Note: This was transcribed in order to make it more useful, but it should be noted that it likely contains errors due to misinterpretations of the small and photographically-illegible handwriting. -- 2007 Donna Hay

The entire book Genealogie of the Hayes of Tweeddale, which makes up the bulk of William Perry Hay's research in the 16th-18th century Hay ancestry, was purchased in electronic form and is included here for further reference.

The Hay Family in Scotland

History p1 - click on picture for larger view
For several years I have had in my possession a curious old book, printed in Edinburgh in 1835, entitled "Genealogie of the Hayes of Tweeddale," by Father Richard Augustus Hay, Prior of St. Pieremont. It appears to be a compilation of excerpts from manuscripts and printed books relating to the early history of Scotland and its leading families, written by Father Hay between the years 1680 and 1735, for, although what purports to be a complete list of Hay's works is given, the title of my book does not occur among them. The name of the compiler, if such there was, is not given.

I have taken some pains to read and digest this book, for I believe it contains a more or less accurate genealogy of that branch of the Hay family from which I am descended, and, although an interval of about 100 years intervenes between the last Hay mentioned in this account and the first Hay of my family that came to America, either I or some one of a later generation may be assisted by my work to connect the two.

My reasons for regarding the Hays of Tweeddale as my ancestors are as follows: My great-grandfather, his father and grandfather [Thomas Hay, William Hay, and Robert Hay] were born and lived for the greater part of their lives in or near the town of Kelso, on the River Tweed, Roxburghshire, Scotland and distant from Edinburgh only a few miles. Tweeddale was in the same part of Scotland. My great-great-grandmother [William's wife Jane Ann Taylor Hay] and her mother likewise came from Scotland and were from families such as the Cranstons, Turnbulls and Taylors, who, according to Father Hay's account, were living in the vicinity. Some weight also may be attached to the common(?) use(?) of the Christian names Thomas, William and John in the old records as well as in later generations of the family.

The Hays trace their ancestry, according to ancient historians, to a laborer at the battle of Luncarty under Kenneth the Third, about 983 A.D., who there, with his two sons, armed only with the yokes of their oxen compelled

History p2
Hay coat of arms
the defeated and fleeing Scots to turn again and renew fight. As a result the Danes were defeated and a grateful sovereign raised Hay to the nobility, confirmed upon him and his sons a large tract of land ("The Barony of Errol and as much lands in the Corse of the Gowry as a falcon did fly over unlighting") and for a coat of arms "a shield argent, with three Escutcheons Galea."

This story is regarded by Father Hay as fabulous in all its circumstances; it has all the ear marks of improbability: none of the old manuscripts mention the name Hay in connection with this battle; coats of arms were neither bestowed nor used in Scotland at that time; and, most important of all, the name of the family then and for years after was not Hay, but de la Haya or La Haya. To Father Hay it seems much more probable that the family came from the Province of Normandy in France, where, according to him, in old manuscript lists of army, church and state officials the name de La Haya often occurs. Some of the de La Hayas are supposed to have settled in England, where, under William the Congueror they got vast estates and gained renown as warriors. During the lives of Malcolm the Fourth (1154) some of the de La Hayas are supposed to have gone to Scotland and these it was who became the progenitors of the Hays of Tweeddale.

And yet, after having practically rejected the ancient story, Father Hay bases his genealogy upon the lores(?) of the battle of Loncarty and from these traces the Hay family in a direct time for over 700 years or until the time of Charles II of England.

In addition to the straight line of succession leading to the Marquis of Tweeddale several collateral lines are more or less fully dealt with by our author. Thus, of the two sons of the original Thomas Hay, the older, it is told succeeded to that part of his father's possessions(?) that lay to the north, established himself there and founded the House of Errol which continues up to the present day. The younger son Achaius established himself in Tweeddale and became the progenitor of the branch of that name.

History p.3
It is said that the baronial residence of the Hays of Tweeddale, Niedfeath Castle, on the R. [River] Tweed, in Peebleshire (formerly Tweeddale) was in part built about the time of King David I of Scotland ([1084-1153]), came into the possession of the Hay's during the 15th century and has since been much enlarged and modernized. The stone wall enclosing this property is over 7 miles long and its cost was a contributing factor in the bankruptcy of the family during the 17th century.

In about 1130 Malcolm Hay had 2 sons and the elder one chose to succeed to his mother's estate in Normandy where he became head of the de La Hays in that part of the world. The younger son, Thomas, succeeded his father in Scotland.

Between 1380 and 1410 the second son of Sir William de La Hay, probably through his wife, acquired the title to the House of Tala, later apparently merged with Linplum. Here the Hays of Linplum had their origin. This line our author carries along for about 200 years and at the time of his writing it was a large and wide spread family. It may verily(?) be that the Scotch Hay's of America will trace their origin to this family.

