Britton Source Data

The British ancestor: Richard Britton (~1580s England - 1640s/1650s? in the parish of Batcombe in the county of Somerset, England)

Our American Britton/Brittain/Britayne tree traces back to a Richard Britten of Batcombe, Somerset, England. His wife's name is unknown. He is assumed to be born ~1580s.
"Alumni Oxoniense" 1500-1714
--- In Foster's "Alumni Oxonienses" it reads: Britten, Richard s Richard of Batcombe, Somerset, pleb, new Inn Hall, matric. 16 November 1632, aged 19: BA 4 June 1635; one of these names vicar of Bisley, Co Gloucester, 1641. (Batcombe Parish registers begin in 1642) Source: "The Ancestry of Nathaniel Brittain of New York" prepared by Debrett for John A. Brittain (Report 1 - page 5) (BRI HIS 087) and Bailey, p.335.
--- The birthdate of ~1580s is a rough deduced calculation based on a birthdate of ~1613 for his son Richard -- from the above "Alumni Oxonienses" citation.
--- Many genealogists list a Christian Reymes as a wife for Richard Britton (married 1605, died in 1636), based solely on a Norfolk, England marriage record for Richard Byttren and Christian Reymes on 1/26/1605 (which would have been 1606 by the modern calendar)(a hypothesis first suggested by Bailey through his British genealogist A. N. Currer -- p.345 and p.346). While the date would be consistent with our Richard Britton's assumed marriage prior to 1613, the name Byttren is not a normal variation of Britton/Brittain/etc, and Norfolk is over 200 miles from Batcombe; I and other Britton genealogists do not think this record belongs to any of our Britton/Brittain relatives. Additionally, given that Nathaniel and William are thought to have been born ~1630s, a marriage in 1606 would make Christian rather old to be having children in the 1630s.
--- In his 1962 book, Bailey has also inferred that the nearby Richard of Radstock in Somerset, England (whose 4/17/1641 will states he is a yeoman, wife Christian, daughter Joan, sons Richard and Charles, sister Mary), is Richard Sr, and the Christian may be Christian Reymes (p.345 and p.346). His hired British genealogist A. N. Currer notes that the children do not match (Richard Jr's will mentions brothers Cananuiel and Nathaniel and sisters Abigail and Jane), but discounts all the mis-matching as due to a "rift in the family or a number of other causes". I and other Britton genealogists believe that while this 1641 will for Richard of Radstock likely belongs to one of our Richard of Bisley relatives, it is NOT a match to his father Richard of Batcombe. Specifically we think there are two Richard Srs (one of Batcombe and one of Radstock) and two Richard Jrs (one of Bisley and one unknown), likely related due to the proximity of Batcombe, Bisley and Radstock. While the name Richard is consistent (and the date and place are close enough -- Richard Sr would be ~50s/60s in 1641 and Batcombe is close to Radstock), the difference in names of the children cannot be overlooked so easily. Not everyone wrote a will; not everyone has a death/burial/court/marriage record. Most genealogists would conclude from the family composition of the two wills that Richard of Radstock was not the father of Richard of Bisley; it is not "strange" that the family composition does not match, it is refutative.
--- Other genealogists have an Eleanor Crosse as a wife of Richard Sr, or a John Brittain and Eleanor Crosse as parents of Richard Jr or even as parents of Richard Sr. No marriage record has been located to confirm a marriage of John Britton and Eleanor Crosse or its locale; it seems to be most often listed as 1625. Some list John and Eleanor Crosse Britton as parents of only the William of Staten Island; as this William is not confirmed as a brother to Richard Jr, this is a possibility that warrants more research -- it is possible that Richard Sr had a brother John/Thomas who had this son William, first cousin to Nathaniel. Others have Richard marrying both Eleanor and Christian, assumed to be just a melding of information found elsewhere and not based on any research.
--- Others have Sarah as a wife of Richard, supposedly based on a reference in son Nathaniel's 1684 will stating his parents' names were Richard and Sarah. I have found no copy of his will that contains this statement (neither Bailey nor Van Name), and assume this citation is in error; furthermore, Nathaniel's parents were likely to have been both deceased by this date, having been born ~1580s/1590s.

1641 Somerset Poll Tax: Richard Britten of Upton and Wanstrowe, accessed £10. -- Source: "The Ancestry of Nathaniel Brittain of New York" prepared by Debrett for John A. Brittain (Report 1 - page 6) (BRI HIS 087)
--- This is a high amount, and indicates he could have owned land in more than one parish; Batcombe is one mile from Wanstrowe. Thus, it is not certain if this record is indeed for Richard of Batcombe or a different Richard.
--- many of the poll tax records were lost or illegible, so the lack of an entry does not confirm that the individual was not taxed in that locale. No records were found for Batcombe or Radstock. A record for Batcombe listing a tax on Richard and William would help to indicate if Richard of Batcombe had a brother/nephew William (see 1642 Protestation return below).
--- This was the last poll tax in England, voted in during July, 1641; the Poll Tax was not favored by the common man, and in 1380 had even sparked a Peasant Revolt. The poll tax was levied on an individual headcount (or "poll") basis, rather than on property.

1642 Somerset Protestation Returns: Richard, Cananell, and William in the Parish of Batcombe. -- Source: "The Ancestry of Nathaniel Brittain of New York" prepared by Debrett for John A. Brittain (Report 1 - page 6) (BRI HIS 087)
--- The most likely inference from this return in Batcombe is that the "Richard of Batcombe" listed as the father of the plebe Richard of the 1630s still resides in Batcombe in 1642, so that the 1641 will for Richard of Radstock is a different family, as evidenced by the children listed in the will. (The 1641 will was not proved until 1655, so Richard of Radstock is still alive.)
--- Richard Jr is the Vicar of Bisley as of 1641 and would be in Surrey county.
--- Cananell is known to be Richard of Batcombe's son, and must be 18+ so born before 1624.
--- Nathaniel, another son of Richard's, is not listed so must be born in 1624 or later.
--- William's presence on this list, the only other Britton in Batcombe, suggests he is a relative of Richard and Cananiel, perhaps more likely a brother or nephew to Richard than a son. Note that this is unlikely to be the William Britton who shows up in New York with Richard's son Nathaniel, as this William was born prior to 1624, and the New York William was thought to be born in the 1630s/1640s (his wife Maria is known to have been born ~1745 as she answered she was 33 upon her baptism in 1778). Richard Britton Sr may well have had a brother (Thomas or John), and this William could be his nephew (more research on parish records, land taxes, census required).

--- In May 1641, members of both Houses of Parliament took an oath protesting their loyalty to the Church of England and the King (during the English Civil War). They then passed a bill requiring all Englishmen aged 18 and over to sign such an oath, and instructions were sent to the County Sheriffs in January 1642; the lists were compiled in late February/early March of both those who signed the oath and (supposedly) those who did not (more information). Only the lists of about 1/3 of the parishes survived, with 22,000 names. (not at FHC; available by cd for £7.50)

Parish records:
--- Batcombe as of 1642; FHC FILM #1517682 - Baptisms, 1642-1889 -- Marriages, 1642-1837 -- Banns, 1754-1811 -- Burials, 1642-1812 -- Lists of incumbents, 1560-1754 -- Nonconformist births, 1711-1730 -- Terrier [1750?] -- Statistical census of 1821 -- A note by the incumbent in 1751 that no children born in Spargrove *for 60 years last past* had been baptized. These records include those of the parish of Upton-Noble. (In LA). Christening index: FHC FILM #820768 (not in LA)
--- Radstock as of 1652; FHC FILM #1526725 - Baptisms, 1652-1901 Marriages, 1652-1758 Burials, 1652-1899 (some details) List of owners of seats in church, 1832 Census of 1803 - lists heads of households, their ages, and the number of others in the household Lodgers and servants in parish, 1803 Land tax assessments, 1803 Notes on the Cottle families in the parish Details of children vaccinated against smallpox in the early 18th century (In LA)
--- Wanstrow 1653; Upton 1677.

Wills -- the original wills were lost in the bombing of the Exeter Probate Office in 1942, but there were six volumes of Abstracts made by Rev. Frederick Brown in the late 1800s: "Abstracts of Somersetshire wills"
--- First Series, 1887: will of John Bryton in 1586 (copy)
--- Second Series, 1888: John Britton mentioned as son of widow Johane Hext in 1604 (copy)
--- Third Series -- no Britton
--- Fourth Series -- Joane Britton mentioned in 1581 as daughter-in-law of John Hixe (copy)
--- Fifth Series -- William Britton mentioned in 1632 as friend of Sir Edmund Skory (copy)
--- Sixth Series -- Mary Britain mentioned in 1724 as sister of Thomas Perry (copy)

Hearth Tax records No original Hearth Tax survives locally, but those held in the Public Record Office have been published by E. Dwelly in his National Records vol. 1 (1916)

Notes and Queries for Somerset and Dorset: many volumes, but only a few available online, so no comprehensive search made.

Land tax assessments only as of 1767; census returns only as of 1841.

Richard Britton's ancestry is unconfirmed, but he may descend from an old Britton family in nearby Bitton, Gloucestershire, England (Batcombe is 20 miles from Bitton): Johannes Bretayne, b. 1498, his son John Bretayne, his son Thomas Bretayne, d. 1574?, and Thomas’s children, one of whom, John, married a Jane Burnell; this latter couple is purported to have a son Richard. Richard Britton of Batcombe may also be related to the contemporary Richard Britton of Radstock.
--- based on records from the Hoisington Archives and the Ancestries of Errol Bevan, courtesy of John A. Britton, 2011
--- Richard BRYTTEN is listed on the 1568 Court Rolls of Frome West Woodlands Manor in 1568, with a notation that suggests (but does not prove) that he owned a "mansion house". Frome is in northeast Somerset; about 6 miles southwest of Frome, in a rough triangle, lie the three villages of Batcombe, Wanstrow, and Upton Noble, all about a mile or so from each other. What is now West Woodlands (and surely West Woodlands Manor, formerly) lies about 2 miles south of Frome and about 4 miles from Wanstrow. From the date, this could also be an ancestor to Richard of Batcombe.

Richard is known to have at least five children based on son Richard's 1678 will. Richard (Jr), born ~1613 (the only child's birthdate that is known; birth order is not known either), was the only son who remained in England, along with his two sisters. From his 1678 will, he is known to have two brothers who emigrated to America, possibly as early as 1650 -- Nathaniel who is first found on Long Island,NY and Canieul/Cananuel, a Quaker, who is first found in Philadelphia. Although he is not mentioned in the will, William Britton, a contemporary to Nathaniel, and found with him in Long Island and in Staten Island, is widely considered to be another brother (see discussion below). Another potential brother not mentioned in the will is Daniel, based on one record of the birth of a son Richard in NY (see discussion below). It is possible, perhaps even likely, that William and Daniel were cousins and not brothers (see discussion below). The descendants of these families move to NJ and PA from NY in the early 1700s, and then scatter across America.

Sources: books on Britton genealogy:
1. Bailey-Britton History and Genealogy, by T. H. Bailey, 1962 -- 469-page book (Britton section only -- 133 pages)
2. Britton Genealogy, Early generations from Somersetshire, England, by Elmer Garfield Van Name, 1970 -- 43-page book
Other individual source documents linked if available, otherwise they are referenced.

England - Richard Britton (~1613 England - 9/13/1679 England)

"Britton Genealogy" by Elmer Garfield Van Name, p.4
"Alumni Oxoniense" 1500-1714
Richard Britton was born in 1613 in , , England. He died on 13 Sep 1679 in Bisley, Gloucestershire, England. He was buried in Bisley, Gloucestershire, England. -- "Britton Genealogy, Early Generations from Somersetshire, England, to Staten Island, New York," by Elmer Garfield Van Name (BRI HIS 004) (at right)
--- Alumni Oxeniensis: Richard Britten, son of Richard Britten of Batcombe, Somerset Pleb, New Inn Hall, Matriculated 16 Nov. 1632, aged 19 ... (Bailey, p.335; and entry at right)
--- (Bisley was a nearby parish to Bitten, England; a market town 3 miles south of Stoud, Glouchestershire, England.)

Vicar of Bisley (1641-1679). Richard, Jr. was awarded the B.A. degree on June 4, 1635 and became a vicar at Bisley, Gloucester in 1641.
--- In Foster's "Alumni Oxonienses (1500-1714)" it reads: Britten, Richard s Richard of Batcombe, Somerset, pleb, new Inn Hall, matric. 16 November 1632, aged 19: BA 4 June 1635; one of these names vicar of Bisley, Co Gloucester, 1641. (Batcombe Parish registers begin in 1642) Source: "The Ancestry of Nathaniel Brittain of New York" prepared by Debrett for John A. Brittain (Report 1 - page 5) (BRI HIS 087) and Bailey, p.335 and entry at right.
--- Foster's "Index Ecclesiasticus" reports that he became a vicar at Bisley, Gloucestershire, in 1641.
--- Vicar is a parish priest. In the Church of England, vicar is the ordinary title given to certain parish priests. Rectors and Vicars were distinguished according to the way in which they were appointed and so remunerated. The parish clergy and church was supported by tithes—like a local tax (traditionally, as the etymology of tithe suggests, of ten percent) levied on the personal as well as agricultural output of the parish.

1638 Marriage: Richard Britton, clerk of Stinchcombe, married Sarah Pope of Stinchcombe, on 24 Jan 1637/1638 (Bailey p.335). Stinchcombe is in the county of Gloucester, as is Batcombe. Note that the will (below) also references Pope cousins.

1642 Surrey Protestation Returns: no returns found for Surrey -- this should be researched, as Richard, Vicar of Bisley, should be age 29 and listed.

