiah York sold the land to Lewis Demoss, father to Christian, who died before he had entered it and after his death John Ramsey came & lived with the widow Demoss and entered it in his own name and sold his right and the widow sold her 1/3 to Samuel Pritchard.[84]

The 1782 tax list for Hampshire County showed John, Mary, Thomas, and William Demoss.  In the 1784 list, only Thomas remained.  In 1794, John Demoss (wife Martha) sold land on the river to Levi Matthew and Elisha Cowgill.  William Demoss (wife Rachel) sold his land along the river as follows:  1777: 120 a. to Jonah Leaman and 99 a. to Cornelius Hass; 1782: 100 a, to Levi Matthews (witnesses; John Swain, William Jackson, John Morgan); 1782: 99 more acres to Cornelius Hass; 1790: 58 a to Peter Larue; 1794: 121 a. to John Vanmeter, Sr.; and 1795: 176 a. to John Copsey.


Maddox (Lindsay)

Thomas Maddox, heir at law of Tobias Maddox; no wart. Survd. 24 Nov 1753 for Elizabeth Maddox; 192 a. where she (Elizabeth) lives on S side of Gt. Cacapehon.  CC - Jno Constant & Jno Honem.  Surv. John Mauzy.

11 Aug 1762 - Wm (x) Demoss swore Tobias Mattox was a neighbor to him & intended his son to have this place called Larrabee Bottom & he went on a journey to Maryland where he died.  13 Aug 1762 - Elizabeth had sold to Isaac Larue by John Constant’s deposition.  William Robinson, guardian of Thomas Mattox, entered caveat 21 Mar 1763 on behalf of Thomas, an infant.  28 Mar. 1763 - Henry Switzer made oath he read summons to Wm. Robinson.  N.d. - It appears to his Lordship that Tobias Maddox lived on this land but neglected to Enter or survey it & after his death it was survd. For his widow Elizabeth.  She had no right to sell more than her 1/3 and the heir of Tobias has a right to the remainder.  Deed to issue to Tobias Maddox reserving a third to Elizabeth Lindsay during her life.[85]  Note:  elsewhere it was noted that in 1762 the property the widow Maddox sold to Isaac Larue was adj. to land of Jacob Lerue; and in 1775, Thomas Mattocks’ property was adjacent that of William Jackson.

In 1770, Thomas Matlock (wife Rebecca) sold 100 acres to John Constant (witnesses: J Watson, Charles Crocraft, John Morgan, William Demose; and 92 acres to William Jackson, same witnesses.  Recorded 5-14-1771.[86]  This seems to dispose of the 192 acres he inherited from his father, but he must have had other land since in 1775 William Jackson’s land was described as adjacent to his.



Of all the neighbors, William Jackson seems to have the closest and most frequent connections to the Morgans and Constants.

1749:  In Sleepy Creek we have William Jackson obtaining a grant (grant book N: 85) for 135 acres 16 poles from Sleepy Creek, adj. Nicholis Cabbin.  The survey was made in 1749.[87]

1759:  As previously reported, William Jackson and Thomas Morgan were paid off as members of an Alexandria, VA militia company.

1763:  Thomas Morgan and Wm Jackson, markers for Joseph Vulgamore, Sr., assignee of Wm Jackson, 3 Jan 1763 - 25 April 1763, 188 a. on Sleepy Creek, Mountain Run, Warm Springs Road (a mill drawn on the plat) adj. Robt Rose.[88]

In Hampshire County we have:

1770:  Thomas Matlock sells 100 a. on Gt. Cacapeon to John Constant and 92 acres to William Jackson.  Same witnesses to both, including John Morgan.  Rec. 5-14-1771.[89]

1771:  William Jackson and John Constant are chain carriers in survey for John Morgan in survey of 308 a. on Wiggens and Bennets Runs at foot of Sidling Hill.[90]

1773:  John Constant transfers 50 acres on Gt. Cacapeon to William Jackson[91].