A number of intermarriages between the various branches of the family are to be noted. There appears to have been much passing(?) backward and forward between Normandy and Scotland and perhaps some between the Hays of England and those of Scotland. The House of Errol contributed at least one bride to the House of Tweeddale as did the House of Linplum. The Hays of Smifield were a short lived family which appear to have died out or merged with the Tweeddales after only a few generations.

In conclusion Father Hay mentions a Hay family in Yorkshire and another in Brecknockshire, England. No relationship is established between either of these and the Hays of Tweeddale.

History p.4
Outline of the genealogy

1. Thomas Hay, -- to 980
2. Achaius Hay, 980-1010 – House of Tweeddale
3. Kenneth Hay, 1010-1050
4. Kenneth Hay, 1050-1094
5. Malcolm Hay, 1094-1130
6. Sir Thomas de La Haye, 1130-1150 of Lockarwart
7. Sir William de La Haye, 1150-1190 of Lockarwart
8. Sir William de La Haye, 1190-1220 of Lockarwart
9. Sir Patrick de La Haye, 1220-1240 of Lockarwart
10. Sir Patrick de La Haye, 1240-1291 of Lockarwart
11. Sir Hugh de La Haye, 1291-1306 of Lockarwart
12. Sir Gilbert de La Hay, 1306-1320 of Lockarwart
13. Sir Thomas de La Hay, 1320-1350 of Lockarwart
14. Sir Thomas de La Hay, 1350-1380 of Lockarwartt
15. Sir William de La Hay, 1380-1410 of Lockarwart
16. Sir William Hay, Lord Yester, 1410-1431, Tweeddale
17. Sir Thomas Hay, Lord Yester, 1431-1433, Tweeddale
18. Sir David Hay, Lord Yester, 1433-1475, Tweeddale
19. Sir John Hay, Lord Yester, 1475-1500, Tweeddale
20. Sir John Hay, Lord Yester, 1500-1510, Tweeddale
21. Sir John Hay, Lord Yester, 1510-1513, Tweeddale
22. Sir John Hay, Lord Yester, 1513-1549, Tweeddale
23. Sir John Hay, Lord Yester, 1549-1554, Tweeddale
24. Sir William Hay, 1554-1582, Lord Yester, Tweeddale
25. Sir William Hay, 1582-1591, Lord Yester, Tweeddale
26. Sir James Hay, Lord Yester, 1591-1625, Tweeddale
27. Sir John Hay, Lord Yester, 1625-1654, Tweeddale
28. Sir John Hay, Lord Yester, 1654-1697, Tweeddale
29. Sir John Hay, Lord Yester, 1697-1730, Tweeddale
30. Sir Charles Hay, Lord Yester, 1730-      Tweeddale

History p.5
Genealogy of the Hayes of Tweeddale condensed from the book of that title by Father Richard Augustus Hay, Prior of St. Pieremont, Edinburgh, 1835.

-980 Thomas
Two sons, Sebald and Achaius. At the death of their father, Sebald became progenitor of the family of Errol while Achaius became head of the House of Yester or Tweeddale.

980-1010 Achaius
Married Cerilla, daughter of Reynold Graham, and had two children Kenneth, who succeeded, and Windia who married Friskinus whose grandchild was made Thane of Cunninghame and head of that surname and family.

1010-1050 Kenneth
Married Visteria, daughter of Duff Gilmackillan, first Earl of Fife, who killed Mackbeth at Dunsennen. He had by her Kenneth, who succeeded, Duncan and Grimus. The last two killed by Mackbeth.

1050-1094 Kenneth II
Married Uonfrida, daughter of Giles Fitzboot, Baron of Gilisland in Cumberland. By her he had 6 children – Malcolm, who succeeded; Kenneth and Thomas, friars in Dunbar; Achaius, who married an unknown heiress in the north; Alicia and Margaret, both nuns in Hadingtone. He was killed with the King at Anwick, 1094.

1094-1130 Malcolm
Married Havicia, daughter of John de Mandeville in Normandy, and by her had 5 children – John, who succeeded his mother and became progenitor of the Hays of Normandy and England; Thomas who succeeded his father in Scotland; Rothesia a nun in the Beck in Normandy, Isabella, who married Henry Kennedy, and Bethia, who married William Kilpatrick, who rebelled against King William.

History p.6
1130-1150 Sir Thomas de La Haye of Lockarwart
married Montfiguett, or Moffet, heretrix of Locharwart, by whom he had 2 children – William, who succeeded, and Margaret, who married Donald, second son of the Earl of Lennox.

1150-1190 Sir William de La Haye of Lockarwart
Married Armagarde, daughter of Sir William Gifford, Chamberlain of Scotland, by whom he had 8 sons – William; Thomas; Malcolm; David; Aclay, Patrick, Kenneth, and Walter. William succeeded; they all went with David, Earl of Huntintone, to the Holy Wars where all were killed except Thomas, who returned and became a friar in Dunbar and William who succeeded.