Sarah's death in 1671 and Richard's death in 1679:
--- "Sarah, wife of Richard Britton, Pastor of this Church, who deceased August 14, 1671, aetatis suae 54." -- Bisley Monumental Inscriptions (Bigland's Gloucestershire Collections) from The Ancestry of Nathaniel Brittain of Staten Island, New York prepared by Debrett (Report 1) for John Britton in January 1982. (BRI HIS 087)
--- Richard's wife, Sarah, died on August 14, 1671, aged 54 years -- p.195 the "History of County of Gloucester" (1791) by Ralph Bigland -- Van Name, p4 (so she was born ~1617).
--- "Richard Britton, vicar of Bisley for 37 years, died 13 November 1679, aged 65." -- Bisley Monumental Inscriptions from Biglands Glouocestshire Collections. "16 November 1679 Ricardus Britton, Cleric's and Eccles. Huj's Vicarij sepultus est." -- parish record burials, from "The Ancestry of Nathaniel Brittain of Staten Island, New York" prepared by Debrett (Report 1 - Jan. 1982) P. 4 for John A. Brittain (BRI HIS 087)
--- Richard died on the 13th day of the 9th month of 1679, aged 65 years -- p.194 the "History of County of Gloucester" (1791) by Ralph Bigland -- Van Name, p4

1678 Will of Richard Britton of Bisley, Gloucestershire, England: In the name of God, amen, I, Richard Britton, Vicar of Bisley in the County of Gloucester, being through the mercy of God in some measure of health of body and perfect memory, doe make and declare this my last Will and Testament. I comitt my body to decent and Christian buriall in the Chancell of the Church of Bisley by SARAH my beloved wife there to rest together till the resurrection. I give unto my Brother CANANUEL Britton the summe of ten pounds and to my Brother NATHANIEL BRITTON of New York in America the summe of ten pounds and to my sister ABIGAIL DUCK the summe of ten pounds and if either/or all of them dy before their respective legacy is due, then my will is that it should be distributed among their children. Also I give and bequeath unto my Nephew Mr. WILLIAM CLOTTERBUCK all my study of bookes and as much of my goods and chattels as with my study of books will amount to one moyety thereof, the other moyety of my goods and chattels I give unto my sister JANE FERNELY in consideration of her paines in keeping my house since the death of my dear wife, and my will is that she shall dwell if she please in my house called patts for her life, if the lease doth hold so long, and if my Executor be not forced to sell it. and for the performance of this my last will and Testament I doe make and consitutte the foresaid Mr WILLIAM CLOTTERBUCK my sole Executor. And for the inabling him to perform it according to the true intent there of I doe put in his hands all the money which shall be in my house, or owing unto me at my decease, my lease at Patts my lease at copsgrove, my Barn stable and all things therein, my cattell that I shall then possess, all my household goods, plate and utensills, all which my legacies being paide and funerall expences discharged, he is to divide between my sister FERNELY and himself, that is as before is said by study of bookes and as much of my gods and chattels as will amount to one moyety, the other moyety to my sister aforesaid. Also I doe appoint my Executor to give rings to the persons here after named (viz) to my Cosing THOMAS and Cousing JOHN POPE of Cam with their wives, my Cousin RICHARD POPE and his wife at Longdon, ("my (?) SARAH LONGDON at London" crossed out) and my funerall ring which I wear for my dear wife I would have that given to my sister ABIGAIL. In witness whereof I have put my hand and seal this sixth day of August 1678. RICHARD BRITTON. Witnesses: Richard Blake, John Hide, and Sarah Hide. An explanation of one branch of my will, my study of bookes cost me above six score pounds and it is my will they should be valued to my executor at 40 pounds to equall wch I give to my sister FERNELY 40 pounds out of my goods and chattells and for the remainder of my estate let my Executor and sister divide it equally between them. Proved at Gloucester 10 September 1680.
-- From "The Family of Nathaniel Brittain" prepared by Debrett for John A. Brittain, January 1984. (Report 2 - Jan. 1984) p. 8. (BRI HIS 087). Abstract from Bailey, p.334.

Notes on will:
• Cananuel. It does not specify that Cananuel lives in America, as he still lives in England; Cananuel was sent to Newgate prison in London in 1681 (see below). It is important to note that there is an inference in the will that Cananuel has children. Richard makes bequests to his siblings Cananuel, Nathaniel and Abigail Duck, and then specifies that if they should die before Richard, their shares are to go to their children. It is likely that he would have specified that the deceased share's (e.g. Cananuel's) should be given to the remaining siblings or their children if they had been childless. The actual wording in the will therefore implies that all three had children.
• Daniel. Although Richard also mentions sister Jane Fernely, he does not mention other brothers routinely included in Britton genealogies, specifically Daniel Britton who married Annetie Derdeman and had a son Richard born in 1668 in NY and William Britton who lived on Staten Island close to Nathaniel. While there are limited records for Daniel, if he was a sibling and named a son in honor of his brother Richard, it is most odd he would not be mentioned at all. Therefore, it seems likely to me that Daniel, if he was a brother, had died prior to Richard, and likewise his children if any also predeceased Richard.
• William. However, the case for William Britton of Staten Island being a brother of Richard but unnamed in the will is more odd. He is popularly considered to be a brother to Nathaniel because they are contemporaries, and both moved from Long Island to Staten Island at about the same time, had children of about the same ages, and died within two months of each other. Especially since William named a son Richard, I would think that this namesake nephew (born ~1667) would have been specifically mentioned in the will with at least a token item.
• cousins/nephews Pope and Clotterbuck. Since Richard married Sarah Pope, the Pope cousins (Thomas, John Richard) are clearly cousins of his wife; however, Bailey hypothesized that he might have meant brothers-in-law instead of cousins. However, the relationship to nephew William Clotterbuck has never been documented. Genealogist Bailey (p.335) thought that Richard may have had another sister (e.g., Joan) not mentioned in the will with a child William Clotterbuck. While a deceased sister is a possibility, it is also possible that this is a child of his wife's sister, or a child from a first marriage of either sister Jane or Abigail, or even a husband of a Pope/Duck/Fernely niece. Given that Richard mentions his siblings by name and bequeaths to them, as well as to Pope cousins, I hypothesize that William Clotterbuck is perhaps a child of either a deceased sibling of Richard/Sarah, or perhaps the only nephew alive in England (e.g., a child of Abigail Duck by a hypothetical first marriage). Clearly Richard was very close to this nephew as he gave him his prized library collection and made him executor.

Much debate has been caused in modern times by Richard's lack of reference to what is assumed to be his brother William Brittain in Staten Island, and additionally no reference to what is also thought to be another potential brother Daniel Britton. William and Nathaniel Brittain lived in close proximity to one another in Long Island and Staten Island NY, while brother Cananuiel was a Quaker and lived in the Philadelphia area. In American records, Nathaniel and William are widely accepted as siblings, but William's ommission from his brother Richard's will makes this subject to debate. Perhaps it was William's non-conformist beliefs in the 1660s/1670s that led to his exclusion from Richard's will -- there is a note that "William Britton and Nicholas Stillwell had taken part in Non-Conformist Rel Serv on Long Island", which would have been in the 1660s/1670s, just around the time that Richard wrote this will. However, since Richard made a bequest to his Quaker brother, this is not considered as a high probability. Perhaps Richard felt that William was well-off financially and did not need the money, as William had just built a large home in Staten Island. Perhaps they had had a falling out, and there was still ill will. Perhaps a combination of religion and ill-will, as William's wife was Dutch and had the children baptised in the Dutch church. Perhaps William was the youngest and a half-brother, born to a second wife of Richard Sr (total speculation; nothing is known about Richard Sr's wife). In any case, it is odd, and I wonder if William is more likely therefore to be a cousin to Nathaniel and Richard, rather than a brother; I think Richard would have mentioned William, and perhaps given him or at least given to his assumed-namesake nephew Richard some token item, such as a ring or a book, if William had been a sibling. Note that the same holds true for the possible sibling Daniel and Daniel's son Richard. Could it be perhaps more than coincidental that both William and Daniel had their children baptised in a Dutch church and these were the two omitted from Richard's will? -- DLH, 2011

Abigail Britton was born about 1615 in of Batcombe, Somersetshire, England. In her brother Richard's will, it refers to her as Abigail Duck. Therefore, Abigail married Mr. Duck before 6 Aug 1678 in , , England -- "Britton Genealogy, Early Generations from Somersetshire, England, to Staten Island, New York," by Elmer Garfield Van Name, p.4 (BRI HIS 004)
-- There are no Duck families in Staten Island on the 1706 census; all the information on Abigail is obtained stricly from brother Richard's will, and it is assumed she lived in England. The will indicates she had unknown children. It is not thought that she or her children emigrated to America. The birthdate of ~1615 is assumed to have been estimated from Richard's ~1613 birthdate and a more accurate description may be ~1610s/1620s.

Jane Britton was born about 1617 in of Batcombe, Somersetshire, England. Her brother Richard refers to her as Jane Fernely in his will. Therefore, Jane married Mr. Fernley before 6 Aug 1678 in , , England -- "Britton Genealogy, Early Generations from Somersetshire, England, to Staten Island, New York," by Elmer Garfield Van Name, p.4 (BRI HIS 004)
-- There are no Fernley families in Staten Island on the 1706 census; all the information on Jane is obtained stricly from brother Richard's will, and from the will it is known she lived in England in close proximity to him. From the will it did not sound like she had unknown children. It is not thought that she emigrated to America. The birthdate of ~1617 is assumed to have been estimated from Richard's ~1613 birthdate and a more accurate description may be ~1610s/1620s.

England and Early Pennsylvania Records -- Cananuiel Britton (~1610s England-1682 PA)

Cananuiel Britton was born about 1611 in of Batcombe, Somersetshire, England. He died in 1682 in , , Pennsylania.
--- "Britton Genealogy, Early Generations from Somersetshire, England, to Staten Island, New York," by Elmer Garfield Van Name, p.4 (BRI HIS 004)
--- I think Cananuiel's ~1611 birthdate was estimated from his brother Richard's ~1613 birthdate and a more accurate description may be ~1610s/1620s (1610-1623). At issue is his birthorder; since Richard Jr went into the ministry, it is assumed he had an older brother who was the heir. It is widely assumed, but not confirmed, that Cananuiel was the older brother who was the heir.
--- 1642 Somerset Protestation Returns: Richard, Cananell, and William in the Parish of Batcombe. -- Source: "The Ancestry of Nathaniel Brittain of New York" prepared by Debrett for John A. Brittain (Report 1 - page 6) (BRI HIS 087) This return is apparently for Richard Sr, son Cananuiel, and an unknown William who could be another son (the one who emigrated to NY with Nathaniel?) or a brother of Richard Sr. It does confirm that Cananuiel was born before 1624 as the list was only for adult males aged 18+.

Besse in his "Sufferings of the Quakers" says: 1664, Dec. 16. Aniel Britton and two others were placed on a ship, the "Mary Fortune," of Bristol, to be transported to Barbadoes, but the seamen refused to carry them and set them at liberty, Jan. 7, 1664 [1665 on the new calendar], with a certificate of reasons. (STI HIS 021) Stillwell Genealogy, Vol. 1, and Bailey, p.336 referencing Besse's "Sufferings of the people called Quakers," Vol 1 p51..
--- Jan. 7. 909. Certificate by eight of the crew of the Mary Fortune of Bristol. On December 6 three Quakers were brought to their ship for transportation, but they durst not carry away innocent persons, who walk in the fear of the Lord ; are persuaded the King does not wish to make void the Act that Englishmen shall not be carried abroad without their consents ; moreover, these men are bound by no indenture or agreement for their passage ; and there is a law in Barbadoes that whosoever brings thither any persons against their wills, and not being bound by indenture, shall be liable to such penalties as the law may inflict, and also shall be forced to bring them back to their habitations ; have therefore put these men on shore again. [Dom., Chas. II., Vol. CX., No. 42, Cal., p. 164.] -- Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 5: 1661-1668
--- From "The Life of George Fox" by Janney, it states that only that three friends were placed on board, no names given.
--- From "The Memoirs of William Crouch" it states the three were Connanwel Britton, Bartholomew Croker and Lewis Rogers.
--- This ship is going from Britain to Barbados; Cananuiel had not immigrated yet to America, so he immigrated after his younger brother Nathaniel, who is known to have been in New York prior to 1663 (see below).

Cananuiel married Jane ... who was buried on 1 Oct 1675 -- according to Bailey, based on the Bristol (England) Friends register entry.

Cananuiel mentioned in his brother Richard, the Vicar of Bisley's will, written in 1678: "I give unto my Brother CANANUEL Britton the summe of ten pounds"

The old Newgate prison in London
"Dec. 18, 1681, Cananiel Britton, an ancient man, was thrown down and much bruised by Sheriff Knight who came to the meeting, after which the Sheriff sent him to Newgate" -- in Bailey, p.336, referencing Besse's "Sufferings of the people called Quakers," Vol 1 p51.
--- Also on p.522 of the "History of the People called Quakers from their first Rise to the present Time" compiled from authentic records, and from the writings of that people, by John Gough, Vol II, 1790. --- As Newgate is a prison in London and Sheriff Knight is from Bristol, it is clear that Cananuiel had not immigrated prior to 1681.
--- Cananuiel immigrated soon after this event, as his estate records are in PA in Feb 1682 (1683 on the modern calendar). (This is over 20 years after his brothers/cousins: William Britton's first record in 1662, and Nathaniel's in 1663, and Daniel's in 1668)

In 1681 King Charles II granted William Penn a charter for the state of PA, and he advertised this across Europe. On November 11, 1681 Robert Wade established the first Monthly Meeting in the colony at his home; it eventually became the Chester Monthly Meeting. Canonuiel is known to have immigrated the end of 1682/beginning of 1683, and it is thought that he and his family went to the Chester Meeting -- it is unknown if his children immigrated before or after their father.
--- It is widely accepted Cananuiel immigrated with Quaker William Penn on the 4th ship "Society of Bristol" landing in August 1682 (see full source) -- that the entry for "Kendall Britton" is a mangling of his name, as was his death records for Canonwell/Canowall. As there are no other records in America for Kendall or Canonwell, it is assumed by most genealogists that these are a match. Cananuiel was an unusual name even in the 1680s, and can even be found in variations such as Aniel; I can find no history for the name Cananuiel.
--- Therefore, Cananuiel immigrated in August 1682 and died in February 1682 (1683 on the modern calendary) -- just six months later. He was in his 60s/70s; he is known from the tax records (above) to have been born prior to 1624, so was at least 58, but may have been born prior to 1613 (Richard's birthyear) if older, so could have been in his 70s.
--- Descendants of Cananuiel are members of the "Welcome Society" for descendants of the families who emigrated to America with Quaker William Penn.

A Pennsylvania Quaker, who died in 1682 from "Stillwell Genealogy," Vol. 4, p. 120 and Publications of the Welcome Society of Pennsylvania, (1:43) -- (BRI HIS 004 p. 4)

At a court held at Chester, Pennsylvania on Feb. 14, 1682: "Tho. Vsher, (Sheriffe), by order of the Cort administ's of ye goods & c. of Canonwell Brittin, deceased, Intestate, & is to dispose thereof according as ye Cort shall apppoint." -- (STI HIS 021)(Record of the Courts of Chester County, PA 1681-1697, published by Colonial Society of PA)
--- At a court held at Chester, Pennsylvania on Feb. 27, 1682: "Tho. Vsher, (Sheriffe), by order of the Cort administ's of ye goods & c. of Canonwell Brittin, deceased, Intestate, & is to dispose thereof according as ye Cort shall apppoint." (STI HIS 021)
--- "Thomas Usher having formerly Administred to the goods of Canowall Britton made his Applycation to this Cort for the Ballance into the hands of Phillip Lemaine being as it appears four pounds fifteen shillings Sterl Money or Old England and so to be Discharged." May 1, 1684 (Record of the Courts of Chester County, PA 1681-1697, published by Colonial Society of PA)
--- March 1685. "Philip Lemaine Past a recept to Thomas Vsher bearing Date ye 11th day of ye 3d moneth 1685 for ye account of Cananawell Britton for 4 pounds, 15 schillings old England money." "Stillwell Genealogy" - Vol. 1.(STI HIS 021)
--- "Phillip Lemaine Past a receipt to Thomas Usher bearing date ye 11th day of ye 3rd month 1685 for ye account of Cananawell Britton for L4 15s old England money." Janury 3, 1685 (STI HIS 021)(Record of the Courts of Chester County, PA 1681-1697, published by Colonial Society of PA)
--- Ordered att ye request of Thomas Usher yt ye receipt following be recorded: Philadelphia ye 11th 3d mo 1685. "Received yn of Thomas Vsher on account of Thomas willis out of ye Estate of Cannawell Brittaine deceased according to ye order of the Court, (by ye Authority and appointment of wch he did administer), ye full sum of four pounds fifteen shillings old England money for which this is his acquittance I say received by me, Phillip Th Lehmaine -- (STI HIS 021, p.120-121)(Record of the Courts of Chester County, PA 1681-1697, published by Colonial Society of PA)

"Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy" by William Wade Hinshaw. Vol II contains records and minutes of four of the oldest monthly meetings -- Salem,NJ (1676), Burlington,NJ (1678), Philadelphia,PA (1682) and Falls,PA (1683), but there is no entry for Cananuiel, or reference to anyone who appears to be a child of his.