1775:  Jackson has 394 a. on Gt. Cacapehon surveyed, adj. Thomas Mattocks.[92]

1778:  William Jackson and Jabez  Osmun are securities for a will of William McCracken, made 8-4-1778; proved 5-1-1782.  McCracken had land along the Potomac.[93]

1779:  William Jackson buys 137 a. on Cacapeon River from John Larew.  Witnesses: Thomas Bowel, John Constant, George Tarvin, Thomas Morgan, John Constant.[94]

1780:  William Jackson (wife Elizabeth) sells 50 acres on Cacapeon River to John Swim (Swaim).[95]

1782:  Witness, along with John Swain and John Morgain to John Constant’s sale of 200 a. in Hampshire Co to Isaac Dawson.[96]   Witness, with same witnesses, same day of William Demose’s sale of 100 a. on Cacapeon R. to Levi Matthews.  (Both recorded 8-13-1782).[97]

1784:  Hampshire County Tax List: 8 in household, 1 house, two other buildings.  Only other Jackson listed is Thomas.  Neither was listed in 1782.[98]

1785:  Witness, with John Swaim and James Stuart to John Morgan’s sale of 100 acres on Big Cacapeon to his brother, Jonathan Morgan.  Also executor of will of Jacob Locks, no wife, 5 children: Abraham, Thomas and three daughters unnamed.  Security given by John Morgan and Joseph Johnson. Witnesses: John Swan, John Constant, Richard Hoff.  Will written 4-3-1785, proved 5-8-1785.[99]  (Lock had bought 72 a on Cacapon from Jacob Larue in 1773.)

1785:  March 26, Marriage bonds, Augusta Co, William Jackson and Margaret Boyles; surety Benjamin Yardley.[100]

1789:  Witness, with Daniel Newcomb and James Keele, to John Constant’s sale of 100 a. on Gt. Cacapeon to Jeremiah Thompson.[101]

1790:   Witness, with same, to John Constant’s sale of 84 a. on Gt. Cacapeon to William Newcomb.[102]

1792:  Witness, with John Ewain and Jeremiah Thompson of William Newcomb’s sale back to John Constant of 84 a in Hampshire Co.[103] Also that year, William Jackson had 200 a. on Capon (meaning Cacapon) taken up by the State for nonpayment of taxes.[104]

1797:  William Jackson sells 342 a. on Great Cacapeon to Moses Dimmitt and on the same day, 92 a. and 394 a. to Peter Bruner.[105]

1800:  Witness to sale by Jeremiah Thompson of land (details not given) to Henry Bruner.[106]



The Swaim (Swim) family is another one that seems to be closely associated with Thomas Morgan in the Sleepy Creek area of Berkeley County; then in the Hampshire County area around the Cacapon River. 

William Swaim, his wife, Mary Larzelere Swaim, and family left Staten Island in 1724 and apparently ended up in the Shenandoah Valley though there is no record of his owning land there.[107]    His sons were Matthias, John and Michael.  The first land record of the family is 4 April 1750, when William’s son, John Swaim had surveyed 325 a. adj. Gerson Keys, Wm Teague, and Wm Davis.  This was about two miles southeast of present-day Charles Town.  Michel Swaim (John’s brother) was a chain carrier.  Keys, Teague and Davis all had multiple lands, but mostly in the area east of Sleepy Creek.[108]  John Swaim was married to Charity Teague, dau of William Teague who came at least by 1737 and owned considerable land around Shepherdstown.  There is a small stream called Teague’s Run which empties into the Potomac near Shepherdstown. 

John sold his property in 1751, William Teague had also been disposing of his property (some to Richard and William Morgan) and the Teague family left Frederick County en masse about 1751 , migrating to North Carolina along with son-in-law John Swaim, Michael Swaim and others.  Matthias, being the eldest son, presumably inherited his father’s estate and remained.

Matthias was born c 1711/13 and probably married about 1731 to a woman whose name is unknown but may have been the daughter of Thomas Higgins, for whom Matthias was executor. Other Matthiases were:  Matthias, Jr. who married Abigail Hedges; Matthias III who m Mary Boyles (several Boyles lived adjacent to Thomas Higgins), Matthias IV married to Elizabeth Crone and Matthias Hedges Swaim, all listed in the order of their descendancy.

There is no record of Matthias Sr having any daughters, though he undoubtedly did.  Probable sons were:  William, John, Larzelere (Lazarus) Matthias Jr and Joseph.  There is no further record of William, other than as witness to the will of Thomas Higgins. 