1190-1220 Sir William de La Haye of Lockarwart
married Margaret Drummond, daughter of Malcolm, Seneschall of Lennox, by whom he had 4 children – Patrick, who succeeded; Alexander and William, who were captains under the Earl of Marche when he went to the Holy War and died there, and Margaret who was Abbess of Hadingtone.

1220-1240 Sir Patrick de La Haye of Lockarwart
married Helen, daughter of Alexander Steward, of Dundonald, by whom he had 4 children – Patrick who succeeded; Malcolm, Custos or Warradine of Pluscardie; Margaret who married Henry Mauld, progenitor of the house of Perrrrons; and Susanna, who married William Menzies, a Gentleman in the north country.

1240-1291 Sir Patrick de La Haye of Lockarwart
married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Andrew Wallace of Ellerslie, and sister of William Wallace, by whom he had 5 children – Hugh, who succeeded; Patrick and Andrew, who were killed by the English in the wars between the Danes and Baliol, Helen, who married Archibald Coraby, of Hampton Castle in Northumberland, and Kathrine, who married John Fenwikwall, also in Northumberland.

History p.7
1291-1306 Sir Hugh de La Hay of Lockarwart
married Mariana (or Mariora or Bema) Bruce, sister of King Robert the First, and widow of Lawrence, Lord Abernethy, by whom he had 2 children; Gilbert, who succeeded; and Marjorye, who married Sir Robert Logan of Restalrig who went with the Bruce’s heart to the Holy Land. Sir Hugh joined William Wallace in about 1280 and fought with him in many battles but was captured by the English at the battle of Meffen and carried to England and there executed.

1306-1320 Sir Gilbert de La Haye of Locharwart
married Mary Fraser, daughter of Sir Simon (or Sir Alexander) Fraser of Oliver Castle whose 3 sons were killed at the battle of Halydownhill, July 22, 1393. By her he had 5 children – Thomas, who succeeded, Malitius and James, who both commanded under William Earl of Dowglas and were killed at the battle of Poitiers, in France; Marjory, who married Alexander Montgomery, head of the family of Eglinton, and Agnes, who married John Fenton, a councilor at that time. Sir Gilbert Hay received extensive grants of land from King Robert I of Scotland and was one of the two companions of the King when he fled to the Highlands after his defeat at Delrae by Cummin, Earl of Buchan.

1320-1350 Sir Thomas de La Haye of Lockarwart
married Christiana Wardlaw, daughter of the Lord of Torreburne, in Fiffe, and sister of the Cardinal of Glasgow and of the Countesa of Ross. He had 6 children – Thomas, who succeeded; Dorothea, who married William Cumming, second son of the Earl of Buchan; Isabella who married Roger Dalglee, Baron of Innerwick; Cecilia, who married Walter Lighton of Olishaven; Madalen, who married Gilbert Mannemedille, Lord of Storckmartin; and Christiana who married Alexander Ramesy of Dalhousie.

History p.8
1350-1380 Sir Thomas de La Haye of Lockarwart.
Married Agnes, daughter of William, the first Earl of Dowglas, by whom he had 3 children: William, who succeeded; Phillippa, who married Thomas, Lord Dacres; Lucia, who married Alexander Fraser, of Lovett, in the nouth.

1380-1410 Sir William de La Hay of Lockarwart.
Married Johanna Giffard (or Gifford) daughter and heretrix of Heugh Lord Giffard of Yester, by whom he had 4 children: William, who succeeded; John, killed at the battle of Verneulle, in France; Margaret, married to William Earle of Angus; and Cecilia, married to Alexander Hume, progenitor of Lord Hume, also killed at the battle of Verneulle. The second son, John, left a son, William Hay of Talaw (Charter dated 1469).

1410-1431 Sir William Hay
Married Alice Hay, daughter of Gilbert Hay, first Earl of Errol, by whom he had 10 children: Thomas and David, who both succeeded; Edmund, first Laird of Linplum and Talaw; Andrew a churchman; Nicolas, a pretender of Bathoms; Henry, of whom there is no information; a son, baird of Bara, name unknown; Alice, married to William Earl of Errol; Margaret, married to a son of William Earl of Angus; Martha, who married Richard Morhead of Lachope, Secretary of State of Scotland.

1432-1435 Sir Thomas Hay
Did not marry and survived his father only 2 years. He was succeeded by his brother.

1435-1466 Sir David Hay, Lord Yester
(vested Lord on April 6, 1435 of the Charter by King James 1439) Married Elizabeth Dowglas, daughter of the Earl of Angus by whom he had 4 children: John, who succeeded; Andrew, parson of Biggar; Margaret, who married Neal Cunninham of Barns in Fife; and a daughter, name unknown, who married Mr. Master of Erskine.