I (DLH 2011) think from the wording of the brother Richard's will above that Cananuiel had children. This is also the ~1900 opinion of Quaker genealogist Gilbert Cope (FHC film #0517008: Cope's notes on Bower-Broomell) -- Gilbert Cope (1840–1928), of Chester County,PA has been called "the father of genealogical research in Pennsylvania" and he was the leading authority of his time on Quaker genealogy. -- based on the Quaker record of a Peter Britton who died in Chester,PA in 1710. There is no other known Britton branch in Chester at this time. Peter is thought to be a son, as well as a John; other children are not confirmed (see PA records below).

Cananuiel's Quaker ties are noteworthy. He is the only one of the known brothers (Cananuiel, Richard and Nathaniel) who left the Anglican church for the Quaker sect (although cousins (?) William and Daniel have children baptized in the Dutch Church.) And Cananuiel is the only Britton who initially moved to PA. These differing religious beliefs are quite noteworthy when brother Richard was the Vicar (Parish Priest) in England. However, genealogists must be careful as not all the subsequent Britton Quaker records belong to descendants of Cananuiel (wish it were that easy! :)), as the husbands often acceded to the religious preferences of their wives, and there were related and unrelated Britton Quakers in PA (see below). More Quaker research might be fruitful -- Society of Friends. Bristol and Somerset Quarterly Meeting (Transcripts of the digest copy of the registers of births, marriages and burials, 1644-1837; Society of Friends. Bristol and Somerset Quarterly Meeting -- FHC film#1484609 -- not in LA -- Births 1644-1837 Supplement 1648-1784 Marriages 1657-1837 Supplement 1658-1816 Burials 1651-1837 Supplement 1656-1832) might yield more than what Bailey found, or other Quaker sources, such as letters.

Note that Peter is a name used by the Britten family of Bitton (1624 will), and that there were Britton Quakers in England -- marriages at the Bristol Meeting for William in 1667, Elizabeth in 1668 and Richard in 1673 (Bailey, p.337) -- and this is the same meeting that Cananuiel and his wife attended, based on her death record there. Note that these records indicate that there were Britton relatives in England who were Quakers; I hypothesize that these relatives may be the link between Cananuiel and the Lionel Britton b.~1650s who emigrated from Almy, England to Bucks County in 1680, and the Benjamin Britton b.~1710s in England who moved from Bucks to Philadelphia in 1751. But, it should also be noted that not all PA Quaker Brittons belong to our tree -- there was a John Britten received in 1750 in the Philadelphia Quaker records from Ireland -- so conclusions of familial relationship need to be made carefully.

(Other Pennsylvania records for later Brittons below -- including records for Cananuiel's children). Note that neither Van Name nor Bailey list any children for Cananuiel; they do not discount the possibility of children, but they did not find any children either.

New York: New Town, Long Island and Staten Island -- Nathaniel, William and Daniel Britton

William Britton (~1630s England-1683 Staten Island,NY) and Nathaniel Britton (~1630s England-2/1684 Staten Island,NY) emigrated to America circa 1650s; moved to Staten Island circa 1678. Daniel Britton has one record in NYC only.

It is not confirmed that William is the ancestor of our Britton branch (Jesse Britton 1759-1842 or his assumed=grandfather John Britton ~1695-1784), or if it was one of his brothers -- Nathaniel (also in Long Island and Staten Island), Quaker Cananuiel (in the Philadelphia area of PA) or perhaps even brother Daniel (descendants unknown). Although William is the popular choice of genealogists based on NJ connections, I (DLH 2008) think that Cananuiel is also a strong possibility due to the Quaker connections. It is certain that based on the emigration of the Britton descendants to NJ and PA, all the Britton brothers and their children stayed in contact; therefore research is difficult and uncertain since residence and Christian (given/first) names and even religion cannot confirm relationships. See Britton theories for more information.

William Britton came to New York some time before 1661. The first mention of the name William Britton is taken from the “Year Book” of the Holland Society of New York for 1900, page 130, as follows: “Feb 12, 1661/2** Richard Wilkeson a mason living at New Amsterdam, and William Britton, an Englishman living at Mespat (Newtown, Long Island, NY -- see history) declare at the request of Joris Dobson, innkeeper at New Amsterdam, that Andrew Halwel about three weeks ago, arrived at the house of Dobson, drunk etc.” [many genealogists list William's approximated birthyear as 1645, probably because his wife was known to have been born ~1645. However, a birthdate circa 1645 would have made him only 16 in 1661/2 -- at 16 would he be called an "Englishman" and be in an inn? Since I think not, I have revised his birthdate in my records to ~1630s, to make him a more reasonable age 21+ upon this instance, and age 23+ upon the birth of his first child. Note it is possible that he was born even earlier in the 1620s. DLH 2008]

Council Minutes, 1662, April 6,: “Complaint against George Jewel, Dr. Clarke, John Too, and Daniel East, of Mespath Kill Long Island, for having had recourse to turning the Bible, in order to discover who had stolen tobacco from William Briton.”

1662, June 22; “Action of slander brought by Jacob Elderson against William Britton, George Jewel, James Clark and John Too of Newtown, for alleging that he had stolen said Britton’s Tobacco.” [Dutch Manuscripts X, pp111-157; “Calendar of Historical Manuscripts” New York 1630-1664, p.236-238.]

1663, June 12. "The courte having heard the difference between Walter Wall and Nathanyell Britton concerning Mary Wall cover (Illegible) servant to Nathanyell Britton for two (illegible) years and complaint wase made to the courte of Gravesend but nothing coulde (illegible) be proved nether from the servante nor by witnise, whereof the corts orders is the sayde servant shall live with her sayde master during her full time, and that sayde Nathanyell doth promise to use the childer well and to find and provide all things convenient for her and at the expiration of her time to give her two suts of clothes and a cow calfe: this in the presence of Will Wilkins, John Cooke, Charles Morgan, Will Goulding, Clark." Gravesend, LI, Court Records. (Taken from Stillwell's Historical Miscellany of NJ, page 224-225.) (sic - original spelling and capitalization retained) Conclusion by Dr. Stillwell: "It is likely that Walter Wall had become a widower, and had bound out his daughter, Mary a mere child, for her better bringing up to Nathaniel Britton." [DLH 2008 -- note that this record suggests that William and Nathaniel were born considerably before 1645. Nathaniel is widely believed to be younger than William, since his children were younger than those of William. It is not likely that Walter Wall would have bound out his daughter to a man under age 21. Thus, it seems likely that Nathaniel was born in the 1630s, or perhaps earlier. This record also confirms that William and Nathaniel are in Gravesend contemporaneously, as well as later on in Staten Island.]

Dec. 4, 1666, William Britton’s name in a list of the Freeholders of Newton.

Daniel Britton -- From Wilson and Allied Families by Alfred R. Justice, Philadelphia 1929 -- Daniel Britton married Annetie (Derdeman?). Had a son Richard, bapt. August 5, 1668 at Dutch Reformed Church of New York. Witnesses were Richard Derdeman and Annetie Stillwell. Note that Daniel is also not mentioned in Richard's 1678 will, which is surprising since this son Richard was probably named in honor of the brother (and/or father). His widely-accepted inclusion in list of siblings to Richard by genealogists appears to be based solely on this one record of a baptism in the NY church with witness Stillwell (his brother Nathaniel married Anne Stillwell); no other records have been located for Daniel or his son, or even Annetie. There are no Daniel or Richard or even unknown Staten Island Brittons on the 1706 census, so it is unknown when Daniel and his son Richard died. Since there are no records of Daniel or Richard in Staten Island, it is assumed they lived elsewhere, perhaps even leaving NY after the baptism. No source information was supplied for the reference to Daniel's wife being Annetie Derdeman; this is considered unconfirmed and based solely on the witness being Richard Derdeman. It is possible that Daniel and his son Richard were both deceased prior to Daniel's brother Richard's 1678 will which is why they were not mentioned in the will. The Stillwell witness lends credence to this record indicating Daniel is a relative of our Britton clan.

It has been said by some genealogists (source unknown) that William Britton and Nicholas Stillwell had taken part in Non-Conformist Rel Serv on Long Island. This would have been prior to William's move to Staten Island in 1678 -- perhaps in the 1660s. Note that it is William's brother Nathaniel who married Nicholas Stillwell's daughter; although it has been frequently conjectured that William's wife Maria was also a daughter of Nicholas Stillwell, I (DLH 2008) think this is likely incorrect. (see more discussion of this in the Britton theories.) Also, I (DLH 2008) propose the theory that these non-conformist religious services may have been the reason why the brother Richard leaves William out of his will while naming brothers Nathaniel and Cananuiel. (see more discussion of this in the Britton theories.)

1676 Court of Sessions of the West Riding of Yorkshire
Jno Sharpe - plt
Nath Brittain - Deft
The cort having heard the case fully debated referred the same to a Jury who brought in their Verdict as follows (vizt) Wee find for the plt with costs of suit, but withot taking notice of the Damage the Deft hath sustained by the loss of his servant wch wee cannot adjudge of, wee referr to the consideracon thereof to the Bench, whereupon the cort agreed wth the Verdict of the Jury and gave judgmt accordingly.
However in regard the Jury have referred the consideracon of the Deft's case of his servt unto the cort they recommend the same unto his Honor the Governor: That hee will please to appoint some persons to make inquiry how the sert in Question was taken away from both plt and Deft, and whome which the[y] Judge to be the occasion of the Loss of the said servt and how farr they may be lyable to make reparacon for the Dammage by that means susteyned (sic - original spelling and capitalization retained)

William Britton and Nathaniel both moved to Staten Island circa 1678 with their families. See Staten Island for more information on Staten Island history, picture of the Britton home there, allied families, etc.

William Britten very early recorded his earmark on Staten Island, but no date accompanied it.

1678 and 1679, William Britton, Constable of Staten Island, in place of Richard Curtis.

July 9, 1678, Maria, wife of William Britton of Staten Island and seven children were baptized in the Dutch Church of Flatbush [Flatbush is in what is now Brooklyn, Kings County, NY -- Flatbush was originally chartered as the Dutch Nieuw Nederland colony town of Midwout in 1651, and surrendered to the English in 1664.]: Maria, age 33 yrs, William age 15 years, Nathaniel, age 13 years, Richard, age 11 years, Joseph age 9 years, Benjamin Britton, age 7 years, Jan (John) age 5 years, and Daniel age 1 and 1/2 years [Year Book, Holland Society, 1898]
--- October 17, 1680, their son Nicholas was baptized. [Wilson and Allied Families, p.104 – by Justice]
Note: father William was not baptised, so no firm age for him is known. Note that it is always possible that Maria was a second wife for William Britton (widowers with young children usually married a second wife quickly), although perhaps unlikely. If William had been married previously, and if this first wife had been a Stillwell, then these Stillwell descendants would likely have been named in Nicholas Stillwell's will. (see Britton theories.)

1680-1681 court records -- see the 12 entries at the bottom of this page -- for William and Nathaniel!

1683 Gravesend census -- from Mary Gibson in 2014 -- The Gravesend census of 1683, gives to Alice Osborn, the largest ownership of land and cattle in the town - one hundred and fiteen acres of land, three twenty acre farms, two twenty-four acres wood lots, and the seven acres bought by Samuel Holmes of John Browne, twenty-two cows of different ages and four or five horses. Daniel Lake, who recently bought her late husband, William Osborn's, estate paid court to the widow and in time 1684, she accepted him as her third husband. -- I (MG) found this online about Alice Stillwell. I wonder if Daniel Lake just married her for money. Also I am wondering if she is mother or step mother of his children.

Gravesend -- Wikipedia -- note that the 1873 map still shows the huge influence of the Stillwell family here -- history:
           The first known European to set foot in the area that would become Gravesend was Henry Hudson, whose ship, the Half Moon, landed on Coney Island in the fall of 1609.[dubious – discuss] The island and its environs were at that time inhabited by bands of Lenape people. The land subsequently became part of the New Netherland Colony, and in 1643 it was granted to Lady Deborah Moody, an English expatriate who hoped to establish a community where she and her followers could practice their Anabaptist beliefs free from persecution. Due to clashes with the local native tribes the town wasn't completed until 1645. But when the town charter was finally signed and granted it became one of the first such titles to ever be awarded to a woman in the new world.[5]
           The town Lady Moody established was one of the earliest planned communities in America. It consisted of a perfect square surrounded by a 20-foot-high wooden palisade. The town was bisected by two main roads, Gravesend Road (now McDonald Avenue) running from north to south, and Gravesend Neck Road,[5] running from east to west (Map). These roads divided the town into four quadrants which were subdivided into ten plots of land each (The grid of the original town can still be seen on maps and aerial photographs of the area). At the center of town, where the two main roads met, a town hall was constructed where town meetings were held once a month.
           The religious freedom of early Gravesend made it a desirable home for ostracized or controversial groups, such as the Quakers, who briefly made their home in the town before being chased out by New Netherland director general Petrus Stuyvesant, who was wary of Gravesend's open acceptance of "heretical" sects.
          In 1654 the people of Gravesend purchased Coney Island from the local natives for about $15 worth of seashells, guns, and gunpowder.
          In August 1776 Gravesend Bay was the landing site of thousands of British soldiers and German mercenaries from their staging area on Staten Island, leading to the Battle of Long Island (also Battle of Brooklyn). The troops met little resistance from the Continental Army advance troops under General George Washington then headquartered in New York City (at the time limited to the tip of Manhattan Island). The battle would prove to be the largest fought in the entire war.

William Britton died intestate in 1683 in Staten Island. An inventory of his estate was taken in Dec 31, 1683, by Derrick Cornneliess and George Comun Guyon -- it totalled 83 Pounds, 7 Schillings, and included in its valuation were oxen, cows, sheep, swine, farming and household utensils, etc (Richmond County Records). Since William did not write a will, it is assumed his death was unexpected and precipitous. Curiously, he died one month after Nathaniel wrote a will (next entry), but two months before Nathaniel. His children are confirmed from the baptism records above; only son Nicklaus was not baptised (born later), but is known to be a son of William since he is not a son of Nathaniel (not in his will, below) -- children: William (b. 1663), Nathaniel (b. 1665), Richard (b. 1667), Joseph (b. 1669), Benjamin (b. 1671), Jan/John (b. 1673), Daniel (b. 1676/7) and Nicholas (b. 1680). Note that William does name a sons after his assumed brothers, Richard, Nathaniel and Daniel, but not Cananuiel.
Nathaniel Britton died two months later -- Staten Island Deed Books: will of Nathaniel Brittain: being very sick, Nov 30 1683. Wife Anne to have all estate during widowhood and one-third if she marry. Remainder to be divided into 5 parts: eldest son Nathaniel one part, eldest dau Sarah one part, Rebecka one part, youngest son Richard Britten one part, youngest dau Abigail Britten one part. Finally, the ten pound left for me by my Brother Richard Britten deceased Mr of Bisly which is in the hands and custody of William Clutterbock my Desire is that my two youngest children to witt Richard Britten and Abigall Britten each of them shall have five pounds. Wits Petrus Therensmaker?, Hans Christopfsolfe and Corsen Cornelius Prinse. -- Nathaniel Britton died 2/1684 in Old Town, Staten Island, NY; children: Nathaniel (b. circa 1666), Sarah (born circa 1668), Rebecca (b. circa 1669), Richard (born circa 1671?) and Abigail (born circa 1674).