John Swaim may have been the second son; he is shown on the rent rolls of Berkeley County for the years 1778-1781 as having 91 acres.  In the 1780s we find John Swaim and his son, Lasler Swaim moved to Hampshire County and because of his connection to William Jackson and John Morgan, it would appear that John Swaim may also be a relative.   He may have been married to “Jane”  He appears to have moved from Hampshire County to Fleming County, KY about 1784 and appears there on the 1800 and 1810 censuses. His children probably were Isaac, Larzelere, Vincent, and two daughters.  Larzelere was listed in the Census of Hampshire County in 1782 and later moved to Adams County, OH.

Matthias, Jr. stayed in Berkeley County and his holdings were quite vast.  Some land is still occupied by descendants and there are many who carry the name Swaim.  The current Geological Survey map shows Swim Run entering Sleepy Creek just downstream from Thomas Morgan’s place.  This is no doubt named for Swaim/Swim.  Morgan’s Run is not shown, although it could be the stream that enters Sleepy Creek at Route 9, now called Meadow Branch.   Now lets go back and do some chronology and show connections to Thomas Morgan et al.

1749:  Matthias Swame applied for a grant (grant book N:143) for 159 a. W side S Crk and mouth of Lick run.  Samuel Swanson applied for the survey, assigned it to Elias Garrard and by him to Mattias Swame/Swim.[109]

1762:  Matthias Swim was co-executor and William Swim was witness to the will of Thomas Higgins, 4-10-1762.  Higgins lived on the Potomac near Warm Springs Run and opposite present-day Hancock.[110]

1769:   John Swaim and John Grier, chain carriers in Thomas Morgan’s assignment of 116 a. to John Grier and in survey of 71 a. which Morgan kept.  Also survey for George Chapman at request of his brother William, of 147 a. on Sleepy Creek, adj. Wm. Paul’s 218 a. pat., Mathias Swim/Swym.  One of chain carriers was Lazalyear Swym.[111]

1770:  Edmund Cullin of Frederick; 19 Feb 1770 - 28 May 1772; 220 a. on drs of Sleepy Crk; adj. Mathias Swim/Swaim, Jr., Andrew Paul, Theodrus Spoar’s 314 a. surv, Jno Moddy, Jerome Williams’ 412 a. survey, Thomas Fields. CC - John Swaim & Matthias Swaim, Junr.  Also Jno Swaim is chain carrier 1770-71 for three surveys for William Withers, one of which is adj. Mathias Swim Sr.[112]

1772: James Edmondson of Essex Co, assignee (in 1777) of Matthias Swaim, Junr; 17 June 1772 - 19 Sept 1776; 449 a. near head Morgan’s Run br. of Sleepy Crk, road leading from Rawling’s Ford to warm-springs; adj. his (Swaim’s) own land.  Matthias Swaim is chain carrier for survey of Allan McDonald’s 183 a. on road from Mecklenburg to the Warm Springs near the Nine Miles House; adj. Thomas Swearingen, Gaspard Bonnet, Wm. Smith, Thompson, Thomas Harminson, and Jno.Grier.   Also, Matthias Swaim Sr, 17 June 1772 - 15 Oct 1776, 324 a. on drs. Of Sleepy Crk, road from Rawlings to warm springs, br. of Morgan’s Run; adj. Thos Morgan, John Career (Grier), John Coulther, Wm Neil, Matthias Swaim, Jr.[113]

1780:  William Jackson sold 50 a. on Cacapon River to John Swim.[114]

1782:  John Swain, along with William Jackson and John Morgan, was witness to John Constant’s sale of 200 a. in Hampshire Co to Isaac Dawson.  The Tax List showed John Swim with 3 persons in 1782 and 1784; Lasler Swim with 4 persons in 1782 but gone in 1784[115]

1785:  John Swain, with William Jackson and James Stuart, was witness to John Morgan’s sale of 100 a. on Big Cacapeon to his brother Jonathan Morgan.[116]


The family has been detailed previously.  Here I just want to reiterate some of their connections to the Morgans and John Constant.

1761. Isaac Larue chain carrier for John Constant, opposite widow Maddox.

1762.        Elizabeth Maddox sells land to John Larue, per deposition of John Constant.

1762.  Isaac Larew, 100 acres on Sleepy Creek.  Witnesses include Jacob Larew.

1778.        Thomas Morgan (Jr.) witness to will of Jacob Larue.

1779.  William Jackson buys 137 a. on Cacapeon River from John Larew.  Witnesses include: Thomas Morgan, John Constant.


Reviewing all the evidence it seems that Dennis Nicklaus has the stronger case that Thomas Morgan of Arnolds Branch is the same man as Thomas Morgan of Bedford County.