History p.9
1466-1500 John Hay, Lord Yester
Married Marion Lindesay of Byres daughter of Lord Lindesay, commander of the horses for King James III at the Battle of Bannockburn. By her he had 6 children: John, who succeeded; George, who had the land of Oliver Castle until he incurred a benefice; Margaret, who married Herbert Herris Lord of Teragles; Elizabeth, who married Richard Colvile of Ochiltry; Annabel, married to Robert Creighton of Sanquhar; and Isabell, who married Robert Ker of Cesford.

1500-1510 John Hay, Lord Yester
Married Elizabeth Cunningham, daughter of Sir George Cunningham of Beltone by whom he had 5 children: John, who succeeded; Thomas who died before his father; George, a churchman who enjoyed a benefice; Margaret who married William Lord Borthwick; and Isabel who married Robert Lauder of the Bass.

1510-1513 John Hay, Lord Yester
Married Sophia Keith, daughter of the Earl of Mareshall, by whom he had 3 children: John, who succeeded; William of Nether Minian and Montoun whose grandchild, being benetrix thereof, was married to this Alexander Hay seventh son of Alexander Hay of Kenneth, and was first secretary and later register in the time of Queen Mary; Janet married Alexander Lord Hume, Chamberlain of Scotland, who was beheaded by King James IV. This John Hay was killed at Flowdonfield Sept 9, 1513.

1513-1544 John Hay, Lord Yester
Married Elizabeth Douglas, daughter of George Douglas Master of Angus, by whom he had John, who succeeded; Elizabeth, who married Lord Setton, and on his death, Lord Salton. After the death of Elizabeth Douglas, John Hay married __?__ Dickerson, supposed heiress of Smifield, by whom he had Thomas, the Laird; John and Gilbert, Parsone of Stobo, and father of Archibald Hay, gentleman usher to the late Queen, mother of King Charles and King James. Thomas, the Laird, had John Hay,

History p.10
who was father to Sir James Hay squire of the body to King Charles the First, who had 3 sons: John, James and William, who died without issue, and a daughter __?__ who married Sir James Douglas, second son of the Earl of Morton, who succeeded to the Earldom. The second son John, brother of Thomas, had Andrew Hay of Hayston, writter, to whom suceeded Mr. John Hay, clerk to the Session, whose second brother is Mr. Andrew Hay of Camnethan. From this family is descended the Hays of Hayston.

1544-1554 John Hay, Lord Yester
Married Margaret Levingstone, daughter of Lord Livingstone, by whom he had 5 children: William, who succeeded; Thomas, a churchman and provost of Balhouss; Elizabeth, who married Lawder of the Bass; __?__ who married the Laird of Traquire; and Marie, who married Congleton of Cougleton.

1554-1586 William Hay, Lord Yester
Married Margaret Ker, daughter of Sir John Ker, warden of the middle marches, by whom he had 6 children: William and James, who both succeeded; Margaret, who married James, Master of Borthwick, son of James the second Lord of Borthwick; Katherine, who married Lord Swinton; Jean, who married James Hay of Barott, commissar of Glasgow, father of Mr. Alexander Hay; and Elizabeth who married Mr. Robert Ker of Brumlands.

1586-1591 William Hay, Lord Yester
Married Elizabeth Maxwell, daughter of Lord Harris, by whom he had 6 daughters: Margaret, who never married; Jean, who married Twedie, laird of Drumaliere; Maria, who married Alexander, laird of Horseburgh; Elizabeth, who married the laird of Waton; Grissel, who married John Hepburn, laird of Atherstown; and Agnes, who never married. This William Hay had a feud with the House of Traquire over the support the latter was giving to a band of thieves and cutthroats that infected the country and of whom Lord Hay killed and defeated(?) a great

History p.11
number. King James VI finally put an end to the feud by compelling Traquire to acknowledge his wrong and mend his ways. But Hay, evidently, was not satisfied and was one of several Scotch noblemen who captured the King and held him prisoner in the Castle of Ruthven. After some time the King escaped, joined his loyal nobles and served notice upon his late captors that they must leave the country or be executed. Hay took refuge in the low countries. Having no son his title passed to his brother.

1591-1625 James Hay, Lord Yester
Married Margaret Ker, daughter of the Earl of Lothian. Her mother was Margaret Maxwell, daughter of Lord Harris. There were 5 children: John, who succeeded; William, who regained by purchase the lands of Linplum; Robert, who died young, Margaret, who married first Alexander Setton and after his death, James Earle of Kalendar; Elizabeth, who died on the eve of her marriage to Lord Dalhousie.