The widow Maria (Mary) Britton, William's wife, is last seen in the records in May 1687 when she sold 180 acres of land to Thomas Dongan. [Descendant of Richard Britton Sr, by J Kenepp]

Most of William's children and Nathaniel's children do not remain on Staten Island. William's two oldest sons, William and Nathaniel, die in Staten Island in the 1700s, but their sons moved to Abington, PA (Philadelphia). William's next five sons moved across the river to NJ in the 1700s: Richard, Joseph, Benjamin, John, and Daniel. Only William's youngest son Nicklas stayed in Staten Island. However, despite the moves to nearby NJ and PA, the ties to Staten Island remain strong, and many of William's and Nathaniel's children in NY/PA/NJ marry into the Staten Island families, particularly the Stillwell family.

1706 Staten Island census -- census in Staten Island 1706. "Among the NY Colonial manuscripts (Vol 42 p.60) at Albany is a record which purports to be a 'List of the Inhabitants of the Towns of New Rochelle and Westchester' for the year 1698. This may be correct so far as it relates to the opening page, but the remaining sheets which make up the document are beyond dubiety a complete or partial census of the inhabitants of Staten Island. It is of considerable worth, enumerating as it does, the names of the residents of the Island, but especially valuable as it gives the respective ages of the males. It is without date, but it is my conviciton that it was made in the year 1706, based on note by Lord Cornbury to the Board of Trade, NY, 1708 saying the list was taken 2 years previously" and also examples of ages taken from tombstones. Census: Nathaniel Britton, age 42; Joseph Britton, 40; Benjamin Britton, 29; Nicholas Britton, 27 Note: although one page is missing, it is thought that this page contains just the children of the adults on page 3. However, since it is not certain, negative inferences (e.g., Richard and John missing, so not in Staten Island) are not warranted. The two oldest brothers, William and Nathaniel, had died prior to this census, in 1704 and 1702 respectively. Brother Daniel had definitely already moved to NJ, as there are records in Middlesex for the birth of his first daughter in 1700. So it is uncertain if Richard and John have already moved to NJ (more likely) or were on the missing page (less likely), as it appears that the missing page contained only children.

1711/1715 soldiers from Staten Island: Nathaniel Britton, Lieutenant; Nicholas Brittain, Sergeant; William Brittain, private; Richard Brittain, private; Nathaniel Brittain, private; Nathaniel Brittain (a 2nd one), private (Note: this Richard Britton is not William's son (age 45-50 and in NJ); he is the grandson of William's brother Nathaniel (age 22-26) -- see Britton Genealogy.)

Nathaniel Britton Jr (1688 SI-1754 PA), son of Nathaniel and grandson of William, sold the Staten Island Britton home on 4/9/1714 to Walton.
Nicholas Britton (1680 SI-1/12/1740 SI) sold the Staten Island Stillwell home on 8/13/1746 to son-in-law Walter Dongan, who sold the home on 11/12/1749 to Joseph Holmes.
Although some Britton descendants still lived on Staten Island as of the 1750s, most of the Britton-named descendants had scattered to primarily NJ (across the sound, accessible by ferry) and PA.

Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, NY. -- JOHN BRITTAIN was taxed in Beekman from June 1748 through Feb. 1753 with assessments of £1. There are no local records for this family other than several early 19th century bp. at Rhinebeck and some grave stones. A John Britton was son of Nathaniel Britton of Richmond Co. whose will was dated 1 June 1729. [WN-YHS XI:150]. [Note: it was not certain to me that the last sentence was a declaration that the John Britton taxed in Beekman was Nathaniel's son, or just a random notaton about a John Britton who may or may not match up. This does not match the information most genealogists have for Nathaniel's son who supposedly moved to Monmouth,NJ -- see below. Therefore, it is not certain this John Britton is a relative; more research is needed to determine the basis for the reference to Nathaniel Britton of Staten Island.--DLH 2008].

Early New Jersey records -- Britton descendants

Richard Britton (1667-1732):
--- ? Richard Britton deed in Monmouth County (sold [? unknown, some time between 1747-1784])
--- 1707: 1702/3 Feb 15 Cole, Robert of Middlesex Co., 1699 May 9, Cole, Robert of Pisca, East Jersey, binds himself to pay to Joseph Woode of Buks [sic] Co., Penn., the sum of 39.6.0pounds, Penna. money. 1707 July 30 -- affadavit of Joseph Wood, that his account of estate of Robert Cole is correct. The account shows said Wood a creditor of the estate to the amount of 123.3.0pounds, of which 70.4.0 is the bond for 30pounds, "payable out of his father's estate to my wife with lawful interest, since it was due." Wood has given relief to Robert Cole and wife in their sickness and afterwards buried them; he has paid debts due to ... Daniel Britan ... (Note: Bucks County link for the Britton family.) (NJ Archives. v23. Abstract of Wills 1670-1730)
--- 1710: Richard Britton -- 1710 Constable, Piscataway, Middlesex,NJ
--- 1714 Sept 14, Bowne, John of Mattawan, Middletown, Monmouth Co., merchant will of. 1716 Apr 9 inventory of the personal estate (16982.5.0 pounds), mortgagors being ... (many) ... Joseph Brittain, Joseph Brittain junior, Richar Brittain ... (NJ Archives. v23. Abstract of Wills 1670-1730)
---1714 Joseph Britton Sr and Joseph Britton Jr and Richard Britton mentioned in will of John Brown [it is thought that they may have married Brown daughters] -- could this be the same as Bowne above -- no such inference from the long list of mortgagors!!!
--- 1716: NJ early Land records: 1716, Dec. 5. Richard Brittain, yeoman, and wife Anne, residing at Piscataqua, Middlesex County, New Jersey sold land for 120 pounds to George Rescarrick. Richard Brittain and wife Anne both made their marks. (BRI HIS 009) note: some records must be missing since no purchase record was found
--- 1724 July 14 van Hook, Lawrence of Monmouth Co., Esq're. 1725 Nov 20 inventory. bonds and mortgages due by ... Richard Britain (NJ Archives. v23. Abstract of Wills 1670-1730)
--- 1724 July 14 van Hook, Lawrence of Monmouth Co., Esq're. 1725 Nov 20 inventory. bonds and mortgages due by ... Richard Britain
--- 1732, Richard Britten of Middlesex County -- LOOK AT THIS ONE -- this could be the key -- WILL: 1732 -- 1 - 766 FHL US/CAN Film 545482 -- YES -- at LARFHC ! ! ! ! ! !
This Richard Britton, married to Ann Unknown (maybe Aft?), is the son of William Britton, born in LI,NY ~1667; had a brother Joseph b.1669. The Richard Britton son of Nathan Britton, born ~1670, is not found on any subsequent records, not in SI in 1706 or elsewhere, and is assumed to have died young, perhaps in the 1690s.

John Britton:
--- 1718-1741 John Britton deeds in Monmouth County (sold 1718*, 1739, 1741; bought 1739) *sold to Jeremiah Stillwell
--- 1718: John Brittain and w. Elizabeth were named 1718 as living in old Shrewsbury township [Monmouth County, NJ] in a deed to Jeremiah Stillwell. It is probable that he was related to the Stillwells who at one time lived at Gravesend, L. I. where Nathaniel Brittain is named 1660 as a son-in-law of the noted Capt. Nicholas Stillwell, ancestor of the Stillwells of Monmouth and elsewhere. --History of Monmouth and Ocean Counties, 1890, by Edwin Salter.
--- 1718: John Britten, witness to marriage of Joseph Wardell to Margaret Parker, both of Shrewsbury, 10-21-1718 -- Friends (Quaker) records of Shrewsbury, NJ
--- It is certain that this Elizabeth is Elizabeth Stillwell, daughter of Jeremiah and Unknown. Capt. Jeremiah Stillwell, was born ~1662 in New Amsterdam,NY son of Nicholas Stillwell and Annetje Van Dyck, and died ~1749 in Monmouth,NJ; was baptised as Jeremias in the Dutch Church at New Amsterdam; lived in Kings,NY in 1698 ("Jeremiah Stillwell, English, 1 man, 1 woman, 4 children, 3 slaves, of Gravesend"); moved from Gravesend to Middletown,NJ shortly thereafter. Daughter Elizabeth born 1695 married a Britton." Note -- Jeremiah's mother is apparently the Annetje Stillwell who was a witness/godmother to Daniel's son Richard christened in the Dutch church in 1668 -- see above. --- 1739: Liber D.3.248. Deed Aug 18 1739. John Brittain, yeoman, and Rachel his wife of Middletown, Monmouth County, to Elias Covenhoven, yeoman of same place. L108. -- Recites deed of Jonathan Stout and wife Anne (Jan 6 1704) to James Hubbard for 200 acres of land and 5 acres of marsh, in Middletown township, and Hames Hubbard devised same to his son James during life and then to be divided amonth the three children of his dauther Mary (sister to James Hubbard Junr) wife of John Wall -- Rachel, wife of John Brittain, Mary Wall and Williamkee Wall. John and Rachel Brittain now convey their one-third of same to Covenhoven.
--- 1741: **Liber K.2.340. deed. Apr 25 1741. John Britton of Middletown, Monmouth county, weaver, and wife Rachel, to Joseph Smith, carpenter, of same place. L140. Land in Middletown ... witnesses: Jarrat Wall, Humphrey Wall.

Daniel Britton:
--- 1700: "First Settlers of Piscataway and Woodbridge", 1664-1714, published 1932. Mary Brittaen born to Daniel and Elizabeth, Feb 24, 1700. Also recorded elsewhere as the birth of "Mercy"
--- 1704/5 Jan 3, Powell, Richard of Woodbridge, will of. Divides real and personal estate between Mary Wallis, "who now dwells with me," his grandson John, son of Philipp Doldridge, Daniel Brittain and Philipp Doldridge.
--- 1705-1735 Daniel Britton deeds in Middlesex County (sold 1705, 1710, 1725, 1735; bought 1707, 1710, 1718, 1720, 1725)
--- 1709 Oct 31. Tuttle, Stephen, of Woodbridge, Middlesex Co., cordwinder. ... and friend Daniel Britton of Woodbridge, who are also made executors.
--- 1710 Constable,Piscataway,Middlesex,NJ
--- 1713 Daniel Betten was one of 41 petitioners in Middlesex County re an election, no Richard
--- 1715/16 Jan 16. Allen John of Woodbridge, cooper. Witnesses include Daniel Britten.
--- 1715 inventory of the personal estate (105.3.0 pounds incl. a great Bible 1.10pounds and a small one 6 shil) made by Samuel Dennes and Dan Britten.
--- 1716: 1716, Dec. 5. Richard Brittain, yeoman, and wife Anne, residing at Piscataqua, Middlesex County, New Jersey sold land for 120 pounds to George Rescarrick. Richard Brittain and wife Anne both made their marks. (BRI HIS 009)
--- 1718 Daniel Brittain, surveyor in Woodbridge
--- 1720 June 20, Bishop John of Woodbridge, Middlesex Co., will ... land on Pepiak Neck in Woodbridge Bounds, between the road to town, Daniel Brittain, John Moores and brother Noah, ...
--- 1729 June 10. Pike Thomas of Woodbrige, Middlesex Co., yeoman; will of. Executor Capt. Daniel Brittain.
--- 1729 Capt Daniel Brittain executor for Ephraim Phillips of Monmouth, County, NJ
--- 1733 will: Captain Daniel Brittain died in 1733, leaving a will dated April 5, 1733: "1733. April 5. Brittin (Britten), Daniell, Sen'r of Woodbridge, Middlesex Co.; will of; Son, Daniell, and his children, Nicholas and Elizabeth Britton. Sons, William and Benjamin, both under age. Daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, at 18 years. Greandson, Daniel, son of John Moores. Daughter Deliverance, and her children, viz: James, Sarah and Elizabeth Moore. Land in Perth Amboy; lands bought of William Elstone, Moses Rolfe, Peter Codricke, Noah Bishop, John Jaquiss; land joining David Donham, Jr., Executors -- wife, Elizabeth, John Moore, and son William Britton. Witnesses -- Charles Wright, Benjamin Codington, David Donham, Jun'r. Proved April 28, 1733' (Arch, Vol XXX, p.62)"
--- 1733: the tombstone record for this Daniel confirms a birthyear of circa 1676
--- 1760: "First Settlers of Piscataway and Woodbridge", 1664-1714, published 1932. Elizabeth Murrney, wife of John (widow of Danl Britton) d. Apr __ 1760, age 76
note -- there is a list of first settlers in 1714 who signed a petition, inc Danl but not Richd
--- Heritage: "First Settlers of Piscataway and Woodbridge", 1664-1714, published 1932. --- Records favor his having been a son of Nathaniel Brittain of Staten Island, and wife, Anne Stillwell, as he was too old to have been a son of William Brittain and wife, Maria, b. 1676/7, for the first record indicates that he was of age, i.e. old enough to take title in 1691 [NOT TRUE -- see note at end of paragraph]. Capt. Daniel Brittain appeared in Woodbridge in time for, and on account of his marriage about 1699 to Elizabeth Powell, daughter of Richard Powell of Woodbridge, for Daniel and Elizabeth had a daughter Mercy, entered in the Woodbridge Vital Records as born Feb 24, 1700. No other births are recorded. According to Dally's History of Woodbridge and Vicinity (sev. ref.) Aug 15, 1708, in the pastorate of Nathaniel Wade, Church of Christ, among those admitted to Communion were Daniel and Elizabeth Brittain (Vide ante, Part One, p.111). In various deed and will records, New Jersey Archives, Vol XXI and XXIII, Daniel Brittain's activities are disclosed, 1704-1717. Captain Daniel Brittain died in 1733. -- From Nathaniel's will, there is no son Daniel; he must be William's son born 1676/77; it is not clear what 1691 title record is referenced. Despite this entry, the Daniel of Middlesex is accepted as William's son.

Joseph Britton:
--- 1710 Joseph Britton deed in Hunterdon County (sold 1710)
--- 1714 Joseph Britton deed in Monmouth County (bought 1714; sold 1723)
--- 1714 Sept 14, Bowne, John of Mattawan, Middletown, Monmouth Co., merchant will of. 1716 Apr 9 inventory of the personal estate (16982.5.0 pounds), mortgagors being ... (many) ... Robert Frost, Nathaniel Stillwell, James Frost, Joseph Brittain, Elias Stillwell, Jeremiah Stillwell, Joseph Brittain junior, Richard Stillwell, Richar Brittain, Betty Frost, Robert Frost, ... (Note: Frost and Brittons together in Monmouth) (NJ Archives. v23. Abstract of Wills 1670-1730)
--- 1714 Joseph Britton Sr and Joseph Britton Jr and Richard Britton mentioned in will of John Brown [it is thought that they may have married Brown daughters] -- could this be the same as Bowne above -- no such inference from the long list of mortgagors!!!
--- 1716/7 Jan 8. Heath, Andrew of Hopewell Twp, Hunterdon Co., yeoman, will of. 1720 Oct 3 inventory -- bonds and bills due by ... Joseph Britain.
--- 1784-1786 Joseph Britton deeds in Hunterdon County (sold 1784, 1786, 1795, 1796, 1801)

Nathaniel Britton:
--- 1760s?? Source GNJG -- Genealogies of New Jersey families, vol1 (Pre-American Notes on Old New Netherland Families) -- Nathaniel Brittin married Thizbe Anderson (10/11/1740 Hopewell, NJ-?) in NJ.