There is no doubt that Thomas Morgan of Bedford County had been in Frederick County since he married the daughter of Samuel Taylor there in 1750.  The man who owned the land on Arnolds Branch built a gristmill and Thomas in Bedford County was a miller.  More significantly, if the first Thomas was from Chester County, PA and the son of Lewis and Elizabeth Morgan, then we have these names in favor of the second because he used them for his children and one of the witnesses to the sale of Arnolds Branch was Lewis Morgan.  Also some of the Frederick County court cases listed in the addendum below appear to tie Thomas and Lewis Morgan together.


On the other hand, if we look at the people connected to Thomas Morgan of Arnolds Branch and Thomas Morgan of Sleepy Creek, many of them are the same.  Specifically, of the persons named in the sale of the Arnold Branch land, Samuel Taylor, John Smith and James Lindsey had a connection with Thomas Morgan of Sleepy Creek.  To these should be added Isaac Larue, who was close to Lindsey.  Families in the neighborhood who appear to have been related by marriage to the Morgans and Constants were: Larue, Jackson and Neill.


My guess is that Thomas Morgan and John Constant were both married to Jackson sisters and William Jackson was their brother or father.  This would explain Morgan and Constant both having many connections to the Jacksons and the fact that Morgan’s sons moved up close to Constant, a considerable distance from their father.  The key to the whole mystery may lie in Tidewater Virginia, around Alexandria, where we found Thomas Morgan and William Jackson, who went to the Shenandoah, connected to the Martins, who went to the Monongahela—and then the Morgans and the Martins reconnected in Kentucky around Strodes Station.



Addendum—Morgan Court Cases in Frederick County


Frederick County, VA Order Book #1, 1743-45, Clerk’s Office, Winchester:


17 July 1744, p 160.  John Morgan v George Rose.  Latter owed Morgan 573.  Paid 523 pounds of tobacco and costs plus 7/6 attorney’s fees.


4 June 1745, p 372.  Evan Morgan v Joseph Horley in debt.  Defendant not found.  Dismissed.  [This may have been Evan Morgan, son of Morgan Morgan.]


7 Aug 1745, p 408.  Thomas Morgan v John Brown, slander.  This day came the parties by their attorneys and a jury also came to wit John Hardin, John Hite, John Mitchell, William Mitchell, John Wilcox, Patrick Riley, Samuel Timmes, Samuel Morris, Robert Worthington, Walter Shurley, James McKee and Jeremiah Poor who being duly elected tried and sworn to say the issue joined between the said parties on their oaths do say we of the jury find for the defendant, John Hardin, foreman, which verdict at the Def’s. motion is admitted to record and here upon it is considered by the court that the ptr. take nothing by his bill and that the Def’t go thence and that the said Def’t. recover of the said Plt. his costs by him about his Defence in his behalf expended.


5 Sep 1745, p 431.  Thomas Morgan v James McKee and Ralph Crafts on attachment.  Dismissed.


Same, p 434.  Evan Morgan  v Robert Worthington in debt. 67/12/2.


Same, p  442.  William Morgan v Patk Matthews.  Debt. 3/6/6.


4 Oct 1745, p 471.  James Finley v David Morgan.  Suit dismissed.  Def. not found.


Order Book #2, 1745-1748.


4 Dec 1745, p 19.  Thomas Morgan v John Neelans.  On petition.  The Viewers appointed by order of this Court to view and value the Ditch….We have viewed the work done by John Rogers on Thomas Morgan’s plantation relating to a suit by the said Morgan agn. John Neelans.  We find that the work done by the said Rogers was --- and rather a great disadvantage than benefit to him and that the same is worth nothing.  – John Linsey, Meredith Helms, 5 Nov 1745.  And therefore it is considered by the Court that the said Plt. recover agn the said dft 2/12/6 curr money the value of the cow and calf in the said petition…together with his costs.


3 Dec 1746, p 200.  It is ordered that Peter Camberill pay Thomas Morgan one hundred twenty five pounds of tobacco for attending eleven days as an evidence for him at the suit of John Lindsey who is behalf of himself and the Churchwardens of Frederick Parish presented.  It is ordered that Peter Camberill pay Lewis Morgan one hundred seventy-five pounds of tobacco for seven days at same.