1625-1654 John Hay, Lord Yester -- Earl of Tweeddale
Married Jean Setton, daughter of Alexander, Earl of Dumfermlyne, by whom he had a son John, who succeeded. She died 8 days after the birth of this child. John Hay, 15 years later, married Margaret Mongomerie, daughter of the Earl of Eglinton, by whom he had 7 children -- Alexander, James, William, Charles, Margaret, Grissall, and Anne, all of whom except William died in their childhood. William became laird of Drumalliar. This John Hay was active against the rising power of the Prelats and a zealous promoter of the national Convent whereby he gained the dislike(?) of King Charles and was not given the dignity(?) of an Earl(?). He became surety for the debts of his sister's son Charles Earl of Dumfermlyne which cost him a large sum of money and by his own extravagances but so much more that he was forced to sell large part of his property. In 1647 he was created Earl of Tweeddale by King Charles I.

History p.12
1653-1697 John Hay, Earl of Tweeddale
Married Jean, daughter of Walter, and sister of Francis, Earl of Balcleugh, by whom he had 12 children: John, who succeeded; Francis, died young; David, Lieutenant in the King's Guards; Charles, died young; Alexander; Gilbert, died in childhood; Jean, who died of smallpox at the age of 14; Margaret and Mary who died young; Margaret, who married Robert Ker Earl of Roxburgh; Grissall, who died young; Sophia, who died at the age of 12; and Jean, living at the time of writing. John Hay was trained to war, having been at the siege of Hull while only a small boy, and before he was 17 was put the head of a regiment in the auxiliary war with England. He was with the King at Newcastle, and in 1648 had a regiment which attempted to rescue the King from his imprisonment on the Isle of Wight. Being defeated he fled to Holland, Later he fought against Cromwell and on the defeat of the King's army was forced to seek refuge in northern Scotland where he remained several years. He was able, finally, to make peace with Cromwell but his debts, incurred by reasons of the war and his own extravagances, overwhelmed him to such a degree that he had to dispose of most of his lands. Upon the restoration of the King he came into Leigh farm and was able to regain much of what he had lost. But through the treachury of the Earl of Lauderdale he lost practically everything once more. He was forced finally to sell his whole estate and interest in Tweeddale. He was created Marquis of Tweeddale by King William.

1697-1720 John Hay, Marquis of Tweeddale
Married the daughter of the Earl of Lauderdale by whom he had Charles, the present heir; John, now living; Walter and Alexander, both deceased; William; Anne and Henry. The Earl of Lauderdale, father-in-law of this John Hay, at first professed the greatest friendship and promised to bestow his entire fortune or property upon his son-in-law. Lauderdale's own son was dead and by rights his daughter

History p.13
should have inherited everything. He fell, however, under the influence of the Countess of Dysart who induced him to desert his wife and turn against his daughter to the extent of depriving her of everything that he could legally take away from her. This caused his daughter to sink into melancholy and hastened her death. He then succeeded in depriving Hay of most of his remunative offices and for a time drove him out of the country. At last Lauderdale died and Hay was in some measure restored.

Arms of the Marquis of Tweeddale, 1730
The arms of the Marquis of Tweeddale are those described: quarterly first and fourth, Azur, those Cinquefeuilles or Fraziers, for the name of Frazier; second and third gules, three Barres Hermine for the name of Gifford, above all, in a shield of Pretence, his paternal coat, which is, argent, three escutcheons, gules for his crest, one goat's head erased, argent, armed, Or, for supporters, two Bucks proper, collaced and armed with seven Tynes, and for motto, these words -- Spare when those hast nought.

History p.14
The following male descendants of Thomas Hay are unaccounted for and may have given rise to collateral branches of the family.

1050-1094 -- Achaius, who married an unknown heiress in the North
1380-1410 -- John, the 2nd son of Sir William, is said to have left a son -- William Hay of Talaw
1410-1431 -- Edward, first Laird of Talaw; Henry of whom there is no information; and another son name unknown, were sons of Sir William de La Hay of Lockarwart
1510-1513 -- William, son of John Hay, Lord Yester, whose grandchild is said to have married to Sir Alexander Hay, seventh son of Sir Alexander Hay of Kenneth.
1513-1544 -- Thomas, John and Gilbert, sons of John Hay, Lord Yester. Thomas appears to have succeeded to the Smifield title. Gilbert, person of State, had a son, Archibald. John had one son, Andrew, and Andrew had 2 sons at most, John and Andrew.
1554-1586 -- A daughter of William Hay Lord Yester is said to have married James Hay of Barott, COmmissor of Glasgow, father of Mr. Alexander Hay.
1591-1625 -- William, second son of James Hay Lord Yester, regained by parentage the lands of Linplum.
1625-1654 -- William, third son of John Hay Lord Yester, by his second wife became Laird of Drumallier.
1654-1697 -- John Hay Earl of Tweeddale had a son David who was a lieutenant in the Kings Guards and another Alexander of whom there is no account.
1697-1720 -- John and William sons of John Hay Marquis of Tweeddale [and a Henry too-DLH]