William Britton:
--- 1742-1743 William Britton deeds in Middlesex County (sold 1742, 1743)

Nicholas Britton:
--- 1755 Nicholas Britton deed in Middlesex (bought 1755)

Thomas Britton:
--- 1715 Nov 27. Harrison, Edard; will of...Witnesses... Thomas Britan.
--- 1717/8 Feb 10 Rivers, John of Middlesex Co. ... showing payments to Tho. Britten, ...

Elizabeth Britton:
--- 1717 April 22 Newbury, Newberry, Henry of Evesham Township, Burlington Co. ...1725/6 Jan 11 Account of the estate by the administrator who has made payments to ... Elizabeth Britten ..

Loyalist Brittons -- youngest three sons of William Brittain (1724 SI,NY-1804) and Mary Collins (1724 Monmouth,NJ-1805 Hunterdon,NJ) -- James, Joseph and William:
-- James wished to take no part in the American Revolution. However, being outspoken, his house was surrounded by about 30 rebels who robbed and plundered him at will. He escaped to the woods, where his wife Eleanor fed him for nearly a month. Emerging from his hiding place, he joined Skinner with 70 men and was in a number of battles against the rebels. Taken prisoner and doomed to death along with his Loyalist brothers Joseph and William, they escaped the day before their appointed execution. James swam the Delaware and joined his corps. He served with the New Jersey Volunteers and was an ensign at the peace. Removing to St Johns, New Brunswick after the war, he rose to the rank of colonel in the New Brunswick Militia and at his death was the oldest magistrate in Kings County. (The American Loyalists, Lorenzo Sabine, 1847, pp 176-177)

New Jersey Archives. Marriage records 1665-1800.
Brittan, Ann, Perth Amboy and James Buckalew, Perth Amboy 1721-10/15
Brittain, Rachel, Kings Co, NY and Samuel Dorsett 1739-10/27
Brittain, Lydia and John Titus, Perth Amboy 1742-6/30
Britton, William Long Island, and Mary Collins, Monmouth 1743-11/30
Brittain, Susanna to John Bowen, 7-19-1744 **
Brittain, Abigail, Burlington and Thomas Nugen, Burlington 1749-4/29 **
Brittain, Anne, Monmouth and John Guinness, Burlington 1749-5/24
5/24/1749 Ann Britain to Thomas Nugen of Burlington -- this is a published citation that is in error, combining of the two previous entries
Britton, Benjamin, Middlesex and Dinah Robins, Middlesex 1750-1/17
Britton Sarah, Middlesex and Lewis Morris, Middlesex 1750-8/10
Britton Rebeckah, Monmouthy and Abraham Warrick, Upper Freehold 1750-12/29
Brittan Ann, Perth Amboy and James Buckalew, Perth Amboy 1751 Oct 15
6/10/1757 Abraham Brittan of Monmouth, NJ to Sarah Stillwell
Britton Sarah and William Williams, Upper Freehold 1762 1-19
Britton, Elisabeth, Monmouth and Mindert McClean, Monmouth 1762-5/4
Britten, Benjamin, Middlesex and Abigail Hoff, Monmouth 1762-7/15
Britain, Samuel, Staten Island and Mary de Young, NJ 1764-11/17
Britton, Hannah, Bucks Co Pa and Nicholas Larselen, Bucks Co Pa 1766-3/11
Britan, Richard, Burlington and Rhoda Woodward 1767-7/23 **
Brittain, Sidney, Bucks Co, PA and Robert Smith, Bucks Co, PA 1771-10/28
Brittain, Abigail, Burlington and Thomas Nugen, Burlington 1772 Apr 29
Britain, Susanna, Burlington and John Bowen, Burlington 1774-7/19
Britton, Isaac, Hunterdon, and Margaret Hweung 1778-4/25
Britton, Sarah, and John Robinson, Somerset 1779-12/11
Britton, Anne and Nicholas Bellville, NJ 1780-1/10
Britton Mary and Benajah King, Burlington 1781-1/29
Brittan, John, Kingwood and Hannah Opdike 1781-6/2
** Listed in Friends (Quaker) record books

Pennsylvania Records -- Britton descendants

Seeking information on Generation 3-5, my Britton ancestors:
Generation 3 -- John Britton (~1695 SI,NY?-10/28/1784 Bucks,PA) and (1) Elizabeth Stillwell ~1716 and (2) Rebecca VanSandt and (3) Elizabeth Stevens in 1761 -- (in PA at least by 1727)
Generation 4 -- Joseph Britton (~1720s NJ?/PA?-1795 Frederick,VA) and Mary Gibson? -- (in PA 1720s-1790)
Generation 5 -- Jesse Britton (1759 Reading,Berks,PA?-1842 Pickaway,OH) and Anna Gibson -- (in PA 1759-1790)

Chester County -- Cananuiel's descendants

Joseph Wood High Sheriff Attorney for his Brother John Wood Past A Deed unto Bartholomew Coppock Senior Attoryney for Petter Britten for A Plantation being Eighty-nine Accres of land lying between Darby and Springfield The Deed beareing Date the 27th Day of the 12th moneth 1686/7 -- Record of the Courts of Chester County, PA 1681-1697, published by Colonial Society of PA)

On 1 Mar 1688 Urin (Urim) Keen of Chester to John Sanger, Thomas Bright, John Briton, Caleb Pussey, Randall Vernon, Thomas Vernon, Joshua Hastings, Mordecai Maddock, Thomas Morton, Richard Flew, Walter Faucett & Edward Carter. Urin Keen for L4 grants a lot in Middletown. Signed urin Keen. Delivered in the presence of Robert Pyule, Francis Little, George Swain & John Martin. Recorded 6 Mar 1688 -- Abstracts of Chester County PA Land Records, Vol 1 1681-1730 by Carol Bryant (A1:B29)

Chester MM records the intentions of Peter Britton and Mary Coppock: "22/12/1696/7...Peter Britton to marry Mary Coppock, dau. of Bartholomew, Sr..."

Peter Britton brought boy Kenneth Houseek to court, adjusted to serve master 5 years -- court notes of 10/13/1697
Peter Britton constable at Springfield -- court notes of 1/7/1699
Peter Britain on Jury -- court notes of 9/4/1701
-- Records of the Courts of Chester County, transcribed by Dorothy Lapp

1710.11.22. Peter's will is found in "Abstracts of Philadelphia Co. Wills" by F. Edward Wright, pg. 132 and he names wife, Mary, children: Deborah, Elizabeth, Thomas, Samuel, Jonathan and a yet unborn child. -- Kennett MM records.
-- Pennsylvania Wills, 1682-1834. BRITTAIN, PETER. Of the West side of Brandywine, Pennsylvania. Yeoman. November 21, 1710 [proved]. November 17, 1711 [written]. C. 278. Children Elizabeth, Deborah, Thomas, Samuel and Jonathan. Unborn child. Executrix: Wife Mary. Witnesses: Francis Swayne, Bartholomew Coppock and Joseph Pennock.

Mary Britton, of Springfield township, and Richard Woodward of the same place, were married 1-5-1717, at Springfield Meeting. Among the witnesses were Bartholomew Coppock senr, William West, Deborah West, Elizabeth Norbury, Sarah Brittan, Jonathan Brittan... -- Quaker Meeting records. Unfortunately, often in the Quaker records, only the first 25 witnesses are listed. Mary Britton is Mary Coppock Britton, the widow of Peter Britton who died in 1710. Deborah West is Mary Britton's sister; Sarah and Jonathan are probably not her children (I assume at about age 10 they would be too young) but probably her brother-in-law and maybe his wife??, Bartholomew Coppock is her father.

West, William. Springfield. 2/9/1720. 2/22/1720. A.94. To 2 brothers Thomas and John West, all waring apparel. To brother in law Robt. Williamson and wife Hannah, 20 shillings each. To kinswoman Deborah daughter of Peter Britain, deceased, L5 at 21 or married. Executors to sell all remainder of estate real and personal and proceeds to wife Deborah during widowhood with rev to Mr. West youngest son of brother Thomas. Executors: wife Deborah and brother Thomas. Letters to widow, brother renouncing. Witnesses: John Marie, John Lea, Jacob Simcock, Bartholomew Coppock, John Gleave. -- Wills of Chester County, PA 1713-1748 Based on Abstracts of Jacob Martin, publ. 2000, by F. Edward Wright
--- Coppock, Bartholomew. Springfield. 2/5/1720. 2/22/1720. A.93. To my 3 sons and their wives, viz Richard Woodward and wife, my daughter Mary, Wm West and my daughter Deborah, and Robt. Williamson and my daughter Hannah 5 shillings each. All remainder of estate, real and personal to wife Ellen, for her maintenance during life, with power to dispose of what remains at her death among her children. Just signed B. Executors: brother in law Danl. Williamson and Evan Lewis. Witnesses: Jonathan Heacock, John Scholar, Jane Scholar. -- Wills of Chester County, PA 1713-1748 Based on Abstracts of Jacob Martin, publ. 2000, by F. Edward Wright
--- from these two wills, it is clear that Deborah Britton was born in 1700 or later (she is not 21 in 1720), and that she was a niece of William West (William's wife Deborah's sister Mary's daughter, obviously a name-sake). Probably because they are of such advanced age, it should be noted that Bartholonew Coppock called his sons-in-law "sons", and that he made no provision for his wife's remarriage.

Chester,PA taxes:
1718, Peter Britain (estate) in New Garden (non-resident)
1719/20, Joseph Britain in West Nottingham (landholder)
1720/21, Joseph Brittan in West Nottingham (landholder)
1720/21, unspecified Britain in Marlborough (non-resident)
1721, Joseph Brittain in West Nottingham (landholder)
1721, Thomas Britten in Ridley (freeman)
1722, Thomas Britain in Springfield (freeman)
1722, Samuel Britain in Springfield (landholder)
1724/25, Samuel Britton in Springfield (freeman)
1724/25, Joseph Briton in West Nottingham (landholder)
1725, Joseph Britton in West Nottingham (landholder)
1725, Samuel Brittain in Ridley (freeman)
1725, Anthony Britten in Conestoga (landholder)
1726/27, James Brittin in West Nottingham (landholder)
1730, Jonathan Brittain in Middletown (freeman)
"Landholder" – held land by lease or deed (PA taxed the occupant). "Freeman" – single, free man at least 21 years of age (as of 1718). Had to be out of servitude or apprenticeship at least 6 months at time of tax. Taxation of freemen was inconsistent. It appears that before 1755 single men living with their parents were not taxed. "Nonresident landowner" – owner of unseated (unoccupied) land
-- No Britton/Brittain entries found on lists for 1750, 1756, 1760. Daniel Briten found on list for East Nantmeal in 1765. No Britton/Brittain in 1770 or 1775. Richard Britton found on list for Tredyffrin (landholder) in 1780. In 1785, three entries -- Jno Britton in Vincent, Richard Britton in Tredyffrin, and Samuel Britton in Tredyffrin. In 1799, John Britten in Coventry. (website for 18th century taxes for Chester County,PA)
-- Thomas and Samuel are found in Ridley and Springfield together in 1721-1725 -- it is assumed these are the two known sons of Peter Britton of New Garden. Assuming that all three records are for the same Samuel, both Samuel and Thomas are unmarried in these records.
-- The Jonathan Brittain in Middletown in 1730 could be the third son of Peter, born ~1708. Note he is unmarried in 1730.
-- Joseph and James Brittain are found consecutively in West Nottingham; Joseph in 1719-1725 and James in 1726-27. These are not children of Peter. They could be children of Peter's (assumed) brother John. They may or may not be married.

"On 12 month 28, 1737/8, an acknowledge was received from Opeckon by Chester Monthly Meeting, for Samuel Brittain and a certificate was granted him".

Cananuiel died in Chester in 1682, probably at age ~60s; the first records for Peter and John are 1686 and 1688 respectively, both land records. Assuming that Peter and John would have been 21+ on these land records, they both must have been born prior to ~1665. It is therefore not clear if John is a son of Cananuiel, born ~1640s, and Peter a grandson born ~1665, or they both are sons born~1650s/1660s. It should be noted that Cananuiel's brother Nathaniel had no son John, and brother William had a son John born in 1673, who obviously would be too young to be buying land in 1688. Given that Nathaniel's children were born in 1666-1674 and William's in 1663-1680 and Daniel's in 1668, it seems most likely that even if Cananuiel is the oldest sibling, Peter and John were both sons of Cananuiel. Assuming that the later records are for the same Peter, it indicates he married at a relatively advanced age, as his children were born ~1700 when he was ~40s, and his death in 1710 would have been at about age ~50s. It was these Chester records that Gilbert Cope found and concluded that Cananuiel had children by Mary Coppock; I concur.


1734 Landholders of Philadelphia County. -- PUBLICATIONS OF THE GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA, Dec. 1898, Miscellany No. 2 -- Landholders of Philadelphia County, 1734 -- A List of the Names of the Inhabitants of the County of Philadelphia, with the quantity of Land they respectively hold therein, according to the uncirtaine Returns of the Constables.
Bibury Township -- Nathanie Brittaine 100; Bristoll Township -- Nathan Whitman 100; William Brittaine 100; Samuel Powell 100; Upper Dublin -- Joseph Brittaine 100.


Bucks County Pennsylvania Pioneers of the 18th century, book 1, , by Richard and Mildred Williams, 1974.
---p.27. Among the names of owners of cttle in Bucks County in 1684: ... Lyonel Britton ...
---p.31 Among the original settlers of Falls Twp: ... Lyonel Britton ...
---p.47 Lyonel Britton, Samuel Darke, William Darke were among the arrivals in the Delaware in 1680.

(1722 -- Buckingham County tax list (Bucks was part of Buckingham prior to 1725) -- No John Britton; no Britton)

(1724 -- List of landowners ("The History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, from the discovery of the Delaware to the present time" by W. W. H. Davis, 1876) -- no John Britton; no Britton)

1725/1727. John Britton purchased from Richard Hill, of Philadelphia, 370 acres of land in Plumstead township, Bucks County, PA on Dec 15, 1727. This is recited in a deed from John Britton of Plumstead, cordwainer, to Abraham Vickers of the township of "Chroasberry" (Shrewsbury), in the county of Monmouth, Nov 21, 1733, for half of this tract. Nathaniel Britton was a witness to this last deed. Curiously, this land purchase is listed in the Bucks County History as having been in 1725. It is assumed that this latter "source" is incorrect, as it does not list the actual source of this statement; the 1727 date is assumed to be the correct date.

