North Carolina Archives - Sep 29, 2009
On September 29, 2009 I visited the North Carolina archives in Raleigh, NC. I had wanted to examine records from the 1700s in the following places:
Orange - 1750-1770s for Maiden and Passwater
Rowan/Iredell - 1750s-1820s for Maiden
Surry - 1750s - 1800 for Passwater
State - 1770s for Revolutionary War records for Passwater and Maiden -- this was my main research objective
Note that in addition to Maiden, the following variations were examined: Maden, Madin, Maddin, Madden, Mayden (looked at everything starting with Mad and May), and for Passwater the following variations were examined: Paswater, Passwaters, Paswaters, Papwater.
- 1772 Andrew Maden will. Prior to this visit, the only record of this will that I had was an abstract.
- John Maddin Revolutionary War. Although the family story is that John Maiden fought in the Revolution, indeed he is said to have fought under General Washington (not known if George or William), previous to this date I had found no records. This record was found in the Revolutionary War Account Book for North Carolina, Volume IX, page 60-4, entry #89, and I believe it specifies John is qualified for a very modest sum of 2 pounds 8 shillings for his wartime service. Not only does the list not specify any geographic location (township, county, or even company/command served under), but it is not clear that this list is controlled by any geographic description as it could be in some kind of date order instead (order of grants received or perhaps given out). Thus, it should be considered that this list is only stating that some John Maiden who lived somewhere in the state of NC is verified as having had military service during the Revolution. Perhaps if some of the other people on this page are examined, perhaps looking for 1832 pension applications, more information could be inferred for John. It is thought that "our" John of Rowan was the only adult John Maiden in North Carolina at this time.
- No land grant for Revolutionary War service was found (see below) in the North Carolina files. Our ancestor John has been accepted by the DAR, and Harriet Siebel's application (see below) stated he had been awarded a land grant. Perhaps a search at the National Archives or the Tennessee Archives might find something. I think that the DAR reference might have been for John's son Andrew being awarded a land grant for service in the War of 1812.
- Hugh Madden was also present in the Revolutionary Account Book Vol III, page K-16-17. This is an unknown Maiden, and no Hugh is known of in the Rowan area, so is thought to be a non-relative. There was also a Bryan Madden not copied; there is no record of a Bryan Madden in our line.
- 1794 John Maiden Land Grant. Grant #117 issued 7 July 1794, entered 27 January 1794, Book 82 Page 289, for 100 acres on the waters of the Long Branch of Hunting Creek. This is a land grant from the state of North Carolina to John Maiden.
- 1795 John Maiden Land Grant. Grant #203, issued 18 December 1797, entered 8 May 1795, Book 92 Page 180, for 71 acres on the long branch. The curious part of this grant is that it was based on a warrant that Joseph Polk transferred to John Maiden on 8 May 1795, and Joseph Polk paid 40 shillings on 12 December 1797 being the full purchase money for 80 acres of land.
Note: these two land grant records have not previously been found by me; they are not included in any published deed books. It is not certain they pertain to grants for Patriot John Maiden or perhaps a John Maiden of the next generation -- a son or nephew to Patriot John Maiden. Other deeds in Iredell in 1788-1797 are for James, Andrew and John. James and Andrew are known to be sons of John Sr; it could be that all of these land deeds and grants of the 1790s for John Maiden are for a John Jr (although it is curious that a Jr appelation was not affixed to distinguish if this were the case). See Iredell deeds and Rowan deeds. Note also that the 1795 land grant provides a link between the Maiden and Polk families, and may provide a clue as to where to research further to find the basis for the claim of a genealogical relationship between our Maidens and 11th President Polk.
- 1815 Iredell Tax List. This was in a pad connected on the left-side (not bound, but the pages all stuck together). It appeared to be the original tax list that I held, however, the copies were made from the microfilmed copy, not the original. I only copied the first page which showed the headings of the columns, and the entire Capt Moody's Company list which had the Maiden entries. No other Maiden entries were found in Iredell in 1815. This is curious because the two entries were for Richard and James; it was expected that there would also be entries for Lawrence and John. Perhaps these missing Maidens did not own the underlying taxable (e.g., land), or they were living with a son (e.g, Richard) or in-laws, or they were somehow skipped (the list appeared to be complete and not missing pages, but it is possible that there was a whole separate company that was not included), or their name was missed in the perusal of the list (some entries are very light, perhaps bleached over time, and maybe too hard to read, although I felt I could decipher every entry on the original list). Note that in the same Company were Christ Houston, Placebo Houston and Andrew Carson.