History p.15




Gilbert 1320





Thomas 1350


Thomas 1380



William 1410


William 1431


Thomas 1435


David 1466


William 1462, 1st Earl

1st Baron

John Lord Yester 1475


Nikol 1470, 2nd Earl



William 1506, 3rd Earl, Yr of Nikol

John Baron Yester 1513


William 1513, 4th Earl


William, 5th Earl

?John 1530 (Father Hay)


John Baron Yester 1544


William 1541, 6th Earl

?John 1554


George, 7th Earl

William Baron Yester 1586


Andrew 1581, 8th Earl

William Baron Yester 1591



James Baron Yester 1625



Francis 1631 9th Earl


William 1634, 10th Earl

1st Earl

John, Earl of Tweeddale 1654



George 1684, 11th Earl

1st Marquis

John, Earl of Tweeddale 1697




John 1724, 12th Earl

History p.16







Baron of Park 1798



             Weterston 1782


            Percival 1763


           Haystoun 1635


          Smithfield 1483-1549










      Gifford 1414









In the diagram above I have attempted to show the two main branches of The Hay family in Scotland and the families which have diverged(?) from them. The marriages into the Tweeddale branch of the Fraziers and the Giffords were undoubtedly(?) a most important means of bringing that branch into (alliance)(?) and the coat of arms of the present Marquis of Tweeddale has quarterings indicating the mergers(?) with both of these families.

History p.17
The Hays of the House of Linplum

Linplum was given to Edmund by his brother David, son of Robert Hay of Ledgerwart.

This line had its origin from the second son of Sir William Hay Lord Yester, about the year 1420

Edmund Hay, Tala, married Anabella, sister of Thos. Boyd, Earl of Arran. His son
__?__ Hay (see p.17 in Hays of Tweeddale) married a daughter of Lord Somerville. Their son
William Hay, married a daughter of the Laird of Hermeston. Their son
John Hay, of Tala, married a daughter of Cockburn of Hederland. Their son
William Hay of Linplum, married Jean Spotswood. Their son
William Hay of Bara, Linplum or Windon, married Margaret Hay, daughter of the Laird of Monton, whose father was __?__ Hay, Laird of Monton, oldest son of a second marriage of Crookback Lord Yester. Their son
John Hay of Bara, Register of Scotland was tried for treason and acquitted in 1641. He died in 1654. His wife was Marian Johnston, daughter of the second son of the Laird of Newby, her mother was a daughter of Somerwell, Laird of Carneffen. His second wife was Rebecca Thompson, daughter of Alexander Thompson of Duddingstone and Margaret Preston, sister of President Preston. John Hay's children by his first wife were: Henry, William, John, Alexander, and Janet. Of these, Henry became Commissar of Edinburgh, married a daughter, Helen, of the Lighton, Laird of Creich, and had 5 children -- John, William, Henry, Maria and Euffen. William Hay, of Aberladie, clerk of the Session, married Helen, daughter of Sir John Sinclair and had 6 children --
John of whom we have no record
Henry, who married a daughter of Murray of Reading and left one son, William, who died without issue.
William, who married Margaret Cruickshanks and left 3 children: William, Margaret and Janet.
James, who married Jean Bunteinn and had 4 children:

History p.18
Henry, Jean (who died), William (who survived him), and James (who died also). John Hay's children by his marriage with Rebecca Thompson were -- Thomas, Andrew, George, Patrick, Margaret and Anna. Of these:
Thomas married __?__ Gibson, daughter of Alexander Gibson of Adistone, by whom he had 6 children -- John, Laird of Atherstone in East Lothian; Alexander, whose son Thomas was Lord of Session; Andrew, a captain in the old dragoons; Thomas, under clerk of the Session; William a merchant, who died in Jamaica; and __?__ who married Thomas Lermond.
George, youngest surviving son, married Jean Spotswood and had 5 children -- John, Jean, Richard, George, Marie. The two girls died young. John married Lady Euphan Ramsay by whom he had James, Jean, George, John, Anne and __?__. George was a lieutenant under Sir Roger Strickland, Vice Admiral of England. Richard went into the church and was the author of this genealogy; he was born Aug 16, 1661.

History p.19
The Hays of Smithfield, Haystown, and Kingsmeadow

In the Congressional Library I have been able to consult a "Genealogical Chart of the Family of Hay of Smithfield, Haystown and Kingsmeadow" prepared by Mrs. Louisa Lettica Friden (Trotter) in 1880. It consists of a single sheet unfolding to about 3 feet square with 7 concentric circles, each circle presumably representing a generation. John Hay, founder of the house, is in the center and his descendants arranged around him.

It is stated that John Hay was the 14th in descent from William de la Haya, cup bearer to Malcolm IX and William the Lion who died in 1170.