The first church in Bucks,PA was a Quaker Meetinghouse founded in 1727.

1731 tax list: BRITTON, John -- Plumstead 1731 Joh. Brittain 10-1-3 (£-p-s) (1731 is the first tax record in Plumstead township); Plumstead twp 1731 or 1732, John Brittain, 050 land, 06 corn, 0 servant, 0 age, 02 cattle, 02 horses, 00 sheep; (only Britton entry)

1734 -- Bedminster, which was included in Plumstead from its first settlement down to the date of its organization as a township, lies wedged in between Plumstead, Hilltown, Rockhill, Haycock, and Nockamixon, having the tortuous Tohickon for its north and northeast boundary. All the surrounding townships, except Haycock, were organized prior to Bedminster, and afterward this township was formed of part of Plumstead. William Allen, of Philadelphia, was one of the largest landowners in this section of the county, and his possessions lay in several townships. When settlers began to enter Bedminster he and the Proprietaries owned all the land in it. His was called the "Deep Run tract," [and contained 6,653 acres, surveyed 1730*] and as late as 1800 2,200 acres, divided into convenient-sized farms, were put up at public sale at the tavern-house of John Shaw. The Proprietaries opened their lands for settlement about 1725-30, and soon settlers began to come in and purchase. In 1734 John Hough purchased 200 acres on Deep Run, and John Brittain 150 on the same stream. -- THE HISTORY OF BUCKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, CHAPTER XXXV, BEDMINSTER, 1742 from the discovery of the Delaware to the present time by W. W. H. Davis, A.M., 1876 and 1905* editions

1746-1818 Hannah Britton Vansant. Lendrum L. Vansant, farmer, P.O.Feasterville, is of Dutch descent. His great-grandfather was Captain Nathaniel Vansant, a revolutionary soldier, who was taken prisoner by the British and confined on Staten Island. After his realease he came back to this home at Brownsville, in this township, where his father, Nicholas, and his grandfater, also Nicholas, had both resided. Nathaniel was born there on March 13, 1745, and died August 8, 1825. His wife was Hannah Britton, who was born January 16, 1746 and died August 19, 1818. His son Nicholas was grandfather of Lendrum L. ... Who is this Hannah and where was she born in 1746? -- cannot find her on Staten Island... or anywhere in tree.... She is found on the Britton tree marrying into William's great-great-grandson Capt Nathaniel VanSandt (William-Nathaniel-Nathaniel-Mary-Nathaniel), but her Britton parents cannot be found....

1748 -- John Brittain executor on 2/5/1748 for will of Joseph Stidman of Plumstead twp -- 2.104. Joseph Stidman, of Plumstead Twp. 2nd mo., 5th day, 1748. Proved April 22, 1748. 25 acres for use of Poor of Twp. Cousin Jane Miller, wife of Wm. Miller and "The Rest of my Sister's children." Cousins Jacob and Joseph Thomas. £2 toward building Plumstead Mtg. House, besides £3 already subscribed. Residue toward building on and improving the 25 acres for use of Poor of Twp. John Brittain and Nathan Preston, exrs. Wit: John Rich, Benj. Collins, Andrew Love.

John Britton obtained a patent for about 124 acres in Plumstead, Oct 10, 1752, (note that no wife was mentioned in the 1752 purchase, but she is mentioned in the subsequent 1765 sale).

1754 -- John Brittain executor on 10/19/1754 for will of William Chestnut of Plumstead Twp -- 2.275. William Chestnut, of Plumstead. October 19, 1754. Proved January 24, 1755. Wife Mary "good will of place I live on." Children, John, William, and Margaret. John Brittain and Thos. Moore, exrs. Wit: Wm. Ramsey and Joseph Stewart.

John Brittin, of Plumsted, administrator of John Carpenter, singleman, presents account to Orpahns Court Dec 16 1755.

1760 John Sampell of Plumstead township will mentions Joseph Britton as executor

1761 -- August 22, 1761 marriage record in Montgomery County, PA for a John Britton and Elizabeth Stevens. This may be a third marriage record for "our" John -- see comments at the end of the will. There was only "our" John Britton residing in Bucks at this time (based on tax records), but there is no assurance that this-married-John Britton was from Bucks. Arguing against this record in Montgomery County being for "our" John Britton is the fact that neither the death of his previous wife nor this marriage are mentioned in John Dyer's diary, while he did enter the passing of Elizabeth and John in 1777 and 1784 respectively. Arguing for this record being for our John is the proximity of Montgomery (Bucks shares most of its western border with Montgomery), and John was married to an Elizabeth in 1770 when he wrote his will; plus, land records prior to 1761 do not mention a wife Elizabeth, while records after do. Obviously, obtaining an indication of the bride's or groom's ages would be more definitive.

1759-1764 tax lists (£-p-s)
BRITTAIN, John (Plumstead 1759 John Brittan 10-2-6; Plumstead 1761 John Britian 12-3-0; Plumstead 1762 John Briton 7-1-9;
BRITTON, Joseph -- Plumstead 1759 Joseph Brittan 8-2-0; Plumstead 1761 Joseph Britian 8-2-0; Plumstead 1762 Joseph Briton 7-1-9; Plumstead 1763 Jos. Brittain 14-3-6; Plumstead 1764 Joseph Briton 12-3-0;) -- note: no Britton found on tax lists in Berks County in 1758-60.

Deed Feb 28 1759. John Brittin of Plumsted, yeoman, ux Elizabeth to William Jessop of Plumsted. Riater? patent Oct 10 1752 to John Britton 123a 131 per in Plumstead (A vol 16 p.315). Mortgaged to Loan Office Dec 22 1752 98 acres 131 per of the above, which part Brttin and wife convey to Jessep for L92:13:6 deed Nov 31 1733. John Britton of Plumsted to Abraham Vickers of twp of Chroasberry (Shrewsbury??) in Col of Monmouth, husbandman of 187.5 acres in Plumstead, part of 375 acres from Richard Hill of Phila Dec 15 1727. L80. Wits: Nathniel Brittan, Jonathan Carlile, Elizabeth Carlile (23-27) Mar 24 1786. Nathniel Britin of Plumsted, exr of John, to John Young, son of William (& gr son of John Britin) recites John Brittain ___?__ of land in Plumsted by indenture from his son Benjamin Brittain and Margaret his wife Jan 20 1767; by will ordered land sold after wife's death or marriage. Exr now sells for L171 -- 32 acres, 60 per. __?__ Nathaniel Brittain & others. (25-235) Mar 19 1765 John Brittain of Hilltown and wife Elizabeth to Peter Bother of same. land in Hilltown purchased from Lewis Morris Dec 1 1763.

Britton, Hannah, Bucks Co Pa and Nicholas Larselen, Bucks Co Pa 1766-3/11

1763-1767 land transactions. John Britton with Elizabeth is wife, converyed all but 25 acres of the 10/10/1752 land purchase above to William Jessop of Plumstead, for L92:13:6. March 18, 1765, John Brittain of Hilltown, and wife Elizabeth, convery to Peter Bother of same place land in Hilltown purchased from Lewis Morris Dec 1, 1763. John Brittain purchased from his son Benjamin Brittain, and Margaret his wife, Jan 20, 1767, 32 acres, 60 perches in Plumstead. This he continued to hold until his death.

Mar 12 1767 Nathaniel Brittain presents accounts of Adm on John Britton. auditors appto??

1769 -- 11/9 Ben. Brittain moved for Virginia -- Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks, Co -- 1763-1805 (John Dyer born 11/1/1736 Plumstead and died 1811 in Plumstead)

1770 John Brittain of Plumstead Township writes his will -- will mentions wife Elizabeth; deceased son Richard, five sons William, Nathaniel, Nathan, Joseph, and Benjamin; five daughters Elizabeth Morris, Anna Young, Hannah Cosner, Mary Lewis and Martha Poe. (proved in 1785 -- see below)

In 1770 Nathan, John, Nathaniel, Joseph, Richard, Ann, Elizabeth and Rachel Britton were members of the Hilltown Church. "Stillwell Genealogy," Vol. IV. P. 141.
--- Hilltown Baptist Church had its earliest beginnings when Montgomery Baptist Church permitted one of its members, a Welsh immigrant named William Thomas, to start preaching in Hilltown, Pennsylvania in 1725. Most of the 54 members were relatives and of Welsh, Irish-English and German extraction. By 1783 the church membership had grown to 94 making it the fifth largest church in the Philadelphia Baptist Association.

Brittain, Sidney, Bucks Co, PA and Robert Smith, Bucks Co, PA 1771-10/28

1771 -- 3/29 Thos Polton set for Maryland and took Brittains Bond to Jos Dyer -- Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks
1773 -- 3/25 Jean Tyson Died of the Small pox at Joseph Brittains after she was published for marriage with Levy Fell -- Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks
1775 -- 1/24 Isaac Thomas married to Sarah Brittain this Evening -- Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks
1775 -- 7/27 Robert Gibson Married to Mary Brittain this day -- Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks
1777 -- 8/22 Robert Gibson's wife buryed this Day -- Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks
1777 -- 9/10 John Brittains Wife died this day I believe, of a cancer. -- Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks

1775-1779 tax lists:
BRITTAIN, John (Plumstead 1775 John Brittain 1 horse, 1 cattle 0 sheep, 30 acres 2-rent tax rates 1-4-0 on land and 1-0-0 on horse, etc. tax was 0-1-6; Plumstead 1778 John Britton 0-10. Plumstead 1779 John Brittain 78 acres 1 horse 1 cattle);
BRITTAIN, Joseph (Plumstead 1775 Joseph Brittain 1 horse, 4 cattle 4 sheep 107 acres 6 rent tax 0-7-6; Plumstead 1778 Jos Britton 0-10. Plumstead 1779 Joseph Brittain 200 acres 4 horses 4 cattle)

Muster Rolls & Papers relating to the Associations and Militia of the County of Bucks. --Pennysylvania Archives, 5th Series Vol 5.
--- p.331 roll of the Associates Company in Township of Plumstead, Aug. 21st 1775, Captain William McCalla. Privates ... Jesse Britton, Samuel Brittain, Nathaniel Brittain.
--- p.369-372 a return of the names of the person with their classes in Capt. Robt. Gibson’s Company in Plumstead Township 6 June 1780: Sixth - Joseph Brittain; Seventh - Nathaniel Brittan; Eight - Jesse Brittian.
--- p.377 All persons under Militia Law in Plumstead Township 19 May 1781: 8th class - Jesse Brittian
--- p.415-416 a return of a list of the Light Horse of Bucks Co., June 18th 1781: not equipped - Jessee Brittain.
--- see Britton Patriots for more Britton Revolutionary War information. It is thought that Jesse and Joseph Britton are listed with muster roll fines in 1781 because they were in Virginia.

1782/1783 Philip Wood of Plumstead township will mentions witnesses Joseph Brittain and Jesse Britton -- will on Jan 3, 1782; proved 1783

1783 members of the Hilltown Church. In 1770 Nathan, John, Nathaniel, Joseph, Richard, Ann, Elizabeth and Rachel Britton were members of the Hilltown Church. In 1783, ten of the same name were recorded: Abigail, John, Jr. and Jane being the additonal names whilst Nathan and Richard had disappeared. "Stillwell Genealogy," Vol. IV. P. 141. Look up Hilltown Baptist Church and Montgomery Baptist church records. Carolynn has 1761 date for Nathan's children Elijah, John and Rachel signing a petition to move from Montgomery to Hilltown. However, Elijah would be 3, John would be newborn and Rachel won't be born for 2 years. Are they babies? is it Sarah born circa 1760 instead of Rachel? These records might help confirm that 1761 marriage of John to Elizabeth Stevens. Note that Abigail Britton is most likely to be Patrick and Abigail Poe's daughter Abigail, and not our newborn daughter of Jesse and Anna Gibson.

1783-1785 tax lists: Brittain, John (Plumstead twp 1783); Joseph Brittain (Plumstead 1783); BRITTON, Jesse (Plumstead 1783, also 1785)

Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks, Co -- 1763-1805 (John Dyer born 11/1/1736 Plumstead and died 1811 in Plumstead)
1784 -- 10/28 John Brittain departed this Life this day, an aged man of good repute.

1785 John Brittain's will proved -- will mentions wife Elizabeth; deceased son Richard, five sons William, Nathaniel, Nathan (deceased by 1785), Joseph, and Benjamin; five daughters Elizabeth Morris, Anna Young, Hannah Cosner, Mary Lewis and Martha Poe. (written in 1770 -- see above)

~1787 Jesse and Anna Gibson Britton's daughter Letitia born in PA (verified by census data -- see Jesse's grandchildren).

1788 Robert Gibson of Plumstead township will mentions daughter Mary Britton with witness Nathaniel Brittain. Note: Mary Britton is the wife of Joseph Britton.

1787/1788 Martha Baxter of Plumstead township will mentions executor Joseph Brittain and witness Jesse Brittain -- will on August 18, 1787; proved 1788

1789 Cornelius Vansandt will probated, mentioned Cornelius Brittain, son of my nephew Joseph Brittain. Note: it is this will that led several genealogists to logically conclude that John's wife (second wife) was a VanSandt -- there seems to be no other interpretation for Joseph Brittain being a nephew; Joseph's father must have married Cornelius VanSandt's sister. The second-wife-a-VanSandt with an early demise for Elizabeth Stillwell is a more probable scenario than John and Elizabeth leaving their first-born son Richard behind in NJ at age 11 -- see comments at the end of the will. If the 1761 marriage record is for John, and is his third marriage, then this second wife may not have a Christian name of Elizabeth -- it could be anything. Thus, while most genealogists have the VanSandt-wife name as Elizabeth, I think it is a Rebecca, based on the following genealogy:
--- THE VANSANT FAMILY: Garret VANSAND died intestate in Bensalem township, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, prior to June 5, 1706, ... Garret VAN SANDT, youngest son of Garret was a minor when his father's real estate was conveyed in 1706. He settled in Wrightstown township, near Penn's Park, where he had a large plantation. He died in 1746, leaving a widow Claunchy, sons Garret and Cornelius, to whom he devised the plantation; and daughters Sarah SACKETT, Rachel DUNGAN and Rebeckah VANSANT, the latter a minor. ... Rebecca, daughter of Garret, Sr., married a BRITTAN, whose son Joseph and grandson Cornelius are mentioned in the will of Cornelius VAN SANT.

1790 census: Joseph Brittain (2-1-5 -- men, boys females), Joseph Brittain (2-2-4), Jesse Brittain (1-1-6) in Bucks County

Memoranda from the diary of John Dyer of Plumstead, Bucks, Co -- 1763-1805 (John Dyer born 11/1/1736 Plumstead and died 1811 in Plumstead)
1790 -- 10/22 N. Brittain and J. Brittain moved to Virginia [it is thought that this could be Nathaniel and Joseph, brothers to the Benjamin Britton who was listed in the diary as leaving for Virginia in 1769. This entry should have been made after the 1790 census which has Jesse Britain, Joseph Britain, Joseph Britain, Nathaniel Britain, and Thomas Britain -- it is noteworthy that there is only one N name (Nathaniel) and 3 J names (Joseph, Joseph, Jesse -- father and likely-to-be two sons). It is also noteworthy that Benjamin, Nathaniel and Joseph would have been contemporaries to John Dyer -- all probably born in the 1720s or 1730s -- his description of those considered to be a generation behind might have been different (e.g., Nathan's son Nathaniel).]