6 Jan 1747, p 245.  It is ordered that Christopher Beeler pay Thomas Morgan  two hundred pounds of tobacco for attending 8 days as evidence for him at the suit of John Lindsey.


6 Aug 1747, p 284.  Thomas Morgan v John Hardin.  The deft. not appearing it is ordered that an attachment agn his estate for twenty pounds curr money and costs returnable to the next Court for judgment.  [John Hardin on 5 Mar 1746/7 bought 100 acres from Jacob Pennington, part of Abraham Pennington’s 600 acres.  Hardin lived on this land until 1749 when he sold it.  So Hardin was a near neighbor of Thomas Morgan on Arnold’s Creek.]


same.  Thomas Morgan v William Jump.  Suit abated by death of the defendant.


4 Mar 1747, p 400.  Ordered that Patrick Casey pay Thomas Morgan one hundred twenty five pounds of tobacco the said Morgan having made oath that he attended five days as evidence for Casey in his suit against Peter Camperline.


5 May 1747, p 240.  Admin. Of John Morgan’s estate to Sarah Morgan, widow and relict of sd John, administrator, together with Joseph Morgan and James Davis, her securities.  [According to Stewart Baldwin (, who has intensively researched primary records, John Morgan was the brother of Sarah Morgan who married Squire Boone, and brother of Joseph Morgan above.  John Morgan was married to Sarah Lloyd.)


6 Aug 1747, p 279.  Estate of Sarah Morgan dec’d, adm. By Joseph Morgan during the minority of Morgan Morgan.  Mentions Andrew Campbell and Thomas Swearingen.


Order Book #3, 1748-51


8 Feb 1748, p 21.  Administration of estate of Joseph Morgan to Elizabeth Morgan.  Richard Morgan and George Pearis securities.  [Joseph Morgan was married to Elizabeth Lloyd.   Richard Morgan bought 175 acres on the east side of the Opeckon from Jost Hite and sold it to George Pearis the Elder.  They may have been relatives, though Stewart Baldwin’s genealogy doesn’t so indicate.]


7 June 1749, p 95.  Estate of Joseph Morgan.


9 Aug 1749, p 124.  Administration of Isaac Morgan’s estate to Andrew Campbell.  Thomas Swearingen and Thomas Caton securities.


12 May 1750, p 265.  Lewis Morgan against Jacob Pennington, trespass, assault and battery.  Being agreed is dismissed.


12 Mar 1750,  p 425.  Martha Morgan acknowledged herself in open court indebted to the King for 20 and Andrew Vance and John Hood her security (10 each) in case Martha not keep his Majesty’s peace, especially toward Mary Linvil for a year and a day.  [William and Thomas Linvell/Linwell were neighbors of Morgan Bryan.]


Thomas Morgan was not found in Order Book #3.


Order Book #13, 1765-67


2 Sep 1766, p 177.  Walter Davidson against John Morgan and Martha his wife.  Case dismissed as agreed.  [This was probably John Morgan, son of Thomas Morgan of Sleepy Creek, and his wife Martha Constant.]


3 Mar 1767, p 328.  Petition of John Morgan against Morris Phillips for 3/10 said to be due by note.  Failed to appear.  Court ordered payment of above and costs.


[1] Nicklaus cites the following narrative written by Phebe Morgan for the First Families of Tennessee project:

After extensive research at the Library of Congress, Pennsylvania Historical Society, Chester County Archives, and Swarthmore College and on site surveying of the land; I have come to the conclusion that Lewis was the father of Thomas. I base my decision on the following facts. In the will of Cadwaller Morgan dated September 10, 1711, and proven at October 10, 1711, in Philadelphia (Will Book C, p. 259); he names his brothers John and Lewis Morgan and his brother's wife Elizabeth Morgan and states she has children. Cadwaller Morgan was a stanch Quaker minister and the early Quaker records speak about his prosecution in Wales and his early entrance into Pennsylvania. Lewis and Elizabeth cannot be found in any early Quaker records. The Morgan's listed on the Chester County Tax Rolls were living in a Baptist community in London Britain Township. In various publications, it states that Cadwaller, Lewis and John were sons of James Morgan, who also came to Pennsylvania. Other than the tax records in Chester County, the name Lewis Morgan does not appear. In the naming patterns that Thomas (1702 - 1774) used for his family, his eldest son is Lewis (for his father) and his second daughter is Elizabeth (for his mother). The tax records in Chester County stop for a period of time in 1740. The following is pure conjecture, based on the actual retracing of the path taken by the Morgan family. After the death of his father, James, his brother John inherits the land that his father had purchased in the Radnor Tract from Thomas and Jones (Tract Number One Records). Lewis is most probably under the age of majority when the ship lands at Bohemian Manor and his father dies. In a straight line north about 20 miles (from Bohemian Manor) is the Welsh settlement of 'Pencader' in the present New Castle County, Delaware. At that time this was part of Pennsylvania. Lewis could have lived with distant relatives or friends of the family, or could have been apprenticed. That community was Baptist, and the Welsh Tract Baptist Church still stands. After a search of the cemetery, no Morgan graves could be identified. Less than 10 miles due north is the Indian Town Settlement which William Penn purchased from the Indians in 1683. This area will become the nucleus of London Britain Township. Through this area runs a swift creek, where a large mill was established by John Evans (brother of Rodger). (In future generations, each Morgan operates a mill.) The London Britain Baptist Church still stands, with the cemetery. However, no remaining grave stones can be identified as Morgan. There is a number of graves that are unmarked, or with no remaining headstone; this is due to a flood in 1800 that carried away many tombstones.

[2] Cecil O’Dell, Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia, published in 1995 by the author at 464 Morse, Liberty, MO 64068 ($54.00 postpaid).

[3] Danske Dandridge, George Michael Bedinger, Charlottesville, The Michie Company, 1909, p 43.

[4] Robert Shannon Stimpson, Yesterday and Tomorrow, Van Meter…and Allied Families, 1977 (NDAR Library); and Thomas Shrouds, History and Genealogy of Fenwick’s Colony, 1876, reprint 1976 by GPC, Baltimore, pp

[5] The best current summary of settlement during this period is in Cecil O’Dell, op cit.   For a transcript of the trial see: Hunter Branson McKay, Fairfax Land Suit, transcript of copy in the British Museum,  Belmont, MA 1951 (in Fairfax, VA library).

[6] Wilmer L Kerns, Historical Records of Old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virginia, Bowie,  MD, Heritage Books Inc., 1992, p 129; and John Mack Faragher, Daniel Boone, NY: Henry Holt & Co, 1992, pp 42-46.

[7] O’Dell, op cit, p 211.

[8] McKay, op cit,pp1621-22

[9] Samuel Taylor was the father of John Taylor who went on the 1779 trip to KY with John Constant and of Hester Taylor who married Bedford Thomas Morgan; Lewis Thomas was a substantial early settler; Lewis Morgan might be Thomas Morgan’s son.)

[10] McKay, op cit, p 1623.

[11] T Michael Miller, Alexandria’s Forgotten Legacy: the Annals of William F. Carne, pub by the author 1983, p 193, seen at the Alexandria Public Library, Lloyd House.

[13] The marriage record (also the marriage of Moses Key and Elizabeth Yearsley, 11-18-1701, with a list of all their children) is in The William Wade Hinshaw Pennsylvania Quaker Meeting Records, Concord Monthly Meeting, Vol. 1, Kokomo IN: Selby Pub. 2nd Printing, 1990, pp 148 and 181.  The witnesses were reported to me by O’Dell; I don’t know his source.

[14] Dennis Nicklaus reports that the Bedford County Thomas Morgan was married first to Lettice Morgan who died before 1749 and he married Hestor Taylor in Frederick County in 1750.

[15] Leases from Clara McC Sage & Laura S Jones, Early Records of Hampshire County, Virginia, GPC 1969.  Death from 1983 Yearbook, Society of Friends of Kentucky Pioneers, p 62; and Charles M Franklin, Fleming County Kentucky Wills and Estates, Indianapolis: Heritage House, 1986.

[16] Sage and Jones, op cit; Will of Thomas Morgan, signed 17 Sep 1821, Greene Co, OH, recorded 26 Feb 1824, Greene Co Will Book, E-F, p 125.

[17] Sage and Jones, op cit.

[18] Do.

[19] O’Dell, op cit, pp 34-36 and Dandridge, op cit, pp3-4.