A note states that "In the list of captains who came from Normandy in 1066, the famous Prince Le Sieur de la Haya is mentioned, and for some generation after they settle in Scotland the family retained the name De La Haya."

John Hay married Grigale Thompson March 7, 1712 and had by her a large family -- James, John, Adam, Alexander, James, Anna, Huh, Helen, Margaret, Elizabeth, Alison. He was first succeeded by James, who although twice married, left no descendants. He was then succeeded by John (1758-1820) who had seven children -- Elizabeth, Grace, Adam, Charles, Jane, Jemima, and Samuel. Of these children, Jemima and Samuel died young and left no descendants. The surviving daughter married into other families. Adam succeeded and left 3 daughters and 1 son who grew to maturity but his 6 children died young and the line was extinguished.
The other children of John Hay: Alexander died and left no children. Jane married in 1778 the Rev. Robert Hamilton. Anne married George Cranston of Bumal. All the others died or left no descendants beyond the next generation.
The last generation given in the chart extends up to about the year 1817 and does not include a single person by the name of Hay. Nor can I find anyone from whom my family might have branched off in the generations extending from 1600 to 1750. My great-great-great-grandfather must have been born somewhere around 1750.

History p.20
Arms of the House of Errol
The Hays of Erroll and those of the barony of Urie and Kincardineshire

From a careful examination of "The Court Book of Urie and Kincardineshire, 1604-1747" reprinted by the Scottish Historical Society, I gather the very definite idea that the Hays of these houses are only most distantly related to the stock from which my family has come.

According to the legendary recount the surname of the two families of Erroll and Tweeddale carried as far back as the 10th century. It is certain that by the 13th or 14th century they were established in their respective places and while from time to time there were intermarriages, the two lines have remained distinct up to the present.

The House of Erroll had its headquarters in the Castle of Slain in what is now Aberdeanshire and nearly 150 miles north of Edinburgh. The lands belonging to Urie and Kincarshire were just north of the River Dee and north or northwest of the town of Aberdeen.

None of the names of the members of any of these houses resemble(?) any of the history of my family. I am confirmed in the belief that we have descended from the house of Tweeddale.

History p.21
The Hays of Errol

"The Scottish Nation or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honors, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland." by William Anderson, 1863

Vol. II, p, 141
"Errol, Earl of a title in the peerage of Scotlandm, first confirmed by King James the Second on the 17th March 1452-3 with that of Lord Hay, on Sir William Hay of Errol, descended from William de la Haya, principal butler at the court of King Maldolm IV, and witness to many of his charters. According to tradition, Hay, a brave rustic in the reign of Kenneth II, by whose exertions the Danes were defeated about 980, was the founder of the noble family of Errol, but Douglas, in his "Peerage," asserts that the family Hays of Scotland are certainly a branch of the Anglo-Norman Hays who came into Britain with William the Conqueror."

Then follows the story of the battle of Loncarty in Parthshire, essentially as given elsewhere. The following account of the origin of the name is of interest: "It is said that after the Danes were defeated, the old rustic lying on the ground, wounded and fatigued, cried "Hay! Hay!" which word became the surname of his posterity."

"It appears from many histories that there were families of the name of Hay both in Italy and France even before the era of the battle of Loncarty."

A genealogy of the family is given which extends over several pages showing that in many generations one or more of this house has held high position and has brought honor upon the name. A mere outline of this genealogy is as follows:
Sir Gilbert de la Haya, descendant in the fifth generation from the above William de la Hay, about 1389
William, 1st Earl of Errol, son of above, about 1441 or 1457.

History p.22
Hays of Errol, continued

Nicol, 2nd Earl, son of 1st Earl. Died 1470
William, 3rd Earl, brother of Nicol. Died 1506
William, 4th Earl, son of 3rd Earl. Slain at Floddin, 1513.
William, 5th Earl, son of 4th Earl. Died about 1535 without male issue. The earldom devolved upon:
George, 6th Earl, son of Hon. Thomas Hay of Logie-Almond, second son of the 3rd Earl. Died sometime after 1574.
Andrew, 7th Earl, son of George, married Lady Jean Hay, daughter and heiress of William the 5th Earl, there uniting the male and female branches of the family. Died in 1585. His eldest son Alexander, died before his father.
Francis, 8th Earl, second son of Andrew. Died in Slain Castle in 1630. He was a staunch Catholic.
William, 9th Earl, son of Francis by his third wife, the other two having no children. He was brought up a Protestant. Died Dec 7, 1636 after having squandered most of his fortune.
Gilbert, 10th Earl, son of William. No issue. Died 1666.
John, 11th Earl, cousin of Gilbert, and son of Sir George Hay of Killows, who was son of Andrew, 7th Earl by his second wife. Died 1704.
Charles, 12th Earl, son of John, died unmarried in 1717 and was succeeded by his sister, Lady Mary, Countess of Erroll. On her death without issue the grandson of her sister, James, Lord Boyd succeeded.
James, 13th Earl would have united in her person the four ____ of Errol, Kilmarrmaret, Lintethow and Callundar, had the last there not been attainted, as well as the ___ ___ of Lord High Constable of Scotland. Died July 3, 1795.
George, 14th Earl, son of James. Died June 1798.
William, 15th Earl, brother of George, assumed also the additional surname and name of Carr. By his first wife he had only a daughter. His oldest son by his second wife (James) was killed at Waterloo. Died 1819.
William George, 16th Earl, second son of William by his second wife. Died 1846. Suceeded by William Henry.