(Note: no will/administration/inventory found for a Joseph Britton in Bucks County, despite the fact that he would have been in his 70s+.) I believe this Joseph Britton moves to VA where he dies in 1796 -- see belEow.

No Britton cemetery listings or tombstones found in Bucks County, not even at the Hilltown Baptist church.

The 1759 Bucks County tax listing above is particularly noteworthy, as Jesse has been documented in a biography -- "History of Franklin and Pickaway Counties, OH", 1880 "Pickaway-Perry. Jesse Britton, whose place of nativity was Reading, Pennsylvania, came to Ohio from Richmond, Virginia [actually Winchester, VA] in 1807..." -- as having been born in Berks County, PA not Bucks, and the date of 1759 is known from his tombstone ("3/27/1759-8/3/1842"). However, here is his father Joseph in Bucks in 1759 (tax list), and he is an executor of a will in 1760 (surely not named executor if not living in Bucks fulltime), and moreover, the tax records for the same period in Berks (1757-1760) show no Britton entry. It is my (DLH 2008) opinion that the Berks reference is an error -- either the Berks entry is a typographical error (perhaps the handwritten Bucks was misinterpreted as Berks,) or it was a bad memory from whoever supplied the information in 1880 (they thought Richmond, VA when it was near Winchester,VA; and they had name/sex and deathdates wrong) or perhaps Jesse was born in Berks en route between Frederick-Bucks. It is known that the Gibsons were not from Bucks, as Mary's father was Robert Gibson, who is noticeably missing from the 1760s Bucks tax lists, but is there for 1775 and 1778 (and dies there in 1788), and served in the Revolution out of Bucks (note how on the above list, Jesse served in Capt Robert Gibson's company -- under what is probably his uncle; his maternal grandfather Robert Gibson would be 74 years old). So perhaps Joseph Britton and his wife Mary Gibson were visiting her family when she gave birth to Jesse. At any rate, regardless of the place of birth for Jesse, and the land ownership in Frederick, it is clear that Jesse's parents Joseph and Mary Gibson Britton lived permanently in Bucks at the time of his birth in the late 1750s/early 1760s.

Virginia Records -- Britton descendants

(continued) Joseph Britton (~3/7/1734/35 Bucks,PA?-after 1790 PA/VA?)
(continued) Jesse Britton (1759 Reading, Berks County, PA-1842 Pickaway,OH) -- moved to Frederick County,VA by 1780, and then alternated between VA and PA 1782-1790; moved to Pickaway County,OH circa 1806

1748 -- New Garden, NC records (Quaker records; New Garden is near Greensboro) -- marriage of Thomas Brown, son of Thomas of Frederick Co., Va, married Margaret Moon, daughter of Simon of same place, 10th of 6th month, 1748. They had declared their marriage intention at Hopewell. Witnesses: ... Joseph Brittan, Mary Brittan, ... NOTE: Assuming this is "our" Joseph and Mary Brittan, showing up in Frederick, married, in 1748, it means that Joseph Britton was likely born prior to 1727 and Mary Gibson Britton prior to 1730. The Hopewell and New Garden Quaker churches seem to have often intermingled, even though in different states and 277 miles apart, or perhaps it was the same minister who wrote all his records in just one book that covered churches in both areas.

1752 -- Joseph Briton's Land Grant -- dated March 11, 1752 for 200 acres in Frederick County, on the North River of Cacapehon. NOTE: Although these two records (1748 and 1742) seem to belong to the same Joseph, it is not certain that this is Jesse's father. Since no land records have been found for Joseph's brother Benjamin in 1769+ (but Benjamin does show up on other Frederick records) and that Jesse and his brother Joseph live in Virginia off and on in the 1870s and 1880s prior to moving here in 1890 strongly suggests that this land grant was to Jesse's father, and this is where Jesse also settled in Winchester. See Virginia Northern Neck Land Grant documentation. Note: State of Virginia librarians confirm that a buyer had to be 21+ to purchase land. There were two earlier Brittons in Frederick County, VA -- Samuel Britton was in Frederick 1730s-1760s, known to be a cousin to Joseph. The second was James Brittain (wife Mary) in the 1740s and 1750s who "left to Carolina." (Note that other Brittons also go from Frederick VA to NC in the 1780s and 1790s.) (see sources) Note that these records do not indicate age, so it is possible that Joseph is a contemporary to Samuel and James, and not a generation younger.

1758 -- voting records for House of Burgesses (voting for Colo. Washington, Colo. Martin, or Mr. West) (Frost, Gibson, and Houseman voted) -- no Britton NOTE: since Britton was a landowner, he would have been eligible to vote if he had been present in Virginia; son Jesse's birth in 1759 in Berks/Bucks County confirms the Brittons were in Pennsylvania in 1758, and the lack of Joseph Britton voting suggests this is one-and-the-same Joseph. James is known to have moved to Carolina; but it is curious there is no record for Samuel voting (he died by 1764).

1765 -- Jonathan Brittain (and sister Susannah) were dismissed from the Hopewell Friends Church because of marriage out of the denomination. (Jonathan married Elizabeth Crow, his sister Susannah married Thomas Crow)

1/1783 -- Jesse and Anna Gibson Britton's daughter Abigail born in Virginia (verified by census data -- see Jesse's grandchildren).

~1785 -- Jesse and Anna Gibson Britton's son Joseph born in Virginia (verified by census data -- see Jesse's grandchildren).

1787 census -- none of "our" Brittons are listed on the 1787 VA census -- not Joseph or Nathan, or any of their sons Cornelius, Jesse, Elijah, etc. Note records above for Jesse and Joseph in Bucks, PA 1787-1790.

~1791 -- Jesse and Anna Gibson Britton's daughter Elizabeth born in Virginia (verified by census data -- see Jesse's grandchildren).

~1793 -- Jesse and Anna Gibson Britton's son Jesse Jr. born in Virginia (verified by census data -- see Jesse's grandchildren).

1796 -- Joseph Brittain. Account of goods and chattels of Joseph Brittain. 12/6/1796.
Abstracts of Wills, inventories, and administration accounts of Frederick County, VA 1743-1800. by King, 1980

Will Book No. 6, 1795-1802, Frederick County, Virginia. BRITTON, Joseph (Britain). Appraisal. 16 Oct 1795/7 Apr 1796. (Bonds of Amos Albright, Jacob Landiss, for £320 Pa Money; Jacob Grimes note; notes on Adam Albert & McMunn, Wilson Britton, totaling £484.9.6-1/2). Appraisers: Robert Wood, Sampson Thomas, Jacob Rinker, James Smith. (p. 116-117) NOTE: it is noteworthy that the estate lists bonds in Pennsylvania money! Wilson Britton is thought to be a son of Joseph Britton; it is known that Wilson was one of at least four sons, as he "crossed the mountains in 1806 with three brothers" when he moved from Frederick County to Monongalia County, VA. Curious that the note he owes what is assumed to be his father was formalized in this inventory. Genealogist Thomas Bailey thought Joseph had sons Cornelius, Jesse, Joseph, John, Thomas and perhaps others, apparently based primarily on the 1790 PA census data (see Britton tree).

Will Book No. 6, 1795-1802, Frederick County, Virginia. BRITTON, Joseph. Sale Account. 29 Oct 1795/ 6 Dec 1796. Admr: Jesse Britton. Among buyers: Abigail Britton, Joseph Britton, Jesse Britton. (p. 233-236) (Account of goods and chattels of Joseph Brittain. 12/6/1796.) NOTE: although Jesse is thought to be a son of Joseph Britton, he curiously is not thought to be the oldest son -- Jesse was born in 1759 and his parents were apparently married by 1748; son Cornelius is thought to be older (see Britton tree). Abigail is likely to be Jesse's 12 year old daughter, but it is unknown if Joseph is Jesse's son 10-year-old Joseph, or a brother to Jesse. It is curious here too that none of the other 2+ sons of Joseph were mentioned in the Sale. It is also assumed that Joseph's wife Mary had predeceased him, since she is not mentioned in either of these documents, but without a will, it is impossible to be certain. Since Joseph was born at least by 1727 (he was likely to have been 21+ at his marriage prior to 1748, and also had to be 21 to purchase land in 1752), he would have been 68+ at his death, which likely was sudden and unexpected for there to be no will with an estate of this size (£484 = $11,500 in 2008 -- a large estate for a farmer).

Oct 17, 1798. Jesse Britton was Surety for marriage of Curtis Langley and Susannah Ridgeway. -- Frederick County Marriages, 1771-1825, Davis, 1941.

4/1/1802 marriage of Jesse Britton and Susannah Noland in Winchester, VA -- Frederick County Marriages, 1771-1825, Davis, 1941. minister=John Bond**

~1803 -- Jesse and Susannah Noland Britton's son Hiram born in Virginia (verified by census data)

William Howsman and Abigail Britton married May 27, 1803. J.W. (James Walls**)-- Frederick County Marriages, 1771-1825, Davis, 1941.

Samuel Young and Mary Britton, Dec 30, 1806. Jas. W. (James Walls**) -- Frederick County Marriages, 1771-1825, Davis, 1941. (In the source books with a fuller transcription of the record, Jesse is listed as Mary's father.)

Other Brittons in VA

James Britton and his wife Mary owns land in Frederick,VA in the 1740s and 1750s, and in the 1750s "left to Carolina." He apparently is the James Britton who shows up in records in Rowan,NC, with many descendants; most of the records in Hinshaw's Quaker encyclopedia, vol 1, are for his descendants.
-- Both James and Samuel arrived in Orange Co VA c 1740 and lived next to each other. Also living in Orange Co c 1740 were William and Joseph Britton, but there is no evidence they were related to James or Samuel
-- James purchased land in 1740. The area where James lived had become Frederick Co (today's Martinsburg, Berkley Co, WVA) when he sold his land in 1754 and moved to Rowan Co, NC. In 1768 James sold land in Guilford Co. NC (formerly Rowan Co) where "Daniel Britton had formerly lived."
-- James owned property at this time on Opechon Creek in Frederick County, Virginia. He probably left about 1754 because he sold his property then. He married Mary Witty and moved to Guilford County, North Carolina with his brother-in-law, Simon Moon.

Joseph Britton purchased land in Frederick, VA in 1752. This latter Joseph would not have been James' father (he would have been an unlikely 83 in 1752), but a brother or a nephew. -- Also, I forward a hypothesis that Samuel may also have been another son of Joseph. One family story (source: ) is that the Samuel in Frederick,VA in the 1750s and 1760s came to Virginia with two brothers, William and James. No Virginia records have been found for William, but it does appear likely that the above James is the one so named. The Samuel, son-of-Nathaniel, had no brother James, and it does not appear that his brother William (who married Mary Collins) moved to Virginia. Alternatively, "brothers" could have been a loose moniker for "brothers and cousins."
-- some genealogists have the Samuel in VA who married Mary Burtis (widow Worthington) as the son of Nathaniel Britton and Elizabeth Gerritson (clearly wrong)
-- several genealogists have Samuel having two brothers, William "in Bucks county" with the 6 sons (3 loyalists, 3 patriots)(mixed up with NJ Britton who married Mary Collins), and James who moved from PA to VA with Samuel and then moved to NC.
-- the confusion on the children who are Tories apparently came from a genealogist who found D. J. Jack book, "Loyalist Families of New Brunswick" Vol. L A-C gives the names of the three Tory sons of Samuel as James, Joseph & William, who settled with other Royalist in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick -- These are sons of William, not Samuel. And they do not belong to this Britton branch at all -- apparently because the book probably states they came from Bucks,PA (where the three older brothers signed up as Patriots), some genealogist randomly assigned to the William/Samuel known to have moved from PA to VA, as Bucks is close to Chester....
-- these same genealogists have the three brothers, Samuel, William and James as born in Wales to Sir William Brittain and Mrs Achea Brittain -- apparently based on "A Genealogy of the Britton/Brittain Family" compiled by Audra (Rickey) Wayne, 1976. -- clearly this has many errors. Additional note online: Marie East has lots of errors in her information. Most of it she got out of a book in the State Library over here and we have had that for years but discount most of it.
-- "On 12 month 28, 1737/8, an acknowledge was received from Opeckon by Chester Monthly Meeting, for Samuel Brittain and a certificate was granted him".
-- Samuel Brittain treated Robert Worthington, Jr. harshly and bound him out to a severe master. As a result, the boy ran away to Philadelphia where he worked until he was 18, returning to the valley in 1748 to receive his patrimony.
-- No date has been found of Samuel's death. (Mary died in 1794.) Samuel served in the Revolutionary War, and Mary received seven pounds for her support and that of her two children for the year 1778 in Berkeley County, Virginia. She also received as the administrator of Samuel's estate, one hundred acres in Ohio for his service -- In 1792 Mary Britton was granted 100 acres in Ohio for Samuel Britton's service in the Revolution
-- Note that Samuel's wife's first husband was devoutly Quaker -- his father "John Worthington was among the first who threw in their lot with the Quakers, for he is recorded as having attended a Quaker meeting as early as 1653" and fled England due to persecution for his religion -- this lends support to Samuel Britton being from a devoutly Quaker family too (i.e., more likely Cananuiel than any of his brothers."
-- 1740 - Samuel Britton's guardian bond for Robert and Martha Worthington was recorded.
-- will of Robert Worthington -- Robert Worthington, the immigrant, died in 1735 while visiting in Maryland leaving a will drawn up during his last illness with the following legacies: To youngest son Robert - 1000 acres To son Jacob 600 acres for his many kindnesses To grandsons, Robert and Jacob - 400 acres each To children Samuel, Jacob and Esther - 5 shillings each, they having received their part. Of the remainder - 1/3 to wife Mary for use during his lifetime, 2/3 to her children. The will was probated in Maryland and Virginia and was not contested for nearly eight years.
-- This Cause was this day heard and Debated By the Counsel on both Sides on the Bill and anyway where upon Debate of the Whole Matter And hearing what could be Alledged on both sides this Court did think fit and Accordingly order and Decree That Partition and Division be made of the three thousand acres of Land in the bill mentioned in manner following that is to Say that one third thereof be Laid off and allotted to And for the Defendants Samuel Brittan and Mary his wife by them to be [ ] [ ] for the Dower of the said Mary during her Natural Life That Six hundred and sixty six acres and one third of an acre be Laid of and allotted to the Defendant Robert Worthington (being two thirds of what was Devised to him by the will of his father Robert Worthington in the bill named the Dower of the Said Mary as aforesaid taking the other third) to be held to him the said Robert and his assigns During the life of the Said Mary That four hundred acres be laid off and allotted to the defendant Jacob Worthington [being two thirds of what was Devised to him by the Will of his father, Robert Worthington in Yea Bill named the Dower aforesaid, taking the other third] to be held to him, the said Jacob and his assigns During the life of yea sd Mary. That three hundred thirty three acres and one third of an acre be Layed of and allotted to the Defendent Martha Worthington [being two thirds of what was Devised to her by the will of her father, Robert Worthington in the bill named the Dower aforesaid taking ye other third. To be held to her, the said Martha and her assigns During the Life of the Said Mary. That Six hundred Acres of Land be Laid off and allotted to the complaintant [being two thirds of 400 acres Devised to Jacob and ye comp. Robert Worthington said in the will to be Grandsons of the said Robert the Testator and there being no such person as Jacob ye grandson of ye said testator, And two thirds of five hundred acres of land Devised to the said Mary, Daughter of Ye said Robert, the testator, which after ye death of said Mary Deceased on this said compliment as heir at Large to the said Robert, ye Testator who was grandfather of ye said complaintant the Dower of aforesaid taking their other third to be held to him the said complaintant and his assigns During the Life of the said Mary. And it is further ordered and Decreed that Morgan Morgan Gent and Andrew Campbell, Lewis Neil, David Vance, John Smith and John Mac Cormick, or any three of them do make the partition and devision of afforsaid and report the same to YE next court in order for a final decree and in Regard that Robert Worthington and Martha Worthington to of Ye said defendents are infants all benefits and advantage is saved to them till six months after they shall Respectfully arrive to ye age of 21 years to shew cause if any, they can why they should not be bound by the decree and it is further ordered and decreed that the cost of this suit and for making ye division and partition of foresaid be equally borne and paid by the complaintant and defendents. It is further ordered and decreed yt if ye said land should fail shortof yea quality of aforesaid yt each other person loose ample sources to their respective rights and if it there should be more than 3000 acres that then ye overpluss be laid off and allotted to ye complainant as heir at law of the said Robert that the testor to be held as aforesaid.
-- I question the veracity of Samuel's reputed Revolutionary war service. His widow supposedly received £7 annually for her two children in 1778 and 100 acres in Ohio in 1792. This seems incorrect as (1) Samuel was strongly Quaker and (2) since he was born ~1705 he would have been age 70 in the Revolution. This service, which I doubt, would have been in Frederick,VA, but his age would certainly have precluded him from any active military service.