[20] Isaac Morgan’s will of 10 October 1783 (Berkeley Co Will Book #1, pp 371-2) names wife Lethetia, sons Thomas Morgan, Rees Morgan, and John Morgan; and brother Thomas Morgan.  Executors James Lee and Ephriam Gaithers of Martinsburg.[20]  This sounds like Isaac the son of Richard, but Richard’s will does not mention a son Thomas.  Thomas of Sleepy Creek died in 1781 and Thomas of Bedford County died in 1774; could this be Arnolds Branch Thomas?  The Rees family lived on a branch of Mill Creek, N of Winchester, Morgan Morgan country.  I do not find a Letitia Rees, however.  West Virginians in the American Revolution, edited by Ross B. Johnston, says on p 203 that Col. William Morgan was the son of Isaac Morgan and the grandson of Richard Morgan.  After the War he, William, married Agnes Vail, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth (Jennings) Vail of Orange, NJ.  They left one son, Jeptha, who lived in Berkeley County.  If correct, this would suggest that the Isaac Morgan who died in 1783 was not the son of Richard Morgan.  

[21] Barbara Vines Little, Frederick County Virginia Militia Records, 1755-1761, 1991, Orange, VA: Dominion Market Research Corp (NDARL), p 45.

[22] This family is covered in my paper, Settling Along the Monongahela in the 18th CenturyFor a more comprehensive genealogy, see French Morgan, Descendants of Col. Morgan Morgan, 1950.

[23] The proposed book is Six Men Named Van Swearingen and Their Fathers, by Louise F Johnson, 604 Lilac Drive, Round Rock, TX 78664.  The data here are from O’Dell, op cit, pp 36-39, and Oliver Popenoe, op cit, pp 34-35, and, most importantly, from material to be published in Johnson’s book, sent to me by the author.  Another book which has been published, but which I have not seen, is A History of a Prominent Family in the Northern Shenandoah Valley—the Swearingens of the Shepherdstown Area, by Daniel Everson.

[24] Gertrude E Gray, Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, GPC 1988, Vol III, Q47 and Vol II, P230; and O’Dell, op cit, p 499.

[25] O’Dell, op cit, pp 118-120.

[26] Margery Heberling Harding, George Rogers Clark and his Men, Military Records, 1778-1784, Frankfurt, KY Historical Society, 1981, pp 207-8.

[27] Details on Samuel Jr. are from an interview with his son, Morgan B Strode, in Draper Mss, S-19, pp 131-135.

[28] O’Dell, pp 83-86, and a 1974 family group sheet from Kentucky State Library.  O’Dell credits James Strode’s will for his descendants, and a family bible for John’s descendants with date of birth but no marriage information.  Susannah Magowan is listed as a daughter of both.  I assume she was James’ daughter, and that John also had a Susannah to which the maker of the family sheet erroneously attached James Magowan’s name.  A family sheet for John Strode Jr. by Gerald E. Collins, 601 Windmill Lane, Silver Spring, MD lists his son John Strode (1793- ) as marrying Eleanor Lafferty in 1812.  This would seem to be in error, unless they were cousins and she was named after her mother, John’s sister.       

[29] Most of the material on the Van Meters is from Robert Shannon Stimpson, Yesterday and Tomorrow, Van Meter…and Allied Families, 1977 (NDARL); see also O’Dell, op cit, pp 44-48.

[30] O’Dell, op cit, pp 44-46.

[31] The Hughes family went on to Shelby County, KY and don’t appear to be related, or closely related, to the family in Bourbon/Clark Counties, KY.  Thomas Hughes, My Family Memories, Baltimore, 1918.  In Tenn. State Library, CS71 H892.

[32] John J Larew, A Larew Family History, 1970 (NDARL)

[33] Otis M. Mather, Six Generations of LaRues and Allied Families, Hodgenville, KY 1921 (in Kentucky Historical Society 929.L336m).

[34] The material on Isaac is from O’Dell, op cit, pp 213-14 and 225-6.  The will, cited by O’Dell, is from Superior Court Will Book 1, p. 216, Winchester, VA.

[35] Dell, op cit, p 222

[36] Gray, op cit, Vol II, p 209 (Book P, #7)

[37] Robert Bell Woodworth, History of the Presbytery of Winchester, (Synod of Virginia), 1947, McClure Printing Co, Staunton, VA.

[38] Arthur Leslie Keith, “Notes on Larue, Hodgen, Keith, Harned, Irwin and Related Families”, William and Mary Quarterly, Vol 20, 1st series, pp 101-103.

[39] O’Dell, pp 214-216.

[40] O’Dell, pp 150-152.