- No Passwater record found at all.
Resources examined with no source documents found:
- Iredell/Rowan county records (Iredell formed out of Rowan in 1788): 1770-1893 Estates records (there was a Davidson Madden estate record in 1854 not copied, as well as the Andrew Maden one in 1772 copied); 1783-1894 tax records (1815 record found), state census 1789, Taxables 1758-1845, Iredell deeds, records of estates 1843-1868, and iredell court minutes 1789.
- Surry county records: 1787 tax list (contained only totals by areas, with no individuals listed), 1794/95 tax list (only two small pages of list with no Passwater -- included Captn Gideon district in 1794 and Humphrey's district in 1795 -- clearly incomplete), Surry minutes (Feb 1799-Nov 1799 -- hard to read, no Passwater found), civil actions (1774-1795 - nothing found), civil actions (1800-1865 - nothing found), there was an estate record for a William Rutledge in 1781 but no estate record for any Passwater.
- Rev War - Pay vouchers and certificates. 50,000 vouchers are extant, but there were none for Passwater or Maiden (they are arranged alphabetically).
- Rev War - Account Books. These recorded the issue of vouchers and certificates, and consist of 27 books, and have been indexed in one combined list. There was one record for John Maddin in Volume IX (as mentioned above) and one for Hugh Madden in Volume III (as mentioned above) and one for Bryan Madden, but no other Maidens (despite the known service of Lawrence Maiden from his 1832 pension application) and no Passwater.
- Rev War - Final Settlements. The war was run on credit at the national and state level. There are 600 files of Continental Line soldiers from 1776-1792, and are arranged alphabetically. There was no Maiden or Passwater entry.
- Rev War - State Pensions to Invalids and Widows. In 1784 the NC General Assembly enacted Relief Aid for widows and invalids - a total of 97 pensions. In 1806 the Federal Government enlarged its pension act to include state militia as well as Continental line solders and 40+ were transferred. There was no Maiden or Passwater in the remaining 57 records.
- Rev War - Land grants. Continental Line soldiers were issued more than 6,500 warrants for grants of bounty lands (until 1797 the grants were made by NC; after 1800 the grants were made by TN). The grants were for land in Davidson and Sumner counties in TN. Militia soldiers were NOT entitled to this land. Proof of service was checked for eligibility. Microfilm S.108.1 was checked and there was no Maiden or Passwater. Note: Tennesse Archives and/or the National Archives should be checked for specifically microfilm M68 "List of North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee, 1778-1791". This would appear to indicate that neither John Maiden nor Samuel Passwater fought on the Continental Line.
- Rev War - Register of Military Land Warrants. There was a special register for notation of warrants. The register is indexed. S.108.264 (index only) was checked and there was no Passwater or Maiden.
- Rev War - Proofs of Military Service in Secretary of State Records. There are approximately 8,000 names of soldiers and/or their parents, widows, children, siblings, etc. S.108.150.3 was checked and there was no Maiden and no Passwater.
- Rev War - Secretary of State Returns of Probates of Wills and Administration. 1753-1790. SS883 and SS884. No Passwater in Surry; no Maiden in Rowan.
- Rev War - Proofs of Military Service in General Assembly Session Records, aka "Legislative Papers". There are approximately 3,000 names that were indexed by Miss Marybelle Delamar, as well as 943 pages of transcriptions. microfilms Z.1.48.1 and Z.1.48 had no Maiden or Passwater entries.
- Rev War - Troop Returns - not searched. Five small boses of troop returns for 1775-1783 are not indexed and most have not been published. These were not searched.
- Rev War - North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal - not searched. The Journal has published two types of records:
- Register of the North Carolina Continental Line - in volume XVI. This is likely not to be of value, as neither Maidens nor Passwaters appear to have volunteered as Line soldiers.