North Carolina Records

There is a notation in the Virginia Quaker records that one Britton branch moved to NC. Specifically there was a James Britton who with his wife Mary owns land in Frederick, VA in the 1740s and 1750s and then moves to Carolina maybe a greatgrandson of Cananuiel, and child of Thomas or Jonathan? Surry Tax Lists 1815-1819: there is James Britton, John Britton, William (Little) Britton as well as Thomas Day Sr. in Surry county. Day, Brittain (Britton) and Poe come from Bucks County, Pennsylvania.

It could well be that all the NC Britton Quaker families descend from PA Brittons who moved to VA and then NC. My guess is that these all descend from Cananuiel.

Ohio Records -- Britton descendants

(continued) Jesse Britton (1759 Reading, Berks County, PA-1842 Pickaway,OH) -- moved to Frederick County,VA circa 1777-1781 and 1790; moved to Pickaway County,OH circa 1806

1822 letter from Joseph Britton detailing family lineage. His grandfather, Nathaniel Britton, was born Jan 16, 1666 in England. He married (1) Unknown and (2) Elizabeth Garritson of Staten Island. By Elizabeth he had the following children, all born in Staten Island,NY: Abigale (1/10/1705), Elizabeth (4/10/1706), Alice (9/13/1707) Rebecah (12/10/1708) John (1/10/1711), Samuel (10/26/1713), Mary (4/7/1715), Sarah (3/15/1718), Rachel (3/5/1720), William (8/3/1722), William (8/3/1725), and Abraham (9/18/1729). The son Abraham married (1) Rebecah Van Sand of PA and had: Mary (7/16/1751 in NJ), Joseph (3/18/1753 in Bucks,PA), William (8/1/1755) and (2) Hanah Gott (widow Towson) of MD and had the following children all born in Baltimore,MD: Richard (3/7/1771), Abraham (2/18/1773), Nathaniel (11/14/1774), Samuel (5/18/1776) and Elizabeth (6/24/1778). Abraham's son Joseph married Margarethe Jones of MD and had the following children: Cornelious (9/22/1784 in MD), Clartie (5/22/1786 in MD), Joseph (1/26/1788 in TN), Mary (2/10/1790), Rebecah (10/15/1791), Sackett (9/2/1793), William (10/11/1795), Margerett (2/7/1798), Abraham (4/26/1800) David Dungan (7/11/1802), unnamed daughter (3/1/1805-3/1/1805), Ann Gay (7/9/1806, Nathaniel Van Sand (5/7/1809). They lived in Washington County, TN.
-- Notes: Nathaniel has been generally thought to have been born in NY not England. His father was Nathaniel Britton who married Anne Stillwell of NY. Perhaps Joseph Britton was confusing the places of birth of his grandfather Nathaniel and his great-grandfather Nathaniel. Or perhaps Nathaniel Sr was married prior to emigration and had son Nathaniel in England, and after his first wife died married Ann Stillwell.
-- Note: this tree is very different from most of those in print.
-- Note: the children were born 1705-1729 in Staten Island; Abraham does not move to Bucks,PA until 1753. John Britton (~1695 NY/PA-10/28/1784 Bucks,PA) moved to Bucks in 1727.

10th settler: Jesse Britton was the 10th settler of Perry Township, Pickaway County, Ohio, having moved there by 1815 (see complete list of early settlers). John Bennett* was also in Pickaway by 1815 as well as John Dunlap* by 1820.

1841 will in Pickaway County, Ohio. Will of Jesse Britton, Pickaway County, Ohio -- will mentions wife, sons Harrison and Joseph, daughters Nancy, Amanda, Carrisa, Abigail Houseman, Littite McCutcheon, Elizabeth Dunlap, Luisa Thompson, Cynthia Jimmerson and Susan Bennet. made Dec. 21, 1841. Witnesses Thomas W. Bennet and Andrew V. Jester, probated Oct. 31, 1842. (see entire will).

Franklin cty, index to probate court records, wills to 1850 -- Britton./Brittain, Jesse w-1842 pc wbIII p74 -- (w) will filed in (pc) Pickaway County/will -- willbook III, p.74.

1842 tombstone at the Britton-Chapin cemetery in Pickaway County, OH.

History of Franklin and Pickaway Counties, OH. 1880 Pickaway-Perry. Jesse Britton, whose place of nativity was Reading, Pennsylvania [may have been confused with Bucks], came to Ohio from Richmond, Virginia [actually Winchester, VA] in 1807, locating in Perry township. His first wife was Anna Gibson by whom five children were born: Joseph, Letitia, Jesse, Abigail and Elizabeth (Mrs. Dunlap). Mr. Britton's second wife was Susan Nolin [sic]. The following named children were born of this marriage: Louisa, Nancy, Hiram, Margaret, Susan, Cynthia, Harrison, Amanda, and Clarence [sic -- should be Carrisa]. Jesse Britton died about the year 1838 [actually 1842], and his wife some two years later [actually on 10/20/1855, 13 years after Jesse]. The children are nearly all deceased. ... John Dunlap...married Elizabeth Britton, and, in 1818, located in Perry township. Here Mrs. Dunlap died, April 13, 1854, and her husband, May 21, 1857. Their children were: Abigail, who married James Brown, is now widowed, and lives principally in Perry township; Robert B. has been twice married -- his present wife was Mary McCrea; Elizabeth, who married William Mahoffiin, deceased; James, who married Mary Wilson, was killed in a well; Letitia, married Dr. James F. Wilson; Harriet, who married Noble Jubbell, deceased; Lorana, who married Alexander McCoy and lives in Ross county; Joseph, who married Anna Turner, deceased; Jesse, who married Harriet J. McComb, and John, who married Hattie Brown, now resided in Woodhull, IL. [John's father is listed as James Dunlap, of Irish birth and came to America prior to the war of the Revolution. He settled at Richmond, VA where he married Rebecca Blackburn, and where were born a numerous family. -- son John married Elizabeth Britton.] [Also has a listing for John Bennet, of Delaware, emigrated to Ohio in 1812, settled in Perry township; died in 1860; children Nancy, Marry Timmons, Samuel (decd), Caleb (in Madison County) Jane Rosaboam, John W. in Perry, and William.] Note: given all the inaccuracies in this biography -- Richmond instead of Winchester, Carissa listed as Clarence, Jesse's death date off by 4 years, Suzannah's death date off by 15 years -- it is not a surprise that Berks County as a birthplace for Jesse might also be incorrect. It is noteworthy that Jesse is stated to have been born in Pennsylvania, and the Joseph assumed to be his father is known by tax records to be in Pennsylvania at that time.

Miscellaneous court records from 1680 and 1681 in Staten Island

Richmond County Records (sic - original spelling and capitalization retained):

Nath Brittain - plt
Nathan Whitmann - Deft
Wm Brittain
In the complt: brought into the cort by Nath Brittain agst. Nathan Whitman and Wm Brittain for pulling up their part of the comon Fence of the Town of Dover upon Staten Island, and removing the same for their particular use wch (as is alleged) did prove much to the Dammage of the complaint, and is contrary to the Laws of this Govermt and custom of the country concerning Fences The cort doe order that the common fence shall be again made good by the psons who removed the same, and remain as heretofore untill by the consent of the Town it shall be otherwayes ordered between them. As to the Dammage the complainant may have his remedy at Law against them, if not otherwise issued between them, the deft, to pay coests.

At a Court held on staton Island By the Constabl and other sears of the seam on this present Monday Being the 5 day of september 1680
Sarah whittman Plf --- in A Action of the Case
William Britten Deft --- to the valeu of 4L 10s 6d
The Caus depending Betwxt the Plf and Deft hath Bin heard and for want of further proof the Caus is Refered till the next Court

At A Court held on staton island on this presont Munday being the 3 day of oxtober 1680 By the Constabll and ouersears of the seam
Thomas salton Plf --- in A Action of dameg
William Briten Deft --- to the ualeu of 4L 19s 6d
whar as the Cas depending betrweict the Plf and deft hath bin hard the Court findet the Deft fence unsofition ther for the Court Aloweth noe dameg and [ye] Plf to pai the Cost of seut

Sarah Whittmann Plf
william Briten Deft
At A Court hled on staton Island By the Constabll and ouer sears of the seam on this present Munday Being the 3 day of october 1680
the Court ordreth that the Def. shall seat up and geet forty panell of sodfitiont fenc for the yous of Sarah whitman at or Be foor the furst orf nouember next in sewing with Cost of sewt

Nathanell Britten Plf --- in A Acio of trespas
Aran John Sonn Deft --- to the valleu of 4L 10s
At A Court held on Staton Island By the Constabll and ouer sears of the seam on thes presont with Cost of seut
the testemony of John Tingell aged 42 years or thear ABoutes testfieth that he heard Aran Jonson say that he did not seat his doges upon the hogges But his wif toke them of the hoges and furder saieth not
the testemony of hance Christephers Aged 33 years or ther ABoutes testfieth that he heard Aran Jonsons wif say that she toke the doges of the hoges and furder saith not examoned and sworn Befoor the Court

At A Court hed on Stayton Islqand By the Constabll and ouer sears of the seam on this presont Munday Being 2 day of Jenewery 1681
Nathanll Britten Plf --- in A Action of
Edward Marshall deft --- of the Caues
The Plf Most humbly detlareth the wrshepfull Court that I haed a Mear went at the Plantation of the deft and the def Cam to me and Complained that the my Mear troubled his foels when I heard thearof I sent A halter and proferd pay to Bring hear up But the next neus I heard she was shoot which Caueseth me to suspect the deft which Caueseth me to Bring my sewt tot he Court Craueing Judment Aganst the def for the sum of four pounds ten shilings with Cost of seut the Caues Refered till next Court.

Jenewery the 2 - 1681
Nathanll Britten Plf
John Marshall Deft
wharas the Caues depnding Betwixt the Plf and deft the deft ecknowlegeth him self giltey the Court Apwinteth obadiah Hulmes and Daniall Stillwell to determen the Caues the Court ALoweth of ther Agreement and determenation as foleth that the deft shall pay to the Plf the sum of 3 pounds in Coront pay or Another Mear as good as may Be AJuged Betwixt two Indefront Men with Cost of sute Sanell Stillwell stands Bound for the Deft for debt and Cost
on the 5 day of febrery 1681
by order, obadiah Hulmes

Nathaniell Brittaine -- witness to a record of Obadiah Holmes. Obadiah Sr giving tract of land to Obadiah Jr

A list of the warants By the Justes to the Towna Court
By A Action of nathan Britte 4 warons for John pudin and his Mate Poules Marlet and Abraham Bearing deat on the 2 say of febrery 1681

At A Court hled on staton Island By the Constabll and ouer sears of of the seam on this presont Mundlay Being the 3 day of Aprell 1681
Nathanll Briten Plf --- in A Action
obadiah Hulmes Deft --- of the Caues

At A Court hled at Staton Island By the Constabll and ouer sears of the seam on this present Munday Being the 6 day of July 1681
Nathanell Britten Plf --- in A Action of Lewes Lakerman Deft --- the Caus
the Caues Refered till the next Court and then the deft to Bring the Coult now in difrence the Plf and deft By Arbetration Agreed ye deft to pay Cost of set and the Plf to Sep the Coult now in difronce.

nathanll Britten plf --- in A Action of the
edward Marshall def --- Caues
the Caues depending Betwix the Plf an deft is Refered to Thomas the Caues Reeferd till the next Court and then John Marshall and John pudin and peter mone shall Ansor this Action at the next Court John Marshall puten in secuerety

To the Court of A sessions
Peter Balew and Tis Barns Plf A sepene for Thomas walton deated the 13 day of desember 1681 nathanll Briten a supeny

** The double year notation (e.g., 1661/2) does not reflect doubt over the date but a difficulty in describing the date to modern readers. The "double year" notation primarily describes a difference of date chosen as the beginning of the year, but also reflects the Julian/Gregorian calendar dispute, which raged throughout the world for hundreds of years. The old Julian calendar, in wide use especially in Europe, was inaccurate, and a new calendar was proposed in the 1500s to correct its deficiencies. However, the proposed changes were made by the Catholic Church (to correct when certain important dates fell, specifically Easter and Christmas), and disputes over religion and local customs caused wide-spread dissention. Holland adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1582, Germany in 1700, Britain in 1752 (by this time the Julian calendar was off by 11 days), but this was only on a civil basis. Many orthodox churches did not accept the Gregorian or the revised Julian calendar (which is why even in 2008 many Armenians and Greeks celebrate Christmas in early January). Finally, although January 1 was widely accepted in common usage as New Year's Day, and celebrated as such, until 1751 the legal year in England (and therefore also Colonial America) began on March 25 "Lady Day". Thus, in modern notation, Jan/Feb/Mar dates prior to 1751 in England (and Colonial America) are usually listed as 1661/2 in genealogical records, as they are represented as 1661 in the record books but are 1662 by modern standards (e.g., Jan 1661 in the civil record books falls subsequent to December 1661). This is not the case in every country, for example, Scotland changed the start of the new year to January in 1600 (with a short 9 month year in 1599). In summary, since the calendar changes were first proposed by the Catholic church, there was much resistence in most countries to adopt a common calendar; true conformity world-wide did not occur until the 20th century. The modern genealogist must be careful with the dates in Jan-Mar of each year to understand the time frame, and "impossibilities" may not be impossible (e.g., a will may be written in Dec 1661 and proved in Jan 1661, or a child born in Apr-Dec 1661 may die in Jan-Mar 1661). Additionally, care must be taken for differences in customs in other countries and in specific church records.