[41] Both of these from Joyner, Vol IV, p 93.

[42] Sage & Jones, p 54.

[43] O’Dell, pp 267 and 542.

[44] Dellman O Hood, The Tunis Hood Family, Portland, Metropolitan Press, 1960 (NEHGS CS 71 H776), Chapter XIV, The Lucas Hood Family, pp 483-503.

[45] O’Dell, pp 49-52. 

[46] Joyner, Vol IV, p 89.

[47] Harvey James Morgan, Morgan, pub by author, Seattle, WA, 1992, p 6. 

[48] The History Quarterly, Filson Club & Univ. of KY, Louisville, Vol 2, No 2, Jan, 1928, “A Sketch of the Early Adventures of William Sudduth in Kentucky”, pp 43-70 (transcribed from Draper Ms 14 U 114).

[49] Murtie June Clark, American Militia in the Frontier Wars, 1790-1796. GPC 1990, p 44.

[50] O’Dell, p 111.

[51] O’Dell, pp 230-235.

[52] Joyner, Vol IV, p 94

[53] Ibid, p 91.

[54] Sage and Jones, pp 34 and 94.

[55] O’Dell, pp 51-52.

[56] Ibid, pp 128-133.

[57] Vida Surber Vance, The Missouri Vances and their Descendants: A Study of the Ancestry and Posterity of John Vance of Frederick Co. ca 1985 (NDARL), pp 25-27.

[58] Peggy Shomo Joyner, Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys, Vol II, Frederick County, 1747-1780., pp 109-10.

[59] Joyner, Vol IV (Hampshire, Berkeley…etc. Counties, 1697-1784), p 87.

 [60] Joyner, Vol IV, Hampshire, Berkeley….counties, 1697-1784, p 91.

[61] Joyner, Vol II, p 42.

[62] Joyner, Vol II, p 88

[63] Joyner, Vol IV, p 84

[64] Ibid, p 83

[65] Ibid, p 89

[66] Ibid, p 93

[67] Ibid, p 94

[68] Ibid, pp 145-148

[69] Joyner, op cit, p 13.

[70] Do.

[71] Sage and Jones, op cit, p 39.

[72] Ibid, p 10

[73] do.

[74] do.

[75] do.

[76] Ibid, p 43.

[77] See Constant family website,  Their children, baptized there were Margaret, Susannah, John, William and Elizabeth, all born between 1722 and 1733.  The two families with very close ties to John Constant, Jackson and Neill, may have been married to John’s sisters.

[78] Joyner, Vol IV, p 14

[79] Ibid, pp 49-50.

[80] Sage & Jones, p 4

[81] Ibid, p 11.  Next entry do.

[82] O’Dell, pp 159-160.  Also, Kerns, op cit, pp 152-153.

[83] Both from Joyner, Vol IV, p 17.

[84] Ibid, p 54.

[85] Ibid, pp 43-44.

[86] Sage and Jones, p 39.

[87] Joyner, Vol IV, p 147

[88] Joyner, Vol II, pp 160-1.

[89] Sage & Jones, p 39.

[90] Joyner, Vol IV, p 48

[91] Sage & Jones, p 10

[92] Joyner, Vol IV, p 33

[93] Sage & Jones, p 124.

[94] Ibid. p 33

[95] Ibid, p 28

[96] Ibid, p 10

[97] Ibid, p 13

[98] Ibid, p 92

[99] Ibid, pp 41 and 123.

[100] Lyman Chalkley, Chronicles of Scotch Irish Settlement in VA, GPC, 1966, Vol II, p 282.

[101] Ibid, p 10

[102] do.

[103] Ibid, p 43.

[104] Ibid, p 86

[105] Ibid, p 28

[106] Ibid. p 57

[107] Genealogical details from Joseph Mullane, Lloyd B Swaim, and Marjorie D Johnson, The Swaim-Tyson Family, 1984.  (60 copies made). NEHGS CS71 S969, and Supplement, 1987.

[108] Joyner, Vol II, p 152.

[109] Joyner, Vol IV, p 147

[110] Ibid p 149, and Sage & Jones, p 119.

[111] Ibid, pp 87, 82 and 91

[112] Ibid, pp 83 and 96

[113] Ibid, pp 84, 89, 94

[114] Sage & Jones, p 28

[115] Ibid, pp 10 and 97.

[116] Ibid, p 41.