- County Records - minutes from county courts (included 21 depositions from Rowan County, including 8 pension applications not included in the surviving Federal pension files) - in Vols 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19 and 20. These would be valuable to search, but I did not have time. Unknown if they are indexed or the lists alphabetized.
- Rev War - Military Land Warrant Book. 1783-1841. Vol 7. SS981.1. No Passwater and no Maiden.
- Rev War - Federal Pension. In the index book of Federal Pensions there were James Maiden of VA (Docia Hall former widow); Laurence Maiden of NC (examined and copied from microfilms in LA -- this is John Maiden's brother), Robert Mayden of NC (wife Margaret - W17075). No Passwater. No microfilms were examined based on these index results.
- County/State books. I did not examine the books in the modest-sized library there. My own Los Angeles library has an extensive collection, but undoubtedly there are books here that are not available in LA, and could yield some more information.
Further Revolutionary War research should be conducted in Tennessee and at the Federal level for both Maiden and Passwater. There could at least be some land grant to a John Maiden. I (DLH 2009) still think it is likely that a Passwater served in the Revolution, as I cannot imagine traveling 50 miles with babies to watch the Battle of Cowpens unless there is a compelling personal reason. Additionally, all able men 16-50 were automatically enrolled in the militia, so Samuel Passwater would have been in the NC militia, assuming he lived in NC and not another state (VA?) in the 1770s. Since Virginia also automatically enrolled all able-bodied men in their militia, Virginia records should also be examined for Passwater, although from the Cowpens story, it would appear that the Passwaters lived in Surry long before the 1790 census and the ~1780 NC births of Mary and Zael. I also did not do much work in Orange County due to time restrictions, and more could be done to look for deeds in Orange, especially since based on the results in Rowan, I found land grants at the Archives that I have not found listed in deed books.
Harriet Siebel's 1989 DAR application was approved and stated the following about the Patriot John Maiden:
1. born circa 1752/1750 in Wales or PA
2. died in NC, living Iredell County, NC
3. died probably on 1 Mar 1823
4. wife's name was Mary
5. Andrew Maiden b.1782 NC, living Iredell Co. NC (1800 census), Rowan Co, NC 1787 tax list shows only John Maden had a male under 21 in his household - John's brothers James and Lawrence had no younger males in their households - John's father was Andrew who died Rowan 1772.
References Harriet cited include:
1. biographical sketches from Henry and Bureau Counties in IL
2. land records from IN and NC
3. censuses (including 1820 Iredell)
4. bounty land papers of Andrew Maiden from War of 1812 (application)
5. deeds, abstracts, censuses and letters from Rowan and Iredell to prove that Andrew Maiden was the son of Patriot John Maiden
6. papers from PA Historical Commission giving the military records of John Maiden/Maddin in PA
7. Deeds from Rowan to show that John's wife's name was Mary
8. Stated that the Maidens moved to NC after the Revolution
9. Jo White Linn's book "Abstracts of Wills & Estates Records of Rowan Co, NC 1723-1805".
10. Tax lists of 1759 and 1778, p.7
11. Iredell Co, NC Deed Abstracts p.73, Deed Book B, pp324-325, Book M, p.185
The DAR checked birth circa 1750, wife Mary, name Madden, residence during Revolution Rowan,NC, received land grant, died p.1 Mar 1823
What we think is true:
born circa 1750 probably in PA; lived in Rowan during Revolution, fought under General Washington, father was Andrew Maden who died in Rowan in 1772, and was likely the emigrant from Wales, migrating to NC from PA circa 1750, died in Iredell (which was split off from Rowan).
What we know is not true:
died after 1825 not in 1823 due to court record.
Only one deed in 1795 states the name of Mary Maiden; not clear if this deed is for this John or perhaps a son/nephew named John -- this is the only source of the name Mary as a wife of John, and even if this record refers to John Maiden Sr, Mary may have been a second wife and not the mother of his children.
Not clear what land grant was checked -- I have yet to find a revolutionary war land grant -- perhaps this was for son Andrew's 1812 service?
Note: any land grant/war records from PA would not be for this John Maiden; he is known to have been in NC as of 1754 (son Lawrence born in Orange County,NC then).