History p.23
Genealogy of the House of Errol.
Complete Peerage by G. L. C. edited by Vicary Gibbs.

Gilbert Hay, died Sept 7, 1436
1452 Sir William Hay of Errol. Hereditary High Constble, s.+h. of Gilbert Hay (who died v.p. Sept 7, 1436) by Alice, dau. of Sir William Hay of Yester, succeeded his grandfather, William Hay, May 20, 1437. He was created Lord of Parliament before 17 March, 1449-50; created Earl of Errol 12 June 1452; married Beatrice, 2nd dau. of Earl of Douglas.
1462 Nicholas, married Elizabeth Seton, dau. of Earl of Huntley, died 1470
1470 William, married (1) Isabel dau. of Geo. Gordon, Earl of Huntley, (2) Eliabeth Leslie; died 1506-07.
1507 William, s.+h. by 1st wife; (1) Christiana, dau. of Lord Blaimis, (2) Margaret, dau. of Andrew Kerr; killed at Floddam, 1513.
1513 William, only 1st wife was second heir to his father, married Elizabeth, dau. of Lorth Ruthven; died 1522.
1522 William, married Helen, dau. of Earl of Lennox; died 18th April, 1541.
1541 George, cousin and ___ ___, ___ s.+h. of Thomas Hay of Lazy Almond, C Perth. This Thomas was 2nd son of 3rd Earl and was slain at Roddam Dignities then limited to him and heirs male, a descendant of Earl Andrew by his 2nd wife, though descendants through female line continued.
1574 Francis, 2nd (or 3rd) son by 1st wife (earlier sons were passed over as being deaf & dumb), _____ ____ the ___ of Spain, escaped to Holland, pardoned 1597; married (1) Margaret, dau. of Earl of Moray, (2) Mary, dau. of Earl of Athol, (3) Elizabeth, dau. of Earl Morton; died 1633.
1633 Gilbert, only son of second heir to his father and grandfather, reigned his ____ and received at some point to have male or female, which __ to him he should appoint; married Catherine, dau. of Earl of Sautbush.

History p.24
House of Errol, continued.

1674 John Hay, a cousin, son of Sir Andrew Hay of Killam, nominated by Gilbert; married Ann, dau. of Earl of Perth.
1704 Charles, ____(?) h. to his father; imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle; unmarried
1717 Mary, eldest sister Countess of Errol; married Alexander Falconer who later assumed the name Hay.
1758 James (Boyd) Hay, grandnephew and h. of 2nd, but 1st surviving son of William Boyd, Earl of Kilmarnock and Anne (Linlithgow and Callender) who married the sister of the above named Mary; married (1) Rebecca Lockheart, (2) Isabella Carr
1778 George Hay, son of 2nd wife; married Elizabeth Black
1798 William Hay - Carr, married (1) Jane Peallo, (2) Alicia Elliot, (3) Harriet Mark.
1819 William George, 2nd but 1st remaining son by 3rd wife; created Baron Kilmarnock; married Elizabeth Fitzclarence.
1846 William Harry, married Eliz. Amelia, dau. of Sir Charles Gore.
1891 Charles Gore, married Mary Caroline L'Estraugr.

In an article "Hays of Errol" by J.D.H. Rt Hose J. C. Dalrymple Hay, 3rd Part, in Northern Notes and Queries, Vols. 1 & 3, notes on earlier lords --
"The important office of "Constable" was confirmed on 13 Nov 1315 by King Robert on Sir Gilbert Hay of Errol ___(?) (but independently) the lands of Slaine, Co. Aberdeen.
This Sir Gilbert was great-grandfather of Sir William Hay, above mentioned, who was grandfather of the 1st Earl."

PLEASE NOTE -- the above was transcribed from the photographs of the book -- the pages shown above. These pages are very hard to read, especially at the bottom of each page. A word(?) indicates that I had trouble deciphing the word and took my best guess; __?__ indicates that the name is unknown in the original text. There are certainly errors in deciphering made in this transcription, and the reader is cautioned to examine the photographed pages as well. The original, written by William Perry Hay (1871-1947) and included in his Hay Genealogy book, is only obtainable at the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Donna Hay (DLH), 2007

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